Territorial authorities are the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The region is the top tier of Local government in New Zealand. There are 73 territorial authorities: 16 city councils, 57 district councils, and the Chatham Islands Council. After the local government reforms of 1989 the term "city" began to take on two meanings in New Zealand. The Archipelago of the Chatham Islands ( Rekohu in the Moriori language and Wharekauri in the Māori language) is a territory Five territorial authorities (Nelson City Council, Gisborne, Tasman, and Marlborough District Councils and the Chatham Islands Council) also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities. History Early settlement Settlement of Nelson began about 1100 years ago by Māori For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation. Gisborne (Tūranga-nui-a-Kiwa is the name of a unitary authority in New Zealand Coverage Tasman District is a large area at the top western side of the South Island of New Zealand Geography Marlborough's geography can be roughly divided into four sections See also Independent city A unitary authority is a type of Local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all Local government functions Territorial authority districts are not subdivisions of regions, and some of them fall within more than one region. Franklin District, for example, falls partly within the Auckland Region, partly within the Waikato Region. Geography On the mainland the region extends from the mouth of the Kaipara Harbour in the north across the southern stretches of the North Auckland Peninsula The Taupo District, however, is the only one that lies within four Regions (see below). The Taupo District Council is a local council located in the Central North Island of New Zealand. Regional Council areas are based on catchment areas, whereas territorial authorities are based on an area with sufficient ratepayers and community of interest. A catchment is any device or structure that captures Water. Regional councils are responsible for the administration of many environmental and public transport matters, while the territorial authorities that administer local roading and reserves, sewerage, building consents, the land use and subdivision aspects of resource management, and other local matters.
|Far North District||Kaikohe||7324||55,845||Northland|
|North Shore City||Takapuna||130||205,605||Auckland|
|Franklin District||Pukekohe||2188||58,932||Waikato (60. The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. The region is the top tier of Local government in New Zealand. Kaikohe is the central service area for the Far North District of New Zealand, about 260 km from Auckland, situated on State Highway 12 at. Geography Northland is located in what is often referred to by New Zealanders as the Far North, or because of its mild climate The Winterless North. History Captain James Cook and the crew of the Endeavour were the first Europeans to contemplate the Whangarei Geography Kaipara District is located in the low hills around the northern shores of the Kaipara Harbour, a large natural harbour Dargaville is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. It is situated on the bank of the Northern Wairoa River in the Northland region Orewa, a Town in the North Island of New Zealand lies on the Hibiscus Coast, 30 kilometres north of Auckland city and close Geography On the mainland the region extends from the mouth of the Kaipara Harbour in the north across the southern stretches of the North Auckland Peninsula This article is about the City of Auckland a part of the whole metropolitan area of Auckland. Geography North Shore is bounded by Rodney District to the north Waitemata Harbour to the south and the Rangitoto Channel For the football team see Waitakere City FC Administrative structure Waitakere City was formed by the amalgamation of Waitemata City with Manukau City is a large city in the Auckland Region / Greater Auckland area of New Zealand. Geography Papakura is 123 square kilometres in size and is just 32 km from downtown Auckland Pukekohe is a small but growing rural service town in the Franklin district of the North Island of New Zealand. 18%)|
Auckland (39. 82%)
|Waipa District||Te Awamutu||1473||42,501||Waikato|
|South Waikato District||Tokoroa||1817||22,641||Waikato|
