Location of Shenyang Prefecture within Liaoning
Location within China
|- CPC Committee Secretary||Zen Wei (曾维)|
|- Mayor||Li Yingjie (李英杰)|
|- Sub-provincial city||12,924 km² (4,990 sq mi)|
|- Urban||3,495 km² (1,349. Shenyang Aircraft Corporation ( Simplified chinese 沈阳飞机公司 Traditional chinese 瀋陽飛機公司 Pinyin: Shěnyáng fēijī gōng sī ( is a northeastern province of the People's Republic of China. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES ( is a northeastern province of the People's Republic of China. See also Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Due to China 's large Population and area the political divisions of China have consisted The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||55 m (181 ft)|
|- Sub-provincial city||7,204,000|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||辽A|
|GDP (2006)||CNY 248. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city China standard time or Beijing time is the Time zone observed in the People's Republic of China ( PRC) UTC+8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Greenwich Mean Time by 8 hours The Postal code for the People's Republic of China uses a numeric six-digit System for the whole country A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in the mainland of the People's Republic of China. The People's Republic of China issues vehicles Licence plates at its Vehicle Management Offices under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 3 billion|
|- per capita||CNY 35,658|
|Website: www.shenyang.gov.cn (Chinese)|
Shenyang (Ch.: 沈阳; pinyin: Shěnyáng, or Mukden ( in Manchu), is a sub-provincial city and capital of Liaoning province in Northeast China. Manchu is a Tungusic language spoken in Northeast China; it used to be the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city ( is a northeastern province of the People's Republic of China. A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng ( which is an administrative division Northeast China ( is a geographical region of China. It is separated from Russia largely by the Amur, Argun, and Ussuri rivers from
Along with its nearby cities, Shenyang is an important industrial center in China, and the transportation and commercial centre of China's northeastern region.
The city was also known as Shengjing (盛京) or Fengtian (奉天).
The city’s name, Shenyang, literally meaning "the city in the north of Shen River", comes from the Hun River on the city’s south side, which used to be called Shen River. Manchu is a Tungusic language spoken in Northeast China; it used to be the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Hun River (渾河 is a river in Liaoning Province, China, and one of the tributaries of the Liao River. Archaeological findings show that human beings resided in present day Shenyang as early as 7,200 years ago. The City of Shenyang was first established by Qin Kai, a general of Yan in the Warring States period about 300 B. Yan ( was a state during the Western Zhou, Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods in China. The Warring States Period ( also known as the Era of Warring States covers the period from some time in the 5th century BC to the unification of China by the C. It was named as Hou City (Chinese: 候城) at that time. It became known as Shen Prefecture (瀋州) in the Jin Dynasty and Shenyang Path (Chinese: 瀋陽路) in the Yuan Dynasty. This is an article for the Jurchen Jin Dynasty (1115–1234 For other Chinese dynasties whose names are also rendered "Jin" in Pinyin, see Jin Dynasty The Yuan Dynasty ( Pinyin: Yuáncháo Dai Ön Ulus (Дай Юан Улс was a ruling Dynasty founded by the Mongol leader Kublai During the Ming Dynasty, it became Shenyang Zhongwei (Chinese: 瀋陽中衛). The Ming Dynasty ( or Empire of the Great Ming ( was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644 following the collapse of the Mongol -led
In 1625, the Manchu leader Nurhaci moved his capital to Shenyang, or Simiyan hoton as it is called in Manchu. The Manchu people ( Manchu: Manju;, Mongolian: Манж Russian: Маньчжуры are a Tungusic people who originated in Nurhaci ( Chinese: 努爾哈赤 or 努爾哈齊; Manchu:) is considered to be the founding father of the Manchu Manchu is a Tungusic language spoken in Northeast China; it used to be the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin The official name was changed to Shengjing (盛京) in Chinese, or Mukden ; in Manchu 1634. The name derives from the Manchu word, mukdembi, meaning "to rise", and this is reflected by its Chinese name, which means "rising capital". Shenyang remained the capital of the Qing Dynasty until the relocation of the capital to Beijing in 1644 after the fall of Ming dynasty. Not to be confused with Qin Dynasty, the first dynasty of Imperial China The Ming Dynasty ( or Empire of the Great Ming ( was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644 following the collapse of the Mongol -led However, it retained considerable prestige as the older capital, treasures of the royal house were kept at its palaces, and the tombs of the early Qing rulers were once among the most famous monuments in China. In 1657, Fengtian Prefecture (Chinese: 奉天府; Pinyin: Fèngtiān fǔ; Manchu: Abkai imiyangga fu or Fungtyian, "obeying heaven") was established in the Shenyang area, and Fengtian was sometimes used synonymously with Shenyang/Mukden. In 1914, the city changed back to its old name Shenyang. However, Shenyang continued to be known as Mukden in English sources (sometimes spelled Moukden) through much of the 20th century.
