|Administration Type||Prefecture-level city|
|Abbreviation:||汕 Shàn and 鮀 Tuó|
|City Seat||Jinping District (金平區)|
|Population||4,971,900 (at end 2006)|
- Per Capita
¥70. A prefecture-level city ( or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China, ranking below a province and The seat of government is the location of the government for a political entity. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology 3 billion (2006)
|Major Nationality||Han Chinese|
|CPC Committee Secretary||Huang Zhi Guang (黄志光)|
|Mayor||Cai Zong Ze (蔡宗泽)|
|License Plate Prefix||粤D|
Shantou (simplified Chinese: 汕头; traditional Chinese: 汕頭; pinyin: Shàntóu; POJ: Sòaⁿ-thâu; also historically known as Swátōw or Suátao) is a city of 4,971,000 permanent inhabitants (as at end 2006) in coastal eastern Guangdong Province, China, occupying an area of 2,064 sq. The following is a list of ethnic groups in China where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal Han Chinese ( are an Ethnic group native to China and by most modern definitions the largest single Ethnic group in the world. A flower, also known as a bloom or Blossom, is the reproductive structure found in Flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also Caltha palustris commonly known as Kingcup or Marsh Marigold (also known as Calthus palustris syn A tree is a perennial Woody plant. It is most often defined as a woody plant that has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground on a single main stem or Ceiba (includes Chorisia is the name of a genus of many species of large Trees found in tropical areas including Mexico, Central and See also Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Due to China 's large Population and area the political divisions of China have consisted See also Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Due to China 's large Population and area the political divisions of China have consisted The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in the mainland of the People's Republic of China. The Postal code for the People's Republic of China uses a numeric six-digit System for the whole country The People's Republic of China issues vehicles Licence plates at its Vehicle Management Offices under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security Pinyin, more formally Hanyu pinyin, is the most common Standard Mandarin Romanization system in use Pe̍h-ōe-jī ( POJ) ( is an Orthography in the Latin alphabet created and introduced to Fujian and Taiwan by Presbyterian A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Guangdong ( EFEO: Kouangtong; Pinyin Guǎngdōng; Postal map spelling: Kwangtung) is a province on the China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National km. With its immediately surrounding cities of Jieyang and Chaozhou, the metropolitan region - known as Chaoshan - covers an area of 10,404 sq. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Jieyang administers 5 county-level divisions, including 1 district, 1 County-level city Cháoshàn (潮汕 is a term used to describe the linguistic and cultural region based in southeastern Guangdong province China. km. and had a permanent population of 13,139,800 at the end of 2006. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Shantou, a city significant in 19th-century Chinese history as one of the treaty ports established for Western trade and contact, was one of the original Special Economic Zones of the People's Republic of China established in the 1980s, but failed to blossom like other cities such as Shenzhen, Xiamen and Zhuhai. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar This article refers to ports in East Asia For the Anglo-Irish Treaty ports see Treaty Ports (Ireland. A Special Economic Zone ( SEZ) is a geographical region that has economic laws that are more liberal than a country's typical economic laws Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. Shenzhen is a city of sub-provincial administrative status in southern China's Guangdong province situated immediately Administration The Prefecture-level city of Zhuhai administers 3 county-level divisions, all of which are districts Xiangzhou However, it remains as East Guangdong's economic centre, and is home to one of Guangdong's top rated universities, Shantou University. Shantou University (STU ( Chinese: 汕头大学 was authorized and established in 1981 by the State Council and Guangdong government
Shantou was a fishing village part of Tuojiang City (鮀江都), Jieyang District (揭陽縣) during the Song Dynasty. The Song Dynasty ( Wade-Giles: Sung Ch'ao was a ruling dynasty in China between 960&ndash1279 CE it succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms It came to be Xialing (廈嶺) during the Yuan Dynasty. The Yuan Dynasty ( Pinyin: Yuáncháo Dai Ön Ulus (Дай Юан Улс was a ruling Dynasty founded by the Mongol leader Kublai In 1563, Shantou was a part of Chenghai District (澄海縣) in Chao Prefecture (Chaozhou). As early as 1574, Shantou had been called Shashan Ping (沙汕坪). In the seventeenth century, a cannon platform called Shashan Toupaotai (沙汕頭炮臺 sha shan tou pao tai) was made here, and the placename later was shortened to "Shantou".
