Stockholm syndrome is a psychological response sometimes seen in an abducted hostage, in which the hostage shows signs of loyalty to the hostage-taker, regardless of the danger (or at least risk) in which the hostage has been placed. Psychology (from Greek grc ψῡχή psȳkhē, "breath life soul" and grc -λογία -logia) is an Academic and The syndrome is named after the Norrmalmstorg robbery of Kreditbanken at Norrmalmstorg, Stockholm, Sweden, in which the bank robbers held bank employees hostage from August 23 to August 28 in 1973. The Norrmalmstorg robbery was a bank robbery and hostage crisis best known as the origin of the term Stockholm syndrome. Kreditbanken is a former Bank that was based in Stockholm, Sweden. Norrmalmstorg is a square in central Stockholm. The square connects Shopping streets Hamngatan and Biblioteksgatan and is the starting point for ('stɔkhɔlm is Sweden 's Capital and its largest City. It is the site of the national Swedish government, the parliament, and the "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire Events 475 - The Roman General Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his Capital Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. In this case, the victims became emotionally attached to their victimizers, and even defended their captors after they were freed from their six-day ordeal. The term Stockholm Syndrome was coined by the criminologist and psychiatrist Nils Bejerot, who assisted the police during the robbery, and referred to the syndrome in a news broadcast. A criminologist is often defined as someone who studies the Etiology of Crime, criminal behavior types of crime and social cultural and media reactions to crime A psychiatrist (also archaically called an alienist) is a Physician who specializes in Psychiatry and is certified in treating Mental disorders Nils Bejerot ( Stockholm, September 21, 1921 &ndash November 29, 1988) was a Swedish psychiatrist and 
It should be taken into account that according to Namnyak e. a. (2008) the Stockholm Syndromis "is not a recognized Medical Subject Heading (MeSH), that most sources of information for widely publicized cases were of varying reliability in terms of the events that lead to the diagnosis of Stockholm syndrome; the authors had no access to primary sources and identiﬁcation of a pattern of features exhibited in Stockholm syndrome may be due to reporting bias. "
Loyalty to a more powerful abuser — in spite of the danger that this loyalty puts the victim in — is common among victims of domestic abuse, battered partners and child abuse (dependent children). Domestic violence (also known as domestic abuse or spousal abuse) occurs when a family member partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate Child abuse is the physical, psychological or sexual maltreatment of children In many instances the victims choose to remain loyal to their abuser, and choose not to leave him or her, even when they are offered a safe placement in foster homes or safe houses. In law enforcement and intelligence jargon of Intelligence agencies and Police forces a secured location suitable for hiding witnesses agents or other persons This unhealthy type of mental phenomenon is also known as Trauma-Bonding or Bonding-to-the-Perpetrator. This syndrome was described by psychoanalysts of the object relations theory school (see Fairbairn) as the phenomenon of psychological identification with the more powerful abuser. Psychoanalysis is a body of ideas developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and his followers which is devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior Object relations theory is a psychodynamic theory within Psychoanalytic psychology. William Ronald Dodds Fairbairn ( 11 August 1889 - 31 December 1964) was a member of the British Psychoanalytical Society. A variant of Stockholm Syndrome includes cases of abusive parents and abusive siblings in which the victim, even after entering adulthood, still justifies the family abuse.
According to the psychoanalytic view of the syndrome, the tendency might well be the result of employing the strategy evolved by newborn babies to form an emotional attachment to the nearest powerful adult in order to maximize the probability that this adult will enable — at the very least — the survival of the child, if not also prove to be a good parental figure. This syndrome is considered a prime example for the defense mechanism of identification. 
Based on the capital theory by Pierre Bourdieu, five forms of capital from the economic to the symbolic are constantly fought over in the society. Pierre Bourdieu ( August 1, 1930 – January 23, 2002) was an acclaimed French Sociologist and writer known for his Social actions amount to capital which can be used for power in various fields of social interaction. This power depends on violently preventing others from accessing capital and it is the opposite to a non-violent social action, where the capitals are used to increase the capital possessed by others. In the marxist class theory, capital is essential for self-realization. It has been proposed that traditions maintain the class society and forms of capitalist violence. In a hostage situation, these traditions are by-passed in a way which may allow an unforeseen action from a lower class person to gain capital. As personal interests are in conflict with the traditional culture, this lapse of tradition provides to the victims an independent forum where they interpret the actions of the abductor outside traditional norms and relate to the abductor in a compassionate way. This may lead to the need of assuring that the powerfully felt struggle for social equality of the abductor succeeds. This need may be accompanied by a sense of security, which exists between a loyal person and the abductor. This explanation can be linked to the psychologist Aymon Hamdi.
The Japanese embassy hostage crisis in December 1996 is currently touted as an example of so-called Lima Syndrome, in which effects reciprocal to the Stockholm syndrome came to light. The Japanese embassy hostage crisis began on December 17, 1996 in Lima, Peru, when 14 members of the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement The Lima syndrome is a psychological condition which is almost the reverse of the Stockholm syndrome. Rather than the captives becoming submissive, this incident showed signs of the MRTA guerrillas becoming more sympathetic to the plights and needs of their hostages.
In the 1990 Spanish movie Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!, Marina is kidnapped by Ricky, a man just released from a mental hospital who is obsessed with her ever since a one night stand they shared a year ago. Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down! ( ¡Átame!) is a 1990 film by Pedro Almodóvar, a Spanish drama starring Antonio Banderas and Victoria During the ordeal Marina eventually falls in love with him without realizing and after she escapes she has regrets and soon the two are reunited.