With the building of the South Manchurian Railway, Mukden became a Russian stronghold. The was a company founded in the Empire of Japan in 1906 after the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905 and operated within China in the Japanese-controlled South Manchuria Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending During the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), Mukden was the site of the Battle of Mukden from on 19 February - 10 March 1905. The Russo-Japanese War (日露戦争 Romaji: Nichi-Ro Sensō Русско-японская война Russko-Yaponskaya Voyna;, 10 February 1904 – 5 September The Battle of Mukden (Japanese 奉天会戦 Hōten kaisen) the last major land Battle of the Russo-Japanese War, was fought from 20 February Events 197 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum Events 241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting It was the largest battle in the world when it was fought by the Russians. Following the Japanese victory, the Japanese concession at Mukden was one of the chief bases for Japanese economic expansion into southern Manchuria. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Manchuria ( Romanized Manchu: Manju,, Маньчжурия Mongolian: Манж is a historical name given to a vast geographic region in northeast It was also the seat of the Chinese viceroy of the three Manchurian provinces. A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the Monarch. In the 1920s, Mukden was the capital of the warlord Chang Tso-lin, who was killed when his train was blown up near Mukden at a Japanese-guarded railway bridge. Zhāng Zuòlín ( Traditional Chinese: 張作霖 Simplified Chinese: 张作霖, Pinyin: Zhāng Zuòlín Wade-Giles: Chang Tso-lin Huanggutun Incident ( Chinese: 皇姑屯事件 Japanese:) was an assassination plotted by Japanese Kantogun that targeted Fengtian warlord
In the early 1900s, Shenyang began expanding out of its old city walls. Shenyang Railway Station on the South Manchurian Railway and the Shenyang North Railway Station (today's old north station) on the Jingfeng railway became new commercial centers of Shenyang. The was a company founded in the Empire of Japan in 1906 after the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905 and operated within China in the Japanese-controlled South Manchuria The Jingha railway (京哈铁路 is the railway that connects Beijing with Harbin in Heilongjiang Province, in Mainland China. Several factories was built by Chang Tso-lin to manufacture ammunition in northern and eastern suburb. Zhāng Zuòlín ( Traditional Chinese: 張作霖 Simplified Chinese: 张作霖, Pinyin: Zhāng Zuòlín Wade-Giles: Chang Tso-lin Ammunition, often referred to as ammo, is a generic term derived from the French language la munition which These factories laid the foundation for Shenyang's industrial development.
The Mukden Incident (18 September 1931), which gave the Japanese an impetus to create the Manchukuo state, took place near Shenyang. On September 18, 1931, near Mukden (now Shenyang) in southern Manchuria, a section of railroad owned by Japan 's South Manchuria Events 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Manchukuo (ja [[wikt満州国 満州国]] Manshūkoku lit "State of Manchuria " was a Puppet state in Manchuria and eastern During the Manchukuo era (1932-1945) the city was called Fengtian again. During the Japanese occupation, Shenyang was developed into a heavy industry center.
Soviet forces occupied Shenyang in early August 1945 on the surrender of Japan. The Red Army ( Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия R aboche- K rest'yanskaya K rasnaya A rmiya The Soviets were replaced by the Nationalist Chinese, who were flown in on US transport planes. During the Chinese Civil War, Shenyang remained a Kuomintang stronghold from 1946-1948, although the Chinese communists controlled the surrounding countryside. The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the It was captured by the communists on 30 October 1948 following a series of offensives known as the Liaoshen Campaign. Events 637 - Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge. Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Liaoshen Campaign ( literally the abbreviation of Liaoning-Shenyang Campaign, was part of the three major campaigns launched by the People's Liberation Army Since 1949, Shenyang became one of the most important heavy industry centers of China.
