A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving a propeller or paddlewheel. A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size A steam engine is a Heat engine that performs Mechanical work using Steam as its Working fluid. A propeller is essentially a type of fan which transmits power by converting Rotational motion into Thrust for propulsion of a vehicle such as an A paddle steamer is a ship or boat driven by a Steam engine that uses one or more Paddle wheels to develop thrust for propulsion.
The term steamboat is usually used to refer to smaller steam-powered boats working on lakes and rivers, particularly riverboats; steamship generally refers to steam-powered ships capable of carrying a (ship's) boat. A riverboat is Ship designed for Inland navigation. These vessels are usually less sturdy than ships built for the open seas with limited navigational and A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size The term steamwheeler is archaic and rarely used.
Steamships gradually replaced sailing ships for commercial shipping through the 19th century, and they were overtaken by diesel-driven ships in the second half of the twentieth century. Most warships used steam propulsion until the advent of the gas turbine. A warship is a Ship that is built and primarily intended for Combat. A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a rotary Engine that extracts energy from a flow of Combustion gas Today, nuclear-powered warships and submarines use steam to drive turbines, but are not referred to as steamships or steamboats. Nuclear navy, or nuclear powered navy consists of Ships powered by relatively small onboard Nuclear reactors known as naval reactors. A submarine is a Watercraft that can operate independently below water as distinct from a Submersible that has only limited underwater capability A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts Thermal energy from pressurized Steam, and converts it into useful mechanical work
Screw-driven steamships generally carry the ship prefix "SS" before their names, meaning 'Steam Ship' (or 'State Ship' (U. A ship prefix is a combination of letters usually abbreviations used in front of the name of a civilian or naval Ship. S. )), paddle steamers usually carry the prefix "PS" and steamships powered by steam turbine may be prefixed "TS" (turbine ship). A paddle steamer is a ship or boat driven by a Steam engine that uses one or more Paddle wheels to develop thrust for propulsion. A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts Thermal energy from pressurized Steam, and converts it into useful mechanical work The term steamer is occasionally used, out of nostalgia, for diesel motor-driven vessels, prefixed "MV". Diesel or Diesel fuel (ˈdiːzəl in general is any Fuel used in Diesel engines The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum
The French inventor Denis Papin, after inventing the steam digester, a type of pressure cooker, built a model of a piston steam engine, the first of its kind in 1690. Denis Papin ( 22 August 1647 - c 1712 was a French Physicist, Mathematician and Inventor, best known for his pioneering The steam digester (or bone digester, and also known as Papin’s digester) is a high-pressure cooker invented by French physicist Denis Papin in 1679 A steam engine is a Heat engine that performs Mechanical work using Steam as its Working fluid. He continued to work on steam engines for the next fifteen years. During a stay in Kassel, Germany, in 1704, he also constructed a ship powered by his steam engine. Kassel (until 1926 officially Cassel) is a city situated along the Fulda River in northern Hessen, Germany, one of the two sources of the Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The engine was mechanically linked to paddles. This would then make him the first to construct a steam boat.
In 1736, Anetta Johnson took out a patent in England for a Newcomen engine-powered steamboat, but it was the improvement in steam engines by James Watt that made the concept feasible. A patent is a set of Exclusive rights granted by a State to an inventor or his assignee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Thomas Newcomen (born shortly before 24 February 1664; died 5 August 1729) was an Ironmonger by trade and a Baptist James Watt ( 19 January 1736 &ndash 25 August 1819 Boulton proved to be an excellent businessman and both men eventually made fortunes William Henry of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, having learned of Watt's engine on a visit to England, made his own engine and in 1763 attempted to put it in a boat. William Henry ( May 19, 1729 – December 15, 1786) was an American gunsmith from Lancaster Pennsylvania, and a delegate The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern The boat sank, and while he made an improved model he does not seem to have had much success, though he may have inspired others.
