The Texas Highland Lakes is a chain of 6 man-made lakes in Central Texas formed by several dams on the Colorado River as it winds southeast from its headwaters near the border of Texas and New Mexico to Matagorda Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. A lake (from Latin lacus) is a Terrain feature (or Physical feature) a body of Liquid on the surface of a world that is localized to the Central Texas (a part of which is Texas Hill Country) is a region (and a physiographic section as it pertains to geography in the U A dam is a barrier that divides waters. Dams generally serve the primary purpose of retaining water while other structures such as Floodgates, Levees The Colorado River is the 18th longest river in the United States. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. New Mexico ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States of America. TresPalaciosBayFromPorchjpg|thumb|200px|right|Matagorda Bay (Tres Palacios Bay as viewed from a porch in Palacios. The Gulf of Mexico ( Spanish: Golfo de México) is the ninth largest Body of water in the world The dams provide flood control and are used to generate hydroelectric power. A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land a deluge Hydroelectricity is electricity generated by Hydropower, ie the production of power through use of the gravitational force of falling water
The lakes and dams are (from West to East):
The Colorado River, which had a history of major flooding, especially in the City of Austin, was "tamed" by the construction of the dams in the Texas Hill Country. Buchanan Dam ( was constructed from 1931 to 1937 and was the first dam to be completed in the chain of Texas Highland Lakes on the Colorado River of Texas. Lake Buchanan was formed by the construction of Buchanan Dam by the Lower Colorado River Authority to provide a water supply for the region and to provide Hydroelectric Inks Dam was constructed from 1936 to 1938 and forms Inks Lake, one of the seven Texas Highland Lakes. Inks Lake is a reservoir on the Colorado River in the Texas Hill Country in the United States. Wirtz Dam (formerly Granite Shoals Dam) was constructed from 1949 to 1950 in tandem with Max Starcke Dam to provide Hydroelectric power and to form Lake Lyndon B Johnson (or Lake LBJ) is a reservoir on the Colorado River in the Texas Hill Country in the United States. Max Starcke Dam is a Dam in the US state of Texas. Named for Max Starcke the second General Manager of the Lower Colorado River Authority Lake Marble Falls is a Reservoir on the Colorado River in the Texas Hill Country in the United States. Mansfield Dam (formerly Marshall Ford Dam) is a Dam located at ( WGS 84 datum) across a Canyon at Marshall Ford on the Colorado Lake Travis is a reservoir on the Colorado River in central Texas in the United States. Tom Miller Dam is a Dam located at 302932 -977855 ( WGS 84 datum) on the Colorado River within the city limits of Austin Texas Lake Austin is a reservoir on the Colorado River in Austin Texas in the United States. The Texas Hill Country is a region of Central Texas, USA, that features rolling somewhat rugged Hills that consist primarily of Limestone Engineers used the hills to form the lakes' basins.
All of the dams were constructed by the Lower Colorado River Authority during the 1930s and 1940s, following two unsuccessful attempts to construct a dam upstream from Austin. The Lower Colorado River Authority or LCRA is a Nonprofit public utility that was formed in 1934 by the Texas Legislature The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression. The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949 Events and trends The 1940s was a period between the radical 1930s and the conservative 1950s which also leads the period to be
The City of Austin then constructed Longhorn Dam and formed a seventh lake in the chain, Lady Bird Lake, in 1960 largely to help beautify the city and to form a cooling pond for its natural gas-burning power plant just north of the river. Longhorn Dam is a Dam located at 302504 -977135 ( WGS 84 datum) on the Colorado River within the city limits of Austin, Lady Bird Lake (formerly Town Lake) is a reservoir on the Colorado River in downtown Austin, Texas, in the United States A cooling pond is a man-made body of Water primarily formed for the purpose of providing Cooling water for a nearby Power plant. Natural gas is a Gaseous Fossil fuel consisting primarily of Methane but including significant quantities of Ethane, Propane, A power station (also referred to as generating station, power plant or powerhouse) is an industrial facility for the generation of