Shenyang used to have two city walls. WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> is a Japanese conductor, particularly noted for his interpretations  The inner city wall was built on 1625. Most of it was rebuilt on the old city wall of Ming Dynasty, and the gates of city wall were increased from four to eight. The Ming Dynasty ( or Empire of the Great Ming ( was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644 following the collapse of the Mongol -led The outer city wall was built during 1700s to protect the urban area outside the inner city wall, which also had eight gates. Nearly all of the city walls have been demolished after 1949. Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Two gates and one corner tower of the inner city wall have been rebuilt during 1990s. The 1990s collectively refers to the years between and including 1990 and 1999
Shenyang is an important industrial center in China. It has been focused on heavy industry, particularly aerospace, machine tools, heavy equipment, and defence, and recently, on software, automotive, and electronics. During the first five-year plan (1951-1956), many factories were built in Tiexi district. Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. At its peak (1970s), Shenyang is one of the top three industrial centers in China (the other two are Shanghai and Tianjin). Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million ( Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is the second largest city in northern coastal China. However, after the 1980s, the heavy industry has declined gradually and Shenyang has become a rust belt city. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. The Rust Belt, sometimes called the Manufacturing Belt, is an area in parts of the Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic States, and portions of the The economy of the city has revived significantly in recent years, thanks to Chinese government's "Revitalize Northeast China" campaign and the rapid development of software and auto manufacture industries. Revitalize The Old Northeast Industrial Bases ( also Revitalize Northeast China or Northeast China Revitalization, is a policy adopted by the People's Republic
Many major industrial companies have their headquarters in Shenyang. Brilliance China Auto is a major Chinses automobile manufacturer, and most of its production plants are also located in Shenyang. Brilliance China Auto, also known as Huachen (华晨 is an Automobile manufacturer based in Shenyang, Liaoning in the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation produces airplanes for civilian use as well as for the PLAAF. Shenyang Aircraft Corporation ( Simplified chinese 沈阳飞机公司 Traditional chinese 瀋陽飛機公司 Pinyin: Shěnyáng fēijī gōng sī The People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF ( is the Aviation branch of the People's Liberation Army, the Military of the People's Republic of Neusoft Group is the biggest software company in China. Neusoft Corporation or Neusoft Group Ltd ( Simplified Chinese: 东软集团 Traditional Chinese: 東軟 is the largest Software development Shenyang Machine Tool Group is the largest machine tool manufacturer in China. A machine tool is a powered mechanical device typically used to fabricate metal components of machines by Machining, which is the selective removal of metal
Shenyang has a population of 7. Koreatown ( Korean: 코리아타운 is a term to describe the Korean ethnic enclave within a City or Metropolitan area. 2 million and its urban population is 4 million. By urban population, it is the largest city in northeastern China and among top ten largest cities in China. Northeast China ( is a geographical region of China. It is separated from Russia largely by the Amur, Argun, and Ussuri rivers from This list ranks cities in the People's Republic of China (PRC by Population.