In France, by 1774 Marquis Claude de Jouffroy and his colleagues had made a 13 metre (42 ft 8 in) working steamboat with rotating paddles, the Palmipède. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Claude-François-Dorothée marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans (1751&ndash1832 is claimed by the French as the first inventor of the Steamboat. The ship sailed on the Doubs in June and July 1776, apparently the first steamship to sail successfully. The Doubs is a 453 km long River in eastern France and western Switzerland, left tributary of the Saône. In 1783 a new paddle steamer, Pyroscaphe, successfully steamed up the river Saône for fifteen minutes before the engine failed, but bureaucracy thwarted further progress. A paddle steamer is a ship or boat driven by a Steam engine that uses one or more Paddle wheels to develop thrust for propulsion. Pyroscape was an early experimental Steamship build by Marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans in 1783. The Saône (son ( Sona in Arpitan) is a River of eastern France.
From 1784 James Rumsey built a pump-driven (water jet) boat and successfully steamed upstream on the Potomac river in 1786; the following year he obtained a patent from the State of Virginia. James Rumsey (1743-1792 was an American mechanical engineer chiefly known for exhibiting a boat propelled by machinery in 1787 on the Potomac River at Shepherdstown The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid- Atlantic coast of the United States. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state In Pennsylvania, John Fitch, an acquaintance of Henry, made a model paddle steamer in 1785, and subsequently developed propulsion by floats on a chain, obtained a patent in 1786, then built a steamboat which underwent a successful trial in 1787. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern John Fitch ( January 21, 1743 &ndash July 2, 1798) was an American Inventor, Clockmaker, and Bronzesmith In 1788, a steamboat built by John Fitch operated in regular commercial service along the Delaware river between Philadelphia PA and Burlington NJ, carrying as many as 30 passengers. This boat could typically make 7 to 8 miles per hour, and traveled more than 2,000 miles (3,200 km) during its short length of service. The Fitch steamboat was not a commercial success, as this travel route was adequately covered by relatively good wagon roads. The following year a second boat made 50 km (30 mile) excursions, and in 1790 a third boat ran a series of trials on the Delaware River before patent disputes dissuaded Fitch from continuing. The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States.
Meanwhile, Patrick Miller of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, Scotland, had developed double-hulled boats propelled by cranked paddlewheels placed between the hulls, and he engaged engineer William Symington to build his patent steam engine into a boat which was successfully tried out on Dalswinton Loch in 1788, and followed by a larger steamboat the next year. Patrick Miller of Dalswinton, just north of Dumfries (1730-1815 was a Scottish banker and shareholder in the Carron Company engineering works and an enthusiastic Dumfries (dəmˈfriːs is a town and former Royal burgh within the Dumfries and Galloway council area of Scotland and is situated close to the Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. William Symington (1764–1831 was a Scottish Engineer and Inventor, and the builder of the first practical Steamboat. Miller then abandoned the project, but ten years later Symington was engaged by Lord Dundas, and in March 1802, Charlotte Dundas towed two 70 ton barges 30 km (19 miles) along the Forth and Clyde Canal to Glasgow. Thomas Dundas 1st Baron Dundas ( February 16, 1741 - June 14, 1820) known as Sir Thomas Dundas 2nd Baronet, from 1781 to 1794 was The Charlotte Dundas is regarded as the world's "first practical Steamboat " the first towing steamboat and the boat that demonstrated the practicality of steam power The Forth and Clyde Canal crosses Scotland, providing a route for sea-going vessels between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde at the narrowest part Glasgow (ˈglæzgoʊ is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom This vessel, the first tow boat, has been called the "first practical steamboat", and the first to be followed by continuous development of steamboats. Although plans to introduce boats on the Forth and Clyde canal were thwarted by fears of erosion of the banks, development was taken up both in Britain and abroad. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927
