|Created by||Sydney Newman|
|Country of origin||UK|
|No. Spy-fi is a Genre of Spy fiction that includes elements of Science fiction. Sydney Cecil Newman, OC (April 1 1917 &ndash October 30 1997 was a Canadian film and Television producer, best remembered for the pioneering work Patrick Macnee (born 6 February 1922) is an English Actor, best known for his role as the secret agent John Steed Ian Hendry ( January 13, 1931 &mdash December 24, 1984) was an English film and television actor Honor Blackman (born 22 August 1925) is an English actress, who is perhaps best known for the roles of Cathy Gale in Dame Enid Diana Elizabeth Rigg DBE (born 20 July 1938 is an English actress. Linda Thorson (born Linda Robinson, June 18 1947, Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian actress on TV and films mostly The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located of episodes||161 (List of episodes)|
|Running time||50 minutes|
|Original run||1961 – 1969|
The Avengers was a British television series featuring secret agents in 1960s Britain. This is an episode list for the 1960s British Television series The Avengers. Independent Television (generally known as ITV) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters set up under the Independent Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The programmes were made by TV company Associated British Corporation, and created by its Head of Drama Sydney Newman. Associated British Corporation (otherwise known as ABC Television or ABC Weekend Television) was one of a number of commercial television companies set up in the 1950s Sydney Cecil Newman, OC (April 1 1917 &ndash October 30 1997 was a Canadian film and Television producer, best remembered for the pioneering work It was an early example of the spy-fi genre, combining secret agent storylines with science fiction elements. Spy-fi is a Genre of Spy fiction that includes elements of Science fiction. Running from 1961 to 1969, it is the longest running espionage series produced for English-language television, though the American series Mission: Impossible had more episodes (171). Mission Impossible (often referred to as Mission Impossible The Original Series) is an American Television series that chronicles
During the course of its run, The Avengers was marked by different eras as different co-stars came and went. The only constant was John Steed, played by Patrick Macnee. John Steed is a fictional character played by Patrick Macnee, on the British series The Avengers and The New Avengers. Patrick Macnee (born 6 February 1922) is an English Actor, best known for his role as the secret agent John Steed
The Avengers began with a Medical Doctor named David Keel (Ian Hendry) investigating the murder of Peggy, his office receptionist and wife-to-be, by a drug ring. Ian Hendry ( January 13, 1931 &mdash December 24, 1984) was an English film and television actor A mysterious stranger named John Steed, who was investigating the ring, appeared on the scene and together they set out to avenge her death in the show's first two episodes. Afterwards, Steed asked Keel to continue partnering him on an as-needed basis to solve crimes.
The Avengers was a successor (but not, as sometimes stated, a direct sequel) to Hendry's earlier series Police Surgeon, in which he played a similar character. A sequel is a work in Literature, Film, or other media that portrays events following those of a previous work Police Surgeon was a Television series made by the Associated British Corporation and starring Ian Hendry as Dr Geoffrey Brent While Police Surgeon did not last long, viewer letters had praised Hendry's work in it. Hendry was considered the star of the new series, receiving top billing over Macnee, and Steed did not even appear in two of the episodes. Because of the practice in the British television industry (followed until the 1970s) of junking and deleting episodes of old programmes deemed no longer of commercial value, most episodes of the first series are considered lost, save for two complete episodes recently located and the first 15 minutes or so of the premiere episode. Wiping or junking is an economic move by Radio and Television companies in which old Audiotapes Videotapes and Telerecordings
In the first series broadcast in 1961, Steed began as a secondary character, the protagonist being Keel; as the series progressed, Steed began to be established as a co-star, carrying the final episode solo. While the two stars used wry wit while discussing the crimes and dangers, the series benefited from the interplay — and, often, the tension — between Keel's idealism and Steed's hard professionalism. As seen in the surviving episode The Frighteners, Steed also had a group of helpers scattered among the general population who provided information, not unlike the "Baker Street Irregulars" of Sherlock Holmes. The Baker Street Irregulars are any of several different groups all named after the original from various Sherlock Holmes stories Sherlock Holmes is a famous fictional detective of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who first appeared in Publication in 1887
The other regular character appearing in the first series was Carol Wilson (Ingrid Hafner), the nurse/receptionist who replaced the slain Peggy. Ingrid Hafner British actress 1936 - 1994 Father Raoul Hafner, Austrian Helicopter Pioneer Mother Eileen Myra McAdam (descendant of John Loudon McAdam Carol assisted Dr Keel and Steed in various ways in their cases, without being a part of Steed's 'inner circle' in the way that Keel was. For other uses of the term see Inner circle. Inner Circle is a Jamaican Reggae Hafner had also played opposite Hendry as a nurse in Police Surgeon. Police surgeon could refer to ''Police Surgeon'' (UK TV series, a British ITV television series from 1960 ''Police Surgeon'' (Canada, a Canadian
Production of the first series was cut short by a strike. By the time it was settled and production could begin on the show's second series, Hendry had quit to pursue a film career. Macnee was promoted to series star and Steed became the focus of the series, initially working with a rotation of three different partners.