In the book Spook Country by William Gibson, the character Hollis Henry mentions a friend who thinks that "America had developed Stockholm syndrome toward its own government, post 9/11. Spook Country is a 2007 Novel by William Gibson. Gibson announced the book on October 6, 2006 on his blog where fragments of William Ford Gibson (born March 17 1948 is an American - Canadian writer who has been called the "noir prophet" of the Cyberpunk subgenre " A similar theme was expressed in an editorial published in The Jerusalem Post in December 2001, arguing that US policy in the Middle East was the "New Stockholm Syndrome. The Jerusalem Post is an Israeli daily English-language Broadsheet Newspaper, founded on December 1, 1932 "
The condition is erroneously referred to as Helsinki syndrome in the film Die Hard, the X-Files episode "Folie a Deux", and the Babylon 5 episode "The Illusion of Truth". Die Hard is an Academy Award nominated 1988 American Action film. Babylon 5 is an American science fiction television series created produced and largely written by J
"Stockholm Syndrome" is the title of songs by Yo La Tengo, Muse, Blink-182, Milburn, and Pleasurecraft. Yo La Tengo is an American Indie rock band based in Hoboken, New Jersey. Muse are Blink-182 was an American Pop
In the Charmed episode "Kill Billie Vol 1", it is suggested by Paige that Christy is suffering from Stockholm Syndrome.
The Who released a song about Stockholm Syndrome called "Black Widow's Eyes" on their 2006 album Endless Wire. The Who are an English rock band formed in 1964. The primary lineup consisted of guitarist Pete Townshend
Dee, a character on It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, fell victim to Stockholm Syndrome in an episode in which their bar, Paddy's, is held hostage. It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia is an American television sitcom created by Rob McElhenney and developed by McElhenney and Glenn Howerton
In an episode of the cartoon Futurama, when Bender and everyone else are taken hostage by another robot, Bender begs "Don't kill me!, I think I'm coming down with Stockholm Syndrome. Futurama is an Emmy Award -winning animated American sitcom created by Matt Groening, and developed by Groening and . . . handsome. "
In the video game Metal Gear Solid, Snake tells Otacon while he is locked up that it seems like Otacon's affection for a female mercenary trying to kill Snake is Stockholm Syndrome. is a stealth-action Video game directed by Hideo Kojima. The game was developed by Konami Computer Entertainment Japan and first published
In a book by Lemony Snicket, The Slippery Slope, Sunny Baudelaire is kidnapped by Count Olaf on Mount Fraught. Lemony Snicket is a Pseudonym used by author Daniel Handler in his book series A Series of Unfortunate Events, as well as a character in that The narrator describes Stockholm Syndrome, then says that Sunny is experiencing Mount Fraught Syndrome, where the hostage becomes less and less sympathetic with their kidnapper.
Stockholm Syndrome is mentioned in the James Bond film The World is Not Enough and may be the reason why Elektra King effectively helps to murder her father and supports the terrorist Renard, her kidnapper. The World Is Not Enough is a 1999 film&mdashthe nineteenth entry in the James Bond series, and the third to star Pierce Brosnan as At the end of the movie however, we see that captor Renard has been turned by the victim; this is possibly an example of Lima Syndrome but something else is going on with the plot because it doesn't explain all aspects of the complex relationship between Elecktra King and Reynard.
In the episode of House, MD entitled "Occam's Razor", Dr. House, also known as House MD, is an American Medical drama, which debuted on the FOX network on November 16 2004 " Occam's Razor " is the third episode of the first season of House, which premiered on the FOX network on November 30 2004 Foreman suggests that Dr. Cameron and Dr. Chase only agree with Dr. House because they are suffering from Stockholm Syndrome.
In an episode of The Simpsons where the Simpsons go to Brazil to rescue an orphaned child, Homer is abducted by a taxi driver, and it is said by one of the kidnappers that Homer is suffering from Stockholm Syndrome.
In an episode of The Unit, the team rescues a hostage, only to find he is suffering from Stockholm Syndrome and attempts to kill Jonas. The Unit is an American action-drama television series that focuses on a top-secret military unit modeled after the real life Delta Force.
The video for the popular Korean song "Partner for life" shows a scenario of Stockholm Syndrome.
In the film, Never Say Never Again, a woman suffering from Stockholm Syndrome attacks James Bond in a training exercise.
In the mini series Kill Point, one of the hostages falls victim to Stockholm Syndrome when she becomes close to Mr. Wolf the leader of the bank robbers.
In the T. V. series Lipstick Jungle, Season 1 Episode 6, the character Joe Bennet refers to Stockholm syndrome.
In the book Sweet Savage Love by Rosemary Rogers, the main character Ginny suffers from Stockholm syndrome by falling in love with her hostage taker Steve Morgan.
In the movie Die Hard, the syndrome is misidentified by a psychiatrist as the Helsinki Syndrome in reference to Helsinki, Finland, not Helsinki, Sweden as the reporter in the same scene suggests. Die Hard is an Academy Award nominated 1988 American Action film. Stockholm syndrome is a psychological response sometimes seen in an abducted hostage in which the hostage shows signs of loyalty to the hostage-taker regardless of the danger Helsinki (in Finnish;) or Helsingfors (in Swedish;) is the Capital and largest city of Finland.
In his book The Oslo Syndrome, historian and psychiatrist Kenneth Levin argues for a parallel syndrome among left-wing Israelis. Kenneth Levin (born 1944 is a Newton Massachusetts psychiatrist and historian and author of The Oslo Syndrome Delusions of a People Under Siege.
On April 14th, Rush Limbaugh commented on Jimmy Carter's meeting with the Hamas by saying, "I have an explanation for Jimmy 'Aziz' Carter: I think he's suffering from Stockholm Syndrome. Ḥamas (ar حركة حماس acronym ar حركة المقاومة I'm serious! I think this needs to be looked at. "