Seattle (pronounced /siˈætl ̩/) is a coastal port city and the largest city in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central The Pacific Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-8) UTC−8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Universal Coordinated Time by 8 hours Daylight saving time ( DST The Pacific Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-8) UTC−7 can be observed in Mountain Standard Time Zone Pacific Daylight Time Zone Canada The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Area code 206 is a telephone dialing code in the US state of Washington for Seattle, the islands of Mercer, Bainbridge and Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout The Pacific Northwest is a region in the northwest of North America (the term refers to the land not the ocean The United States of America —commonly referred to as the It is located in the state of Washington between an arm of the Pacific Ocean called Puget Sound and Lake Washington, about 96 miles (154 km) south of the Canada – United States border in King County, of which it is the county seat. A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government Washington ( is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions Puget Sound (ˈpjuːʤᵻt is an arm of the Pacific Ocean, connected to the rest of the Pacific by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, in the Pacific Northwest Lake Washington is the second largest natural Lake in state of Washington (after Lake Chelan) and the largest lake in King County. The Canada – United States border is the international Border between Canada and the United States. King County is located in the US state of Washington. The population in the 2000 census was 1737034 and in 2006 was an estimated 1835300 A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States.
The Seattle area has been inhabited for at least 4,000 years, but European settlement began only in the mid-19th century. The first permanent white settlers—Arthur A. Denny and those subsequently known as the Denny party—arrived November 13, 1851. Arthur Armstrong Denny ( June 20, 1822 – January 9, 1899) was one of the founders of Seattle, Washington, the acknowledged Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St 1851 ( MDCCCLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year Early settlements in the area were called "New York-Alki" ("Alki" meaning "by and by" in the local Chinook Jargon) and "Duwamps". Chinook Jargon originated as a Pidgin trade language of the Pacific Northwest, and spread quickly up the West Coast from modern Oregon to the regions now In 1853, Doc Maynard suggested that the main settlement be renamed "Seattle", an anglicized rendition of the name of Sealth, the chief of the two local tribes. David Swinson "Doc" Maynard ( March 22, 1808 - March 13, 1873) was an American pioneer and doctor one of Seattle Chief Seattle or Sealth ( Lushootseed: Ts’ial-la-kum; c 1786 – June 7, 1866) also spelled Seathle, Seathl In 2006, the city had an estimated population of 582,174 and an estimated metropolitan area population of approximately 4 million. See also Metropolitan Statistical Area, Core Based Statistical Area Table of United States Core Based Statistical AreasThe United States Census Bureau has defined  Seattle is the hub and largest city of the Seattle metropolitan area, often called Puget Sound, which also includes Tacoma, Bellevue, and Everett. The Seattle metropolitan area in the US state of Washington includes the city of Seattle, King County, Snohomish County, and Bellevue ( "BELL-view") is a rapidly growing city in King County, Washington, U Everett is the County seat and largest city in Snohomish County, Washington located north of Seattle. From 1869 until 1982, Seattle was known as the "Queen City".  Seattle's current official nickname is the "Emerald City", the result of a contest held in the early 1980s; the reference is to the lush evergreen trees in the surrounding area. Seattle is also referred to informally as the "Gateway to Alaska", "Rain City", "Coffee Town", and "Jet City", the latter from the local influence of Boeing. The Boeing Company is a major Aerospace and defense corporation originally founded by William E Seattle residents are known as Seattleites. A person who lives in or comes from Seattle Washington, USA is called a Seattleite.
Seattle is the birthplace of grunge music and has a reputation for heavy coffee consumption; coffee companies founded or based in Seattle include Starbucks, Seattle's Best Coffee, and Tully's. Starbucks Corporation ( is an international Coffee and coffeehouse chain based in Seattle Washington. Seattle's Best Coffee®, a subsidiary of Starbucks, is a specialty Coffee retailer and wholesaler based in Seattle Washington, USA. Tully's Coffee is a specialty Coffee retailer and wholesaler based in Seattle Washington.  There are also many successful independent artisanal espresso roasters and cafes.  Researchers at Central Connecticut State University ranked Seattle the most literate city of America's sixty-nine largest cities in 2005 and 2006 and second most literate in 2007. Central Connecticut State University is a state university in New Britain, Connecticut.  Moreover, analysis conducted in 2004 by the United States Census Bureau of 2002 survey data indicated that Seattle was the most educated large city in the U. S. with 48. 8 percent of residents 25 and older having at least bachelor degrees.  Based on per capita income, in 2006 the Seattle metropolitan area ranked 17th out of 363 metropolitan areas in a study by the Census Bureau. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country 
Seattle was the site of the 1999 meeting of the World Trade Organization, and the attendant demonstrations by anti-globalization activists. The WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999 was a meeting of the World Trade Organization, convened at the Washington State Convention and Trade Center in Seattle Protest activity surrounding the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999, which was to be the launch of a new millennial round of Trade negotiations occurred " Anti-globalization " is a term that encompasses a number of related ideas The city is also home to the Pride Foundation, which became the best-funded LGBT rights organization in the US when Ric Weiland, one of the first five Microsoft employees, bequeathed $65 million to the foundation as well as ten other organizations. LGBT (also GLBT) is an initialism referring collectively to Lesbian, Gay, bisexual, and Transgender / transsexual Richard W 'Ric' Weiland ( 21 April 1953 &ndash 24 June 2006) was a computer software pioneer and philanthropist 