|Waitomo District||Te Kuiti||3547||9441||Waikato (94. Population The district has a population of 25938 at the 2006 census Thames is a town at the southwestern end of the Coromandel Peninsula in New Zealand 's North Island. Paeroa is a small town in New Zealand. It is located in the northern Waikato region known locally as the Thames Valley, at the foot of the Coromandel Ngāruawāhia (pronunciation /ŋaɾuawahia/ (pop 5106) is a town in the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. Matamata is a rural Waikato town in New Zealand with a total Population of around 12000 (6000 in rural areas 6000 in the township Hamilton ( Kirikiriroa in Māori) is the centre of New Zealand 's fourth largest Urban area, and is the country's seventh largest City Waipa District Council in the Waikato region of New Zealand is a Municipality that covers Te Awamutu, Cambridge and several small Te Awamutu is a town in the Waikato on the North Island of New Zealand. Tokoroa is the third largest town in the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand and largest settlement in the South Waikato district Otorohanga is a north King Country town at the southern end of the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. Waitomo is a district-type Municipality in the north of the King Country region in the North Island of New Zealand. Location Te Kuiti is approximately 80 km south of Hamilton and 19 km south-east of Waitomo. 87%)|
Manawatu-Wanganui (5. Geography Administration The region is comprised by all or parts of ten separate Districts. 13%)
|Taupo District||Taupo||6970||32,418||Waikato (73. The Taupo District covers 6350 km² of land as well as a further 610 km² of lake area both in Lake Taupo, New Zealand 's largest lake and also in 74%)|
Bay of Plenty (14. History According to local Māori traditions, the Bay of Plenty was the landing point of several migration canoes that brought Māori settlers to New Zealand 31%)
Hawke's Bay (11. Geography The region is situated on the east coast of the North Island. 26%)
|Western Bay of Plenty District||Greerton, Tauranga City||2121||42,075||Bay of Plenty|
|Tauranga City||Tauranga||168||109,000||Bay of Plenty|
|Opotiki District||Opotiki||3105||9201||Bay of Plenty|
|Whakatane District||Whakatane||4442||33,300||Bay of Plenty|
|Rotorua District||Rotorua||2614||65,901||Bay of Plenty (61. Western Bay of Plenty District Council is a Municipality in the Bay of Plenty Region of New Zealand. for the electorate see Tauranga (NZ electorate Tauranga (population 114500 2007 estimate after status was lost after 1989 Local Opotiki is a town in the eastern Bay of Plenty in the North Island of New Zealand. Whakatane (ɸakaˈtaːne in Māori; fɒkəˈtɑːni or /ʍɒkəˈtɑːni/ in English is a City in the Bay of Plenty region in the North Island Rotorua is a city on the southern shore of Lake Rotorua in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand, and Rotorua 52%)|
Waikato (38. 48%)
|Kawerau District||Kawerau||22||6921||Bay of Plenty|
|Gisborne District||Gisborne||8355||44,500||Unitary authority|
|Wairoa District||Wairoa||4119||8484||Hawke's Bay|
|Hastings District||Hastings||5229||77,500||Hawke's Bay|
|Napier City||Napier||106||55,800||Hawke's Bay|
|Central Hawke's Bay District||Waipawa||3328||12,954||Hawke's Bay|
|New Plymouth District||New Plymouth||2209||68,901||Taranaki|
|Stratford District||Stratford||2163||8892||Taranaki (68. Kawerau is a Town in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation. Gisborne (Tūranga-nui-a-Kiwa is the name of a unitary authority in New Zealand This article is about the New Zealand town For the river please refer to the Wairoa River article Wairoa is a town in New Zealand 's North Island Hastings is the administrative centre of the Hastings District in the Hawke's Bay Region of the North Island of New Zealand. Napier ( Ahuriri in Māori) is a port city in Hawke's Bay, New Zealand. Access State Highway 2 runs through the centre of Central Hawke's Bay leading south to Palmerston North (108 km and the Wairarapa and north to Waipawa is the second-largest town in Central Hawke's Bay in the east of the North Island of New Zealand. for the place called New Plymouth in the United States see New Plymouth Idaho. Geography and people Taranaki is situated on the west coast of the North Island surrounding the volcanic peak Geography Road & Rail Stratford is at the junction of State Highway 3 and State Highway 43. 13%)|
Manawatu-Wanganui (31. 87%)
|South Taranaki District||Hawera||3575||26,484||Taranaki|
|Rangitikei District||Marton||4479||14,712||Manawatu-Wanganui (86. South Taranaki is a political district on the west coast of New Zealand 's North Island that contains the towns of Hawera, Manaia, Opunake With a population of 11000 Hawera is the second-largest town in the Taranaki region of New Zealand 's North Island. Features The District is landlocked and contains Mount Ruapehu, Tongariro National Park, and the Raurimu Spiral on the North Island Main Trunk Taumarunui is a Town in the King Country of the central North Island of New Zealand. Location Located north of Wellington, the district stretches from the South Taranaki Bight toward the North Island Volcanic Plateau, forming a trapezium-shaped Marton is a town in the Rangitikei district of the Manawatu-Wanganui region of New Zealand 's North Island. 37%)|
