Stratford-upon-Avon shown within Warwickshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|European Parliament||West Midlands|
|List of places: UK • England • Warwickshire|
Stratford-upon-Avon (IPA: /ˌstrætfɚd əpɒn ˈɛɪvən/) is a market town and civil parish in south Warwickshire, England. Geography Warwickshire is bounded to the northwest by the West Midlands Metropolitan county and Staffordshire, by Leicestershire to In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government Stratford-on-Avon is a local government district of southern Warwickshire in England. Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London Geography Warwickshire is bounded to the northwest by the West Midlands Metropolitan county and Staffordshire, by Leicestershire to The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the area traditionally known as the Midlands. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The CV postcode area, also known as the Coventry postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Atherstone, Bedworth, Coventry, Kenilworth The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Warwickshire Police is the Home Office police force responsible for policing Warwickshire in England. The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Warwickshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service covering Warwickshire in the West Midlands region of England. The West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust (WMAS is the second-largest ambulance service in the UK West Midlands is a Constituency of the European Parliament. It currently elects 7 MEPs using the D'Hondt method of Party-list proportional This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Stratford-on-Avon is a Constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of cities towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Warwickshire, England A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Market town or market right is a legal term originating in the Medieval period for a European settlement that has the right to hold Markets A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. Geography Warwickshire is bounded to the northwest by the West Midlands Metropolitan county and Staffordshire, by Leicestershire to England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland It lies on the River Avon, 22 miles (35 km) south east of Birmingham and 8 miles (13 km) south west of the county town, Warwick. The River Avon or Avon is a River in or adjoining the counties of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um A county town is the 'capital' of a County in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. Warwick (ˈwɒrɪk worrick (silent w in middle is the County town of Warwickshire, England. It is the main town of the District of Stratford-on-Avon, which uses the term "on" to indicate that it covers a much larger area than the town itself. Stratford-on-Avon is a local government district of southern Warwickshire in England.  In 2001, the town's population was 23,676.
The town is a popular tourist destination owing to its status as birthplace of the playwright and poet William Shakespeare, receiving about three million visitors a year from all over the world. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan William Shakespeare ( baptised 
The administrative body for the town is the Stratford-upon-Avon Town Council, which is based at the Civic Hall in Rother Street (not to be confused with the Stratford-on-Avon District Council, which is based at Elizabeth House, Church Street). A city hall or town hall is the chief administrative building of a City or Town 's administration and usually houses the city or The Town Council is responsible for crime prevention, cemeteries, public conveniences, litter, river moorings, parks,and grants via the Town Trust, plus the selection of the town's mayor. Locally, the town is known simply as Stratford, and as such can be confused with the Stratford in the London Borough of Newham. Stratford, historically Stratford Langthorne, is a place in the London Borough of Newham in East London. The London Borough of Newham ( is a London borough in East London, within Greater London.
Apart from tourism, which is a huge employer, especially in the hotel and catering sectors, other industries in the town (which included Flowers Brewery, canning, and the manufacture of aluminium ware until these closed in the 1960s and the early 21st century) are boat building and maintenance, mechanical and electrical engineering, food manufacture, IT, and call centre activities (both of which are growing sectors), a large motor sales sector, industrial plant hire, building suppliers, market gardening, farming, storage and transport logistics, finance and insurance, and a large retail sector. New Place ( is the name given to William Shakespeare 's final place of residence in Stratford-upon-Avon during his retirement Hall's Croft, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire England was owned by William Shakespeare 's daughter Susannah and her husband Dr John Hall whom she married in 1607 Anne Hathaway (1556 &ndash August 6, 1623) was the wife of William Shakespeare. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food is processed and sealed in an airtight container WikipediaNaming A call centre or call center (see spelling differences) is a centralized office used for the purpose of receiving and transmitting a large volume of requests by "Market garden" redirects here For the World War II operation see Operation Market Garden. Insurance, in Law and Economics, is a form of Risk management primarily used to hedge against the Risk of a contingent loss Major employers in the town include the NFU Mutual Insurance Company (and Avon Insurance), AMEC, Tesco, Morrisons, Marks & Spencer, Debenhams and B & Q. The National Farmers Union Mutual Insurance Society Limited, better known as NFU Mutual, is an Insurance company in the UK. AMEC plc ( is a British company headquartered in London. It carries out high-value consultancy engineering and project management services for the oil and Tesco plc is a British -based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain Wm Morrison Supermarkets PLC ( is the fourth largest chain of Supermarkets in the United Kingdom. Marks & Spencer Group plc (also M&S, Marks and Sparks, and Marks) is a British Retailer with 843 stores in more than 30 Debenhams plc ( is a British -based retailer operating under a Department Store format in the UK and franchise stores in other countries B&Q is a British Retailer of DIY and Home improvement tools and supplies There are, nominally, three theatres run by the prestigious Royal Shakespeare Company, which attract huge audiences and income for the town. The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC is a British Theatre company
Stratford has Anglo-Saxon origins, and grew up as a market town in medieval times. For their language see Anglo-Saxon language. Anglo-Saxon is the term usually used to describe the invading Tribes in the south Market town or market right is a legal term originating in the Medieval period for a European settlement that has the right to hold Markets The name is a fusion of the Old English strǣt, meaning "street", and ford. A ford is a place in a Watercourse (most commonly a stream or River) that is shallow enough to be crossed by wading on Horseback or in a wheeled
Stratford is also close to the Cotswolds, with Chipping Campden 10 miles (16 km) to the south. See also Cotswold The Cotswolds is a range of Hills in west-central England, sometimes called the "Heart of England" Chipping Campden is a small Market town within the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England. As a major sheep producing area (William Shakespeare's father, John Shakespeare, bought and sold sheep's wool illegally) the Cotswolds, up until the latter part of the 19th century, regarded Stratford as one of its main centres for the slaughter, marketing, and distribution of sheep and wool. John Shakespeare (born c 1530 &ndash September 1601 was a Glover and whittawer (someone who worked with white Leather) Farmer and later an Alderman Wool is the fiber derived from the specialized skin cells called follicles of animals in the Caprinae family principally sheep, but the hair of certain species As a consequence Stratford also became a centre for tanning during the 15th–17th centuries. Tanning is the process of converting Putrescible skin into non-putrescible Leather, usually with Tannin, an Acidic Chemical compound
The first real theatre in Stratford was a temporary wooden affair built in 1769 by the actor David Garrick for his Jubilee Celebrations of that year to mark Shakespeare's birthday. David Garrick (born 19 February 1717 in Hereford &ndash 20 January 1779) was an English Actor, Playwright, The theatre, built not far from the site of the present Royal Shakespeare Theatre, was almost washed away in two days of torrential rain that resulted in terrible flooding. "Shakespeare Theatre" redirects here For the theatre of that name in Newcastle see Shakespeare Theatre (Newcastle; for Shakespeare's original theatre see
A small theatre known as The Royal Shakespeare Rooms was built in the gardens of Shakespeare's New Place home in the early 19th century but became derelict by the 1860s. New Place ( is the name given to William Shakespeare 's final place of residence in Stratford-upon-Avon during his retirement
To celebrate Shakespeare's 300th birthday in 1864 the brewer, Charles Edward Flower, instigated the building of a temporary wooden theatre, known as the Tercentenary Theatre, which was built in a part of the brewer's large gardens on what is today the site of the new, and temporary, Courtyard Theatre. After three months the Tercentenary Theatre was dismantled, with the timber used for house building purposes.
In the early 1870s Charles Flower gave several acres of riverside land to the local council on the understanding that a permanent theatre be built in honour of Shakespeare's memory, and by 1879 the first Shakespeare Memorial Theatre had been completed. "Shakespeare Theatre" redirects here For the theatre of that name in Newcastle see Shakespeare Theatre (Newcastle; for Shakespeare's original theatre see It proved to be a huge success, and by the early 20th century was effectively being run by the actor/manager Frank Benson, later Sir Frank Benson.
The theatre burned down in 1926, with the then artistic director, William Bridges-Adams, moving all productions to the local cinema. For William Bridges Adams author inventor and railway engineer see here.