What is now Seattle has been inhabited since the end of the last ice age. This is the main article of a series that covers the History of Seattle, Washington, a City in the Pacific Northwest region of the United An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the Temperature of the Earth 's surface and atmosphere resulting in an expansion of continental Ice sheets Archaeological excavations at West Point in Discovery Park, Magnolia, confirm that the Seattle area has been inhabited by humans for at least 4,000 years. West Point is the westernmost point in Seattle Washington, USA, jutting into Puget Sound from the Magnolia neighborhood Discovery Park is a 534 acre (22 km² Park in the peninsular Magnolia neighborhood of Seattle Washington. Magnolia is the second largest Neighborhood of Seattle Washington by area  tohl-AHL-too ("herring house") and later hah-AH-poos ("where there are horse clams") at the mouth of the Duwamish River in what is now the Industrial District has been inhabited since the 6th century BC. The Duwamish River is the name of the lower 12 miles (19 km of Washington state's Green River. The Industrial District is the principal industrial area of Seattle Washington.  By the time the first European settlers arrived in the area, the Dkhw'Duw'Absh and Xachua'Bsh people (now called the Duwamish Tribe) occupied at least seventeen villages in the areas around Elliott Bay. The Duwamish tribe (dxʷdɐwʔabʃ in Lushootseed is a Native American tribe in western Washington, and the indigenous people of metropolitan Seattle. Elliott Bay is the body of water on which Seattle Washington is located 
The first Europeans to attempt settlement in the area were the Collins Party, who filed legal claim to land at the mouth of the Duwamish River on September 14, 1851. Events 81 - Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus. 1851 ( MDCCCLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year  Thirteen days later, members of the Collins Party were on the way to their claim when they passed the scouts of the group of settlers that would eventually found Seattle, the Denny Party. The Denny Party was a group traditionally credited with founding Seattle Washington with their arrival at Alki Point on November 13, 1851.  The scouts for the Denny Party, Terry Lee, David Denny, and John Low, would lay claim to land on Alki Point on September 28, 1851, with Terry Low returning to Portland, Oregon carrying a message from David Denny telling his brother, Arthur Denny, to "Come at once. Alki Point (ˈælkaɪ is the westernmost point in the West Seattle district of Seattle, Washington; Alki is the Peninsular neighborhood Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. 1851 ( MDCCCLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year Portland is a city located in the Northwestern United States, near the Confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers Arthur Armstrong Denny ( June 20, 1822 – January 9, 1899) was one of the founders of Seattle, Washington, the acknowledged " Following the instructions of David Denny, the rest of the Denny Party set sail from Portland and landed on Alki during a rainstorm on November 13, 1851. Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St 1851 ( MDCCCLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year The landing party's first sight of their new homestead was the roofless cabin that David had been unable to complete because of a fever. Broadly defined homesteading is a lifestyle of simple agrarian Self-sufficiency. 
After spending a winter of frequent rainstorms and high winds on Alki Point, most of the Denny Party moved across Elliott Bay and settled on land where present day Pioneer Square is located and established the village of "Dewamps" or "Duwamps. Pioneer Square is the Neighborhood where Seattle Washington, USA was founded in 1852 following a brief six month settlement at Alki Point. " The only members of the party that did not migrate to the eastern shore of Elliott Bay were Charles Terry and John Low, who remained at the original landing location and established a village they initially called "New York," after Terry's hometown, until April 1853 when they renamed it "Alki," a Chinook word meaning, roughly, by and by or someday. Chinook Jargon originated as a Pidgin trade language of the Pacific Northwest, and spread quickly up the West Coast from modern Oregon to the regions now  The villages of New York-Alki and Duwamps would compete for dominance in the area for the next few years, but in time Alki was abandoned and its residents moved across the bay to join the rest of the settlers. 
David Swinson ("Doc") Maynard, one of the village's founders, was the primary advocate for renaming the village to "Seattle" after Chief Sealth (si'áb Si'ahl) of the Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. Chief Seattle or Sealth ( Lushootseed: Ts’ial-la-kum; c 1786 – June 7, 1866) also spelled Seathle, Seathl The Suquamish are a Native American tribe of Washington State in the United States.  Doc Maynard's advocacy bore fruit, because when the first plats for village were filed on May 23, 1853, it was for the Town of Seattle. A plat consists of a Map, drawn to scale showing the divisions of a piece of land Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Year 1853 ( MDCCCLIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common In 1855, nominal legal land settlement were established and the city was incorporated in 1865 and again in 1869, after having existed as an unincorporated town from 1867 to 1869. 
Major events in Seattle's history include:
Seattle has a history of boom and bust cycles, common to cities near large areas of natural and mineral resources. Seattle has several times risen as a company town or through economic specialization, then gone into precipitous decline, but it has typically used those periods to successfully rebuild infrastructure. A company town is a Town or City in which all Real estate, Buildings (both residential and commercial) Utilities 
The first such boom, covering the early years of the city, was fueled by the lumber industry. The Office for Metropolitan Architecture, ( OMA) is the Rotterdam based architecture firm of Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas. (During this period the road now known as Yesler Way was nicknamed "Skid Road" after the timber skidding down the hill to Henry Yesler's sawmill. Henry L Yesler ( December 2, 1810 - December 16, 1892) was an entrepreneur considered to be Seattle Washington 's first economic father The term later entered the wider American vocabulary as Skid Row. A skid row or skid road is a run-down or dilapidated urban area with a large population of impoverished abusers of Alcohol and often other Drugs ) This boom was followed by the construction of an Olmsted-designed park system. The Olmsted Brothers company was an influential landscape design firm in the United States formed in 1898 by stepbrothers John Charles Olmsted (1852-1920 and Frederick 