Dr. Martin King (Jon Rollason), a thinly disguised rewriting of David Keel, saw action in only three episodes, as he was only intended to be a 'transition' character between Dr Keel and the two new female partners. He appeared in three unused scripts left over from the first series. Rollason later had a regular role on Coronation Street. Coronation Street (commonly known as 'Corrie' is an award-winning Soap opera created by Tony Warren
Nightclub singer Venus Smith (Julie Stevens) appeared in six episodes. This article is about the British actress For other Julie Stevens see the Julie Stevens disambiguation page She was a complete "amateur", meaning that she did not have any professional crime-fighting skills as did the two doctors. She was excited to be participating in a "spy" adventure alongside secret agent Steed (although at least one episode - "The Removal Men" - indicates she isn't always so enthusiastic). Nonetheless, she appears to be attracted to him and their relationship appears similar to that later displayed between Steed and Tara King. Her episodes featured musical interludes showcasing her singing performances. The character of Venus underwent some revision during the second series, becoming younger-looking in demeanour and dress. Stevens was better known in Britain as a host of various children's/teen-age television programmes.
The first episode of the second series introduced Steed's third partner, and the one who would change the show into the format it is most remembered for. Honor Blackman played Dr. Honor Blackman (born 22 August 1925) is an English actress, who is perhaps best known for the roles of Cathy Gale in Cathy Gale, a self-assured, quick-witted anthropologist who was skilled in judo and had a passion for wearing leather clothes. Dr Cathy Gale was a fictional character played by Honor Blackman, on the 1960s British series The Avengers. meaning "gentle way" is a modern Japanese martial art ( Gendai budō) and Combat sport, that originated in Japan in the late Leather is a material created through the Tanning of hides and Skins of Animals primarily Cattlehide The Tanning process Widowed during the Mau Mau years in Kenya, she was the "talented amateur" who saw her aid to Steed's cases as a service to her nation. The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north Somalia to the northeast Tanzania to the south
Mrs. Gale was unlike any female character ever seen before on British TV and became a household name. Reportedly, part of her charm came from the fact that her earliest appearances were episodes in which dialogue written for David Keel was simply transferred to her. By the start of the third series, Venus Smith was dropped and Mrs. Gale became Steed's only regular partner. The series established a level of sexual tension between the characters, although, as part of the evolving format of the series, writers were not allowed to let the characters go beyond flirting and innuendo. Sexual tension is the occurrence between two people (which is often found in works of Fiction) where two or more of the individuals sexually long for one another but the consummation Despite this, the relationship between Steed and Mrs. Gale was progressive for 1962-63. In the episode "The Golden Eggs", it is revealed that Mrs. Gale lived in Steed's flat; her rent according to Steed was to keep the refrigerator well-stocked and to cook for him (she appears to do neither). It is also stated, however, that this was a temporary arrangement while Mrs. Gale (for reasons not stated) looked for a new home, and that Steed was actually sleeping at a hotel.
During the first series, hints were dropped that Steed worked for a branch of British Intelligence, and this was expanded in the second series. Early on, Steed received orders from a series of different superiors, most notably men referred to only as "Charles" or "One-Ten". By the third series, however, Steed was seen working on his own, the origins of his orders remaining a mystery.