Hawke's Bay (13. 63%)
|Palmerston North City||Palmerston North||336||78,800||Manawatu-Wanganui|
|Tararua District||Dannevirke||4360||17,634||Manawatu-Wanganui (98. Wanganui is an urban area and district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. Location "The Manawatu" as it is usually called is located in the southwest of the island close to the river which shares its name Population As of the 2006 census, the usually resident population of Feilding was 12924 an increase of 141 since 2001 Palmerston North (Te Papa-i-oea is the main city of the Manawatu-Wanganui region of the North Island of New Zealand. Towns and regional government The district's chief town is Dannevirke, settled by immigrants from Denmark in the 19th century Dannevirke ( Danish: "Danish creation" or "Danes' work" is a rural service town in the Manawatu-Wanganui area of New Zealand. 42%)|
Wellington (1. Governance The official Wellington Region as administered by the Wellington Regional Council (under the brand-name "Greater Wellington" covers the conurbation around the 58%)
|Kapiti Coast District||Paraparaumu||731||46,200||Wellington|
|South Wairarapa District||Martinborough||2457||8892||Wellington|
|Upper Hutt City||Upper Hutt||540||38,400||Wellington|
|Hutt City||Lower Hutt||377||97,701||Wellington|
|Tasman District||Richmond||9771||47,200||unitary autority|
|Nelson City||Nelson||444||46,400||unitary authority|
|Marlborough District||Blenheim||12,484||43,200||unitary authority|
|Buller District||Westport||7953||9702||West Coast|
|Grey District||Greymouth||3516||13,221||West Coast|
|Westland District||Hokitika||11,880||8403||West Coast|
|Waitaki District||Oamaru||7152||19,950||Canterbury (59. The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. The region is the top tier of Local government in New Zealand. Coverage Tasman District is a large area at the top western side of the South Island of New Zealand Richmond is the seat of the Tasman District Council, located 13km south of Nelson in the South Island of New Zealand, close to the southern History Early settlement Settlement of Nelson began about 1100 years ago by Māori Geography Marlborough's geography can be roughly divided into four sections History The sheltered coastal bays of Marlborough supported a small Māori population possibly as early as the 12th century. Buller District, administered by the Buller District Council is an administrative region in the West Coast region of New Zealand. Westport is a town in the West Coast region of the South Island of New Zealand. Naming To New Zealanders the term 'The Coast' generally refers to the West Coast of the South Island, and 'Coasters' to those that live there Grey District Council in the West Coast region of New Zealand is a Municipality that covers Greymouth, Runanga, Blackball Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council Government The Westland District is governed by an elected Council, headed by an elected Mayor. Hokitika is a township on the West Coast of New Zealand 's South Island, south of Greymouth, and close to the mouth of the Hokitika River Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. Councillors Canterbury Regional Council is governed by 14 elected councillors who are elected on a first-past-the-post basis from eight regional constituencies The Hurunui District is a political district on the east coast of New Zealand 's South Island, north of Christchurch New Zealand. Amberley is a town located in the Hurunui District of north Canterbury, on the east coast of the South Island Local government The district is governed by an elected Mayor and a council of 10 members elected simultaneously every 3 years Rolleston is the centre of the Selwyn District of Canterbury and the Selwyn District Council has its headquarters in the town Rangiora is a rural town in the South Island of New Zealand. It is the largest town in north Canterbury and the seat of the Waimakariri Christchurch (Ōtautahi The largest City in the South Island, it is also the second largest city and third largest urban area of New Zealand Ashburton is a town and district in the Canterbury region on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. Principal settlements Fairlie Twizel Cave Mount Cook Village The article is about the town in the South Island New Zealand The Waitaki district in the Canterbury and Otago regions of New Zealand, straddles the traditional border between the two regions the Waitaki River History The vicinity of Oamaru features some important archaeological sites 61%)|