The second and most dramatic boom was the direct result of the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896, which ended the national depression that had begun with the Panic of 1893. The Klondike Gold Rush, infrequently referred to as the Yukon Gold Rush or Alaska Gold Rush, was a frenzy of Gold rush Immigration to and for The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in 1893 On July 14, 1897, the S. Events 1223 - Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father Philip II of France. Year 1897 ( MDCCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common S. Portland docked with its famed "ton of gold", and Seattle became the main transport and supply point for those heading north.  The boom lasted well into the early part of the 20th century and funded many new Seattle companies and products. Finance company Washington Mutual was founded in 1889, in an attempt to save Seattle's economy after the Great Seattle fire. In 1907, 19-year-old James E. Casey borrowed $100 from a friend and founded the American Messenger Company (later UPS). James E Casey ( March 29, 1888 - June 6, 1983) American businessman was born in Pick Handle Gulch near Candelaria Nevada United Parcel Service Inc ( commonly referred to as UPS, is one of the world's largest Package delivery companies Other Seattle companies founded during this period include Nordstrom and Eddie Bauer. Nordstrom Inc ( is an upscale Department store chain in the United States. Eddie Bauer ( is a Clothing store chain Headquartered in Bellevue Washington, and a subsidiary of Eddie Bauer Holdings which was formed subsequent to the former 
Next came the shipbuilding boom in the early part of the 20th century, followed by the unused city development plan of Virgil Bogue. Virgil Gay Bogue was born in Norfolk New York, on July 20 1846 Seattle was the major point of departure during World War II for troops heading to the North Pacific, and Boeing manufactured many of the war's bombers. The Pacific War was the part of World War II —and preceding conflicts—that took place in the Pacific Ocean, its islands and in East Asia, between
The local economy dipped after the war, but rose again with the expansion of Boeing, fueled by the growth of the commercial aviation industry.  When this particular cycle went into a major downturn in the late 1960s and early 1970s, many left the area to look for work elsewhere, and two local real estate agents put up a billboard reading "Will the last person leaving Seattle – Turn out the lights. "
Seattle remained the corporate headquarters of Boeing until 2001, when the company announced a desire to separate its headquarters from its major production facilities. Following a bidding war among a number of major cities, Boeing moved its corporate headquarters to Chicago.  The Seattle area is still home to Boeing's Renton narrow-body plant (where the 707, 720, 727, and 757 were assembled, and the 737 is assembled today) and Everett wide-body plant (assembly plant for the 747, 767, 777 and the upcoming 787 Dreamliner), as well as BECU, formerly the Boeing Employees Credit Union. The Boeing Company 's Renton Washington Factory is a facility where Next-Generation Boeing 737 airliners are built WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Boeing Company 's Everett Washington Factory is where Boeing 747s 767s 777s and the new 787 Dreamliner are built WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout BECU is a Credit union originally established to serve employees of The Boeing Company.
Next, technology companies, including Microsoft, Amazon.com, RealNetworks, McCaw Cellular (now part of AT&T Mobility), VoiceStream (now T-Mobile USA), and biomedical corporations such as HeartStream (later purchased by Philips), Heart Technologies (later purchased by Boston Scientific), Physio-Control (later purchased by Medtronic), ZymoGenetics, ICOS (later purchased by Eli Lilly & Co.) and Immunex (later purchased by Amgen), found homes in Seattle and its suburbs. Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational Computer technology Corporation, which rose to dominate the Home computer Amazoncom Inc ( is an American electronic commerce ( E-commerce) company in Seattle Washington. RealNetworks ( is a provider of Internet media delivery software and services based in Seattle, United States. AT&T Mobility LLC (usually branded AT&T, and formerly named Cingular Wireless LLC) is the wholly owned wireless subsidiary of AT&T Inc T-Mobile is a Mobile network operator headquartered in Bonn, Germany. Biomedical research (or experimental medicine) in general simply known as medical research, is the Basic research or Applied research conducted Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV ( Royal Philips Electronics Inc. The Boston Scientific Corporation ( (abbreviated BSC is a worldwide developer Manufacturer and marketer of medical devices whose products are used in a range of interventional Medtronic Inc ( based in Minneapolis Minnesota[http //wwwmedtronic ZymoGenetics is a Biotechnology / Pharmaceutical company based in Seattle Washington involved in the development of therapeutic Proteins Eli Lilly and Company ( is a global Pharmaceutical company and one of the world's largest corporations Amgen Inc () is an international Biotechnology company headquartered in Thousand Oaks California. This success brought an influx of new citizens with a population increase within city limits of almost 50,000 between the 1990 and 2000 Census and saw Seattle's real estate become some of the most expensive in the country. The United States Census is a decennial Census mandated by the United States Constitution.  Many of these companies remain relatively strong, but the frenzied dot-com boom years ended in early 2001. The " dot-com bubble " (or sometimes the " IT bubble " was a speculative bubble covering roughly 1995–2001 (with a climax on March 10 
Seattle is located between an inlet of the Pacific Ocean to the west called Puget Sound and Lake Washington to the east at the mouth of the Duwamish River, which empties into the city's chief harbor, Elliott Bay, an inlet of the Sound. West beyond the Sound are the Kitsap Peninsula and Olympic Mountains, on the Olympic Peninsula; east beyond Lake Washington and the eastside suburbs are Lake Sammamish and the Cascade Range. The Olympic Mountains are a Mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ImageSeattle-lakewashington-lakesammamishPNG|250px|right|The Eastside is to the right (east of Seattle Lake Sammamish is a Lake east of Seattle in King County Washington, United States. The sea, rivers, forests, lakes, and fields were once rich enough to support one of the world's few sedentary hunter-gatherer societies.  Opportunities for sailing, skiing, bicycling, camping, and hiking are nearby and accessible almost year-round.
The city itself is hilly, though not uniformly so.  Like Rome, the city is said to lie on seven hills; the lists vary, but typically include Capitol Hill, First Hill, West Seattle, Beacon Hill, Queen Anne, Magnolia, and the former Denny Hill. Seattle Washington is sometimes claimed to have been built on seven hills The Wallingford and Mount Baker neighbourhoods are technically located on hills as well. Many of the hilliest areas are near the city center, with Capitol Hill, First Hill, and Beacon Hill collectively constituting something of a ridge along an isthmus between Elliott Bay and Lake Washington. The topography of the city center has been reshaped by regrading projects, a seawall, and the construction of an artificial island, Harbor Island (completed 1909), at the mouth of the city's industrial Duwamish Waterway. The topography of central Seattle was radically altered by a series of regrades in the city's first century of urban settlement in what might be the largest The Duwamish River is the name of the lower 12 miles (19 km of Washington state's Green River.
