The Syrian Desert (Arabic: بادية الشام, badiyah ash sham), also known as the Syro-Arabian desert, is a combination of steppe and true desert that is located in parts of the nations of Syria, Jordan, and Iraq. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language In physical Geography, a steppe ( German, from степь - "a flat and arid land" степ - /stɛp/ тал - tal дала - /dɑlɑ/ pronounced A desert is a Landscape or region that receives very little precipitation. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (الأردنّ al-Urdunn) is an Arab country in Southwest Asia spanning the southern For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. Its border on the west is the Orontes Valley, and its border on the east is the Euphrates. See Orontid dynasty for the Armenian kings and satraps called Orontes The Euphrates ( ( Arabic: ar نهر الفرات; Turkish: tr Fırat Syriac: syr ܦܪܬ; Hebrew: he פרת In the north, the desert gives way to the more fertile areas of north-central Syria. In the south, it runs into the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula. The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية šibh al-jazīra al-ʻarabīya or جزيرة العرب jazīrat al-ʻarab) Many oases exist in the Syrian Desert such as Palmyra. Palmyra ( Arabic: تدمر Tadmor) was in ancient times an important city of central Syria, located in an Oasis 215 km northeast of Damascus Damascus is also located on an oasis. Damascus ( دمشق,, also commonly known as الشام ash-Shām) is the capital and largest city of Syria. The desert's remarkable landscape was formed by lava flows from the volcanic region of the Jebel Druze in southern Syria. Jabal ad-Duruz ( جبل الدروز) also known as Jabal al-Arab (Arabic جبل العرب) is an elevated volcanic region in southern Syria The desert was historically inhabited by bedouin tribes, and many tribes still remain in the region, their members living mainly in towns and settlements built near oases. The Bedouin, (from the Arabic (ar بدوي pl badū) are a desert-dwelling Arab Nomadic pastoralist, or previously Some bedouin still maintain their traditional way of life in the desert. The Syrian Desert is the area where the common hamster the 'syrian hamster' was found.
Safaitic inscriptions, proto-Arabic texts written by literate bedouin, are found throughout the Syrian Desert. Safaitic is the name given to an Old North Arabian dialect preserved in the form of inscriptions which are written in a type of South Semitic script. These date approximately from the 1st century B. C. to the 4th century A. D.
During the war in Iraq the desert served as a major supply line for the Iraqi insurgents, with the Iraq portion of the desert becoming a primary stronghold of the Sunni insurgents operating in the Al Anbar Governorate. The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign The Iraqi insurgency is composed of diverse mix of militias foreign fighters all Iraqi units or mixtures using violent measures against the US-led Coalition in Iraq Al Anbar (الأنبار al-’Anbār or Anbar) is the largest province in Iraq geographically Particularly after the Coalition capture of Fallujah during Operation Phantom Fury. For other meanings see Fallujah (disambiguation. Fallujah (الفلوجة sometimes transliterated The Second Battle of Fallujah ( Code-named Operation Al-Fajr - "The Dawn" A series of Coalition military operations were relatively ineffective at removing the insurgent presence in the Desert. However as the insurgents began to gain control of the surrounding areas the importance of the Syrian desert as a center of operations was believed to have lessened. By September 2006 insurgents had gained control of virtually all of the Anbar Governorate and had moved most of their forces equipment and leaders further east to insurgent controlled cities near the Euphrates river, nevertheless the Syrian Desert remains one of the primary routes for smuggling equipment due to its location near the Syrian border.