Another change during the Gale era was the transformation of Steed from a rather rough-and-tumble trenchcoat-wearing agent into the stereotypical English gentleman, complete with Savile Row suit, bowler hat and umbrella, the latter two full of tricks, most notably a sword hidden within the umbrella handle and a steel plate concealed in the hat. Savile Row (ˈsævɪl both vowels short with accent on the first syllable is a shopping street in Mayfair, central London, famous for its traditional men's The bowler hat, also known as a derby (US or billycock, is a Hard Felt Hat with a rounded crown originally created in 1849 for Edward "Parasol" redirects here For other uses see Umbrella (disambiguation, Umbrella (song or Parasol (disambiguation Honor Blackman became a TV superstar in Britain with her black leather fighting suit and high-heeled boots (nicknamed "kinky boots") and her high-kicking fighting style. Kinky boots are Boots with extreme characteristics which are intended to present a dramatic sexy appearance such as by a prostitute or dominatrix
After two series in this format, a movie version of the show was in its initial planning stages by late 1963. The early story proposal would have paired Steed and Gale with a male/female duo of American agents, to make the movie appeal to the American market. Before the project could gain momentum, Blackman was cast opposite Sean Connery in the Bond film, Goldfinger, requiring her to leave the series. Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25 1930) is an Academy Award - Golden Globe - and BAFTA Award -winning Scottish Goldfinger (1964 is the third James Bond film, as well as the third to star Sean Connery as MI6 agent James Bond.
A new female partner appeared in October 1965: Mrs. Emma Peel (Diana Rigg). Emma Peel was a fictional Television Spy played by Diana Rigg in the British 1960s adventure series The Avengers. Dame Enid Diana Elizabeth Rigg DBE (born 20 July 1938 is an English actress. The name of the character derived from the fact that, during development, the writers commented they wanted a character with "man appeal". Eventually they began referring to this by the verbal shorthand, "M. Appeal" and thus the character's name of "Emma Peel" was born.  The character, whose husband went missing while on a South American exploration, retained the self-assuredness of Cathy Gale, combined with superior fighting skills, intelligence, and fashion sense.
After more than 60 actresses had been auditioned, the first choice to play this role was actress Elizabeth Shepherd. Elizabeth Shepherd (born 12 August 1936) is a British character actress whose work has spanned the stage and both the big and small screens However, after shooting one and a half episodes, Shepherd was released, as her on-screen personality did not seem as interesting as that of Blackman's Cathy Gale. Another 20 actresses were auditioned before the show's casting director suggested that producers Brian Clemens and Albert Fennell check out a televised drama featuring the relatively unknown Diana Rigg. Her screen test with Patrick Macnee showed that the two immediately worked well together, and a new era in Avengers history began.
The classic Avengers episodes are generally considered to be those featuring Patrick Macnee and Diana Rigg. By contrast to the Cathy Gale episodes, there was a lighter comic touch evident, both in Steed and Mrs. Peel's conversations and in the ways they reacted to other characters and situations. Earlier series of the show had a much more hard-edged tone, with the Honor Blackman episodes including some surprisingly serious espionage dramas (when viewed through the prism of the later, better-known period). The harder edges of the previous series almost completely disappeared, as Steed and Mrs. Peel visibly enjoyed topping each other's witticisms.
Additionally, many episodes were characterised by a futuristic, science fiction bent to the tales, with mad scientists and their creations leaving havoc in their wake. The duo dealt with giant alien carnivorous plants (The Man-Eater Of Surrey Green), being shrunk to doll size (Mission . . . Highly Improbable), pet cats being electrically altered into 'miniature tigers' (The Hidden Tiger), killer automata (The Cybernauts and Return Of The Cybernauts), mind-transferring machines (Who's Who???), and invisible foes (The See-Through Man). This is an episode list for the 1960s British Television series The Avengers. The series also poked fun at its American contemporaries with episodes such as The Girl From AUNTIE and Mission . . . Highly Improbable (spoofing The Man from U.N.C.L.E. and Mission: Impossible, respectively). The Man from UNCLE is an American television series that was broadcast on NBC from September 22, 1964, to January Mission Impossible (often referred to as Mission Impossible The Original Series) is an American Television series that chronicles The show still carried the basic format: Steed and his associate were charged with solving the problem in the space of a 50-minute episode, thus preserving the safety of 1960s Britain on a regular basis.