The man-made Lake Washington Ship Canal incorporates four natural bodies of water: Lake Union, Salmon Bay, Portage Bay, and Union Bay, connecting Puget Sound to Lake Washington. The Lake Washington Ship Canal, which runs through Seattle Washington connecting Lake Washington to Puget Sound, is a system consisting of from east Lake Union is a freshwater Lake entirely within the Seattle Washington city limits Union Bay is that part of Lake Washington in Seattle that is west of a line drawn between Webster Point in the Laurelhurst neighborhood to the north (its southernmost
Seattle is in an earthquake zone and has experienced a number of significant quakes, most recently (as of 2007) the magnitude 6.8 Nisqually Earthquake, February 28, 2001, which did significant architectural damage, especially in the Pioneer Square area (built on reclaimed land, as are the Industrial District and part of the city center), but caused no fatalities. The Richter magnitude scale, or more correctly local magnitude M L scale assigns a single number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released The Nisqually earthquake was an intraslab Earthquake, occurring at 1054 a Events 202 BC - coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty 's rule Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices One involves creating new land from sea- or riverbeds the other refers to restoring an area to a more natural state (such as after  Other strong quakes occurred on December 14, 1872 (estimated at 7. Events 1287 - St Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses killing over 50000 people Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year 3 or 7. 4 magnitude), April 13, 1949 (7. Events 1111 - Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. 1204 - The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 1), and April 29, 1965 (6. Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. 5).  The 1949 quake caused eight known deaths, all in Seattle; the 1965 quake caused three deaths in Seattle directly, and one more by heart failure.  Although the Seattle Fault passes just south of the city center, neither it nor the Cascadia subduction zone has caused an earthquake since the city's founding. The Seattle Fault is a Geologic fault in the North American Plate that runs from the Issaquah Alps to Hood Canal in Washington The Cascadia Subduction zone is a Subduction zone, a type of convergent plate boundary that stretches from northern Vancouver Island to The Cascadia subduction zone poses the threat of an earthquake of magnitude 9. 0 or greater, capable of seriously damaging the city and collapsing many buildings, especially in zones built on fill. 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 369. 2 km² (142. 5 mi²), 217. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 2 km² (83. 9 mi²) of which is land and 152. 0 km² (58. 7 mi²) water. The total area is 41. 16% water.
Seattle's mild climate is usually classified as Marine west coast (Cfb). An oceanic climate (also called marine west coast climate and maritime climate) is the Climate typically found along the west coasts at the middle latitudes  However, its wet-winter/dry-summer pattern shows some characteristics of a Mediterranean climate (Csb), and it is sometimes classified this way. A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the Climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide  Temperature extremes are moderated by adjacent Puget Sound, the greater Pacific Ocean, and Lake Washington. The region is partially protected from Pacific storms by the Olympic Mountains and from Arctic air by the Cascade Range. Despite being on the margin of the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains, the city has a reputation for frequent rain. For the Australian television series see Rain Shadow (TV series.  Despite its relatively frequent rainfall, the so-called "rainy city" receives a smaller quantity of actual precipitation annually, at 37. 1 inches (94 cm), than New York City, Atlanta, Houston, and most cities of the Eastern Seaboard of the United States. Inches redirects here To see the Les Savy Fav album see Inches. A centimetre ( American spelling: centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one hundredth The East Coast of the United States, also known as the "Eastern Seaboard" or "Atlantic Seaboard" refers to the easternmost coastal states in the central and northern Seattle was also not listed in a study that revealed the 10 Rainiest Cities in the continental United States.  Seattle's reputation for rain derives from this frequency of precipitation as well as the fact that it is cloudy an average of 226 days per year (cf. 132 in New York City).  Most of the precipitation falls as drizzle or light rain, with only occasional downpours. Spring, late fall, and winter are filled with days when it does not rain but looks as if it might because of cloudy, overcast skies. As for temperature, winters are cool and wet with average lows around 35–40 °F (2–4 °C) on winter nights. Colder weather can occur, but seldom lasts more than a few days. Summers are dry and warm, with average daytime highs around 73–80 °F (22. 2–26. 7 °C). Hotter weather usually occurs only during a few summer days. Seattle's hottest official recorded temperature was 100 °F (37. 8 °C) on July 20, 1994; the coldest recorded temperature was 0 °F (-18 °C) on January 31, 1950. Events 1304 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
Eighty miles (130 km) to the west, the Hoh Rain Forest in Olympic National Park on the western flank of the Olympic Mountains receives an annual average rainfall of 142 inches (361 cm), and the state capital, Olympia—south of the rain shadow—receives an annual average rainfall of 52 inches (132 cm). The Hoh Rain Forest is one of the few Temperate rain forests in the world and is also one of the largest Olympic National Park is located in the US state of Washington, in the Olympic Peninsula. Snowfall is very infrequent, especially at lower altitudes and near the coast, and is usually light and fleeting, lasting only a few days. Average annual snowfall, as measured at Sea–Tac Airport, is 13 inches (33 cm).  Seattle's record snowfall was 20 inches (51 cm) on January 13, 1950. Events 532 - Nika riots in Constantinople. 888 - Odo Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  Sunnier and drier "California weather" typically dominates from mid-July to mid-September. California 's climate varies widely from Arid to Subarctic, depending on Latitude, Elevation, and proximity to the coast An average of 0. 8 inches (2. 0 cm) of rain falls in July and 1. 0 inch (2. 5 cm) in August. Although the summer climate is considerably drier and less humid than in areas with humid continental climates, a slight dampness can be occasionally felt, usually when temperatures reach above 80 °F (26. 7 °C). This dampness is typically more noticeable during the evening when the temperatures have dropped. Because of this, Seattle experiences occasional summer thunderstorms. 
The Puget Sound Convergence Zone is an important feature of Seattle's weather. The Puget Sound Convergence Zone ( PSCZ) is a Meteorological phenomenon that occurs over Puget Sound in Washington. In the convergence zone, air arriving from the north meets air flowing in from the south. Both streams of air originate over the Pacific Ocean; airflow is split by the Olympic Mountains to Seattle's west, then reunited by the Cascade Mountains to the east. When the air currents meet, they are forced upward, resulting in convection. 