Otago (40. History See also History of Otago The Otago Settlement sponsored by the Free Church of Scotland, materialised in March 1848 with the arrival of the first 39%)
|Central Otago District||Alexandra||9959||16,647||Otago|
|Southland District||Invercargill, South Island||1746||402||Southland|
There are a number of islands where the Minister of Local Government is the territorial authority, two of which have a 'permanent population and/or permanent buildings and structures. Southland (Murihiku is the name of New Zealand 's southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region The Archipelago of the Chatham Islands ( Rekohu in the Moriori language and Wharekauri in the Māori language) is a territory The Archipelago of the Chatham Islands ( Rekohu in the Moriori language and Wharekauri in the Māori language) is a territory ' The main islands are listed below (population according to 2001 census in parenthesis):
In addition, seven of the nine groups of the New Zealand Outlying Islands are outside of any territorial authority:
For many decades until the local government reforms of 1989, a borough with more than 20,000 people could be proclaimed a city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population Mayor Island (or Tuhua) is located off the Bay of Plenty coast of New Zealand 's North Island. Motiti Island is located off the Bay of Plenty coast of New Zealand 's North Island. White Island can refer to In Europe: ( White Island) Eilean Bàn, Scotland ( White Island) Kvitøya, Norway The New Zealand outlying islands comprise nine island groups from the Subtropics to the Subantarctic that are part of New Zealand but lie outside of the Kermadec Islands are an Island arc in the South Pacific Ocean. The Three Kings Islands ( Manawa-tawhi or Ngā Motu Karaka in Māori) are a group of The Bounty Islands at are a small group of 13 Granite islets and numerous rocks with a combined area of 135 ha, in the south Pacific Ocean which The Snares (also known as Tini Heke and unofficially as Snares Islands) is a small island group at approximately 200 kilometres south of New Zealand The Antipodes Islands (from Greek αντίποδες - Antipodes) are inhospitable volcanic islands to the south of—and territorially The Auckland Islands ( Motu Maha) ( form an archipelago of the New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands and include the following Auckland Island, Adams The Campbell Island group (or Campbell Islands) is a group of Sub-Antarctic Islands belonging to New Zealand. The Archipelago of the Chatham Islands ( Rekohu in the Moriori language and Wharekauri in the Māori language) is a territory The Solander Islands are a small chain of uninhabited volcanic islets lying at, close to the western end of the Southland (Murihiku is the name of New Zealand 's southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region After the local government reforms of 1989 the term "city" began to take on two meanings in New Zealand. The boundaries of councils tended to follow the edge of the built-up area, so little distinction was made between the urban area and the local government area.
New Zealand’s local government structural arrangements were significantly reformed in 1989 when approximately 700 councils and special purpose bodies were amalgamated to create 87 new local authorities. Regional councils were reduced in number from 20 to 13, territorial authorities (city/district councils) from 200 to 75, and special purpose bodies from over 400 to 7.  The new district and city councils were generally much larger and most covered substantial areas of both urban and rural land. Many places that once had a city council were now being administered by a district council.
As a result, the term "city" began to take on two meanings.
The word "city" came to be used in a less formal sense to describe major urban areas independent of local body boundaries. This informal usage is jealously guarded. Gisborne, for example, adamantly described itself as the first city in the world to see the new millennium. Gisborne is administered by a district council, but its status as a city is not generally disputed.
Under the current law the minimum population for a new city is 50,000.
Since the 1989 reorganisations conducted by the Local Government Commission, there have been few major reorganisations or status changes in local government. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) The Local Government Commission is an independent statutory body established under the Local Government Act 2002 in New Zealand. Incomplete list:
During 2006 and 2007 there have been moves to propose radical alterations in the Auckland region.
Reports on completed reorganisation proposals since 1999 are available on the Local Government Commission's site (link below).