The Crow is a comic book series created by James O'Barr. James O'Barr (born 1960 Detroit Michigan) is an American graphic artist best known as the creator of the Comic book series The Crow The series was originally written by O'Barr as a means of dealing with the death of his girlfriend at the hands of a drunk driver. It was later published by Calibre Comics in 1989, and became an underground success, with some movie studios seeking the rights. It was adapted into a film in 1994. Three film sequels, a television series, and numerous books and comic books have also been produced.
The character has since become a cult icon of modern Goth culture, mostly fueled by the success of the first film.
The story revolves around an unfortunate young man named Eric. He and his fiancée, Shelly, are assaulted by a gang of street thugs after their car breaks down. Eric is shot in the head and is paralyzed, and can only watch as Shelly is savagely beaten and raped until she dies at the scene. Paralysed redirects here For other uses see xx Paralysed (disambiguation Paralysis is the complete loss of Muscle function Rape, also referred to as Sexual assault, is an Assault by a person involving Sexual intercourse with or Sexual penetration of another person Eric survives and is taken to a hospital, but while surgeons are trying to save him, the Crow comes to him and convinces him he needs to let go of his life. The Crow is the main protagonist of The Crow comic book series originally created by American artist James O'Barr in 1989 Only by dying can the Crow help him exact his revenge. Revenge (also vengeance, retribution, or vendetta amongst others consists primarily of retaliation against a person or group in response
One year later, Eric is resurrected by the Crow to seek out vengeance on the murderers, methodically stalking and killing them. This article concerns itself with Jesus Christ Christian, Islamic and other religious interpretations of resurrection in general Murder is the unlawful killing of another human person with Malice aforethought, as defined in Common Law countries When not on the hunt, Eric stays in the house he shared with Shelly, spending most of his time there lost in memories of Shelly; her absence is torture for him, and he stays in hideous emotional pain, even engaging in self-mutilation. Self-injury ( SI) or self-harm ( SH) is deliberate Injury inflicted by a person upon their own body without suicidal intent However, this provides him little release; any injury he suffers (save those that are self-inflicted) heals rapidly, leaving him scarred but intact. He realises he has supernatural powers which give him superhuman agility and accelerated healing.
The Crow acts as both guide and goad for Eric, giving him information that helps him in his quest but also chastising him for dwelling on Shelly's death, seeing his pining as useless self-indulgence that distracts him from his purpose.
The main character, Eric, is modeled after three musical influences on O'Barr's life. Firstly, Joy Division lead singer Ian Curtis, whose melancholic lyrics and spastic onstage dance movements inspired Eric's somber dialogue and pained convulsions when remembering his and Shelly's deaths. Joy Division were an English rock band formed in 1976 in Salford, Greater Manchester. Ian Kevin Curtis ( 15 July 1956 – 18 May 1980) was the vocalist and lyricist as well as occasional guitarist and keyboardist of the band Lyrics (in singular form Lyric) are a set of words that accompany music either by speaking or singing A dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog) is a reciprocal Conversation between two or more entities. An epileptic seizure is caused by excessive and/or hypersynchronous electrical Neuronal activity and is usually self-limiting Secondly, Bauhaus lead singer Peter Murphy inspired his imposing physical presence, ghostly makeup, and sharp, high cheek bones. Bauhaus were an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978 Peter John Murphy (born 11 July 1957, near Northampton, England, raised in Wellingborough, England) is the vocalist of Finally, Eric's physicality/anatomy is based on punk legend Iggy Pop. James Newell Osterberg Jr (born April 21, 1947) better known by his Stage name Iggy Pop, is an American rock singer Songwriter Additionally, the names of Officer Albrecht and Captain Hook are allusions to Joy Division members Bernard (Albrecht) Sumner and Peter Hook. Bernard Sumner (born 4 January 1956 in Lower Broughton, Salford, Lancashire, England) is a British singer Peter "Hooky" Hook (born 13 February 1956 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English Bass player.
Other influences on The Crow range from the Gothic imagery of Arthur Rimbaud's poetry to the bleakness of the Cure's early albums. Gothic fiction (sometimes referred to as Gothic horror) is a genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance. Vagina Imagery is used in literature to refer to descriptive language that evokes sensory experience "Rimbaud" redirects here For other uses see Rimbaud (disambiguation Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (ræm'boʊ or in French aʁtyʁ The Cure are an English rock band that formed in Crawley, West Sussex in 1976 All these characteristics were carried over to the movie.
Since 1998, O'Barr has spoken of "The Crow Author's Edition", stating in a 2004 interview that it would contain at least "60 pages of new material that no one has ever seen. Half of that are pages that had to be removed for space reasons". O'Barr describes the additions as including "more romance flashback scenes between Eric and Shelly" as well as sequences which will make the work "more visually interesting. "
On January 12, 2008, O'Barr revealed at the Dallas Comic Con that Pocket Books currently owns publication rights to the book, and as such, the Author's Edition has been postponed until their sales drop below 25,000 copies per year. Pocket Books is a division of Simon & Schuster that primarily publishes Paperback books However, based on the numbers for 2007, O'Barr speculated the new version could possibly see print in 2009. That year also marks The Crow's 20th anniversary.