Shenyang has 38 of China's 56 recognised ethnic groups, including the Han Chinese majority that make up 91. Han Chinese ( are an Ethnic group native to China and by most modern definitions the largest single Ethnic group in the world. 26% of Shenyang's population. The 37 minority groups are Manchu (滿族), Korean (朝鮮族), Hui (回族), Xibe (錫伯族), Mongolian (蒙古族), Zhuang (壯族), Miao (苗族), Tujia (土家族), Dong (侗族), Daur (達斡爾族), Bai (白族), Uyghur (維吾爾族), Tibetan (藏族), Yi (彝族), Taiwanese Aboriginal People (高山族), She (畲族), Buyei (布依族), Yao (瑶族), Akha (哈尼族), Kazakh (哈薩克族), Dai (傣族), Li (黎族), Shui (水族), Nakhi (納西族), Jingpo (景頗族), Kyrgyz (柯爾克孜族), Tu (土族), Mulao (仫佬族), Qiang (羌族) Maonan (毛南族), Gelao (仡佬族), Russian (俄羅斯族), Evenks (鄂温克族), Tatars (塔塔爾族), Oroqen (鄂倫春族), Nanai (赫哲族), Lhoba (珞巴族). The Manchu people ( Manchu: Manju;, Mongolian: Манж Russian: Маньчжуры are a Tungusic people who originated in The population of Koreans in China include millions of descendants of Korean immigrants with citizenship of the People's Republic of China, as well as smaller groups The Hui people ( Xiao'erjing: حُوِ ذَو) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of Islam. The Xibe ( Sibe;) are an Ethnic group living mostly in northeast China and Xinjiang. Ethnic Mongols in China ( Chinese: 蒙古族 Ménggǔzú) are citizens of the People's Republic of China who are ethnic Mongols. The Miao ( Vietnamese: Mèo or H'Mông Thai: แม้ว (Maew or ม้ง (Mong Burmese: mun lu-myo) are a linguistically and culturally The Tujia (土家族 Pinyin:Tǔjiāzú Endonym: Bizika 毕兹卡 with a total Population of over 8 million is the 6th largest ethnic The Dong ( own name Gaeml, in the kɐm also referred to as Kam) people are an Ethnic group. This arcticle is about the Daur people and their language For the Daur region of Pakistan see Daur region ---- The Daur people ( Traditional Chinese The Bai ( Endonym pɛ̀tsī are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. The Uyghur (also spelled Uygur, Uighur, Uigur, Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر) are a Turkic people of Central Asia. The Tibetan people are indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the North and West to Myanmar and China Proper The Yi people (own name in the Liangshan dialect ꆈꌠ official transcription Nuosu, nɔ̄sū; the older name " Lolo " or " Luoluo " Taiwanese aborigines ( Taiwanese Pe̍h-oē-jī: gôan-chū-bîn literally “original inhabitants” is the term commonly applied in reference to the Indigenous peoples The She (畲 people are an Ethnic group. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. The Buyei (also spelled Puyi, Bouyei and Buyi; self called Buxqyaix, puʔjai or "Puzhong" "Burao" "Puman" The Yao nationality ( Traditional Chinese: 瑤族 Simplified Chinese: 瑶族 Pinyin: Yáo zú; Vietnamese: người Dao The Akha are an Ethnic group which originated in China and Tibet. The Kazakhs (also spelled Kazaks, Qazaqs; Kazakh: Қазақтар qɑzɑqtɑr Russian: Казахи the English name is transliterated The Dai peoples of China ( Tai Lü: tai51 lɯ11) is the officially recognized name of several Ethnic groups living in the Sipsongpanna Tai Autonomous Prefecture Li ( 黎; Pinyin Lí or Hlai is a minority Chinese Ethnic group. The Shui people ( are an Ethnic group living in the Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan areas of southwestern China. The Nakhi ( endonym ¹na²khi) are an ethnic group inhabiting the foothills of the Himalayas in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province The Jingpo or Kachin people (; endonyms Jingpo Jinghpaw Tsaiva Lechi are an Ethnic group who largely inhabit northern Burma ( Kachin State The Kyrgyz (also spelled Kirgiz, Kirghiz) are a Turkic Ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. The Monguor or Tu Zu ( Simplified: 土 Pinyin: Tǔ people are ethnically Xianbei (鲜卑 The Mulao ( own name Mulam) people are an Ethnic group. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's The Maonan (self name Anan meaning local people people are an Ethnic group. The Gelao people (also spelled Gelo) (own name Klau Chinese 仡佬族 Gēlǎozú are an Ethnic group of China and Vietnam The Evenks or Evenki (autonym Эвэнкил Evenkil; Эвенки Evenki; 鄂温克族 pny ''Èwēnkè Zú'' formerly known as Tungus Tatars ( Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар sometimes spelled Tartars, are a Turkic -speaking ethnic group or multiple ethnic groups Not to be confused with the Oroch and Oroks of Russia The Oroqen people ( also spelt Orochen or Orochon The Nanai people (self name нани tr "nani" Russian: нанайцы tr The Lhoba (珞巴 is currently an officially recognized ethnic group in China. Most of these groups are not native to the Shenyang area, but some, like the Manchus and the Xibe, are.
