|Slogan or Nickname: Festival State|
Other Australian states and territories
|Premier||Mike Rann (ALP)|
|- House seats||11|
|- Senate seats||12|
|Gross State Product (2006-07)|
|- Product ($m)||$65,676 (5th)|
|- Product per capita||$41,820 (7th)|
|Population (June 2008)|
|- Population||1,584,500 (5th)|
|- Density||1. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. The current state flag of South Australia, was officially adopted by the government of South Australia in 1904 The Coat of arms of South Australia is the official symbol of the state of South Australia. The following is a list of Australian state and territory slogans. The Commonwealth of Australia is made up of 8 states and territories controlled under a federal system of government There are eight capital cities in Australia, all of which function at a sub-national level Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a The form of the Government of South Australia is prescribed in its Constitution which dates from 1856 although it has been amended many times since then A constitutional monarchy, or a limited monarchy, is a form of Constitutional Government, wherein either an elected or hereditary Monarch is The Governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australian state of South Australia of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. Rear Admiral Kevin John Scarce AC, CSC (born 4 May 1952) is a retired officer of the Royal Australian Navy and Governor See Premiers of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Premier Michael David Rann (born 5 January 1953) Australian politician is the 44th Premier of South Australia, serving since 2002. The Parliament of Australia or Commonwealth Parliament is the legislative branch of government of Australia. The House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers of the Parliament of Australia; it is the Lower house, the Upper house being the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 61/km² (6th)|
4. 2 /sq mi
|- Total||1,043,514 km² (4th)|
402,903 sq mi
|- Land||983,482 km²|
379,725 sq mi
|- Water||60,032 km² (5. 75%)|
23,178 sq mi
|- Highest||Mt. Woodroffe|
1,435 m (4,708 ft)
|- Lowest||Lake Eyre|
-16 m (-52 ft)
|Time zone||UTC+9:30 (+10:30 DST)|
|- ISO 3166-2||AU-SA|
|- Faunal||Hairy-Nosed Wombat|
|- Bird||Piping Shrike|
|- Floral||Sturt's Desert Pea|
|- Aquatic||Leafy Seadragon|
|- Colour||Red, Blue, Gold|
South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. Mount Woodroffe is South Australia 's highest peak at 1435 metres A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit Lake Eyre (pronounced "air" is the lowest point in Australia, at approximately ( AHD) below sea level and on the rare occasions that it fills the UTC+930 is a Time zone used for the following locations Australia (ACST&mdashAustralian Central Standard Time New South Daylight saving time ( DST ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO The Piping Shrike is the emblematic bird that appears on South Australia's flag, State Badge and Coat of Arms. Sturt's Desert Pea, Swainsona formosa, is an Australian plant in the genus Swainsona, named after English botanist Isaac The leafy sea dragon, Phycodurus eques, is a marine Fish related to the Seahorse. OPAL ( Open Pool Australian Lightwater reactor) is a 20 megawatt pool-type nuclear research reactor that was officially opened in April 2007 In Australia state colours are frequently part of a state or territory's set of State symbols. The Commonwealth of Australia is made up of 8 states and territories controlled under a federal system of government For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent and with a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth largest of Australia's six states and two territories. It is bordered to the west by Western Australia, to the north by the Northern Territory and Queensland, to the east by Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria, and along the south by the Great Australian Bight and the Southern Ocean. Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent. The Northern Territory is a federal territory of Australia, occupying much of the center of the mainland continent as well as the central northern regions Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent The Great Australian Bight is a large bight, or open bay located off the central and western portions of the southern coastline of mainland Australia. The Southern Ocean, also known as the Great Southern Ocean, the Antarctic Ocean and the South Polar Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of  With nearly 1. 6 million people, the state comprises less than 10 per cent of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the states and territories. The majority of its people reside in the state capital, Adelaide, with most of the remainder settled in fertile areas along the south-eastern coast and River Murray. Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a The Murray River, or River Murray and sometimes informally referred to as the "Mighty Murray" is Australia 's largest River.