Robert Fulton, who may have become interested in steamboats when he visited Henry in 1777 at the age of 12, visited Britain and France where he built and tested an experimental steamboat on the River Seine in 1803, and was aware of the success of Charlotte Dundas. Robert Fulton ( November 14, 1765 &ndash February 24, 1815) was a U This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Seine (sɛn in French) is a slow flowing major River and commercial waterway within the regions of Île-de-France and Haute-Normandie Before returning to the United States he ordered a Boulton and Watt steam engine, and on return built what he called the North River Steamboat (often mistakenly described as the Clermont). The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Matthew Boulton ( September 3, 1728 &ndash 18 August 1809) was an English Manufacturer and Engineer. James Watt ( 19 January 1736 &ndash 25 August 1819 Boulton proved to be an excellent businessman and both men eventually made fortunes The Watt steam engine was the first type of Steam engine to make use of steam at a pressure just above atmospheric to drive the piston helped by a partial vacuum The first commercially successful Steamship of the Paddle steamer design North River Steamboat (later known as the Clermont) In 1807 this steamboat began a regular passenger boat service between New York City and Albany, New York, 240 km (150 miles) distant, which was a commercial success. The City of New York Albany is the Capital of the State of New York and the County seat of Albany County. It could make the trip in 32 hours. In 1808 John and James Winans built Vermont in Burlington, Vermont, the second steamboat to operate commercially. Burlington is the largest city in the US state of Vermont and is the shire town ( County seat) of In 1809, Accommodation, built by the Hon. John Molson at Montreal, and fitted with engines made in that city, was running successfully between Montreal and Quebec, being the first steamer on the St. Lawrence and in Canada. John Molson ( December 28, 1763 &ndash January 11, 1836) was an Anglo-Quebecer who was a major brewer and entrepreneur in Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The experience of both vessels showed that the new system of propulsion was commercially viable, and as a result its application to the more open waters of the Great Lakes was next considered. The Laurentian Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada–United States border. That idea went on hiatus due to the War of 1812. The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America and the British Empire, particularly Great Britain and her North American colonies
Steamboats on major American rivers soon followed Fulton's success. In 1811 the first in a continuous (still in commercial passenger operation as of 2007) line of river steamboats left the dock at Pittsburgh down the Ohio River and on to New Orleans. The Ohio River is the largest Tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. New Orleans (nʲuːˈɔrliənz nʲuːˈɔrlənz French: La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port city and the largest city in Louisiana  Mark Twain, in his Life on the Mississippi, described much of the operation of these vessels. Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30 1835 – April 21 1910 better known by the Pen name Mark Twain, was an American Humorist, satirist Life on the Mississippi is a Memoir by Mark Twain detailing his days as a Steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River before the For most of the 19th century and part of the early 20th century, trade on the Mississippi River would be dominated by paddle-wheel steamboats. The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to Their success led to penetration deep into the continent, where Anson Northrup in 1859 became first steamer to cross the U. The Anson Northrup is a Riverboat that normally offers tours in the Twin Cities area on the Mississippi River. S. -Canadian border on the Red River. The Red River (rivière Rouge is a North American river Formed by the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail rivers in the United States They would also be involved in major political events, as when Louis Riel seized International at Fort Garry, or Gabriel Dumont was engaged by Northcote at Batoche. Louis Riel (22 October 1844 &ndash 16 November 1885 in English was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and leader of the Métis International or internationally most often describes interaction between Nations or encompassing two or more nations constituting a group or association having Fort Garry, also known as Upper Fort Garry, was a Hudson's Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine Gabriel Dumont (December 1837 – May 19, 1906) was a leader of the Métis people of what is now western Canada. Batoche Saskatchewan was the site of the historic Battle of Batoche during the Northwest Rebellion of 1885 Very few such craft survive to the present day. Most were destroyed by boiler explosions or fires. A boiler is a closed vessel in which Water or other Fluid is heated One of the few surviving Mississippi sternwheelers from this period, Julius C. Wilkie, is a museum ship at Winona, Minnesota. For ships that are not original see Ship replica. For preserved incomplete ships see Ships preserved in museums. Winona is a city in and the County seat of Winona County, Minnesota, United States. For modern craft operated on rivers, see the riverboat article. A riverboat is Ship designed for Inland navigation. These vessels are usually less sturdy than ships built for the open seas with limited navigational and
The cartoon Steamboat Willie introduced steamboat pilot Mickey Mouse to the public. Steamboat Willie ( 1928) is an Animated cartoon featuring Mickey Mouse released on November 18, 1928. Mickey Mouse is a comic animal Cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company.
