For the kingdom, please see Kingdom of Sophene. The Kingdom of Sophene (Ծոփքի Թագավորութուն was an ancient Armenian kingdom
Sophene (Armenian: Ծոփք - Tsopk) was a province of the Armenian Kingdom and of the Roman Empire, located in the south-west of the kingdom. The Armenian language (hy հայերեն լեզու hajɛɹɛn lɛzu —, conventional short form) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian The Kingdom of Armenia (or Greater Armenia) was an independent kingdom from 190 BC to AD 387 and a client state of the Roman and Persian empires until The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial It currently lies in the in modern-day southeastern Turkey. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches 
According to Anania Shirakatsi's Ashkharatsuyts ("World Atlas," 7th century), Tsopk was the 2nd among the 15 provinces of Greater Armenia. Anania Shirakatsi (Անանիա Շիրակացի) also known as Ananias of Sirak (610&ndash685 was an Armenian Scholar, Mathematician, and Geographer It consisted of 8 cantons (gavars): Khordzyan, Hashtyank, Paghnatun, Balahovit, Tsopk (Shahunyats), Andzit, Degiq, and Gavreq (Goreq). 
Tsopk was part of the kingdom of Urartu in the 8th-7th cc BC. Urartu ( Assyrian: Urarṭu Urartian: Biainili Ուրարտու was an Iron Age kingdom in Eastern Anatolia ( Transcaucasia) rising After unifying the region with his kingdom in the early 700s BC, king Argishtis I of Urartu resettled many of its inhabitants to his newly built city of Erebuni (modern day Armenian capital Yerevan). Argishtis I ( Urartian: Argištiše, Արգիշտի Argishti was the sixth known king of the ancient country of Urartu (in eastern Anatolia Erebuni may refer to Erebuni Fortress, an ancient Urartian fortress Yerevan, capital of Armenia Erebuni Armenia Yerevan (Երևան Երեւան or Երեվան ˌjɛrəˈvɑːn sometimes written as Erevan, Iravan, Erewan, Ayrivan, and Erivan Around 600 BC, Tsopk became part of the newly emerged ancient Armenian Kingdom of Orontids. The Kingdom of Armenia (or Greater Armenia) was an independent kingdom from 190 BC to AD 387 and a client state of the Roman and Persian empires until The Orontid Dynasty (in Armenian: Երվանդունիների հարստություն was the first known Armenian dynasty
After Alexander the Great's campaigns in 330s BC and the subsequent collapse of the Achaemenid Empire, Tsopk remained part of the newly independent kingdom of Greater Armenia. Alexander the Great ( or, Mégas Aléxandros; July 20 356 BC June 10 or June 11 323 BC also known as Alexander III of Macedon (el Ἀλέξανδρος Γ' The Achaemenid Empire or Achaemenid Persian Empire ( haχɒmaneʃijɒn (558–330 BC was the first of the Persian Empires to rule over significant portions of In the early 200s BC, at the instigation of the Seleucid Empire, which was trying to weaken the Armenian kingdom, Sophene, split from Greater Armenia, forming the Kingdom of Sophene. The Kingdom of Sophene (Ծոփքի Թագավորութուն was an ancient Armenian kingdom The kingdom was ruled by a branch of the Armenian royal dynasty of Orontids. The Orontid Dynasty (in Armenian: Երվանդունիների հարստություն was the first known Armenian dynasty Tsopk later split from the Tsopk-Commagene kingdom as well, forming an independent kingdom. Commagene was part of Sophene at this time. For the kingdom please see Kingdom of Commagene. Commagene or Kommagene ( Greek: Kομμαγηνή, Kommagênê Կոմմագենէ
Around 200 BC, in his attempt to finally subjugate Armenia, Seleucian king Antiochus III conquered both Greater Armenia and Tsopk, installing Armenian generals Artaxias I and Zariadres as governors-strategoses respectively in each kingdom. For the kingdom please see Kingdom of Sophene. Sophene (Ծոփք - Tsopk) was a province of the Armenian Kingdom and of the Roman Empire Artaxias I (also called Artaxes or Artashes, Armenian: Արտաշես Առաջին (reigned 190 BC/189 BC-160 BC/159 BC was the founder of the Artaxiad Zariadres was a King of Sophene In 201 BC Antiochus III the Great conquers Greater Armenia and Sophene with his Armenian generals( Strategoi Following Antiochus' defeat by Romans at the battle of Magnesia in 190 BC, both Zareh and Artashes declared themselves independent kings. Zareh and his descendants ruled the kingdom of Tsopk until it was reunified with Greater Armenia by Tigranes the Great in the 80s BC. This article is about a king of Armenia in the 1st century BCE.
Pompey gave Sophene to Tigranes, after defeating his father Tigranes the Great. Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, commonly known as Pompey /'pɑmpi/ Pompey the Great or Pompey the Triumvir ( Classical Latin abbreviation For the modern Ethiopian ethnic group known as Tigrayans see Tigray-Tigrinya people Tigranes (sometimes Tigran or Dikran) This article is about a king of Armenia in the 1st century BCE.  Sophene later become part of the Roman Empire, and was made into a province of the Roman Empire. In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin provincia, pl provinciae) was the basic and until the Tetrarchy (circa The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial The capital was Amida (modern Diyarbakır). Diyarbakır (دیاربکر Diyâr-i Bekr 'land of the Bekr ' (from Persian) Kurdish Amed Zazaki language Dêrbekir Syriac Around 54, the province was ruled by Gaius Julius Sohaemus. Year 54 was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Julian calendar.  In 530, Sophene was included into the province of Armenia.