Connecting to Shantou across the Queshi Bridge is Queshi (礐石) which had been known by the local people through the 19th century as Kakchio. The Queshi Bridge (礐石大桥 in Swatow, China, is among the world's longest bridges It was the main site for the American and British Consulates. Today the area is a scenic park but some of the structures are somewhat preserved from its earlier history.
It became a city in 1919, and was separated from Chenghai in 1921. Year 1919 ( MCMXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar 1922 saw the devastating Swatow Typhoon, which killed 50,000 out of the 65,000 people then inhabiting the city. Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The 1922 Swatow Typhoon was a devastating Tropical cyclone that caused thousands of deaths in the Chinese city of Swatow (now Shantou both 汕頭 in August 
In the 1930s, Shantou Port was a transport hub and merchandise distribution centre for Southeast China; its cargo throughput ranked third in the nation. The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression.
As a high-level city, Shantou administered Chaozhou City and Jieyang City from 1983 to 1989. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Jieyang administers 5 county-level divisions, including 1 district, 1 County-level city
Shantou is a prefecture-level city. A prefecture-level city ( or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China, ranking below a province and It has direct jurisdiction over six districts and one county. The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State.
As of 2003, the district of Haojiang was established out of Hepu and Dahao which had been merged together, and the district of Jinping Shengping and Jinyuan; Waisha and Xinxi Town, part of former Chenghai City, was merged into Longhu District; Chenghai City became Chenghai District; Chaoyang City was divided and became Chaoyang and Chaonan District respectively. Chenghai or Tenghai (澄海 Hanyu Pinyin: Chénghǎi Teochew: Thěng Hài is a district of the city of Shantou, Haojiang District ( Chinese: 濠江区 Háojiāng Qū is a district in Shantou, China. Chaoyang District ( Chinese: 潮陽 Pinyin: Cháoyáng Qū is a district of the city of Shantou, Guangdong Province Nan'ao County ( Chinese: 南澳县 Pinyin: Nán'ào Xiàn is a county in Shantou, Guangdong, China, near the Tropic Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Hepu may refer to Hepu County (合浦县 a county in Beihai Guangxi Province China Hepu District (河浦區 former district of
Shantou is one of the most densely-populated regions in China. Former Chaoyang City was China's most populous county-level administrative region, with 2. 4 million inhabitants.
Most residents are ethnically Teochew. There are also Hakka, popularly known as Half-Hakka (半山客), majorly living in Chaoyang District (潮陽區) and Chaonan District (潮南區). The Hakkas ( Hakka language: Hak-kâ; Mandarin Chinese: Kèjiā) are a subgroup of the Han Chinese people who live predominantly The Hakkas ( Hakka language: Hak-kâ; Mandarin Chinese: Kèjiā) are a subgroup of the Han Chinese people who live predominantly Though they speak Teochew on a daily basis and practise Teochew culture. Thanks to compulsory Mandarin study in school, most people, especially the younger generations, can fluently speak the national dialect.
Government statistics show that 2. 16 million overseas Chinese have roots in Shantou, with significant populations of Teochew people residing in Thailand. The Kingdom of Thailand (ˈtaɪlænd ราชอาณาจักรไทย, râːtɕʰa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj This is demonstrated by the unusually high number of international direct flights between Bangkok and Shantou. Bangkok, known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (krūŋtʰêːp máhǎːnákʰɔn) or Krung Thep ( for short is the Capital, largest
Shantou people, like other Teochew, cannot live without tea. For the Teochew dialect of Min Nan Chinese see Teochew dialect. According to China Daily, Shantou people "drink more tea than anyone else in China, in total 700 million yuan (US$87. 5 million) each year".
The public hospitals in the Shantou metropolitan area are operated by the Government of Shantou. Management of these hospitals and other specialist health facilities are coordinated by Shantou Board of Health. See also Health board (disambiguation for Health Boards in countries other than Ireland
The dominate electricity to Shantou is China Southern Power Grid. State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC ( Simplified Chinese: 国家电网公司 is the largest Electric power transmission and distribution company in China The city's postal service is operated by China Post. Mail, or post, is a method for transmitting information and tangible objects wherein written Documents typically enclosed in Envelopes and also China Post (中国邮政 Zhōngguó Yóuzhèng) is the postal service of the People's Republic of China operating on the mainland. China Telecom provides terrestrial and mobile telecommunications services to Shantou. China Telecom Corp Ltd () is the largest fixed service Telecommunications provider in the People's Republic of China.