An architectural competition was arranged to elicit designs for a new theatre, with the winner, English architect Elisabeth Scott, creating what we see on the riverside today. Elisabeth Whitworth Scott, 20 September 1898 to 19 June 1972, was a British architect The new theatre, adjoining what was left of the old theatre, was opened by the Prince of Wales, later Edward VIII, in 1932. Prince of Wales (Tywysog Cymru is a title traditionally granted to the Heir Apparent to the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom (and formerly the Kingdom
The new theatre had many illustrious artistic directors, including the actor Anthony Quayle. Sir John Anthony Quayle, CBE ( 7 September 1913 &ndash 20 October 1989) was an English Actor and director
Peter Hall took over the theatre in 1961 (he'd been a director there from 1959), creating the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) that same year. The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC is a British Theatre company
Swan Theatre was created in the 1980s out of the shell of the remains of the original Memorial Theatre, quickly becoming one of the finest acting spaces in the UK. The Swan Theatre is a theatre belonging to the Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon, England.
The Waterside Theatre- the newest, and only privately owned theatre in the town, re-opened in December 2004 after lying empty for approximately ten years. The Waterside Theatre was an independent theatre/arts venue in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England Prior to this the space operated as a automobile garage, a cinema and a visitor attraction (The World of Shakespeare). Following closure in 1994, the space lay empty for just under a decade before being bought by Dynamic Attractions Ltd and re-opened. At present, the theatre houses the Shakespearience visitor attraction (daytimes only), and offers other facilities such as a bar, gift shop and rehearsal spaces.
Stratford is close to the UK's second largest city, Birmingham, and is easily accessible from junction 15 of the M40 motorway. Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um The M40 Motorway is a motorway in the English Transport network that connects London to Birmingham. The 7 miles (11 km) £12 million Stratford Northern Bypass opened in June 1987 as the A422. Stratford-upon-Avon railway station has good rail links from Birmingham (Snow Hill station, Moor Street station) (hourly trains, until approximately 8:30 p. Stratford-upon-Avon Railway station serves the town of Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England. Birmingham Snow Hill is a railway station and tram stop in the centre of Birmingham, England on the site of a much larger station which was built by Birmingham Moor Street railway station is one of three main railway stations in the city centre of Birmingham, England. m. ) and from London, with up to seven direct trains a day from London Marylebone. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Marylebone station or London Marylebone station is a National Rail and London Underground station in central London, England.
The Stratford on Avon and Broadway Railway Society aims to re-open the closed railway line from Stratford-upon-Avon to Honeybourne, with a later extension to Broadway, Worcestershire. The Stratford on Avon and Broadway Railway project (SBR aims to re-open the closed railway from Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire to Honeybourne railway station Honeybourne Railway station serves the village of Honeybourne in Worcestershire, England. Broadway is a small Cotswold Village in Worcestershire, England.
The Stratford Upon avon & Midland Junction Railway once ran to Stratford from Blisworth on the L&NWR. Click Here for more information
The town has numerous cycle-paths, and is the terminus of the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal where it meets the Avon. The Stratford-upon-Avon Canal is a Canal in the south Midlands of England. A park and ride scheme was launched in 2006. Park and ride (or incentive parking) facilities are Public transport stations that allow commuters and other people wishing to travel into The Stratford Greenway is a 5 miles (8. 0 km) traffic free cycle path, which used to be part of the rail network until the early 1960s and is now part of the Sustrans cycle network (routes NCN5 and NCN41). Starting from town it heads along the River and Racecourse towards Welford and Long Marston with cycle hire available locally.
Coventry is 17 miles (27 km) to the north east, with its new airport a vital European link for business travel, and for tourists. Coventry ( is a city and Metropolitan borough in the County of West Midlands in England.
The town is located on the River Avon ("avon" being a Welsh synonym of the English "river"), on the banks of which stands the Royal Shakespeare Theatre (RST) designed by the English architect Elisabeth Scott and completed in 1932, which is the home of the Royal Shakespeare Company. "Shakespeare Theatre" redirects here For the theatre of that name in Newcastle see Shakespeare Theatre (Newcastle; for Shakespeare's original theatre see Elisabeth Whitworth Scott, 20 September 1898 to 19 June 1972, was a British architect The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC is a British Theatre company Until recently the RSC also ran two smaller theatres, the Swan, which is modelled on an Elizabethan theatre (closed in August 2007 as part of plans for refurbishment) and The Other Place theatre, a Black box theatre which closed in 2005 to make room for the temporary RSC Courtyard Theatre, which opened in July 2006. The Swan Theatre is a theatre belonging to the Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon, England. English Renaissance theatre is English drama written between the Reformation and the closure of the theatres in 1642. The black box theater is a relatively recent innovation consisting of a simple somewhat unadorned Performance space usually a large square room with black walls and a flat This theatre is now the home of the RSC while the RST is being refurbished; its interior is similar to the planned interior of the refurbished RST. The site of The Other Place has now become the foyer, bars, cloakroom, dressing rooms, and rehearsal space of the Courtyard Theatre. The Other Place will be reinstated after the RST and Swan refurbishment is complete in 2010 and the Courtyard Theatre is dismantled, although many in the town would retain the Courtyard so that it can used by local theatre companies.