Comedy was also evident in the names/acronyms of the organizations Steed and Mrs. Acronyms, initialisms, and alphabetisms are Abbreviations that are formed using the initial components in a phrase or name Peel encountered. In The Living Dead, two duelling groups examine reported ghost sightings: FOG (Friends Of Ghosts) and SMOG (Scientific Measurement Of Ghosts). The Hidden Tiger features the Philanthropic Union for Rescue, Relief and Recuperation of Cats — PURRR — led by folk named Cheshire, Manx, and Angora.
There was also a notable fetishistic undercurrent in many episodes (most notably the black-and-white episode "A Touch of Brimstone", in which Mrs Peel dressed as a dominatrix to become the "Queen Of Sin"). Dame Enid Diana Elizabeth Rigg DBE (born 20 July 1938 is an English actress. Sexual fetishism, or erotic fetishism, is the Sexual attraction to materials and objects not conventionally viewed as being sexual in nature This is an episode list for the 1960s British Television series The Avengers. A dominatrix (from the Latin dominatrix, meaning a female ruler or Mistress plural dominatrices or dominatrixes) or Mistress is a woman who Tight-fitting fashion for both Mrs. Gale and Mrs. Peel was one of the notable features of the shows; Patrick Macnee and Honor Blackman had even released a novelty song called "Kinky Boots". "Kinky Boots" is a song released by Patrick Macnee and Honor Blackman, stars of the 1960s Television series The Avengers (Some of the clothes seen in The Avengers were designed by John Sutcliffe, who also published the AtomAge fetish magazine). John Sutcliffe may refer to John Willie Sutcliffe (1868&ndash1947 football and rugby union player John Sutcliffe (designer (died AtomAge magazine (later AtomAge International magazine was a Fetish magazine published in Britain by the clothes designer John Sutcliffe A fetish magazine is a type of Magazine originating in the 1960s which is devoted to Sexual fetishism.
Another memorable feature of the show from this point on was its automobiles. Steed's signature cars were 1926 - 1928 Bentley racing/town cars, including Blower Bentleys and Bentley Speed Sixes, while Mrs. Bentley Motors Limited is an English manufacturer of luxury Automobiles and Grand Tourers Bentley Motors was founded in England The Bentley 4½ Litre is a British Sports car built by Bentley Motors. Desiring more power Walter Owen Bentley added two cylinders to the Straight-4 engine used in his 4½ Litre car creating the 6½ Litre Bentley in Peel drove a Lotus Elan. Lotus Elan is the name of two Convertible Cars and one fixed head Coupé produced by Lotus Cars. Mother was transported in Rolls-Royce cars and Tara King preferred an AC 428 and a Lotus Europa. " Mother " is the Codename given to the wheelchair-bound male British government official who gives orders to John Steed and Tara King A Rolls-Royce car may refer to vehicles produced by Rolls-Royce Limited (1906-1973 Rolls-Royce Motors (1973-2003 which was owned AC Cars Group Ltd formerly known as Auto Carriers Ltd is a British specialist Automobile manufacturer and one of the oldest independent car marques The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 (Some of this had already begun in the Mrs. Gale episodes, as Mrs. Gale occasionally used a Triumph motorcycle. Triumph Motorcycles is a British Motorcycle manufacturer originally based in Coventry. ) During the first Emma Peel series, each episode would end with a short, comedic scene of the duo leaving the scene of their most recent adventure in a variety of unusual vehicles.
The relationship between Steed and Mrs. Gale differed noticeably from that of Steed and Mrs. Peel, with a layer of conflict in the former that was rarely seen in the latter — Mrs. Gale on occasion openly resenting being used by Steed, often without her permission. There was also a level of sexual tension between Steed and Mrs. Gale that was absent when Emma Peel arrived. In both cases, the exact relationship between the partners was left ambiguous, although they seemed to have carte blanche to visit each other's homes whenever they pleased and it was not uncommon to see an episode in which Steed spent the night at Cathy Gale's/Emma Peel's home, or vice-versa. Although nothing "improper" was ever displayed, the obviously much closer chemistry between the Steed/Mrs. Peel characters constantly suggests that something of the sort is happening in the background.