The state's origins were unique in Australia as a freely-settled, planned British province rather than a convict settlement. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located During the late 18th and 19th centuries large numbers of Convicts were transported to the various Australian penal colonies by the British government Official settlement began on 28 December 1836 when the state was proclaimed at The Old Gum Tree by Governor Hindmarsh. Events 1065 - Westminster Abbey is Consecrated. 1308 - The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Year 1836 ( MDCCCXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap The Old Gum Tree in Glenelg North, South Australia is a historic site associated with Governor John Hindmarsh 's Proclamation (on December 28 Rear-Admiral Sir John Hindmarsh KH RN (1785 – 29 July 1860) was the first The first city/town to be established, was Kingscote, Kangaroo Island established in 1836. Kangaroo Island is Australia 's third largest Island - after Tasmania and Melville Island. The guiding principle behind settlement was that of systematic colonisation, a theory espoused by Edward Gibbon Wakefield that was later employed by the New Zealand Company. Edward Gibbon Wakefield ( 20 March, 1796 &ndash May 16, 1862) was the driving force behind much of the early colonization of South The New Zealand Company was formed in 1839 to promote the "systematic" colonisation of New Zealand. The aim was to establish the province as a centre of civilisation for free immigrants, promising civil liberties and religious tolerance. Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term Although its history is marked by economic hardship, South Australia has remained politically innovative and culturally vibrant. Today, the state is known as a state of festivals, and of fine wine.
The state's economy centres on the agricultural, manufacturing and mining industries and has an increasingly significant finance sector as well. An economy is the realized social system of production exchange distribution and consumption of goods and services of a country or other area
The first recorded European sighting of the South Australian coast was in 1627 when the Dutch ship the Gulden Zeepaert, skippered by Francois Thijssen, examined the coastline. The history of South Australia details from the first human activity in the region estimated at about 20 000 years ago to the current events of the 21st century. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands François Thijssen or Frans Thijsz (died Oct 13 1638 ? was a Dutch explorer who is famous because of his travel along the South coast Thijssen named his discovery "Pieter Nuyts Land", after the highest ranking individual on board. The coastline of South Australia was first mapped by Matthew Flinders and Nicolas Baudin in 1802. Captain Matthew Flinders, RN (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814 was one of the most successful navigators and cartographers of his age Nicolas-Thomas Baudin ( February 17, 1754 - September 16, 1803) was a French explorer Baudin referred to the land as "Terre Napoléon".
In 1834, the British Parliament passed the South Australia Act 1834, which enabled the province of South Australia to be established. The South Australia Colonisation Act 1834 is the Short title of an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom with the Long title The Act stated that 802,511 square kilometres (309,851 sq mi) would be allotted to the colony, and it would be convict-free. The plan for the colony was that it be the ideal embodiment of the best qualities of British society, that is, no religious discrimination or unemployment.
Settlement of nine vessels and 636 people was temporarily made at Kingscote on Kangaroo Island, until the official site of the colony was selected where Adelaide is currently located. Kingscote is the largest town on Kangaroo Island, an island off the south coast of South Australia, with a population of about 1200 Kangaroo Island is Australia 's third largest Island - after Tasmania and Melville Island. Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a The first immigrants arrived at Holdfast Bay (near the present day Glenelg) in November 1836 and the colony was proclaimed on December 28, 1836, now known as Proclamation Day. Immigration to Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 50000 years ago when the ancestors of Australian Aborigines arrived on the continent via the islands of Holdfast Bay is a small bay in Gulf St Vincent, next to Adelaide, South Australia. (For other meanings of Glenelg see Glenelg (disambiguation) Glenelg is a popular beach-side suburb of the South Australian capital of Adelaide Events 1065 - Westminster Abbey is Consecrated. 1308 - The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Year 1836 ( MDCCCXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Proclamation Day is the name of a number of days either commemorating or marked by a Proclamation being issued South Australia is the only Australian state to be settled entirely by free settlers.