Inner City Districts
Outer Districts and Areas
Heping District is located in the center of Shenyang. Xinmin ( is a County-level city within Shenyang, Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. It has an area of 21km² and a population of 0. 64 million. The downtown Heping district has all manner of businesses that are brightly lit by neon at night. Neon signs are luminous-tube signs that contain neon or other inert gases at a low pressure
At the center of the district, is the famous Zhongshan Square (Zhongshan Guangchang, 中山广场), featuring one of China's largest statues of Chairman Mao. Mao Zedong ( 26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976) was a Chinese Military and political leader who led To this day, flowers are still placed around a large statue of Chairman Mao during the holidays. Mao Zedong ( 26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976) was a Chinese Military and political leader who led
Koreatown is located in the northern Heping District, as well as the Western Pagoda. Koreatown ( Korean: 코리아타운 is a term to describe the Korean ethnic enclave within a City or Metropolitan area.
Most of Shenhe District is within the old city wall. It has an area of 18km² and a population of 0. 61 million. Shenhe District is the site of the Mukden Palace. The Mukden Palace ( or Shenyang Gugong ( also known as the Shenyang Imperial Palace, is the former imperial palace of the early Qing Dynasty of It is also the site of Chang Tso-lin's former home and headquarters, Shengjing Ancient Cultural Street, and Gloria Plaza, a high-end hotel. Zhāng Zuòlín ( Traditional Chinese: 張作霖 Simplified Chinese: 张作霖, Pinyin: Zhāng Zuòlín Wade-Giles: Chang Tso-lin In the western Shenhe locates Muslim town. A Muslim (مسلم pronounced Muslim, not Muzlim) is an adherent of the Religion Southern Pagoda is located in southern Shenhe.
Dadong District is an industrial district. It has an area of 51km² and a population of 0. 64 million. It is the largest district of the urban Shenyang city area. It is also the home of the 9. 18 Museum and the Northern and Eastern Pagoda.
Huanggu district has an area of 37km² and a population of 0. 75 million. It is the site of the large, historical tomb of Huang Taiji (of the Qing Dynasty), called Beiling park (Chinese: 北陵公園). Huang Taiji ( November 28 1592 &ndash September 21 1643; reigned 1626 &ndash 1643 also transliterated as Hung Taiji Not to be confused with Qin Dynasty, the first dynasty of Imperial China Beiling Park (北陵公园) is a park in the northern part of Shenyang City China.
Huanggu district also hosts the Liaoning Mansion Hotel. It is also the place of the government of Liaoning provience
Huanggu's name comes from Huanggutun ("tun" means village), where the Huanggutun Incident took place. Huanggutun Incident ( Chinese: 皇姑屯事件 Japanese:) was an assassination plotted by Japanese Kantogun that targeted Fengtian warlord
Tiexi district is famous for its industry. This mixed-use district also contains large blocks of residential complexes, as well as strips of small to medium-sized shopping. It has an area of 39km² and a population of 0. 81 million.
It recently featured in a documentary called West of the Tracks (the literal meaning of Tiexi) by the young filmmaker Wang Bing showing the transition in this rust belt district. Tie Xi Qu West of the Tracks ( is a Chinese Documentary film by Wang Bing.
Tiexi is also home to the Shenyang Economic and Technological Development Area, a state-level development zone. This new development area combined with Tiexi District has a population of 1 million people, a total area of 126 km², and enjoys the same administrative rank as municipality. (Administrative Committee of Shenyang)
|Climate chart for Shenyang|
|temperatures in °C • precipitation totals in mm|
Shenyang holds the Headquarters of the Shenyang Military Region. See also PLA Military Region The Shenyang Military Region is one of seven military regions for the Chinese People's Liberation Army.
Shenyang is served by air, rail, and an extensive network of streets and expressways, with bus service throughout the city.