The arrival of Diana Rigg coincided with the show's sale to US television. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the This made it one of the first British series to be aired on prime-time American television, alongside traditional US shows. A change was made to the opening credits of the first Emma Peel series with the addition of a brief prologue explaining the concept of the series and introducing the characters. The decision of the US's ABC to schedule The Avengers was made easier by the "British Invasion" of pop music and fashion, dating from the huge success of The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, and others who followed them into the American market. The American Broadcasting Company ( ABC) is an American Television network. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960
Previously the series had been shot on 405-line videotape, with very little provision for editing and virtually no location footage. Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto Magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. This meant that, to all intents and purposes, the Blackman episodes were shot live in the studio. A number of these were wiped, the survivors being in the form of 16mm film telerecordings (see below). Wiping or junking is an economic move by Radio and Television companies in which old Audiotapes Videotapes and Telerecordings Telerecording (known as kinescoping in the USA) is the British name for a process pioneered during the 1940s for the storing of electronically-shot
The US deal meant that the producers could afford to shoot the series on 35mm film. 35 mm film is the basic Film gauge most commonly used for both still Photography and Motion pictures, and remains relatively unchanged since its In any case, the change was essential because British videotapes were incompatible with US standards. The transfer to film meant that episodes could be shot like films, giving the show much greater flexibility. After one filmed series (of 26 episodes) in black and white, The Avengers began filming in colour in 1967, although it would be two years before British viewers could see it that way. These colour episodes came with a new stylised opening sequence, involving Steed unwrapping the foil from a Champagne bottle and Mrs. Champagne is a Sparkling wine produced by inducing the in-bottle Secondary fermentation of Wine to effect Carbonation. Peel shooting the cork away, especially advertising the episodes with a title of The Avengers In Colour.
The Steed/Mrs. Peel episodes began with a comic visual 'tag line,' with a caption displayed on-screen using the format of "Steed [does this], Emma [does that]. " For example, the episode Death At Bargain Prices dealt with trying to prevent an atomic bomb from being detonated inside a London department store. A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. A department store is a Retail establishment which specializes in selling a wide range of products without a single predominant merchandise line. The opening caption informed the viewer that "Steed fights in Ladies' Underwear".
Rigg was never happy with the way she was treated on the show (she discovered at one point that she was being paid less than the cameraman) and she left in 1967 to pursue other projects (including, like Blackman, a Bond film). On Her Majesty's Secret Service, released in 1969, is the sixth Spy film in the James Bond series, and the only one to star George No farewell episode had been shot, but despite now being out of contract, Rigg agreed to film an episode that explained her departure. At its end, Emma's husband, Peter Peel, was found alive and rescued, and she left the British secret service in order to be with him, "passing the torch" to her successor on the stairway to Steed's apartment with the remark "He likes his tea stirred anti-clockwise. The Secret Intelligence Service ( SIS) colloquially known as MI6 is the United Kingdom 's external Intelligence agency. " (From Steed's viewpoint looking out the window to the driveway below, Peter remarkably resembles Steed, only with a mustache. For the Swedish heavy metal band see Mustasch. A moustache (or mustache) is Facial hair grown on the upper Lip. )
This episode, the first of the 1968/69 series, also introduced Emma's successor, an inexperienced agent named Tara King, played by Canadian actress Linda Thorson, in very dynamic style (when Steed is called to Headquarters, he is attacked and knocked down by trainee agent Tara who mistakes him for her training partner). This article is about the 1960s television character For the model who is often credited as Tara King see Tara O'Connor. Linda Thorson (born Linda Robinson, June 18 1947, Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian actress on TV and films mostly Thorson played the role with more innocence in mind and at heart; and unlike the previous partnerships with Cathy and Emma, the writers allowed subtle hints of romance to blossom between Steed and Tara. Tara also differed from Steed's previous partners in that she was a fully fledged (albeit inexperienced) agent working for Steed's organisation; his previous partners had all been (in the words of the prologue used for American broadcasts of the first Rigg series) talented amateurs. Another change returned the series to its roots by having Steed once again take orders from a British government official, this time "Mother", who was in fact a man in a wheelchair (Patrick Newell, who had played different roles in two earlier episodes). " Mother " is the Codename given to the wheelchair-bound male British government official who gives orders to John Steed and Tara King Patrick David Newell (born Hadleigh, Suffolk, March 27 1932 - July 22 1988) was a British actor known for his Mother's headquarters would shift from place to place, including one episode in which his complete office was on the top level of a double-decker bus; several James Bond films of the 1970s would make use of a similar gimmick for Bond's briefings. A double-decker bus is a Bus that has two levels While double-decker long-distance coaches are in widespread use around the world double-decker city buses are James Bond 007 is a Fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve Novels and two Short story Also added as a regular was Mother's Amazonian and mute assistant, Rhonda (Rhonda Parker); with occasional appearances by an agency official code-named "Father", a blind older woman.