In 1994 the album Trust Obey: Fear and Bullets was released. Trust Obey Fear And Bullets was an album created through a collaboration between James O'Barr and longtime friend John Bergin as a Soundtrack to O'Barr's It was created through a collaboration between James O'Barr and longtime friend John Bergin as a soundtrack to O'Barr's graphic novel The Crow.
In 1994, a film based on the comic (simply titled The Crow) was released to theaters by Miramax Films. The Crow is a 1994 American feature film adaptation of the 1989 comic book of the same name by James O'Barr. The film was both a critical and commercial success and gained a cult following, in part due to the tragic accidental death of its star Brandon Lee. Brandon Bruce Lee ( 李[[wikt 國|國]] 豪; Cantonese: Léi Gwokhòu; Pinyin: Lǐ Guóháo; February 1, Three sequels have been made so far: The Crow: City of Angels (1996), starring Vincent Perez (as The Crow), Mia Kirshner, Richard Brooks and Iggy Pop; The Crow: Salvation (2000), starring Eric Mabius (as The Crow), Kirsten Dunst, and Fred Ward; and The Crow: Wicked Prayer (2005), starring Edward Furlong (as The Crow), David Boreanaz, and Tara Reid. The Crow City of Angels is a 1996 Action film and a Sequel to the Cult film The Crow. Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) Vincent Pérez (born 10 June 1962) is a Swiss actor from Lausanne, Switzerland. Mia Kirshner (born January 25, 1975) is a Canadian actress who works in movies and Television series. Richard L Brooks (born 1962 is an African-American Actor, Singer, and director. James Newell Osterberg Jr (born April 21, 1947) better known by his Stage name Iggy Pop, is an American rock singer Songwriter The Crow Salvation was the third movie based on The Crow comic by James O'Barr. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Eric Harry Timothy Mabius (born April 22, 1971) is an American Actor. Kirsten Caroline Dunst (born April 30 1982 is an American actress and singer Fred Ward (born December 30, 1942) is an American Actor. He began his career in 1979 alongside Clint Eastwood in Escape The Crow Wicked Prayer was the fourth movie based on The Crow comic by James O'Barr. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Edward Walter Furlong (born August 2, 1977) is a Saturn Award -winning American Actor, best known to film audiences as John Connor David Paul Boreanaz (born May 16, 1969) is an American film and television actor Tara Reid (born November 8 1975 is an US Actress. She is known for her roles in the films The Big Lebowski (1998 American Pie All of the sequels have been critical and commercial flops; the latter two movies have been relegated to direct to video release. A short-lived TV series The Crow: Stairway to Heaven (1998), was based on the first movie with Mark Dacascos reprising the role of Eric Draven. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic The Crow Stairway to Heaven was a 1998 Canadian television series created by Bryce Zabel based on The Crow comic Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) Mark Alan Dacascos (born February 26, 1964, Honolulu, Hawaii) is an Actor and Martial arts expert winning numerous
From 1996-1998, Kitchen Sink Press published 5 mini-series and a one-shot based on The Crow concept with a new avatar in each series. Kitchen Sink Press was a Comic book publishing company founded by Denis Kitchen in 1969.
Following the Kitchen Sink series, London Night Studios published The Crow/Razor in 1998, with Eric Draven again in the role and paired with Everette Hartsoe's bad-girl character Razor. For information on bad girl art on movie posters see Bad girl movies.
Also in 1998, O'Barr and editor Ed Kramer asked an array of fiction writers, poets, and artists (including Gene Wolfe, Alan Dean Foster, Charles de Lint, Jack Dann, Jane Yolen, Henry Rollins, and Iggy Pop) to interpret this gothic fiction phenomenon. Edward E Kramer (born on March 20, 1961) is an American editor and author of numerous Science fiction, Fantasy, and horror Fiction is the telling of stories which are not real More specifically fiction is an imaginative form of Narrative, one of the four basic Rhetorical modes. Gene Wolfe (born May 7, 1931, New York New York) is an American Science fiction and Fantasy writer Alan Dean Foster (born November 18 1946) is a prolific American writer of Science fiction and Fantasy Novels and movie Charles de Lint (born December 22, 1951) is a Canadian Fantasy Author and Celtic Folk musician Along with writers Jack Dann (born February 15, 1945) is an American science fiction writer living in Australia. Jane Hyatt Yolen (born February 11, 1939 in New York City) is an American Author and editor of almost 300 books Henry Rollins (born February 13 1961 as Henry Lawrence Garfield) is an American singer-songwriter Spoken word Artist, Stand-up comedian, author James Newell Osterberg Jr (born April 21, 1947) better known by his Stage name Iggy Pop, is an American rock singer Songwriter Gothic fiction (sometimes referred to as Gothic horror) is a genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance. The Crow: Shattered Lives & Broken Dreams was released by Random House on Halloween, and a year later, in a limited signed and numbered volume, by Donald M. Random House Inc is the world's largest English-language general trade book publisher Grant Publishing.
In 1999, Image Comics released a new comic series of The Crow, based on the original comic book. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Image Comics is an American Comic book publisher It was founded in 1992 by seven high-profile illustrators as a venue where creators could publish their It ran for ten issues, ending in November of that year. Events in November All Saints' Day (formerly All Hallows Day a Christian holy day is celebrated on November 1, the day after Halloween