The Belle of Louisville, out of Louisville, Kentucky is the oldest continually operating steamboat on the inland waterways of the United States: she was laid down as Idlewild in 1914. The Belle of Louisville is a Steamboat owned and operated by the city of Louisville Kentucky and moored at its downtown wharf next to the The Belle of Louisville is a Steamboat owned and operated by the city of Louisville Kentucky and moored at its downtown wharf next to the The Commonwealth of Kentucky ( is a state located in the East Central United States of America.
In Canada, the city of Terrace, British Columbia, celebrates "Riverboat Days" each summer. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Terrace is a service community on the Skeena River in British Columbia, Canada. The Skeena River passes through Terrace and played a crucial role during the age of the steamboat. The Skeena River is the second longest river entirely in British Columbia, Canada. The first steamer to enter the Skeena was Union in 1864. In 1866 Mumford attempted to ascend the river but was only able to reach the Kitsumkalum River. It was not until 1891 Hudson's Bay Company sternwheeler Caledonia successfully negotiated Kitselas Canyon and reached Hazelton. Kitselas Canyon, also Kitsalas Canyon is a stretch of the Skeena River in northwestern British Columbia, Canada, between the community of Hazelton is a small town located at the junction of the Bulkley and Skeena Rivers in northern British Columbia, Canada. A number of other steamers were built around the turn of the century, in part due to the growing fish industry and the gold rush. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking culturing processing preserving storing transporting marketing or selling fish or fish products A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of Gold.  For more information, see Steamboats of the Skeena River. The Skeena River is British Columbia ’s fastest flowing waterway often rising as much as 17 feet in a day and can fluctuate as much as sixty feet between high and
Sternwheelers were an instrumental transportation technology in the development of Western Canada. The Skeena River is the second longest river entirely in British Columbia, Canada. Kitselas Canyon, also Kitsalas Canyon is a stretch of the Skeena River in northwestern British Columbia, Canada, between the community of They were used on most of the navigable waterways of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, B. C and the Yukon at one time or another, generally being supplanted by the expansion of railroads and road access. In the more mountainous and remote areas of the Yukon and British Columbia, working sternwheelers lived on well into the 20th century.
The simplicity of these vessels and their shallow draft made them indispensable to pioneer communities that were otherwise virtually cut off from the outside world. Because of their shallow, flat bottomed construction, (the Canadian examples of the western river sternwheeler generally needed less than three feet of water to float in) they could nose up almost anywhere along a riverbank to pick up or drop off passengers and freight. Sternwheelers would also prove vital to the construction of the railroads that would eventually replace them, and were used to haul supplies, track and other materials to construction camps.
The simple, versatile locomotive-style boilers fitted to most sternwheelers after about the 1860s could burn coal in more populated areas like the lakes of the Kootenays and the Okanagan region in southern B. C. or wood in the more remote areas such as the Yukon or northern B. C.
The hulls were generally wooden, (although a few steel and composite hulls were built after about 1898) and were braced internally with a series of built-up longitudinal timbers called keelsons. Further resilience was given to the hulls by a system of "hog rods" or "hog chains" that were fastened into the keelsons and led up and over vertical masts called "hog-posts" and back down again.
Like their counterparts on the Mississippi and its tributaries and the vessels on the rivers of California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Alaska, the Canadian sternwheelers tended to have fairly short life-spans. The hard usage they were subjected to and inherent flexibility of their shallow wooden hulls meant that relatively few of them had careers longer than a decade.
In the Yukon Territory there are two vessels preserved, the S. S. Klondike in Whitehorse and the S. S. Keno in Dawson City, plus many other derelict hulks can still be found along the Yukon River.
In British Columbia, the SS Moyie, built by the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1898, was operated on Kootenay Lake in south-eastern B. C. until 1957. It has been carefully restored and is on display in the village of Kaslo, while the S. S. Sicamous of 1914 has been preserved in Penticton at the south end of Okanagan Lake.
The SS Samson V is the only Canadian steam-powered sternwheeler that has been preserved afloat. It was built in 1937 by the Canadian federal Department of Public Works as a snagboat for clearing logs and debris out of the lower reaches of the Fraser River and for maintaining docks and aids to navigation. The fifth in a line of Fraser River snagpullers, the Samson V has engines, paddlewheel and other components that were passed down from the Samson II of 1914. It is now moored on the Fraser River as a floating museum in its home port of New Westminster, near Vancouver, B. C.