Shenyang is the railway hub of the northeastern China. Eight railways connected Shenyang with Beijing, Dalian, Changchun, Harbin and Fushun. Dalian (;; Japanese: Dairen Russian: Далянь Dalian or Дальний Dalny is the governing Sub-provincial city in the eastern Liaoning Changchun ( is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located in the northeast of the People's Republic of China, in the centre of the ( Russian Kharbin) is a Sub-provincial city and the Capital of the Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China. Fushun ( is a city in Liaoning, China, about 45 km from Shenyang, with a population about 1 The travel time between Beijing and Shenyang is decreased to only around 4 hours by high-speed train in early 2007. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Shenyang has two major railway stations: Shenyang North Railway Station and Shenyang Railway Station. The Shenyang North Railway Station was built in 1980s and used mostly for express service. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. Shenyang Railway Station (also known locally as the "Shenyang South Railway Station") has a history more than 100 years, built by Russian and expanded later by Japanese. Today, it is focused on regular service.
Shenyang is connected by several major expressways. The Jingshen 6 lane Expressway, to the city of Beijing, some 658 kilometers away. The Jingshen Expressway ( is an Expressway in China which links Beijing to Shenyang. The Shen-Da Expressway connecting Shenyang and Dalian is the first expressway ever built in China. The Shenda Expressway ( is a 400km expressway that connects Shenyang and Dalian, two prefecture-level cites located in the Liaoning province of China Dalian (;; Japanese: Dairen Russian: Далянь Dalian or Дальний Dalny is the governing Sub-provincial city in the eastern Liaoning It is the fastest highway (8-lane) linking one of the largest port city to Shenyang. Shendan Expressway is a 4-lane expressway to Benxi and Dandong. The Shendan Expressway ( Pinyin: Shendan Gaosu Gonglu links Shenyang in China 's Liaoning province with the border town of Dandong, Benxi ( is a Prefecture-level city located in the Liaoning province of China, south-southeast of Shenyang. Dandong ( Wade-Giles Tan-Tung is a city in the Liaoning province China. It also serves Shenyang Taoxian International Airport. Shenyang Taoxian International Airport ( is an airport in Shenyang, China. There are other express ways to Fushun, Changchun, and Xinmin. Fushun ( is a city in Liaoning, China, about 45 km from Shenyang, with a population about 1 Changchun ( is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located in the northeast of the People's Republic of China, in the centre of the Xinmin ( is a County-level city within Shenyang, Liaoning province, People's Republic of China.
The city is served by the Shenyang Taoxian International Airport (沈阳桃仙国际机场, airport code SHE). Shenyang Taoxian International Airport ( is an airport in Shenyang, China. Direct flights from Shenyang go to Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Seoul, Cheongju of Korea, Tokyo, Frankfurt, Sydney, Los Angeles and other cities. Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders Seoul ( soʊl is the Capital and largest City of South Korea. Cheongju is the capital city of Chungcheongbuk-do (province South Korea. officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and located on the eastern side of the main island Honshū. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West There are three other airports in Shenyang, none of them open to public: Dongta airport is the oldest airport in Shenyang, openned in 1920s and retired in 1980s. The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the " Jazz Age " or the " Roaring Twenties " when speaking about the United States and Canada The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. Beiling airport is used by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation for test flights. Shenyang Aircraft Corporation ( Simplified chinese 沈阳飞机公司 Traditional chinese 瀋陽飛機公司 Pinyin: Shěnyáng fēijī gōng sī Yuhong airport is for military use only.
Within Shenyang itself, there are three ring roads: Middle Ring, 2nd Ring, and Outer Ring (Shenyang Round City Expressway). The southern part of the 2nd Ring and the Outer Ring are express beltways. In addition, there is an east-to-west expressway through the city center, most of which is elevated.
In Shenyang, there are more than 160 bus routes.  Shenyang used to have about 20 trolleybus routes, one of the biggest trolleybus networks in China. Unfortunately, the entire network was demolished in 1999 after a series of electrocution accidents. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar)
Shenyang has been planning subway system since 1940. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In November 18th, 2005 the construction of the first Shenyang Metro subway line finally started. Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Shenyang Metro is a metro system currently under construction in the city of Shenyang, Liaoning province in China.  The first (east-west) line is expected to be finished by 2010. For the film see 2010 The Year We Make Contact. For the book see 2010 Odyssey Two. Construction is made hard by the rocky ground on which Shenyang is built. The second (north-south) line started in November 18th, 2006. Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Shenyang is home of many performance art organizations, such as Shenyang Acrobatic Troupe of China , Liao Ning Song and Dance Ensemble , and Liaoning Ballet . Many artists are from Shenyang, such as Na Ying, or Lang Lang
Liaoning Provincial Museum, the largest museum in northeastern China, also locates in Shenyang. Lang Lang ( (born June 14, 1982) is a Chinese Pianist from Shenyang in Liaoning, China.