Thunderstorms caused by this activity can occur north and south of town, but Seattle itself rarely receives worse weather than occasional thunder and ice-pellet showers. Nonetheless, the Hanukkah Eve Wind Storm in December 2006 brought heavy rain and winds gusting up to 69 mph (111 km/h). The Hanukkah Eve Wind Storm of 2006 was a powerful Pacific storm that slammed into the Pacific Northwest region of the United States and One Seattleite drowned in her collapsed and flooded basement; power failures were widespread, with some left without power for up to eleven days. 
An exception to Seattle's dampness often occurs in El Niño years, when the marine weather systems track as far south as California and little precipitation falls in the Puget Sound area. El Niño-Southern Oscillation ( ENSO; commonly referred to as simply El Niño) is a global coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon  Since the region's water comes from mountain snowpacks during the drier summer months, El Niño winters can not only produce substandard skiing but can result in water rationing and a shortage of hydroelectric power the following summer. 
|Weather averages for Seattle, Washington|
|Record high °F (°C)||67 (19)||70 (21)||78 (26)||87 (31)||93 (34)||98 (37)||100 (38)||99 (37)||98 (37)||89 (32)||74 (23)||65 (18)||100 (38)|
|Average high °F (°C)||46 (8)||50 (10)||53 (12)||58 (14)||64 (18)||70 (21)||75 (24)||76 (24)||70 (21)||60 (16)||51 (11)||46 (8)||60 (16)|
|Average low °F (°C)||36 (2)||37 (3)||39 (4)||42 (6)||47 (8)||52 (11)||55 (13)||56 (13)||52 (11)||46 (8)||40 (4)||36 (2)||45 (7)|
|Record low °F (°C)||0 (-18)||1 (-17)||11 (-12)||29 (-2)||16 (-9)||38 (3)||47 (8)||44 (7)||35 (2)||19 (-7)||0 (-18)||6 (-14)||0 (-18)|
|Precipitation inches (mm)||5. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric 1 (129. 5)||4. 2 (106. 7)||3. 8 (96. 5)||2. 6 (66)||1. 8 (45. 7)||1. 5 (38. 1)||0. 8 (20. 3)||1. 0 (25. 4)||1. 6 (40. 6)||3. 2 (81. 3)||5. 9 (149. 9)||5. 6 (142. 2)||37. 1 (942. 3)|
|Source: Weather. com  July 2007|
Seattle has grown through a series of annexations of smaller neighboring communities. On May 3, 1891, Magnolia, Wallingford, Green Lake, and the University District (then known as Brooklyn) were annexed. Events 1491 - Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries adopting the baptismal name of João Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Wallingford is a Neighborhood in north central Seattle, Washington, named after John Noble Wallingford (died 1913 Green Lake is a Neighborhood in north central Seattle Washington, USA. The University District (commonly the U District) is a neighborhood in Seattle Washington, so named because the main campus of the University of Washington  The town of South Seattle was annexed on October 20, 1905. Events 1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting  Between January 7 and September 12, 1907, Seattle nearly doubled its land area by annexing six incorporated towns and areas of unincorporated King County, including Southeast Seattle, Ravenna, South Park, Columbia, Ballard, and West Seattle. Events 1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal. 1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental Events 1213 - Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Year 1907 ( MCMVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Ravenna is a Neighborhood in northeastern Seattle Washington named after Ravenna, Italy. See also South Park (disambiguation South Park is a Neighborhood in the City of Seattle, in the US state Columbia City is a Neighborhood in the Rainier Valley area of Seattle Washington. Ballard is a Neighborhood located in the northwestern part of Seattle, Washington. West Seattle, a hilly district in Seattle, Washington, encompasses all of Seattle west of the Duwamish River.  Three years later, after having difficulties paying a $10,000 bill from the county, the town of Georgetown merged with Seattle. Georgetown is a Neighborhood in Seattle Washington, USA. It is bounded on the north by the mainlines of the BNSF Railway and Union Pacific  Finally, on January 4, 1954, the area between N. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) 85th Street and N. 145th Street was annexed, including the neighborhoods of Maple Leaf, Lake City, and Northgate. Maple Leaf is a mostly residential Neighborhood in Seattle, originally a rural suburb (subdivided c Lake City is the northeast corner of Seattle, centered along Lake City Way NE ( SR-522) 7-8 miles (11-13 km northeast of Downtown. Northgate is an informal district of Neighborhoods in north urban Seattle Washington, named for and surrounding Northgate Mall, the
Seattle mayor Greg Nickels is among those who have called Seattle "a city of neighborhoods," although the boundaries (and even names) of those neighborhoods are often open to dispute. For example, a Department of Neighborhoods spokeswoman reported that her own neighborhood has gone from "the 'CD' (Central District) to 'Madrona' to 'Greater Madison Valley' and now 'Madrona Park. '"
Over a dozen Seattle neighborhoods have Neighborhood Service Centers, originally known in 1972 as "Little City Halls" and many having street fairs and parades during the summer months.  The largest of the city's street fairs feature hundreds of craft and food booths and multiple stages with live entertainment, and draw more than 100,000 people over the course of a weekend.  In addition, at least half a dozen neighborhoods have weekly farmers' markets, some with as many as fifty vendors. 
The residents of White Center, an unincorporated neighborhood between Seattle and Burien, are in the process of deciding by which of the two cities they will be annexed. White Center is a Census-designated place (CDP in King County, Washington, United States. Burien is a city located in King County, Washington, just south of Seattle. 
The Space Needle, dating from the Century 21 Exposition (1962), is Seattle's most recognizable landmark, having been featured in the logo of the television show Frasier and the backgrounds of the television series Grey's Anatomy and iCarly, and films such as Sleepless in Seattle. This list of tallest buildings in Seattle ranks Skyscrapers in the U The Space Needle (often called just "the Needle" by locals is a Tower in Seattle Washington, and is a major landmark of the Pacific Northwest Frasier is an American sitcom, a Spin-off of Cheers starring Kelsey Grammer as Grey’s Anatomy is an American Primetime television medical drama. iCarly is a popular Television show that premiered September 8 2007 on Nickelodeon. Sleepless in Seattle is a 1993 American comedy-drama Film written and directed by Nora Ephron. The fairgrounds surrounding the Needle have been converted into Seattle Center, which remains the site of many local civic and cultural events, such as Bumbershoot, Folklife, and the Bite of Seattle. Seattle Center is a fairground, Park and arts and entertainment center in Seattle Washington. The Northwest Folklife Festival is an annual Festival of Ethnic, folk and traditional art, crafts, and Music that takes place over The Bite of Seattle is an annual Food Festival that takes place over three days in July at Seattle, Washington, USA's Seattle Center Seattle Center plays multiple roles in the city, ranging from a public fair grounds to a civic center, though recent economic losses have called its viability and future into question.  The Seattle Center Monorail was also constructed for Century 21 and still runs from Seattle Center to Westlake Center, a Downtown shopping mall, a little over a mile to the southeast. The Seattle Center Monorail is an elevated Monorail line in Seattle Washington, that runs a little over one mile along Fifth Avenue from Westlake Center Westlake Center is a four-story Shopping center and twenty-five story office tower in downtown Seattle, Washington, USA.
The Smith Tower was the tallest building on the West Coast from its completion in 1914 until the Space Needle overtook it in 1962. The Smith Tower, located in Pioneer Square, is the oldest Skyscraper in Seattle Washington.  The late 1980s saw the construction of Seattle's two tallest skyscrapers: the 76 story Columbia Center (completed 1985) is the tallest building in the Pacific Northwest and the fourth tallest building west of the Mississippi River; the Washington Mutual Tower (completed 1988) is Seattle's second tallest building. The Columbia Center (formerly the Bank of America Tower and the Columbia Seafirst Center) is the tallest Skyscraper in the downtown The Washington Mutual Tower is the second tallest Skyscraper in the downtown Seattle Skyline.  Other notable Seattle landmarks include Pike Place Market, the Fremont Troll, the Experience Music Project (at Seattle Center), and the Seattle Central Library. Pike Place Market is a Public market overlooking the Elliott Bay waterfront in Seattle Washington, United States. The Troll, also known as the Fremont Troll or the Troll Under the Bridge, is a piece of whimsical Public art in the Fremont neighborhood The Seattle Central Library is the flagship library of the Seattle Public Library system
Starbucks has been at Pike Place Market since the coffee company was founded there in 1971. The first store is still operating a block south of its original location.  Starbucks Center, the company's current headquarters, is the largest building in Seattle by volume at just over 2,000,000 square feet (186,000 m²). The Starbucks Center, world headquarters for Starbucks, is the second largest building in Seattle Washington, with over. The building, once Sears' Northwest catalog distribution center, also contains a Sears and an OfficeMax store. Sears Roebuck and Company, commonly known as Sears, is an American mid-range chain of International Department stores founded by Richard OfficeMax ( is an office supplies retailer founded in 1988 and headquartered in Naperville Illinois. 
The National Register of Historic Places has over a hundred and fifty Seattle listings. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of 
Seattle has been a regional center for the performing arts for many years. Seattle, although a relatively new city is a significant center for the Performing arts. The performing arts are those forms of Art which differ from the Plastic arts insofar as the former uses the artist's own Body, Face and presence The century-old Seattle Symphony Orchestra is among the world's most recorded  and performs primarily at Benaroya Hall. The Seattle Symphony is an American Orchestra based in Seattle Washington. Benaroya Hall is the home of the Seattle Symphony, in Downtown Seattle Washington, USA.  The Seattle Opera and Pacific Northwest Ballet, which perform at McCaw Hall (opened 2003 on the site of the former Seattle Opera House at Seattle Center), are comparably distinguished, with the Opera being particularly known for its performances of the works of Richard Wagner and the PNB School (founded in 1974) ranking as one of the top three ballet training institutions in the United States. The Seattle Opera is an Opera company located in Seattle Washington. See also Pacific Northwest Ballet (PNB is a Ballet company based in Seattle Washington in the United States. The Marion Oliver McCaw Hall is a performance hall and Opera house located in Seattle Washington.  The Seattle Youth Symphony Orchestras (SYSO) is the largest symphonic youth organization in the United States. Notes and References 
The 5th Avenue Theatre, built in 1926, stages Broadway-style musical shows featuring both local talent and international stars. The 5th Avenue Theatre is a landmark theatre located in Seattle, Washington, USA.  Seattle has "around 100" theatrical production companies and over two dozen live theatre venues, many of them associated with fringe theatre; Seattle is probably second only to New York for number of equity theaters(28 Seattle theater companies have some sort of Actors' Equity contract). Fringe theatre is a term used to describe Alternative theatre, or entertainment not of the mainstream Template talkInfobox Union for usage --> The Actors' Equity Association (AEA commonly referred to as Actors' Equity Template talkInfobox Union for usage --> The Actors' Equity Association (AEA commonly referred to as Actors' Equity In addition, the 900-seat Romanesque Revival Town Hall on First Hill hosts numerous cultural events, especially lectures and recitals. Romanesque Revival (or Neo-Romanesque) is a style of building employed in the late 19th century inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style Town Hall is a cultural center/performance hall located on Seattle Washington, USA's First Hill. .