Some good reference works on the history of these vessels include Art Downs' British Columbia-Yukon Sternwheel Days (1992 Heritage House Publishing Company, Surrey, B. C. ), Robert D. Turner's Sternwheelers and Steam Tugs (1998, Sono Nis Press, Victoria, B. C. ), Edward Affleck's A Century of Paddlewheelers in the Pacific Northwest, the Yukon and Alaska (2000, Alexander Nicolls Press, Vancouver, B. C. ) Graham Wilson, Paddlewheelers of Alaska and the Yukon (1999,Wolf Creek Books, Whitehorse,Yukon) and Robin Sheret's Smoke, Ash and Steam (1997, Western Isles Cruise and Dive Co. , Victoria, B. C. ).
There are six major commercial steamboats that currently operate on the inland waterways of the United States. They are the steamers Belle of Louisville, Delta Queen, Julia Belle Swain, Mississippi Queen, Natchez, and American Queen. The Belle of Louisville is a Steamboat owned and operated by the city of Louisville Kentucky and moored at its downtown wharf next to the The Delta Queen is an American sternwheel Steamboat that is a U The Julia Belle Swain is a steam-powered sternwheeler currently operating out of La Crosse Wisconsin, USA Natchez has been the name of several Steamboats and four naval vessels each named after the city of Natchez Mississippi or the Natchez people American Queen is the largest Steamboat ever built The ship was built in 1995 and is a six-deck recreation of a classic Mississippi Riverboat Three of these boats are overnight passenger vessels operated by Majestic America Line, formerly the Delta Queen Steamboat Company of New Orleans, LA. New Orleans (nʲuːˈɔrliənz nʲuːˈɔrlənz French: La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port city and the largest city in Louisiana
There are not many genuine steamboats left on the Thames. However a handful still remain:
S. L Nuneham - This is a genuine Victorian Steamer originally built in 1898. Operates on the non-tidal upper Thames.
Bell's Comet started a rapid expansion of steam services on the Firth of Clyde, and within four years a steamer service was in operation on the inland Loch Lomond, a forerunner of the lake steamers still gracing Swiss lakes. The Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer Firth in Loch Lomond (ˈloʊmənd ( Scottish Gaelic Loch Laomainn) is a freshwater Scottish Loch, lying on the Highland Boundary Fault. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation Today the 1900 steamer SS Sir Walter Scott still sails on Loch Katrine, while on Loch Lomond PS Maid of the Loch is being restored. Sir Walter Scott 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 &ndash 21 September 1832 was a prolific Scottish Historical novelist and Poet popular throughout Loch Katrine ( Scottish Gaelic Loch Ceiterein lˠ̪ɔx kʲeʰd̊ʲəɾʲɛɲ is a freshwater Loch in the district of Stirling, Scotland Construction PS Maid of the Loch is the last of a long line of Loch Lomond steamers that began about 1816 within four years of Henry Bell 's pioneering
On the Clyde itself, within ten years of Comet's start there were nearly fifty steamers, and services had started across the Irish Sea to Belfast. The Irish Sea ( Irish: Muir Éireann or Muir Meann; Scottish Gaelic: Muir Eireann Welsh: Môr Iwerddon, Belfast ( is the capital city of Northern Ireland and the seat of government in Northern Ireland. By 1900 there were over 300 Clyde steamers. The era of the Clyde steamer in Scotland began in August 1812 with the very first successful commercial Steamboat service in Europe when Henry Bell 's The paddle steamer Waverley, built in 1947, is the last survivor of these fleets, and the last seagoing paddle steamer in the world. A paddle steamer is a ship or boat driven by a Steam engine that uses one or more Paddle wheels to develop thrust for propulsion. History The Waverley was built in 1946 as a replacement for an earlier PS Waverley of 1899 that took part in the WW II war effort as a minesweeper This ship sails a full season of cruises every year from places around Britain, and has sailed across the English Channel for a visit to commemorate the sinking of her predecessor, built in 1899 at the Battle of Dunkirk in 1940. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Battle of Dunkirk was the defense and evacuation of the British and Allied forces that had been separated from the main body of the French defenses by the German advance
People have had a particular affection for the Clyde puffers, small steam freighters of traditional design developed to use the Scottish canals and to serve the Highlands and Islands. The Clyde puffer is essentially a type of small Steamboat which provided a vital supply link around the west coast and Hebrides islands of Scotland, stumpy The Scottish Highlands ( Scottish Gaelic: A' Ghàidhealtachd, Scots: Hielans) include the rugged and Mountainous They were immortalised by the tales of Para Handy's boat Vital Spark by Neil Munro and by the film The Maggie, and a small number are being conserved to continue in steam around the west highland sea lochs. Para Handy, the anglicized Gaelic Nickname of the Fictional character Peter Macfarlane, is a character created by the journalist and writer Neil Munro The Vital Spark is a fictional Clyde puffer, created by Neil Munro. For the Canadian director actor and playwright see Neil Munro. The Maggie (released in the US as High and Dry) is a 1954 British Comedy film.
