The Sixth Framework Programme (abbreviated FP6) was the Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development from 2002 till 2006 set up by the European Union (EU) in order to fund and promote European research and technological development. The Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, also called Framework Programmes or abbreviated FP, are funding programmes created by the The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in It is a collection of the actions at EU level. The main objective of FP6 is to contribute to the creation of the European Research Area by improving integration and co-ordination of research in Europe, which is so far largely fragmented. The European Research Area (ERA is a system of scientific research programmes integrating the European Union 's scientific resources
The research projects funded and supported in this framework have to be transnational, in other words managed by consortia of partners from different countries, and interdisciplinary : gathering research centers, innovative companies, in particular small or medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and public administrations. Small and medium enterprises (also SMEs, small and medium businesses, SMBs, and variations thereof are companies whose headcount or Moreover, the funded projects have to be focused on one of the seven thematic priorities defined by the Programme.
FP6 is funding different types of projects. Foundations of modern biology There are five unifying principles Genomics is the study of an organism's entire Genome. The field includes intensive efforts to determine the entire DNA sequence of organisms and fine-scale Genetic Biotechnology is Technology based on Biology, especially when used in Agriculture, Food science, and Medicine. Health science is the applied science dealing with Health, and it includes many sub disciplines Information Society Technologies is one of the thematic priorities in the European Union Sixth Framework Programme for research and technological development set for Nanotechnology, sometimes shortened to nanotech, refers to a field of Applied science whose theme is the control of matter on an Atomic and Molecular Aeronautics (from Greek aero which means air or sky and nautis which means sailor i History First orbital flights The first successful orbital launch was of the Soviet unmanned Sputnik Food quality is the quality characteristics of food that is acceptable to consumers Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling preparation, and storage of Food in ways that prevent Foodborne illness. Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present Climate change is any long-term significant change in the “average weather” that a given region experiences An ecosystem is a natural unit consisting of all plants animals and micro-organisms( Biotic factors in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical ( Governance relates to decisions that define expectations, grant power, or verify performance. The majority of projects are Specific Targeted Research Projects. Specific Targeted Research Projects (STReP are medium-sized research projects funded by the European Commission in the FP6 funding program Integrated projects are focusing on coordination and support in critical aspects of research. Networks of Excellence aim to strengthen technological and scientific on a specific research topic. Network of Excellence (NoE are medium-sized research projects funded by the European Commission in the FP6 and FP7 ( Seventh Framework Programme) funding Projects dealing with the same domain can coordinate their efforts through specific initiatives, such as the European Semantic Systems Initiative. ESSI or European Semantic Systems Initiative brings together six European FP6 projects working in the domains of Semantic Web Services and semantically
Projects funded are selected through Calls for Proposals, each call corresponding to a specific domain of priority. The budget of FP6 is 17. 5 billion euros for the years 2002 - 2006.