Other tourist attractions within the town include Shakespeare's Birthplace, one of five houses relating to Shakespeare's life, which are owned and cared for by The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. These include Hall's Croft (the one-time home of Shakespeare's daughter, Susannah, and her husband Dr. Hall's Croft, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire England was owned by William Shakespeare 's daughter Susannah and her husband Dr John Hall whom she married in 1607 John Hall) and Nash's House,which stands alongside the site of another property, New Place, owned by Shakespeare himself, wherein died. Nash's House, Chapel Street Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England is the house next door to William Shakespeares final residence New Place New Place ( is the name given to William Shakespeare 's final place of residence in Stratford-upon-Avon during his retirement Near to the town are Anne Hathaway's Cottage at Shottery, the home of Shakespeare's wife's family prior to her marriage, and Mary Arden's House, the family home of his mother. Anne Hathaway (1556 &ndash August 6, 1623) was the wife of William Shakespeare. Shottery is a small Village a mile west of Stratford-Upon-Avon; nowadays it is considered a part of the town but it retains the feeling of a distinct village Mary Arden may refer to Mary Shakespeare, nee Mary Arden mother of William Shakespeare Mary Arden (judge Elsewhere in the district are farms and buildings at Snitterfield, that belonged to the family of Shakespeare's father. Snitterfield is a Village and Civil parish in the Stratford district of Warwickshire, England, just off the A46 road
The most recent addition to the town is Shakespearience. A timed show that takes place each hour, each day in the Waterside Theatre. The Waterside Theatre was an independent theatre/arts venue in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England The show takes the story of Shakespeare into the digital age, exploring this life and legacy alongside highlights of his plays using a 21st-Century version of the Victorian stage illusion Pepper's Ghost. For the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -based rock ensemble see Pepper's Ghost (band.
At the top end of Waterside is Holy Trinity Church, where Shakespeare was baptised and is buried. The Collegiate Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity Stratford-upon-Avon is a Parish church in the Church of England.
Non-Shakespearean attractions include the Stratford Butterfly Farm, which is on the eastern side of the river and the Bancroft Gardens. Stratford Butterfly Farm is a visitor attraction in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.
The influx of tourists into Stratford (3. 5 million a year) has caused tension with residents for decades, and there are perennial complaints about numerous tour buses clogging certain roads in the town.
Each year on 12 October (unless this is a Sunday, in which case 11 October) Stratford hosts one of the largest Mop Fairs in the country. Mop Fairs (also "The Mop" singular and "Mops" plural are a feature of many English towns and are traditionally held on or around "Old Michaelmas Day Then, on the second Saturday following, the smaller Runaway Mop fair is held.
Henley Street is one of the oldest streets in Stratford-upon-Avon, where, in 1556 John Shakespeare bought a half-timbered farm house that is typical of the Tudor style of architecture of its day, which, in 1564 became the birthplace of his son William Shakespeare. John Shakespeare (born c 1530 &ndash September 1601 was a Glover and whittawer (someone who worked with white Leather) Farmer and later an Alderman Timber framing (Fachwerk or Half-timbering, is the method of creating framed structures of heavy timber jointed together with pegged Mortise and tenon joints The Tudor style in architecture is the final development of medieval architecture during the Tudor period (1485&ndash1603 and even beyond for conservative college The birthplace now stands alongside the Shakespeare Centre, completed in 1964 and not far from the Carnegie Library, which was completed in 1905. For other uses see Carnegie Library (disambiguation, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Free Library and Carnegie Public Library Henley Street is now a major tourist and shopping area for the town, with many pavement cafes and street entertainers.