The Clyde sludge boats had a tradition of occasionally taking passengers on their trips from Glasgow, past the Isle of Arran, down the Firth of Clyde, and one has emerged from retirement as "SS Shieldhall, Steam powered General Cargo-Passenger Steamer available for Trips in the Solent", offering outings from Southampton, England with views of the two triple expansion engines. Glasgow (ˈglæzgoʊ is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom The Isle of Arran ( Scots Gaelic: Eilean Arainn) is the largest island in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, with an area of 430 km² (167 square The Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer Firth in The SS Shieldhall is now advertised as "SS Shieldhall Steam powered General Cargo-Passenger Steamer available for Trips in the Solent" but spent her working days as one of the Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland
From 1844 through 1857, luxurious palace steamers carried passengers and cargo around the North American Great Lakes. Palace steamers were luxurious Steamships that carried passengers and cargo around the North American Great Lakes from 1844 through 1857 The Laurentian Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada–United States border. 
Built in 1856, PS Skibladner is the oldest steamship still in operation, serving towns along lake Mjøsa in Norway. PS Skibladner is a Paddle steamer operating on the lake of Mjøsa in Norway. A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving a Propeller Mjøsa is Norway 's largest lake as well as the one of the deepest lakes in Norway and in Europe as a whole after Hornindalsvatnet. Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional
The 1912 steamer TSS Earnslaw still makes regular sight-seeing trips across Lake Wakatipu, an alpine lake near Queenstown, New Zealand. History Way back at the beginning of the twentieth century New Zealand Railways awarded 21000 pounds to John McGregor and Co shipbuilders of Dunedin to build a steamship Lake Wakatipu is an inland Lake (finger lake in the South Island of New Zealand. Queenstown is a Resort town in Otago in the south-west of New Zealand 's South Island.
Swiss lakes are home of a number of large steamships. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation On Lake Lucerne, five paddle steamers are still in service: Uri (built in 1901, 800 passengers), Unterwalden (1902, 800 passengers), Schiller (1906, 900 passengers), Gallia (1913, 900 passengers, fastest paddle-wheeler on European lakes) and Stadt Luzern (1928, 1200 passengers, last steamship built for a Swiss lake). Lake Lucerne ( German: Vierwaldstättersee, lit "Lake of the Four Forest Cantons " is a Lake in central Switzerland, the A paddle steamer is a ship or boat driven by a Steam engine that uses one or more Paddle wheels to develop thrust for propulsion. There are also five steamers as well as some old steamships converted to diesel-powered paddlewheelers on Lake Geneva, two steamers on Lake Zurich and single ones on other lakes. Lake Geneva or Lake Léman (Lac Léman Léman Lac de Genève is the second largest freshwater Lake in Central Europe in terms of surface area (after Lake Zurich ( Swiss German / Alemannic: Zürisee; German: Zürichsee) is a Lake in Switzerland, extending
From 1850 to the early decades of the twentieth century Windermere, in the English Lakes, was home to many elegant steamboats used for private parties and watching the yacht races. Many of these fine craft were saved from destruction when steam went out of fashion and are now part of the collection at Windermere Steamboat Museum. The collection includes SL Dolly, 1851, thought to be the world's oldest mechanically powered boat, and several of the classic Windermere launches.
