The Syrian occupation of Lebanon is one of several terms for the period 1976-2005 when Syria had a military presence in and significant control over Lebanon. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية Lebanon (ˈlɛbənɒn Arabic: ar لبنان Lubnān) officially the Republic of Lebanon or Lebanese Republic (ar الجمهورية اللبنانية 
During the Lebanese Civil War, Lebanon requested Syrian assistance as an Arab peacekeeping force. The Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990 was a multifaceted Civil war whose antecedents can be traced back to the conflicts and political compromises reached after the end Peacekeeping, as defined by the United Nations, is "a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace The Arab League agreed to send a peacekeeping force mostly formed by Syrian troops. The Arab League ( الجامعة العربية) officially called the League of Arab States ( جامعة الدول العربية Initially Syria's mission was to protect the Christians and help them from being overun by the Muslims, who were allied in the Lebanese National Movement (LNM); two years later, in 1978, Syria changed its position and sided with the PLO. A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth The Lebanese National Movement (LNM ( Arabic: الحركة الوطنية اللبنانية) was a front of parties and organizations active during the early years Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) The Palestine Liberation Organization ( PLO) (منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية or Munazzamat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniyyah) is a political and paramilitary
Analyzing whether and when the Syrian presence was a military occupation under international law, Gerhard von Glahn writes that "The mandate of the Force was renewed several times before it officially expired on July 27, 1982, at the time of the Israeli siege of Beirut. Belligerent military occupation occurs when the control and authority over a territory passes to a hostile army. International law is the term commonly used for referring to the system of implicit and explicit agreements that bind together nation-states in adherence to recognized values and standards Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Historical Setting The PLO moved its primary base of operations to Beirut in the late 1960s after an attempt on their part to overthrow the government The Lebanese government refused to request that the mandate be renewed by the Arab League. The Arab League ( الجامعة العربية) officially called the League of Arab States ( جامعة الدول العربية Instead, in September 1986, Lebanon requested an end to the Syrian presence in Lebanon. It would appear that, lacking legal authority from both Lebanon and the Arab League, Syria's military forces had to be regarded henceforth as illegal occupants of Lebanon. "
In the late 1980s, General Michel Aoun was appointed President of the Council of Ministers by President Amine Gemayel, a controversial move since Aoun was a Maronite Christian and the post was by unwritten convention reserved for a Sunni Muslim. Michel Naim Aoun ( Arabic: ميشال عون (born 19 february 1935 in Haret Hreik, Lebanon) is a former Lebanese Amine Pierre Gemayel (أمين بيار الجميٌل (born 22 January 1942) was President of Lebanon from 1982 Maronites ( الموارنة,, Syriac: ܡܪܘܢܝܐ, Latin: Ecclesia Maronitarum) are members of one of the Syriac The National Pact is an unwritten agreement that laid the foundation of Lebanon as a multi-confessional state and has shaped the country to this day Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic Muslim ministers refused to serve in Aoun's government, which was not recognised by Syria. Two rival administrations were formed: a military one under Aoun in East Beirut and a civilian one under Selim el-Hoss based in West Beirut; the latter gained the support of the Syrians. Beirut (بيروت Bayrūt) is the Capital and Largest city of Lebanon with a population of over 2 Selim Ahmed El-Hoss (spelled "Salim El-Hoss" on his website Arabic: سليم أحمد الحص (born 1929 is a veteran Lebanese politician Aoun opposed the Syrian presence in Lebanon, citing the 1982 UN Security Council Resolution 520. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) United Nations Security Council Resolution 520 was adopted by the UN Security Council on September 17 1982 after the assassination of Lebanese President  The Syrian military remained in Lebanon; after a successful campaign against the Lebanese Forces militia who had controlled Beirut port, Aoun, now with massive popular support in his East Beirut enclave, declared a "War of Liberation" against the Syrian forces. The Lebanese Forces (LF ( Arabic: القوات اللبنانية al-quwat al-lubnāniyya) is a Lebanese political party and a former Fighting began on 14 March 1989. Events 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) Casualties among civilians on both sides from indiscriminate artillery bombardments across the front line were numerous. Aoun initially received a greater degree of international support than el-Hoss, but this ended abruptly with the American build-up for war with Iraq over Kuwait. Aoun had received considerable support from the Iraqi government, anxious to weaken the rival Baathist regime in Damascus; in return for Syrian support in the Kuwait war, the United States and Israel agreed to allow Syria to evict Aoun, and in October 1990 Syrian forces took the presidential palace at Baabda by storm. Aoun took refuge in the French embassy and was later exiled from Lebanon to France. Circumstances surrounding his exile are controversial; his apprehension and exile are variously attributed to Syrian forces, Israeli Defense Forces, Shii' militias, and the Lebanese Forces militia of Samir Geagea. The Israel Defense Forces ( IDF) (צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit Samir Farid Geagea ( Arabic: سمير فريد جعجع, also Samir Ja`ja`) born October 25, 1952 is the leader of the right wing
Syrian forces remained in Lebanon, exercising considerable influence over its government from 1990 to 2005.
After the Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon and the death of Hafez Al-Assad in 2000, the Syrian occupation faced fierce criticism and resistance from the Lebanese population. Hafez al-Assad (حافظ الأسد) ( October 6, 1930 &ndash June 10, 2000) was president of Syria, for three The occupation ended on 26 April 2005 after the Cedar Revolution that took place as a reaction to the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri on 14 February 2005. Events 1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Cedar Revolution ( Arabic: ثورة الأرز - thawrat al-arz) or Independence Intifada ( intifāḍat al-istiqlāl) was a chain of demonstrations Events 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.