As the name suggests Sheep Street, which leads down from the Town Hall to Waterside and the RST, was from early times and until the late 19th century, the area where sheep, brought from the neighbouring Cotswold Hills, were slaughtered and butchered. See also Cotswold The Cotswolds is a range of Hills in west-central England, sometimes called the "Heart of England" Today it is the restaurant centre of the town. Sheep Street also has some long established ladies 'gown' shops. A gown ( Medieval Latin gunna) is a (usually loose outer Garment from knee- to full-length worn by men and women in Europe from The oldest house in Stratford, The Shrieves House, where Oliver Cromwell is thought to have stayed in 1651, before the second battle of Worcester,can be found in this busy street. Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 Old Style &ndash 3 September 1658 Old Style) was an English military and political leader best known Worcester (ˈwʊstə is a city and County town of Worcestershire, in the West Midlands of England. Alongside, and behind The Shrieves House is the Falstaffs Experience, which is an entertaining museum of the macabre.
This area of Stratford, which runs from the foot of Bridge Street to Holy Trinity Church (and leads directly off Sheep Street and Scholars Lane) runs alongside the River Avon and offers access to the Waterside Theatre and all areas of the RST. The Waterside Theatre was an independent theatre/arts venue in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England The RST is currently undergoing great renovation works, including work to the Bancroft Gardens at the front of the main RST building.
The Bancroft Gardens run from Waterside to the River Avon and include a canal basin. During the Summer months there are often street performers performing to the public on the lawns.
In October 2007 the Italian restaurateur and broadcaster Antonio Carluccio opened a new restaurant below the Waterside Theatre (previously Hamiltons restaurant). Antonio Carluccio, OBE, (born 1937 in Vietri sul Mare, Salerno, Italy) is a London -based Italian chef restaurateur and food expert
Stratford is also home to several institutions set up for the study of Shakespeare, including the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, which holds books and documents related to the playwright, and the Shakespeare Institute. The Shakespeare Institute is a centre for postgraduate study dedicated to the study of William Shakespeare and the Literature of the English Renaissance
A notable school in Stratford is King Edward VI school, which is where William Shakespeare is believed to have studied. King Edward VI School (commonly shortened to KES) is a single sex (Boys Grammar school in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, It is an all-boys school, and one of the few remaining grammar schools in England, selecting its pupils exclusively using the Eleven plus examination. A grammar school is one of several different types of School in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries In the United Kingdom the Eleven Plus or Transfer Test is an Examination administered to some students in their last year of primary education There is also an all-girls grammar school, Stratford-upon-Avon Grammar School for Girls, colloquially known as 'Shottery School' after its location in the village of Shottery, a short distance from the town centre. Stratford-upon-Avon Grammar School for Girls is a fully selective girls' grammar school in England situated close to Stratford-upon-Avon, the 1568 birthplace Shottery is a small Village a mile west of Stratford-Upon-Avon; nowadays it is considered a part of the town but it retains the feeling of a distinct village Finally, there is a non-selective secondary school, Stratford-upon-Avon High School, formerly known as the Hugh Clopton Secondary Modern School, which was demolished to make way for the new high school. Secondary school is a term used to describe an educational Institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling known as Secondary education, takes Stratford-upon-Avon High School (commonly shortened to Stratford High) is a State school that educates girls and boys 11-18 year olds in Stratford-upon-Avon There are no independent secondary schools in the town. There are numerous primary schools in the town, both state and independent, and Stratford-upon-Avon College. See also Primary education A primary school (from French école primaire) is an institution where children receive the first stage of Compulsory
Shottery, Bishopton, Bridgetown, Tiddington. David Bradley (born 17 April 1942 is an English character actor The following Fictional characters are staff members and denizens of Hogwarts in the Harry Potter books written by J A Book is a set or collection of written printed illustrated or blank sheets made of Paper, Parchment, or other material usually fastened together Harry Potter is a series of seven Fantasy novels written by British author J Joanne "Jo" Rowling OBE (born 31 July 1965 who writes under the Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Shottery is a small Village a mile west of Stratford-Upon-Avon; nowadays it is considered a part of the town but it retains the feeling of a distinct village The City of Bridgetown, metropolitan pop 96578 ( 2006) is the Capital and largest city of the nation of Barbados. Tiddington is a small village located just over a mile east of Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.