The first steamship to operate on the Pacific Ocean was the Beaver, launched in 1836 to service Hudson's Bay Company trading posts between Puget Sound and Alaska. History Concept After the Great Exhibition of 1851 which had publicized Australia's wealth and natural resources waves of people were eager to emigrate from Statistics Power 2 x 35 hp (26 kW) Boulton & Watt Steam engines driving two 13' (4m- diameter paddlewheels Puget Sound (ˈpjuːʤᵻt is an arm of the Pacific Ocean, connected to the rest of the Pacific by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, in the Pacific Northwest Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent  The side-wheel paddle steamer SS Great Western was the first purpose-built steamship to initiate regularly scheduled trans-Atlantic crossings, starting in 1838. Origins Isambard Kingdom Brunel 's idea was that steam would replace sail power on the regularly-scheduled trans-Atlantic "packet boat" services which had The first regular steamship service from the west to the east coast of the United States began on February 28, 1849 with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 202 BC - coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty 's rule Year 1849 ( MDCCCXLIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common SS California has been the name of at least seven Ships SS ''California'', a US Mail steamer built by William San Francisco Bay is a shallow productive Estuary through which water draining from approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento California left New York Harbor on October 6, 1848, rounded Cape Horn at the tip of South America, and arrived at San Francisco, California after a 4-month 21-day journey. New York Harbor, a geographic term refers collectively to the rivers bays and tidal estuaries near the mouth of the Hudson River in the vicinity of New York City Events 105 BC - Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus Year 1848 ( MDCCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Cabo de Hornos redirects here for the Chilean commune see Cabo de Hornos Chile. South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city SS Great Eastern was built in 1854–1857 with the intent of linking Great Britain with India, via the Cape of Good Hope, without coaling stops; she would know a turbulent history, and was never put to her intended use. History Concept After the Great Exhibition of 1851 which had publicized Australia's wealth and natural resources waves of people were eager to emigrate from India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country The Cape of Good Hope ( Afrikaans: Kaap die Goeie Hoop, Kaap de Goede Hoop Cabo da Boa Esperança Persian Language: دماغه امید نیک
As early as the 1820s, side-wheel steamers plied the waters of Narragansett Bay, Buzzard's Bay, the Atlantic Ocean, and Long Island Sound between the ports of southern New England and New York City. Narragansett Bay is a Bay and Estuary on the north side of Rhode Island Sound. Buzzards Bay is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean adjacent to the state of Massachusetts. Long Island Sound is an Estuary of the Atlantic Ocean and various Rivers in the United States that lies between the coast of Connecticut History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the The City of New York Eventually most of the steamship lines that traversed "The Sound" came under the control of J. P. Morgan who consolidated them into the New England Steamship Company, probably better know by the name of its most famous route, the Fall River Line, which transported Astors, Vanderbilts, and the elite of the Eastern Establishment between New York City, Boston, and their palatial summer 'cottages' at Newport, Rhode Island. John Pierpont Morgan ( April 17, 1837 &ndash March 31, 1913) was an American financier banker and art collector who The Fall River Line was a combination Steamboat and Railroad connection between New York City and Boston that operated between 1847 and The City of New York Newport (Casnewydd is a city and principal area in Wales, in the United Kingdom. Rhode Island ( officially named the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States The last of the great paddle steamer fleet was put out of business by a combination of competition from railroads and automobiles, labor troubles, and the Great Depression ecomomy in 1937; however, service on "The Sound" between Providence, and New York City continued with screw steamers, until brought to an end in early 1942 by the menace of WWII German U-boat attacks. The City of New York World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including U-boat is the anglicized version of the German word, itself an abbreviation of Unterseeboot ( undersea boat) and refers
Commodore Matthew Perry of the United States used steamships (such as the USS Mississippi) to help force Japan to open its ports up to American trade in 1853. Matthew Calbraith Perry ( April 10, 1794 &ndash March 4, 1858) was the Commodore of the U are the final years of the Edo period when the Tokugawa shogunate came to an end This was a contributing factor to the Meiji Restoration. The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japan 's political and social structure
By 1870, a number of inventions, such as the screw propeller and the triple expansion engine made trans-oceanic shipping economically viable. A propeller is essentially a type of fan which transmits power by converting Rotational motion into Thrust for propulsion of a vehicle such as an A steam engine is a Heat engine that performs Mechanical work using Steam as its Working fluid. Thus began the era of cheap and safe travel and trade around the world.
RMS Titanic was the largest steamship in the world when she sank in 1912; a subsequent major sinking of a steamer was that of the RMS Lusitania, as an act of World War I. Construction The Titanic was a White Star Line ocean liner built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland Construction and trials Owned by the Cunard Steamship Company built by John Brown and Company Lusitania was named for the ancient Roman province of World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Launched in 1938, RMS Queen Elizabeth was the largest passenger steamship ever built. Maiden voyage At the start of World War II the Queen Elizabeth had been launched and was still in the process of fitting out Launched in 1969, RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) was the last passenger steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean on a scheduled liner voyage before she was converted to diesels in 1986. Characteristics The ship has a and is 963 ft (294 m long She had a top speed of using her original steam turbine powerplant which was increased to when she was re-engined The last major passenger ship built with steam engines was the Fairsky, launched in 1984. History The Sky Wonder was built in 1984 by Chantiers de Nord et de la Mediterranee of La Seyne-Sur
SS Explorer is the last remaining steam trawler in Britain. SS Explorer is one of the last surviving sea-going steam trawlers and is registered to Leith, the port of Edinburgh. She was built in Aberdeen, including the last steam engine built there, and was launched in 1955 as a fishery research vessel. Accommodation was provided for researchers, including a computer cabin. Currently she is berthed at Edinburgh Dock, Leith, by Edinburgh, and is subject of a restoration project. Formerly a municipal Burgh, Leith (Lìte is a district in the north of the city of Edinburgh at the mouth of the Water of Leith and is the port Edinburgh ( ˈɛdɪnb(ərə Dùn Èideann) is the Capital of Scotland and is its second largest city after Glasgow.
SS Delphine is a classic 1920's yacht commissioned by Horace Dodge, co-founder of Dodge Brothers of automobile fame. The yacht was launched on April 2, 1921, and spans 258 feet (79 m). The Delphine can reach 15 knots (28 km/h) under power from her two quadruple steam expansion engines, each of Template:Convert/HP. Interactive images including those of her original engines can be viewed here: VR Panoramic images of The SS Delphine After a full restoration she now cruises the Mediterranean under charter. A full history can be viewed on the official website
The turbine steamship Royal Yacht Britannia, now retired from service, is berthed nearby at Ocean Terminal, Leith. A turbine is a rotary Engine that extracts Energy from a Fluid flow History HMY Britannia was built at the shipyard of John Brown & Co
1736 steamboat English patent.
Model of steamship, built in 1784 by Jouffroy d'Abbans.
Robert Fulton's Clermont.
Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. A paddle steamer is a ship or boat driven by a Steam engine that uses one or more Paddle wheels to develop thrust for propulsion. Right: detail of a steamer.
PS Waverley leaving Dunoon on the Firth of Clyde. History The Waverley was built in 1946 as a replacement for an earlier PS Waverley of 1899 that took part in the WW II war effort as a minesweeper Dunoon ( Dùn Omhain in Gaelic) is a resort town situated on the Cowal peninsula in Argyll, Scotland. The Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer Firth in
"Andreas" in Berlin
Paddle steamer PS Waverley steaming down the Firth of Clyde. History The Waverley was built in 1946 as a replacement for an earlier PS Waverley of 1899 that took part in the WW II war effort as a minesweeper The Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer Firth in
Turbine steamer TS Queen Mary. The two funnel Clyde steamer TS Queen Mary was built at the William Denny Shipyard at Dumbarton for Williamson-Buchanan
SS Shieldhall steams down the Firth of Clyde. The SS Shieldhall is now advertised as "SS Shieldhall Steam powered General Cargo-Passenger Steamer available for Trips in the Solent" but spent her working days as one of the The Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer Firth in
SS United States laid up in Philadelphia. Construction Inspired by the exemplary service of the British liners and which transported hundreds of thousands of U