The current flag of South Australia was adopted on January 13, 1904, and is a British blue ensign defaced with the state badge. The current state flag of South Australia, was officially adopted by the government of South Australia in 1904 Events 532 - Nika riots in Constantinople. 888 - Odo Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks Year 1904 ( MCMIV) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting on The badge is described as a Piping Shrike with wings outstretched on a yellow disc. The Piping Shrike is the emblematic bird that appears on South Australia's flag, State Badge and Coat of Arms. The state badge is believed to have been designed by Robert Craig of the Adelaide School of Arts. United States Army Second Lieutenant Robert Craig (1919 - 1943 was awarded the Medal of Honor for heroic service as an Infantry officer
South Australia granted restricted women's suffrage in 1861, and in 1894 became the second place in the world to grant universal suffrage (after New Zealand) where women had the dual rights to vote and to stand for election. Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning "voting tablet" and figuratively "right to vote" probably from suffrago "hough" and originally Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning "voting tablet" and figuratively "right to vote" probably from suffrago "hough" and originally New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island 
The terrain consists largely of arid and semi-arid rangelands, with several low mountain ranges in which the most important mountains are the Mt Lofty-Flinders Ranges system which extends north about 800 kilometres (497 mi) from Cape Jervis to the northern end of Lake Torrens and salt lakes. The Mount Lofty Ranges are the range of mountains to the east of Adelaide in South Australia, stretching from the southernmost point of the Fleurieu Peninsula The Flinders Ranges is South Australia 's largest Mountain range which starts approximately 200 km north west of Adelaide. Cape Jervis ( postcode 5204 is a town at the southwestern tip of Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia, approximately 108 km south of Adelaide. Lake Torrens is a 5700 square kilometre Endorheic saline rift lake in South Australia. The highest point in the state is not in those ranges, but Mount Woodroffe at 1,435 metres (4,708 ft) in the Musgrave Ranges in the extreme northwest of the state. Mount Woodroffe is South Australia 's highest peak at 1435 metres Musgrave Ranges is a Mountain range in Central Australia, straddling the boundary of South Australia and the Northern Territory, extending into  The western portion of the state consists of the sparsely-inhabited Nullarbor Plain fronting the cliffs of the Great Australian Bight. The Great Australian Bight is a large bight, or open bay located off the central and western portions of the southern coastline of mainland Australia.
The principal industries and exports of South Australia are wheat, wine and wool. More than half of Australia's wines are produced here.
South Australia has boundaries with every other Australian state and territory except the Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania. } The Australian Capital Territory (ACT is the Capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing internal territory Tasmania is an Australian island and state of the same name It is located south of the eastern side of the Continent, being separated from it by Bass The area now known as the Northern Territory was annexed to South Australia in 1863, however it was handed over to the Federal government in 1911 and became a separate territory. The Northern Territory is a federal territory of Australia, occupying much of the center of the mainland continent as well as the central northern regions South Australia's south coast is flanked by the Southern Ocean. The Southern Ocean, also known as the Great Southern Ocean, the Antarctic Ocean and the South Polar Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of Its mean temperature range is 29 °C (84 °F) in January and 15 °C (59 °F) in July. The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736 a German Physicist who proposed it in 1724 Daily temperatures in parts of the state in January & February can be up to 48 °C (118 °F).
Highest maximum temperature: 50. 7 °C (123. 3 °F), Oodnadatta, 2 January 1960 (The highest official temperature recorded in Australia). Oodnadatta, South Australia ( is located in the heart of the desert 112 m above sea level 1011 km north of Adelaide. Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
The manufacturing industry plays a very important role in South Australia's economy, generating 15% of the state's Gross State Product and playing a large part in exports. Events 1304 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The manufacturing industry consists of automotive (44% of total Australian production, 2006) and component manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, defence technology (2. A drug, broadly speaking is any chemical substance that when absorbed into the body 1% of GSP, 2002-2003) and electronic systems (3. 0% of GSP in 2006). South Australia's economy relies on exports more than any other state in Australia. Export earnings stand at AUD$10 billion worth per year and grew by 8. 8% from 2002 to 2003.