There are several shopping areas in Shenyang. One of the districts, Taiyuan Street, (Chinese: 太原街), features western-style shopping and dining, including a Wal-mart, a Pizza Hut, consumer electronics stores, and a number of large, multi-story department stores selling products from around the world. Wal-Mart Stores Inc (or Walmart as written in its new logo is an American public corporation that runs a chain of large discount department stores There is also a very large underground shopping complex offering lots of items, especially in fashion jewellery, accessories and cloths.
Another area, Wu'ai Market, (Traditional Chinese: 五愛市場, Simplified Chinese: 五爱市场), features a large multi-story shopping center with a size comparable to that of many city blocks. It contains hundreds, if not thousands, of mini or boutique stores that open very early in the morning and close in the early afternoon. It is famous for wholesaling cheap clothes and household stuff.
There is also another area located in the center of the city, Middle Street, (Chinese: 中街), which is similar to Taiyuan Street. It features one of the largest department stores in Shenyang. A department store is a Retail establishment which specializes in selling a wide range of products without a single predominant merchandise line.
The information technology center is in Sanhao street (Chinese: 三好街), in the southern part of the city. Information technology ( IT) as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA is "the study design development implementation support
There are also a number of large superstores located throughout the city that sell everything from meat and dairy to clothes and electronics.
Shenyang has many schools, both public and private. There are also a number of privately-operated training centres that provide additional English skills.
Shenyang is famous for its soccer tradition. Liaoning Province Shiyan High School ( Chinese: 辽宁省实验中学 originally called Northeast Shiyan School (东北实验学校 is a public High school China Medical University (中国医科大学 is a university in the city of Shenyang, Liaoning, China under the provincial and central governments Shenyang Agricultural University (沈阳农业大学 is a university in Shenyang, Liaoning, China under the provincial government Shenyang Pharmaceutical University (SPU (沈阳药科大学 is a university in Shenyang, Liaoning, China Shenyang Institute of Aeronautical Engineering (沈阳航空工业学院 is a university in Shenyang, Liaoning, northeast China. Shenyang Jianzhu University (沈阳建筑大学 is a university in Shenyang, Liaoning, China under the provincial government Shenyang Institute of Chemical Technology (沈阳化工学院 is a university in Shenyang, Liaoning, China under the provincial government Shenyang Normal University (SYNU (瀋陽師範大學 is a teacher training university in Shenyang, Liaoning Province China under the provincial Liaoning University (辽宁大学 is a university in Liaoning, China under the provincial government Shenyang Ligong University (沈阳理工大学 is a university in Liaoning, China under the provincial government Shenyang University (沈阳大学 is a university in Shenyang, Liaoning, China under the provincial government Shenyang University of Technology(SUT (沈阳工业大学 is a university in Shenyang, Liaoning, China under the provincial government Shenyang Engineering Institute under the Liaoning Provincial People’s Government the existing covers an area of 920000 square meters construction area of 270000 square meter The local soccer team is the Liaoning F.C., in the Chinese Super League. The Chinese Football Association Super League ( Simplified Chinese: 中国足球协会超级联赛 commonly known as Chinese Super League (中超联赛 or CSL Another Chinese Super League team, Shenyang Jinde moved to Changsha in 2007. The Chinese Football Association Super League ( Simplified Chinese: 中国足球协会超级联赛 commonly known as Chinese Super League (中超联赛 or CSL Changsha Ginde FC ( Simplified Chinese: 长沙金德 is a Chinese Super League soccer club based in Changsha ( Simplified Chinese: 长沙 Changsha ( is the Capital city of Hunan, a province of south-central China, located on the lower reaches of Xiang river a branch of the Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Shenyang Olympic Sports Centre Stadium will be the venue for the soccer preliminary of 2008 Summer Olympics.
The following cities participate in Town twinning: