A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a country, state, city, or county. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė old literary Lithuanian Didi Kunigiste Letuvos, Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje Polish ( język polski, polszczyzna) is the Official language of Poland. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation In Political geography and International politics, a country is a Political division of a geographical entity A state is a political association with effective Sovereignty over a geographic Area and representing a Population. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State.  Typically, statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy.  The word is often used to distinguish law made by legislative bodies from the judicial decisions of the common law and the regulations issued by Government agencies. Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation In Law, (particularly in North America an opinion (also called consilia) is usually a written explanation by a judge that accompanies their ruling Common law refers to law and the corresponding legal system developed through decisions of courts and similar tribunals rather than through legislative statutes or executive This article is for the legal term For regulation of genes see Regulation of gene expression. A government agency is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the Machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions  Statutes are sometimes referred to as legislation or "black letter law. Legislation (or " Statutory law " is law which has been promulgated (or " Enacted quot by a Legislature or other Governing The black letter law refers to the basic standard elements for a particular field of Law, which are generally known and free from doubt or dispute As a source of law, statutes are considered primary authority (as opposed to secondary authority). Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society A Primary authority is a Document that establishes the Law on a particular issue such as a case decision or legislative act Secondary authority, in Law, is material purporting to explain the meaning or applicability of the actual verbatim texts of constitutions, statutes,
Before a statute becomes law in some countries, it must be agreed upon by the highest executive in the government, and finally published as part of a code. Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. A Code is a type of legislation that purports to exhaustively cover a complete system of laws or a particular area of law as it existed at the time the code was enacted by a In many countries, statutes are organized in topical arrangements (or "codified") within publications called codes, such as the United States Code. In Law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a Jurisdiction in certain areas usually by subject forming a Legal code. A Code is a type of legislation that purports to exhaustively cover a complete system of laws or a particular area of law as it existed at the time the code was enacted by a The United States Code ( USC) is a compilation and Codification of the general and permanent federal Law of the United States. In the United States, statutory law is distinguished from and subordinate to constitutional law. Statutory law or statute law is written Law (as opposed to oral or Customary law) set down by a Legislature or other governing Constitutional law is the study of foundational or basic Laws of nation states and other political organizations
The term statute is sometimes also used to refer to an International treaty that establishes an institution, such as the Statute of the European Central Bank, a protocol to the Treaty of Maastricht. A Treaty is an agreement under International law entered into by actors in international law namely States and International organizations. Institutions are structures and mechanisms of Social order and Cooperation governing the Behavior of a Set of Individuals The European Central Bank (ECB is one of the world's most important Central banks responsible for Monetary policy covering the 15 member countries of the The Maastricht Treaty (formally the Treaty on European Union, TEU) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht, the Netherlands after final This includes international courts as well, such as the Statute of the International Court of Justice and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. See also International Commission of Jurists The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; Cour The International Criminal Court ( ICC or ICCt) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for Genocide, crimes against Statute is also another word for law. The term was adapted from England in about the 18th century.
In biblical terminology, a Statute (Hebrew chok) refers to a law given without a reason. The classic example is the Statute regarding the Red Heifer, which, legend has it, defied even the wisdom of King Solomon. In Judaism, the Red Heifer (פרה אדמה Parah Adumah) is a young cow that is sacrificed and whose ashes are used for the ritual Purification of people King Solomon ( Ge'ez: ስለሞን Arabic: ar سليمان, Sulayman, all from the Triliteral root S-L-M, "peace"
The opposite of a chok is a mishpat, a law given for a specified reason, e. g. the Sabbath laws, which were given because "God created the world in six days, but on the seventh day He rested". Shabbat or Shabbos ( Hebrew: שַׁבָּת, shabbāt, shabbes, "rest/inactivity" is the Weekly Sabbath (Genesis 2:2-3)
In the Autonomous Communities of Spain the Autonomy Statute is a legal document similar in all but name to a state constitution in a federal state. An autonomous community is a first-level political division of the Kingdom of Spain, established in accordance with the Spanish Constitution. The name was chosen because federalism was a taboo subject when the constitution of 1978 was approved. The Constitution of Spain is regarded as the culmination of the Spanish transition to democracy.