Production of South Australian food and drink (including agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture, fisheries and manufacturing) is a $10 billion industry. Historically Australian cuisine was based on traditional British cooking brought to the country by the first settlers
South Australia's economic growth has lagged behind the rest of Australia for some time (2. 1% from 2002 to 2003), but performance seems to be improving (forecast 3. 5% for 2006/2007). South Australia's credit rating was upgraded to AAA+, having lost it in the State Bank collapse. A credit rating assesses the Credit worthiness of an individual Corporation, or even a country The State Bank of South Australia was a Bank owned by the Government of South Australia. South Australia's Gross State Product was AUD$48. The Australian dollar ( sign: $; code: AUD) is the Currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including Christmas 9 billion starting 2004, making it AUD$32,996 per capita. The Australian dollar ( sign: $; code: AUD) is the Currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including Christmas Exports for 2006 were valued at $9. 0bn with imports at $6. 2bn. Private Residential Building Approvals experienced 80% growth over the year of 2006.
South Australia's economy includes the following major industries (Oct 2006 in AUD$M):
Other industries, such as education and defence technology, are of growing importance.
South Australia receives the least amount of Federal funding for its local road network than any other state on a per capita or per kilometre basis. 
South Australia is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen of Australia as the head of state. The form of the Government of South Australia is prescribed in its Constitution which dates from 1856 although it has been amended many times since then A constitutional monarchy, or a limited monarchy, is a form of Constitutional Government, wherein either an elected or hereditary Monarch is For the ship see RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Context States headed by Elizabeth II Head of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a Monarchic or Republican Nation-state It is a state of the Commonwealth of Australia. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Its bicameral parliament consists of a House of Assembly (lower house) and a Legislative Council (upper house), with legislative elections held every four years. TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those The House of Assembly, or lower house is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. The Legislative Council, or upper house is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. This is a list of state elections in South Australia. 2006 election 2002 election 1997 election The current Premier of South Australia is Mike Rann, a member of the Australian Labor Party. See Premiers of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Premier Michael David Rann (born 5 January 1953) Australian politician is the 44th Premier of South Australia, serving since 2002.
Initially, the Governor of South Australia (the first was Captain John Hindmarsh) held almost total power that he derived from the Letters Patent created by the Imperial Government to create the colony. The Governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australian state of South Australia of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. Rear-Admiral Sir John Hindmarsh KH RN (1785 – 29 July 1860) was the first He was only accountable to the British Colonial Office and thus democracy did not exist in the colony. The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British Colonies. A new body was created to advise the Governor on the administration of South Australia in 1843 called the Legislative Council.  It consisted of three representatives of the British Government and four colonists appointed by the Governor. The Governor retained total executive power.
In 1851, the Imperial Parliament enacted the Australian Colonies Government Act which allowed for the election of representatives to each of the colonial legislatures and the drafting of a Constitution to properly create representative and responsible Government in South Australia and later that year, wealthy male colonists were allowed to vote for 16 members on a new 24 seat Legislative Council. Formally known as the Act for the Better Government of Her Majesty's Australian Colonies (1850, the Australian Colonies Government Act, was Legislation enacted by Eight members continued to be appointed by the Governor.
The main responsibility of this body was to draft a Constitution for South Australia. The body drafted the most democratic constitution ever before seen in the British Empire and provided for manhood suffrage. Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning "voting tablet" and figuratively "right to vote" probably from suffrago "hough" and originally It created the bicameral Parliament of South Australia and the two houses of parliament. The Parliament of South Australia is the Legislature of the Australian state of South Australia. For the first time in the colony, the executive was elected by the people and the colony used the Westminster system where the government is the party or coalition that exerts a majority in the House of Assembly. The Westminster system is a democratic Parliamentary system of Government modelled after the British government (the Parliament of the United In 1894, South Australia was the first Australian colony to allow women to vote and it had the first Parliament in the world to allow women to be elected as members. Catherine Helen Spence was the first woman in Australia to be a candidate for political office when she nominated to be one of South Australia's delegates to the constitutional conventions that drafted the Constitution. Catherine Helen Spence ( 31 October 1825 &ndash 3 April 1910) was an Australian Author, Teacher, Journalist South Australia became an original state of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting
Education is compulsory for all children until the age of 16, however, the majority of students stay on to complete their South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE). The South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE is the diploma given to students who have completed Years 11 and 12 of their Secondary schooling in the state of School education is the responsibility of the South Australian government, but the public and private education systems are funded jointly by it and the Commonwealth Government. This article describes the federal government of Australia See Australian governments for other jurisdictions The South Australian Government provides, to schools on a per student basis, 89 percent of the total Government funding while the Commonwealth contributes 11 percent. Since the early 1970s it has been an ongoing controversy that 68 percent of Commonwealth funding (increasing to 75% by 2008) goes to private schools that are attended by 32% of the states students. 