The revised series continued to be broadcast in America. The episodes with Linda Thorson as Tara King proved to be highly rated in Europe and the UK. In the United States however, the ABC network which carried the series chose to air it opposite the number one show in the country at the time, Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In. Here Comes The Judge redirects here for the 1968 song see Shorty Long. Steed and Tara couldn't compete, and the show was cancelled in the US. Without this vital commercial backing, production could not continue in Britain either, and the series ended in May 1969. The final scene of the final episode ("Bizarre") has Steed and Tara, champagne glasses in hand, accidentally launching themselves into orbit aboard a rocket, as Mother breaks the fourth wall and says to the audience, "They'll be back!" before adding in shock, "They're unchaperoned up there!"
The production team changed during the series' long run, particularly between the third and fourth series, but the influence of Brian Clemens was felt throughout. Champagne is a Sparkling wine produced by inducing the in-bottle Secondary fermentation of Wine to effect Carbonation. The fourth wall is the imaginary wall at the front of the stage in a Proscenium Theater, through which the audience sees the action in the world of the play Brian Horace Clemens (born 1931 in Croydon, England) is a Screenwriter and Television producer, possibly best known for his work on He wrote the second episode and became The Avengers'' most prolific scriptwriter. Succeeding producers Leonard White and John Bryce, Clemens became associate producer towards the end of the third series, with Albert Fennell credited as "In charge of production". Albert Fennell (b Chiswick 1920-1988 was a British film and Television producer.
Raymond Austin choreographed the fight scenes for some of the earlier episodes, introducing kung fu to the series. Ray Austin, formally known as Raymond Austin or Baron DeVere-Austin of Delvin, (born December 5 1932) is a British Television Later he became one of the mainstay directors of both the Avengers and the New Avengers.
Johnny Dankworth composed The Avengers' original theme tune, a syncopated jazz number, which was reworked for the third series. Sir John Phillip William Dankworth, CBE (born 20 September, 1927) often known as Johnny Dankworth, is an English Jazz When Diana Rigg joined the series, the new title sequence was accompanied by a fresh theme by Laurie Johnson, a catchy, brassy tune designed to promote the "English eccentricity" of the show. Lawrence Reginald Ward ('Laurie' Johnson (born February 17, 1927, in Hampstead, England) is a British Film and Television Johnson also provided incidental music, and subsequently collaborated with Clemens on other projects, including the theme for the later New Avengers revival.
The sustained popularity of the Tara King episodes in France led to a 1975 French television commercial for a brand of champagne, featuring both Thorson and Macnee reprising their roles. The New Avengers was a British Secret agent fantasy adventure television series produced during 1976 and 1977. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The commercial's success spurred financing interest in France to create new Avengers episodes.
