The talent (Latin: talentum, from Ancient Greek: τάλαντον "scale, balance") is an ancient unit of mass. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage in the development of the Hellenic language family spanning the Archaic (c Mass is a fundamental concept in Physics, roughly corresponding to the Intuitive idea of how much Matter there is in an object It corresponded generally to the mass of water in the volume of an amphora, i. The amphora, or amphora quadrantal was a unit for measuring liquids or bulk goods in the Roman Empire, and for estimating the size of ships and the production of e. one foot cubed. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit Depending on the length of the respective, legal foot, this corresponds roughly to the mass of 27 kg or about 60 English pounds. Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society The pound or pound-mass (abbreviation lb, lbm, or sometimes in the United States #) is a unit of Mass
The Babylonians and Sumerians had a system in which there were 60 shekels in a mina and 60 minas in a talent. Babylonia was an Amorite state in lower Mesopotamia (modern southern Iraq) with Babylon as its capital Sumer ( Sumerian: sux-Latn [[Ki (earth ki]]-[[EN (cuneiform en]]-'''ĝir15''', Akkadian: Šumeru; possibly Biblical Shinar Shekel also rendered sheqel, refers to one of many ancient units of Weight and Currency. The mina (or also mine) is an ancient Greek unit of weight defined as being 50 Shekels The mina like the shekel was also a unit of This ratio 1:60, talent to mina, was also observed in Ancient Greece where the Attic talent was about 26 kg. The term ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages ca The Attic talent was a unit of weight and a denomination of money equal to 6000 drachmae or 60 minae. The Greek mina is evaluated – depending on sources – to be 434 ± 3 grams. For other uses of the words gram or gramme see Gram (disambiguation. The Ancient Romans also gave the name 'talent' to their weight of 100 libra (pounds). Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC The ancient Roman units of measurement were built on the Hellenic system with Egyptian, Hebrew, and Mesopotamian influences Since the Roman libra is exactly three quarters of the Greek mina, the Roman talent is 1. 25 Greek talent.
When used as a measure of money, it refers to a talent-weight of gold or of silver. Money is anything that is generally accepted as Payment for Goods and services and repayment of Debts. Gold (ˈɡoʊld is a Chemical element with the symbol Au (from its Latin name aurum) and Atomic number 79 Silver (ˈsɪlvɚ is a Chemical element with the symbol " Ag " (argentum from the Ancient Greek: ἀργήντος - argēntos gen The gold talent is reported as weighing roughly the same as a person, and so perhaps 60 kg (132 lb avoirdupois). The avoirdupois (ˌævərdəˈpɔɪz French avwaʀdypwɑ system is a system of weights (or properly Mass) based on a pound of sixteen Ounces Some authorities state, more precisely, that the talent typically weighed about 33 kg (75 lb) varying from 20 to 40 kg.
It is difficult to estimate the value of a talent in modern values. One way is from today’s price of metals and in this case a 26 kg silver talent would be worth about $11,500, and a talent of gold $800,000. Another and probably better way is from wages. During the Peloponnesian war in Ancient Greece, a talent was the amount of silver needed to pay the crew of a trireme for one month. The term ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages ca Trireme ( τριήρης sing τριήρεις pl triremis sing Hellenistic mercenaries were commonly paid one drachma for every day of service, which was a good salary in the post-Alexander (III) days and years. Drachma, pl drachmas or drachmae (δραχμή pl δραχμές or δραχμαί (until 1982 is the name of An ancient currency unit found in many Alexander the Great ( or, Mégas Aléxandros; July 20 356 BC June 10 or June 11 323 BC also known as Alexander III of Macedon (el Ἀλέξανδρος Γ' 6,000 drachma made a talent. Based on this fact, assuming a crew of roughly 200 rowers paid at the basic pay rate of a junior enlisted member of the US armed forces (E-2), a talent of silver would be worth nearly $300,000 and a talent of gold $3 milion (the value ratio between silver and gold was ten). Thus when we read that King Auletes of Egypt paid Julius Caesar the sum of 6,000 talents of gold to grant him the status of a "Friend and Ally of the Roman People," the amount paid, in modern equivalence, was about $18 billion USD. Ptolemy Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos ( Ptolemaĩos Néos Diónusos Theós Philopátōr Theós Philádelphos) New Dionysus, God Beloved
Later in Roman history, during the medieval Byzantine period, the emperor Basil II was said to have stockpiled the legendary amount of 200,000 talents of gold, which in modern terms would be worth approximately $100 billion USD. Basil II, surnamed the Bulgar-slayer (Βασίλειος Β΄ Βουλγαροκτόνος Basileios II Boulgaroktonos, 958 &ndash December 15 1025 At any rate, he did save enough money that the Byzantine government was able to remit all taxes paid during the final two years of his reign.
The talent as a unit of coinage is mentioned in the New Testament in Jesus's parable of the talents (Matthew 25:14-30), but although it clearly represents a large sum of money, there is nothing to show the exact value intended. Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) The Parable of the Talents (sometimes just the Parable of Talents) is a parable of Jesus in. This parable is the origin of the sense "gift, skill" as used in English and other languages. There is a similar parable with different details involving the mina (unit) instead of the talent, in Luke 19:12-27. The mina (or also mine) is an ancient Greek unit of weight defined as being 50 Shekels The mina like the shekel was also a unit of The talent is also used unambiguously in other writings in the Bible, as when describing the material invested in the dwelling of the commandments as received by Moses in Exodus 38.
1 Kings 10:14 (New International Version) New International Version (NIV)
14 The weight of the gold that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents.
Footnotes: 1 Kings 10:14 That is, about 25 tons (about 23 metric tons)