From 1 January 2009, the school leaving age will be raised to 17. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC This article is about the year For the film see 2009 Lost Memories. 
There are three universities in South Australia: University of Adelaide, Flinders University and University of South Australia . The University of Adelaide (colloquially Adelaide University or Adelaide Uni) is a Public university located in Adelaide, South Australia Flinders University, or The Flinders University of South Australia, is a Public university in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia The University of South Australia, or UniSA, is a Public university in the Australian state of South Australia. All are based in Adelaide, and Mount Gambier. Mount Gambier (post code 5290 ( is the second most populous City in South Australia after Adelaide, the capital of the state  Carnegie Mellon University's Heinz School and "Entertainment Technology Center" have campuses in Adelaide. Carnegie Mellon University (also known as CMU) is a private Research University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United 
Tertiary vocational education is provided by TAFE South Australia colleges throughout the state. TAFE South Australia ( TAFE SA) provides Vocational education and Training in South Australia.
See List of schools in South Australia for a list of and links to schools in South Australia. Government Schools Anangu and Aboriginal schools Aboriginal Preschools and Kindergartens Kalaya Children's Centre Queenstown
Australian rules football is the most popular sport in South Australia. Sport is an important part of the culture across Australia with South Australia being no exception Australian (rules football, or simply known as football, footy or Aussie rules, is a Team sport played between two teams of 18 players  The state has the highest participation rate of people taking part in Australian Football, with over 2. 2% of the population aged 18 years and over participating in the sport.  South Australia fields two teams, the Adelaide Crows and Port Adelaide Power in the Australian Football League national competition. This page is for the Australian Rules Football Club in Adelaide Port Adelaide Football Club, often referred to as simply Port or the Power is an Australian rules football club based in Adelaide, South Australia The Australian Football League (AFL is both the professional Australian national competition in the Sport of Australian Rules Football and its highest The Adelaide Crows have a membership base of 50,000, higher than any of the other 15 teams in the competition. This page is for the Australian Rules Football Club in Adelaide Both teams regularly draw large crowds. The South Australian National Football League, which owns the dedicated Australian Football stadium AAMI Stadium, is a popular local league comprising nine teams. Clubs Several clubs share their nicknames with AFL/VFL clubs This is purely coincidental the teams are not named after each other
South Australia's soccer team in the new A-League is Adelaide United. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered The A-League is the premier Australasian domestic Association football competition Adelaide United Football Club is a Football (soccer team in the Australian A-League based in Adelaide, South Australia. Basketball also has a big following in South Australia with the Adelaide 36ers playing out an 8,070 seat stadium in Findon and winning four championships in the last 20 years in the National Basketball League (Australia). Club history The Adelaide 36ers were formerly known as the Adelaide City Eagles when they joined the NBL in 1982, and the club changed its name to the Adelaide The National Basketball League is Australia 's top-level professional Basketball competition South Australia also has a cricket team, the Southern Redbacks, who play at Adelaide Oval in North Adelaide during the summer; however they have not won a title since 1996. The Southern Redbacks are an Australian first class cricket team based in Adelaide, South Australia. The Redbacks currently have four players who hold a contract with Cricket Australia. Cricket Australia, formerly known as
Fifty Nine percent of children take part in organised sports. For boys, Soccer has the highest participation rate (22%) followed by Swimming (16%). Swimming is the movement by humans or animals through Water, usually without artificial assistance For girls Netball is most popular (18%) followed by Swimming (16%). Netball is a non-contact team Sport similar to and derived from Basketball.