Seattle is considered the home of grunge music because it was home to artists such as Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, and Alice in Chains, all of whom reached vast audiences in the early 1990s. Nirvana was an American rock band that was formed by singer/guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen Washington. Pearl Jam is an American rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington in 1990 Alice in Chains is an American rock band formed in Seattle Washington in  The city is also home to such varied musicians as avant-garde jazz musicians Bill Frisell and Wayne Horvitz, rapper Sir Mix-a-Lot, smooth jazz saxophonist Kenny G, Heart, heavy metal bands Queensryche and Nevermore, underground rap duos Blue Scholars and Common Market, and such poppier rock bands as Harvey Danger, Goodness and the Presidents of the United States of America. Avant-garde (avɑ̃gaʁd in French) means "advance guard" or "vanguard Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States William Richard "Bill" Frisell (born March 18, 1951) is an American Guitarist and Composer. Wayne Horvitz (born 1955 is a Composer, Keyboardist and producer Hip hop music, also referred to as rap music, is a Music genre typically consisting of a rhythmic vocal style called rap which is accompanied with Sir Mix-a-Lot or Sir Mixalot (born Anthony Ray, August 12, 1963) is a Grammy Award -winning rapper and producer Smooth jazz, also sometimes referred to as new adult contemporary music is generally described as a genre of music that utilizes instruments (and at times improvisation The saxophone (commonly referred to simply as sax) is a conical- bored transposing Musical instrument considered a member of the Woodwind Kenneth Gorelick (born June 5, 1956) better known by his Stage name Kenny G, is an American Saxophonist whose fourth Heart is a rock band whose founding members came from the Seattle, Washington, scene but came together in Vancouver, British Columbia Queensrÿche (ˈkwiːnzraɪk is an American heavy metal / Progressive metal band formed in 1981 in Bellevue Washington. Nevermore is an American metal band from Seattle, Washington assembled in 1991 from the ashes of the Power metal band Sanctuary Pop music as a genre features a noticeable rhythmic element catchy melodies and hooks, a mainstream style and conventional structure Harvey Danger is a rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington in 1992 and rose to prominence in 1998 with the single " Goodness was a rock band from Seattle Washington ( US) led by Carrie Akre, formerly of Hammerbox and now primarily a solo The Presidents of the United States of America, commonly referred to as simply The Presidents, PotUSA or PUSA, is a Grammy -nominated Such musicians as Jimi Hendrix, Duff McKagan, Nikki Sixx, and Quincy Jones spent their formative years in Seattle. James Marshall Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix) (November 27 1942 – September 18 1970 was an American Guitarist, Singer and Songwriter Michael Andrew "Duff" McKagan (born February 5 1964) is an American Musician and rock Bassist, who is best known Nikki Sixx (born Frank Carlton Serafino Feranna Jr December 11, 1958, San Jose California) is an American bassist, Quincy Delight Jones Jr (born March 14, 1933) also known as Q, is an American Music Impresario, conductor 
Since the grunge era, the area has hosted a diverse and influential alternative music scene. James Marshall Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix) (November 27 1942 – September 18 1970 was an American Guitarist, Singer and Songwriter The Seattle record label Sub Pop—the first to sign Nirvana—has signed such non-grunge bands as Modest Mouse, Murder City Devils, Sunny Day Real Estate, Death Cab for Cutie and The Postal Service. Sub Pop is an Independent record label (though funded and sharing distribution outlets with Warner Music founded by Bruce Pavitt and Jonathan Poneman Modest Mouse are an American Alternative rock band formed in 1993 in Issaquah Washington by singer/lyricist/guitarist Isaac Brock, drummer The Murder City Devils was a rock and roll band active between 1996 and 2001 Sunny Day Real Estate was an Indie rock band formed in Seattle Washington. Death Cab for Cutie is an American Indie rock band formed in Bellingham, The Postal Service is an American electronic Indie pop band composed of vocalist Ben Gibbard of Death Cab for Cutie and producer 
Earlier Seattle-based popular music acts include the collegiate folk group The Brothers Four; The Wailers, a 1960s garage band; The Ventures, an instrumental rock band; the Allies and the Heaters (later "the Heats"), 1980s teen-pop bands; from that same era, the more sophisticated pop of the short-lived Visible Targets and the still-performing Young Fresh Fellows and Posies; and the pop-punk of The Fastbacks and the outright punk of The Fartz (later 10 Minute Warning), The Gits, and Seven Year Bitch. The Brothers Four are an American folk group founded in 1957 in Seattle Washington. The Wailers were an American Rock band from Tacoma, Washington. The Ventures are an American Instrumental rock band formed in 1958 in Tacoma, Washington. The Young Fresh Fellows are an American Alternative rock group that formed in 1982 in Seattle Washington by Scott McCaughey; original The Fastbacks were a pioneering Seattle band Formed in 1979 by songwriter/guitarist Kurt Bloch (born August 28 1960) and friends The Fartz (pronounced "the farts" originally formed in 1981 and were one of the first well known Hardcore bands from Seattle, Washington. The Gits were an American Punk rock band formed in Seattle Washington in 1986 and active until 1993 7 Year Bitch was a Punk rock band from Seattle Washington that was active between 1990 and 1997 
Spoken word and poetry are staples of Seattle arts, paralleling the explosion of the independent music scene during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Spoken word is a form of literary Art or artistic performance in which Lyrics, Poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung In Popular music, independent music, often abbreviated as indie, is a term used to describe independence from major commercial record labels and an autonomous Seattle's performance poetry blossomed with the importation of the poetry slam from Chicago (its origin) by Paul Granert. A poetry slam is a competition at which poets read or recite original work (or more rarely that of others This and the proliferation of weekly readings, open mics, and poetry-friendly club venues like the Weathered Wall, the OK Hotel, and the Ditto Tavern (all now defunct), allowed spoken-word/performance poetry to take off. Seattle annually sends a team of slammers to the National Poetry Slam and considers itself home of some of the most talented performance poets in the world: Buddy Wakefield, two-time Individual World Poetry Slam Champ; Anis Mojgani, two-time National Poetry Slam Champ; and Danny Sherrard, 2007 National Poetry Slam Champ. Buddy Wakefield (born June 4 1974 is a Spoken word poet signed to Sage Francis ' record label Strange Famous Records. Anis Mojgani (born June 13 1977) is a Spoken word poet Visual artist and musician based in Portland, Oregon.  Seattle also hosted the 2001 national Poetry Slam Tournament. The Seattle Poetry Festival is a biennial poetry festival that (launched first as the Poetry Circus in 1997) has featured local, regional, national, and international names in poetry. 