As a result, the series was revived as The New Avengers, with Macnee reprising his role as Steed, this time with two new partners, Mike Gambit (Gareth Hunt) and Purdey (Joanna Lumley). Alan Leonard Hunt (7 February 1942 &ndash 14 March 2007 was an English Actor, known as Gareth Hunt, best remembered for playing the footman For the sixteenth century translator see Jane Lumley. Joanna Lamond Lumley, OBE (born 1 May 1946) is an English This new series aired on ITV in the UK, CTV in Canada, CBS in the United States and TF1 in France in 1976 and 1977. Independent Television (generally known as ITV) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters set up under the Independent CTV is a Canadian English language Television network. It is Canada's largest privately owned network the main television asset of CTVglobemedia Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. for the motorway in Tenerife Spain see TF1 Motorway, for the WWI aircraft Sopwith Camel#(Trench Fighter T This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The final four episodes were almost completely produced by Canadian interests and were filmed in that country; they carried the title The New Avengers in Canada.
The Avengers was not picked up immediately in America, even through syndication. In Broadcasting, syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast Radio shows and Television shows to multiple individual stations without going through This was partly due to its 'live-studio' look, which American television had left behind several years earlier. Episodes were often videotaped the same day they were transmitted (a few were even performed live), and as such there was little opportunity for retakes; as noted by websites such as The Nitpicker's Guide to the Avengers, these early episodes were fraught with technical errors (for example, during the episode "Immortal Clay", the camera hits something during a scene making it appear as if a sudden earthquake had occurred) and fluffed dialogue (in "School for Traitors", Julie Stevens stumbles trying to introduce John Steed to another character, prompting Patrick Macnee to ad lib a joke to cover the error). An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth 's crust that creates Seismic waves Earthquakes are recorded with a Seismometer
The very 'Britishness' of it was another 'strike' against it. In addition, the more relaxed standards of British media would have required some moments to be censored in America; in Mr Teddy Bear, Steed is seen stripping down to his underwear for decontamination, and in Death Dispatch Mrs Gale is seen talking to Steed on the telephone while wearing nothing from the waist up but a black-lace brassiere. brassiere ( Brit /'bɹæzɪə(ɹ/ US /bɹə'ziɹ/ commonly referred to as a bra, /bɹɑ/ is an article of clothing that covers supports and elevates
North American audiences saw the Cathy Gale/Venus Smith/Dr King episodes of the series for the first time in the early 1990s, when they were broadcast on A&E. A&E is a cable and Satellite television network with headquarters in Manhattan and offices in Stamford, Atlanta, Until recently, no David Keel episode of the series had ever been shown outside of Britain; to date only a couple of complete episodes from the show's first series are even known to exist, the rest having been "wiped" years ago (an incomplete copy of the first episode was recently found in the United States, containing only the first 20 minutes, up to the original commercial break). The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 16mm film copies of the Cathy Gale-era episodes survive (the original videotapes no longer exist) and have been released to DVD, as have the complete filmed series of Emma Peel and Tara King episodes. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is
BBC Four in Britain broadcasted episodes of the 'Emma Peel' series at 7. 10pm on Thursdays during 2004 and 2005. During this re-run, when giving details of what was on the other BBC channels, a less than enthusiastic-sounding continuity announcer on BBC1 stated, "On BBC4 now - it's kitsch, and very English. "
In the United States, BBC America regularly airs episodes from the Peel / King eras -- currently, they are shown on weekday afternoons. BBC America is an American Television network owned and operated by BBC Worldwide Americas, and available on both cable and satellite
A recent newspaper report suggested that Patrick Macnee himself was responsible for tracking down the original negatives of both series for remastering, because he was tired of seeing inferior copies.
In early 2006, A&E issued a new "megabox" collection of the complete Emma Peel era (with the DVDs now packaged in "slimline" cases); a bonus disc was included in the new edition, featuring the first DVD release of the two complete first-series episodes, plus the extant 20 minutes of the premiere. In April 2006, a complete set of Cathy Gale-era episodes broadcast in 1962 was released, and it was stated that this was the final collection of unreleased Avengers episodes.
The Avengers was broadcast to over 120 countries.
There were seven series of The Avengers (divided into six by some sources), running from 1961 to 1969. This is an episode list for the 1960s British Television series The Avengers. Only two episodes of the first series still exist in their entirety.
