Tectonic uplift is a geological process most often caused by plate tectonics which increases elevation. Kupe's Sail is a geological formation near the eastern end of Palliser Bay at the southern end of the North Island of New Zealand. Geology (from Greek γη gê, "earth" and λόγος Logos, "speech" lit Plate tectonics (from Greek τέκτων tektōn "builder" or "mason" describes the large scale motions of Earth 's Lithosphere The opposite of uplift is subsidence, which results in a decrease in elevation. In Geology, Engineering, and Surveying, subsidence is the motion of a surface (usually the Earth's surface as it shifts downward relative to Uplift may be orogenic or isostatic. Orogeny (Greek for "mountain generating" is the process of natural Mountain building and may be studied as a tectonic structural event as a geographical event and Post-glacial rebound (sometimes called continental rebound, isostatic rebound, isostatic adjustment or post-ice-age isostatic recovery)
Orogenic uplift is the result of tectonic plate collisions and results in mountain ranges or a more modest uplift over a large region. Orogeny (Greek for "mountain generating" is the process of natural Mountain building and may be studied as a tectonic structural event as a geographical event and The Himalaya were (and are still being) formed by the collision of two continental plates, the Indian and Eurasian Plates. Plate tectonics (from Greek τέκτων tektōn "builder" or "mason" describes the large scale motions of Earth 's Lithosphere The India or Indian Plate is a Tectonic plate that was originally a part of the ancient continent of Gondwanaland from which it split off eventually The Eurasian Plate is a Tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional Continents of Europe This ongoing collision produced the Tibetan Plateau as well as the Himalaya and associated ranges. The Tibetan Plateau, also known as the Qinghai-Tibetan (Qingzang Plateau is a vast elevated Plateau in Central Asia covering most of the Tibet Autonomous The Ozark Plateau is a broad uplifted area which resulted from the Ouachita Orogeny to the south during the Permian Period. The Ouachita Mountains are a mountain range located in west central Arkansas and southeastern Oklahoma. The Permian is a geologic period and system that extends from 299 Another related uplift is the Llano Uplift in Texas, a geographical location named after its uplift features. The Llano Uplift is a roughly circular geologic dome of Precambrian rock primarily Granite, in Central Texas in the United States Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. The Colorado Plateau with its spectacular scenic canyons, the Grand Canyon, is also the result of broad tectonic uplift followed by river erosion. The Colorado Plateau, also called the Colorado Plateaus Province, is a physiographic region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the The Grand Canyon
Isostatic uplift includes the gradual uplift following rapid erosional removal of material from a mountain range. Isostasy (Greek isos = "equal" stásis = "standstill" is a term used in Geology to refer to the state of gravitational equilibrium between the Erosion is the carrying away or displacement of solids ( Sediment, Soil, rock and other particles usually by the agents of currents such as wind The land rises as a result of the removal of the weight. Another example of isostatic uplift is post-glacial rebound following the melting of continental glaciers and ice sheets. Post-glacial rebound (sometimes called continental rebound, isostatic rebound, isostatic adjustment or post-ice-age isostatic recovery) "Glacial" and "Glaciation" redirect here For the geological periods see Glacial period. The Hudson Bay region of Canada and the Great Lakes of Canada and the United States are currently undergoing gradual rebound as a result of the melting of the ice sheets 10,000 years ago. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The Laurentian Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada–United States border. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
In a few cases, tectonic uplift can be seen in the cases of coral islands. Corals are Marine organisms from the class Anthozoa and exist as small Sea anemone –like Polyps typically in colonies of many This is evidenced by the presence of various oceanic islands comprised entirely of coral, which otherwise appear to be high islands (i. A high island is in Geology (and sometimes in Archaeology) an Island of volcanic origin e. , islands of volcanic origin). Plate tectonics and hotspots Divergent plate boundaries At the Examples of such islands are found in the Pacific, notably the three great phosphate rocks, Nauru, Makatea, and Banaba as well as Fatu Huku in the Marquesas Islands and Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands. The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20000 to 30000 Islands (the exact number has yet to be precisely determined A phosphate, an Inorganic chemical, is a salt of Phosphoric acid. For human anatomy see Islets of Langerhans An islet is a small Island. Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru, is an Island nation in the Micronesian South Pacific. Makatea, or Mangaia-te-vai-tamae, is a uplifted Coral Island in the northwestern part of the Tuamotus. Banaba Island (bəˈnɑːbə (also Ocean Island) an island in the Pacific Ocean, is a solitary raised Fatu Huku is a small island in the Marquesas Islands, nearly halfway between Hiva ‘Oa and Nuku Hiva. Henderson Island is an uninhabited uplifted Coral Island in the south Pacific Ocean, annexed to the Pitcairn Islands colony in 1902 The uplift of these islands is the result of the movement of oceanic tectonic plates. Sunken islands or guyots with their coral reefs are the result of crustal subsidence as the oceanic plate carries the islands to deeper or lower oceanic crust areas. For the French viticulturist see Jules Guyot. For the Old French name see Guiot.