The Foundation of Perth 1829 is a 1929 oil-on-canvas painting by George Pitt Morison. George Pitt Morison ( 31 August 1861 – 4 September 1946) was an Australian painter and engraver noted particularly for his painting George Pitt Morison ( 31 August 1861 – 4 September 1946) was an Australian painter and engraver noted particularly for his painting It depicts the ceremony by which the town of Perth, Western Australia was founded on 12th August 1829. Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. Morison painted the work as part of Western Australia's centenary celebrations, and presented it to the Art Gallery of Western Australia in February 1929. Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent. A century (from the Latin centum, meaning one hundred is One hundred consecutive Years Centuries are numbered ordinally (e The Art Gallery of Western Australia is a public gallery that is part of the Perth Cultural Centre in Perth Western Australia. Year 1929 ( MCMXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
The painting took George Pitt Morison almost eighteen months to research and paint. He studied a number of contemporary accounts of the ceremony, and had access to photographs of the people present. It is generally regarded as an historically accurate reconstruction.
The official ceremony depicted in the image was held on a small hill overlooking the Swan River. The Swan River estuary flows through the city of Perth, in the south west of Western Australia. As no stones were readily available, it was decided to mark the occasion by felling a tree. The only woman to accompany the party so far up the river from Fremantle, Mrs Helena Dance, was invited to strike the first blow. Fremantle (commonly known as Freo is a Port City in Western Australia, located southwest of Perth, the state capital at the mouth of The Foundation of Perth depicts Mrs Dance holding the axe and about to make the first cut. Immediately to her right in the painting is an axe-man, waiting to complete the task. Other people depicted in the work include Lieutenant Governor James Stirling, Captain Charles Fremantle, Commander Mark John Currie, Captain Frederick Irwin, Captain William Dance, the Colonial Secretary Peter Broun, Dr William Milligan and the Surveyor-General Lieutenant John Septimus Roe. Bold text' ]] ==Family background==He was the fifth son of eight of the fifteen children of Andrew Stirling Esq Admiral Sir Charles Howe Fremantle RN ( 1 June 1800 - 25 May 1869) was a Captain of the British Captain Mark John Currie RN (later Vice-Admiral played a significant role in the exploration of Australia and the foundation of the Swan River Colony, later named Colonel Frederick Chidley Irwin (1788–1860 was acting Governor of Western Australia from 1847 to 1848 The Colonial Secretary of Western Australia was one of the most important and powerful public offices in Western Australia, in the time when Western Australia was a British Peter Nicholas Broun ( August 17 1797 &ndash November 5 1846) known for most of his life as Peter Nicholas Brown, was the first The Surveyor General of Western Australia is the person nominally responsible for government Surveying in Western Australia. John Septimus Roe ( May 8 1797 – 28 May 1878) was the first Surveyor-General of Western Australia.
The Foundation of Perth 1829 has become an "enduring and influential image" (Gooding 1989) in the history of Western Australia. See also Aboriginal History of Western Australia See also History of Perth Western Australia The human history of Western Australia spans between the It was used extensively in both the 1929 centenary celebrations, and the WAY 1979 sesquicentennial celebrations. Year 1929 ( MCMXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. WAY '79, also referred to as WAY 79 and WAY 1979, was the official 1979 sesquicentennial (150th anniversary celebration of the establishment The painting is often not even acknowledged as an historical reconstruction, and many people have come to accept it as an authentic record of the ceremony.