A number of original novels were based upon the series in the 1960s, including two that were co-written by Patrick Macnee himself (making him one of the first actors to write licensed spin-off fiction of their own shows), and one 1990 release, Too Many Targets by John Peel that featured appearances by all of Steed's partners except Venus Smith and Dr Martin King. John Peel (born 1954 is a British Writer, best known for his books connected to several television series The first three novels were only published in the UK, while the 1968-69 novels were only released in the US. Several of the 1968-69 novels feature Tara King, but the covers often show Emma Peel instead.
In addition, a short story by Peter Leslie entitled "What's a Ghoul Like You Doing in a Place Like This?" appeared in The Television Crimebusters Omnibus, edited by Peter Haining, 1994. Peter Alexander Haining ( April 2, 1940 &ndash November 19, 2007) was a British Journalist, author and anthologist
The Macnee novels Deadline and Dead Duck were reprinted by Titan Books in standard paperback in the early 1990s, the first time these books were distributed in the United States. Titan Publishing Group is an independently owned publishing company established in 1981 In 1998 Titan reissued the books in trade paperback format (with the same covers) to coincide with the film's release. Paperback, softback, or softcover describe and refer to a Book by the nature of its binding.
Very few Avengers-related comic books have been published in North America, due in part to the fact that the rights to the name "Avengers" are held by Marvel Comics for use with their superhero comic of the same title (Marvel also holds the rights to the New Avengers title). Marvel Comics is an American comic book company owned by Marvel Publishing Inc The Avengers is a team of fictional Superhero characters in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. Nonetheless, Gold Key Comics published one issue of John Steed and Emma Peel in 1968 (subtitled The Avengers only on the indicia page), which included newly-coloured and reformatted Avengers strips from the British weekly comic 'TV Comic'. Gold Key Comics was an Imprint of Western Publishing created for Comic books distributed to Newsstands History Gold Key Indicia has a number of meanings In postage indicia are markings on a mail piece showing that postage has been paid by the sender A three-issue miniseries entitled Steed and Mrs Peel appeared in the early 1990s under the Eclipse Comics imprint. Eclipse Comics was an American Comic book Publisher, one of several influential independent publishers during the 1980s and early 1990s
Plans for a motion picture based upon the series circulated during the 1960s, 1980s and 1990s, with Mel Gibson at one point being considered a front-runner for the role of Steed. The Avengers is a 1998 film based on the British Cult television series of the same name from the 1960s Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson, AO (born January 3 1956 Ultimately, the 1998 movie based on Rigg and Macnee's characters from the TV series, starring Uma Thurman and Ralph Fiennes, received poor reviews from critics. Uma Karuna Thurman ( IPA: /ˈumə ˈθɝmən/ born April 29 1970 is an Academy Award -nominated American actress. Ralph Nathaniel Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes ( "rafe fines" born 22 December 1962) is a British Actor.
Between 1972 and 1973 scripts from the TV series were adapted for radio by Tony Jay and Dennis Folbigge for broadcast in South Africa, which did not have national television until 1976. Radio is the transmission of signals by Modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible Light. Tony Jay ( February 2, 1933 - August 13, 2006) was an English actor The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa  Most of the episodes were adapted from the John Steed/Emma Peel stories, with a few John Steed/Tara King episodes (changing the female character to Emma Peel). Donald Monat played Steed and Diane Appleby Mrs Peel, with Hugh Rouse as the tongue-in-cheek narrator. The stories were adapted into between 5 and 7 episodes of approximately 15 minutes each (including adverts) and stripped across the week on the SABC. SABC redirects here as this is the most common use of the abbreviation in English
Currently 21 complete serials survive, all from original reel-to-reel off-air recordings, as well as three episodes of "Escape In Time", from a mixture of sources, including:
Four other scripts were written, but it is not known if they were ever used:
There was also a British stage version of The Avengers in 1971. It starred three actors who had previously appeared as guest stars on the series itself — Simon Oates as Steed, Sue Lloyd as new partner Hannah Wild and Kate O'Mara as villainess Madame Gerda. Simon Oates is an English actor best known for his roles on Television. Sue Lloyd (born 7 August 1939 in Aldeburgh, Suffolk) is an English model turned actress with many notable Film and Kate O'Mara (b August 10 1939, Leicester) is an English film and television actress