Swiss citizenship is the status of being a citizen of Switzerland and it can be obtained by birth, marriage or naturalisation. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation Naturalization is the acquisition of Citizenship or Nationality by somebody who was not a citizen or national of that country when he or she was born
The Swiss Citizenship Law is based on the following principles:
Every Swiss is a citizen of his place or community of origin, his canton of origin and the Confederation, in this order: a Swiss citizen is defined as someone who has the citizenship of a Swiss municipality (art. The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the states of the Federal state of Switzerland. Municipalities (sometimes called communities or communes, after the French/Italian names are the smallest government division in Switzerland and are called Jus sanguinis ( Latin for "right of blood" is a Social policy by which Nationality or Citizenship is not determined by place of birth Statelessness is the Legal and social concept of a person lacking belonging (or a legally enforceable claim to any recognised State. 37 of the Swiss Federal Constitution). The Federal Constitution of 18 April 1999 (Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse Constituzione federale della Confederazione He is entered in the family register of his place of origin. The place of origin is the place where the family (usually the father) comes from. It is not to be confused with the place of birth. The place of origin can be the same as the place of birth, but this is not necessarily the case.
A person is a Swiss citizen at birth (whether born in Switzerland or not) if he or she is:
Where parents marry after birth and only the father is Swiss, the child acquires Swiss citizenship at that point.
There are exceptions if only the mother is Swiss and she acquired Swiss citizenship on the basis of a previous marriage to a Swiss citizen.
Jus soli does not exist in Switzerland, hence birth in Switzerland in itself does not confer Swiss citizenship on the child. Jus soli ( Latin for "right of the soil" or somewhat figuratively "right of the territory" or birthright citizenship, is a Right
A person married to a Swiss citizen may apply for Swiss citizenship by facilitated naturalisation after living in Switzerland for five years and having been married for at least three years. No language test is required, however one must show:
Children from the person's previous relationships are given citizenship along with the partner. This clause is not valid for same-sex couples.
It is also possible for the spouse of a Swiss citizen to apply for facilitated naturalisation while resident overseas after:
Spouses acquiring Swiss citizenship by facilitated naturalisation will acquire the citizenship of the community and canton of their Swiss spouse.
Citizenship in Switzerland can be obtained by a permanent resident who has lived uninterruptedly in Switzerland for at least twelve years (any years spent in Switzerland between the 10th and the 20th years of age count double), and has lived in the country for the last three out of five years before applying for citizenship. One should be able to speak fluently in either German (preferably Swiss German), French, Italian or Romansch (depending on the community) and show:
Cantons and communities impose their own residence and other requirements, which may be additional to those imposed by the Confederation.
Certain categories of non-Swiss may apply for simplified naturalisation, including:
All these categories have additional requirements to be fulfilled. Normally a successful applicant acquires the cantonal and communal citizenship of the Swiss mother or spouse.
Each community in Switzerland maintains its own registry of citizens, which is separate from the registry of people living in the community. Most Swiss citizens do not live in the community that is their place of origin; therefore, they are often required by the community they live in to get a certificate of citizenship (acte d'origine/Heimatschein/atto d'origine) from their place of origin. In practice, there is no difference in rights or obligations between citizens of different communities, except for the extra paperwork that may be involved.
Due to the fact that one is a citizen of a community rather than a citizen of state, there are two forms of multiple nationality, inter-communal multiple nationality, like being a citizen of Geneva, GE and Meyrin, GE and international multiple nationality, like being a citizen of France and Switzerland. Geneva (Genève is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French -speaking The Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva Meyrin is a municipality of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In Swiss passports and identity cards, all the communities are listed, but one only has one passport or identity card for inter-communal multiple nationality.
According to the Federal Office for Migration , there is no restriction on multiple citizenship in Switzerland since 1 January 1992, meaning that foreigners who acquire Swiss citizenship, or Swiss citizens who voluntarily acquire another citizenship, do not automatically lose their previous citizenship, as was the case before this date. Multiple citizenship, or multiple nationality is a status in which a person is concurrently regarded as a Citizen under the laws of more than one state. Of course, the non-Swiss citizenship can still be lost if the laws of the other country do not recognise multiple citizenship. An estimated sixty percent of Swiss nationals living abroad in 1998 were multiple citizens.
Since many nationality laws now allow both parents to transmit their nationality to their common child (and not only the father, as was often the case in the past), many children automatically acquire multiple citizenship at birth. Nationality law is the branch of a country's legal system wherein legislation custom and court precedent combine to define the ways in which that country's Nationality and This is especially frequent in Switzerland since a relatively high proportion of the population holds a foreign passport (up to 54% in Geneva). Geneva (Genève is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French -speaking However, the Federal Office for Migration specially notes that this has not resulted in any practical problems worth mentioning. Military service, the most likely problem to arise, is usually done in the country where the applicant resides at the time of conscription.
After two referendums rejected laws to facilitate naturalisation in September 2004, some of the opponents (in particular from the Swiss People's Party) proposed to go back to the pre-1992 situation where multiple citizenship was forbidden; as of November 2005, this suggestion has not been followed by any formal proposal. The Swiss People's Party (SVP also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre (UDC is a Political party in Switzerland.
Swiss citizenship laws have been widely debated over the years. In comparison to other nationality laws, access to Swiss citizenship is relatively narrow, and several modifications to widen access to Swiss citizenship were proposed over the years. Nationality law is the branch of a country's legal system wherein legislation custom and court precedent combine to define the ways in which that country's Nationality and Those that were voted upon during referendums in 1983, 1994 and 2004 were all rejected. A referendum (plural referendums or referenda) ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita Year 1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar) Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " In particular, during the referendum of September 2004, Swiss voters rejected proposals  which would have:
The French-speaking cantons in the west (Romandy) were generally in favour of change, while the German-speaking cantons in the east (Deutschschweiz) and the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino in the south voted against it. The Linguistic geography of Switzerland is on the main tripartite with the Swiss German region ( Deutschschweiz) in the northeast The Linguistic geography of Switzerland is on the main tripartite with the Swiss German region ( Deutschschweiz) in the northeast Canton Ticino or Ticino ( Italian: tiˈtʃiːno French and German: Tessin and) is the southernmost canton of The campaign around these referendums was controversial in itself, including accusations of racist political advertisements.
While minimal requirements for obtaining Swiss citizenship by naturalisation are set at the federal level, Swiss cantons and communities are free to introduce more stringent requirements, with some communities even deciding not to allow any naturalisation at all on their territory . In 1999, Emmen and the canton of Lucerne began using popular referendums to decide the outcome of naturalisation requests; however, the practice was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in July 2003. Emmen is a municipality in the district of Hochdorf in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. Lucerne (Luzern is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the centre of Switzerland The Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland (Bundesgericht Tribunal fédéral Tribunale federale Tribunal federal is the Supreme court of Switzerland. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. A referendum directed at legalizing this practice was defeated on 1 June 2008. A referendum on three questions was held in Switzerland on 1 June 2008: people's initiative against publicly funded information campaigns Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common
All Swiss citizens are: