A spaceport or cosmodrome is a site for launching spacecraft, by analogy with seaport for ships or airport for aircraft. A spacecraft is a Vehicle or machine designed for Spaceflight. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land In rocketry, major spaceports (such as Centre Spatial Guyanais or Cape Canaveral Air Force Station) often include more than one launch complex, each of which may have more than one launch pad. A rocket or rocket vehicle is a Missile, Aircraft or other Vehicle which obtains Thrust by the reaction of the The Guiana Space Centre, or more commonly Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG is a French Spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana. The Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS is a detachment of the 45th Space Wing (45 SW Patrick AFB provides headquarters functions from the 45 SW a major airfield A rocket launch site or launch complex is a facility at which Rocket launches are conducted A launch pad is the area and facilities where rockets or spacecrafts liftoff Spaceports like the Mojave Spaceport include runways for takeoff and landing of rocket-powered aircraft like SpaceShipOne. A runway ( RWY) is a strip of land on an Airport, on which Aircraft can take off and land. A rocket-powered aircraft or rocket plane is an Aircraft that uses a Rocket for propulsion sometimes in addition to airbreathing Jet engines SpaceShipOne is a Spaceplane that completed the first privately funded Human spaceflight on June 21, 2004. Typically a spaceport site is large enough that, should a vehicle explode, it will not endanger human lives or adjacent launch pads.
Launches from near the equator in an easterly direction are preferred, as they allow maximum use of the Earth's rotational speed, and a good orientation for arriving at a geostationary orbit. The equator (sometimes referred to colloquially as "the Line") is the intersection of the Earth 's surface with the plane perpendicular to the Rotation period Earth's rotation period relative to the Sun (its mean solar day is 86400 Seconds of mean solar time A geostationary orbit (GEO is a Geosynchronous orbit directly above the Earth 's Equator (0° Latitude) with a period equal to the Earth's The rotational boost increases the amount of mass that can be lifted to a given orbit with a given amount of fuel. For polar or Molniya orbits, these aspects do not apply. A Molniya orbit is a type of Highly elliptical orbit with an Inclination of 63 For safety, a launch from a location where the rocket range extends over water or deserted land is important. A rocket range or missile range is a large area associated with a Rocket launch site.
The space tourism industry is being targeted by spaceports in numerous locations: Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, California, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Florida, Virginia , Alaska and Wisconsin in the United States, Russia's Baikonur spaceport and possibly an Australian site to be developed for the launching of Russian spacecraft. Space tourism is the recent Phenomenon of tourists paying for flights into space pioneered by Russia Dubai (in دبيّ,) is one of the seven emirates and most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (UAE California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Oklahoma ( is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. New Mexico ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States of America. Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent Wisconsin ( or wɪˈskɑnsɨn (French Ouisconsin) is one of the fifty United States of America, located in the north central part of the United States The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The Baikonur Cosmodrome ( Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, Bayqoñır ğarış aylağı; Russian: Космодром For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics.  Kiruna, Sweden is also planning to use Esrange as a spaceport . Kiruna is the northernmost city of Sweden, situated in Lappland province with roughly inhabitants "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Esrange is a rocket range and Research centre located outside the town of Kiruna in northern Sweden.
It is believed that future hypersonic aircraft will require a very long runway rather than a vertical launch pad. In Aerodynamics, hypersonic speeds are speeds that are highly Supersonic. Such hypothetical spaceports will present unique challenges in noise abatement, zoning, and passenger access, with as much as a 5 mile wide corridor surrounding a 30 mile long runway. Noise mitigation is a set of strategies to reduce Noise pollution. A dedicated mass transit system from the nearest public access point to the aircraft boarding area will be required.