Most Shantou residents travel by autobikes. MotorCycle is the title of a 1993 album by Rock band Daniel Amos, released on BAI Records. However, car use has grown rapidly over the past couple of years. Public transportation is provided by bus, ferry and taxi.
The Shantou Waisha Airport (外砂机场) is 13 kilometres away from the city centre and was constructed in 1956. Shantou Waisha Airport (Simplified Chinese汕头外砂机场 is an airport in Shantou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China. Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Nearly 2 million people utilise the airport each year. Taxi is the usual way to travel between the airport and the city centre. The taxi fare is around 20-30 RMB. The new Jieyang Chaoshan airport, located in Jiedong Country (揭东县) which borders Shantou to the southeast, is currently under construction. It is expected to replace Waisha Airport in the future and to provide better services to Chaoshan residents. Cháoshàn (潮汕 is a term used to describe the linguistic and cultural region based in southeastern Guangdong province China.
Shantou has city partnerships with these cities around the world. Tin Hau redirects here For other meanings of Tin Hau see Tin Hau (disambiguation Mazu ( also spelt Matsu, is the Taoist Guan Yu ( Chinese: 關羽 Guān Yǔ was a general under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of Shantou University (STU ( Chinese: 汕头大学 was authorized and established in 1981 by the State Council and Guangdong government
Sister cities (友好城市)
Cities of friendly exchanges (友好交流关系城市)
The Tropic of Cancer slips through Centipede Mountain, which is 20 kilometres away from the City. is a city located in Osaka, Japan. Founded November 1, 1922, the city is well-known for its Danjiri Matsuri. is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of Honshū For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. St John's (ˌseɪntˈdʒanz French Saint-Jean) is the provincial capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada and located on the eastern tip New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Cần Thơ, the name comes from "cầm thi giang" - river of poems is a city in Vietnam. Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially Pyeongtaek is a city in Gyeonggi Province South Korea. Located in the southwestern part of the province Pyeongtaek was originally founded as a union of Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. The provincial capital is located at Suwon. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Fairfield is a western Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. For the novel by Henry Miller, see Tropic of Cancer (novel. The Tropic of Cancer, or Northern tropic, is one of five
The Malaysian city of Johor Bahru, which has a significant Teochew population, is known as little Swatow. Johor Bahru, also spelled Johor Baharu, Johor Baru, ( "Baru" means "new" in Malay) or Johore Bahru and abbreviated
Most taxi drivers in Shantou are of Henan origin. Henan ( is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country
Shantou, along with Shanghai, are the two SMW3 beach-landing points in China. Shanghai ( 上[[wikt 海|海]] is the largest city in China in terms of population and one of the largest urban areas in the world with over 20 million SEA-ME-WE 3 or South-East Asia - Middle East - Western Europe 3 is an optical submarine telecommunications cable linking those regions and is the longest in the world Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES
Guiyu, a small town in Chaoyang District (潮陽區), despite being even unknown to most Shantou locals, is the biggest electronic waste site on earth. Guiyu (Chinese 贵[[wikt 屿|屿]] Hanyu Pinyin Gùiyǔ is the name of a town in southern China. Chaoyang may refer to Chaoyang Liaoning, city in Liaoning China Chaoyang County, county in Chaoyang Liaoning Chaoyang Electronic waste, " e-waste " or " Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment " (" WEEE " is a Waste type consisting The health-environmental issues there have concerned international organisations such as Greenpeace. Greenpeace, originally known as the Greenpeace Foundation, was founded in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 1972
In 2000, the biggest tax fraud in China's history was uncovered, estimated worthy of 32. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES 3 billion yuan.
There are at least two Teochew-speaking air hostesses on board each China Southern flight between Shantou and Bangkok. China Southern Airlines ( Simplified Chinese: 中国南方航空公司 (,) is an Airline based in Guangzhou in the Guangdong Province 
Many famous Chinese come from Shantou or their ancestral home is Shantou. The Ancestral Home ( Dom Ojczysty) is a Political party in Poland, founded after the elections