Sir James Cochran Stevenson Runciman CH (7 July 1903 - 1 November 2000), better known as Sir Steven Runciman, was a British mediaeval historian known for his work on the Middle Ages. The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order. Events 1456 - A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death Year 1903 ( MCMIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting Events 996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk Bishop of Freising which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located
Born in Northumberland, both of his parents were Members of Parliament for the Liberal Party. Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. The non-metropolitan county of Northumberland borders Cumbria to the west A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the rise of the Labour Party in the 1920s and a third party His father was created Viscount Runciman of Doxford in 1937. Viscount Runciman of Doxford, of Doxford in the County of Northumberland is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Doxford may refer to Doxford Park, Sunderland William Doxford & Sons Year 1937 ( MCMXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. His paternal grandfather, Lord Runciman, was a shipping magnate. Sir Walter Runciman 1st Baron Runciman ( 6 July 1847 &ndash 13 August 1937) was an English shipping magnate
He was named after his maternal grandfather, James Cochran Stevenson, the MP for South Shields. James Cochran Stevenson ( 9 October 1825 &ndash 11 January 1905) was Liberal Member of Parliament (MP for South Shields
It is said that he was reading Latin and Greek by age five. In the course of his long life he would master an astonishing number of languages, so that, for example, when writing about the Middle East, he relied not only on accounts in Latin and Greek and the Western vernaculars, but consulted Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Hebrew, Syriac, Armenian and Georgian sources as well. A King's Scholar at Eton College, he was an exact contemporary and close friend of George Orwell. Eton College, or just Eton, is a world-famous British Independent school for boys founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950 who used the Pseudonym George Orwell, was an English writer In 1921 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge as a history scholar and studied under J.B. Bury, becoming, as Runciman later commented, "his first, and only, student. Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. John Bagnell Bury ( 16 October 1861 &ndash 1 June 1927) known as J " At first the reclusive Bury tried to brush him off; then, when Runciman mentioned that he could read Russian, Bury gave him a stack of Bulgarian articles to edit, and so their relationship began. His work on the Byzantine Empire earned him a fellowship at Trinity in 1927. Year 1927 ( MCMXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
After receiving a large inheritance from his grandfather, Runciman resigned his fellowship in 1938 and began travelling widely. Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. From 1942 to 1945 he was Professor of Byzantine Art and History at Istanbul University, in Turkey, where he began the research on the Crusades which would lead to his best known work, the History of the Crusades (three volumes appearing in 1951, 1952, and 1954). Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar Istanbul University (İstanbul Üniversitesi is Turkey 's main and oldest prestige University. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches The Crusades were a series of military campaigns of a religious character waged by much of Christian Europe against external and internal opponents Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January Year 1952 ( MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) Most of Runciman's historical works deal with Byzantium and her medieval neighbours between Sicily and Syria; one exception is The White Rajahs, published in 1960, which tells the story of Sarawak, an independent nation founded on the northern coast of Borneo in 1841 by the Englishman James Brooke, and ruled by the Brooke family for more than a century. Sarawak is one of two Malaysian states on the Island of Borneo. James The Rajah of Sarawak (born James Brooke; 29 April 1803 – 11 June 1868) was the first White Rajah of
In his personal life, Runciman was an old-fashioned English eccentric, known, among other things, as an aesthete, raconteur, and enthusiast of the occult. The word occult comes from the Latin word occultus (clandestine hidden secret referring to "knowledge of the hidden" According to Andrew Robinson, a history teacher at Eton, 'he played piano duets with the last King of China, told tarot cards for King Fuad of Egypt, narrowly missed being blown up by the Germans in the Pera Palace hotel in Istanbul and twice hit the jackpot on slot machines in Las Vegas'. Hotel Pera Palace (Pera Palas Oteli is a historical Four-star hotel located in the Tepebaşı neighborhood of Beyoğlu (Pera district in Istanbul, In these respects, he was not a typical Medieval historian. He was also known for his remarkably sunny disposition and openness of spirit, and had friends from all walks of life and classes in many countries. He died in Radway, Warwickshire. Radway is a small Village at the foot of Edge Hill in Warwickshire. Geography Warwickshire is bounded to the northwest by the West Midlands Metropolitan county and Staffordshire, by Leicestershire to