The city also has a large number of movie houses showing both Hollywood productions and works by independent filmmakers. An independent film, or indie film, is a film that is produced outside of the Hollywood Studio system, a series of oligopolistic practices by several Among these, the Seattle Cinerama stands out as one of only three movie theaters in the world still capable of showing three-panel Cinerama films. The Seattle Cinerama Theatre is a landmark Movie theater located in the Belltown neighborhood of Seattle, Washington in the United States Cinerama is the trademarked name for a Widescreen process which works by simultaneously projecting images from three synchronized 35 mm projectors onto a huge deeply-curved
Among Seattle's known annual cultural events and fairs are the 24-day Seattle International Film Festival, Northwest Folklife over the Memorial Day week, numerous Seafair events throughout July and August (ranging from a Bon Odori celebration to hydroplane races), and the Bite of Seattle. The Seattle International Film Festival (SIFF held annually in Seattle Washington, is the largest Film festival in the United States and among the top film festivals The Northwest Folklife Festival is an annual Festival of Ethnic, folk and traditional art, crafts, and Music that takes place over Memorial Day is a United States Federal holiday observed on the last Monday of May (on May in) Seafair is a Summer Festival in Seattle, Washington, USA that encompasses a wide variety of small Neighborhood events leading For the spanish municipality see Obón. or just is a Japanese Buddhist custom to honor the departed (deceased Spirits A hydroplane (or hydro, or thunderboat) is a type of Motorboat used exclusively for racing Bumbershoot programs music over the Labor Day weekend, as well as other arts and entertainment. Bumbershoot is also another name for an Umbrella. Bumbershoot is an annual international music and arts Festival held in Labor Day is a United States Federal holiday observed on the first Monday in September All are typically attended by 100,000 people annually, as are Hempfest and two separate Independence Day celebrations. Seattle Hempfest is an annual event in Seattle, Washington, the world's largest annual gathering advocating Decriminalization of marijuana for In the United States, Independence Day, commonly known as the Fourth of July (or the Fourth) is a Federal holiday commemorating the adoption 
Other significant events include numerous Native American powwows, a Greek Festival hosted by St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church in Montlake, and numerous ethnic festivals (many associated with Festál at Seattle Center). Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States Saint Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church is a church in Seattle Washington. Montlake is an affluent residential neighborhood in central Seattle. Festál at Seattle Center is a program of annual ethnically -related festivals that take place on the grounds of Seattle Center in Seattle Washington 
There are other annual events, ranging from the Seattle Antiquarian Book Fair & Book Arts Show; an anime convention, Sakura-Con; Penny Arcade Expo, a gaming convention; and specialized film festivals, such as the Seattle Gay and Lesbian Film Festival, to a two-day, 9,000-rider Seattle to Portland bicycle ride and a Gay Pride parade and festival. (anime in Japanese, Sakura-Con is an Annual three-day Anime convention held during March or April at the Washington State Convention and Trade Center in Seattle The Penny Arcade Expo ( PAX) is an annual gamer festival held in Washington state, USA A film festival is the presentation or showcasing of Films in one or more Movie theaters or screening venues The Seattle to Portland Bicycle Classic, or STP, is an annual one and two day supported bicycle ride from Seattle, Washington to Portland, LGBT pride or gay pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that LGBT ( Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and In the past, the Gay Pride parade and festival have been centred on Capitol Hill. Since 2006, festivities have been held city-wide, and the parade has followed a route in Downtown to the Seattle Center amusement park. 
The Henry Art Gallery opened in 1927, the first public art museum in Washington. The Henry Art Gallery (" The Henry " is the Art museum of the University of Washington in Seattle Washington, USA  The Seattle Art Museum (SAM) opened in 1933; SAM opened a museum downtown in 1991 (expanded and reopened 2007); since 1991, the 1933 building has been SAM's Seattle Asian Art Museum (SAAM). The Seattle Art Museum (commonly known as "SAM" is an Art museum located in Seattle, Washington, USA The Seattle Asian Art Museum is a Museum of Asian art located inside Volunteer Park on Seattle, Washington USA's Capitol Hill  SAM also operates the Olympic Sculpture Park (opened 2007) on the waterfront north of the downtown piers. The Olympic Sculpture Park is a Public park in Seattle Washington that opened on January 20 2007 The Frye Art Museum is a free museum on First Hill. The Frye Art Museum is an Art museum located in the First Hill neighborhood of Seattle, Washington, USA. First Hill is a Neighborhood in Seattle Washington, named for the hill on which it is located
Regional history collections are at the Loghouse Museum in Alki, Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park, the Museum of History and Industry and the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park commemorating the Klondike Gold Rush of the late 1890s The Museum of History and Industry (MOHAI is a Museum in the Montlake neighborhood of Seattle, Washington, USA, dedicated to the The Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture has been a Washington state museum since 1899 Industry collections are at the Center for Wooden Boats, the Seattle Metropolitan Police Museum, and the Museum of Flight. The Center for Wooden Boats is a place where urban residents of Seattle and the greater Pacific Northwest can watch their sails instead of their cells The Seattle Police Department ( SPD) is the principal law enforcement agency of the city of Seattle Washington, except for the campus of the University The Museum of Flight is a private non-profit air and space Museum at King County International Airport/Boeing Field in Tukwila Washington Regional ethnic collections include the Nordic Heritage Museum and the Wing Luke Asian Museum. The Nordic Heritage Museum is a Museum in the Ballard neighborhood of Seattle, Washington, USA. The Wing Luke Asian Museum is a Museum dedicated to engaging the public in exploring issues related to the culture art and history of Asian Pacific Americans It is
Seattle has artist-run galleries, including 10-year veteran Soil Art Gallery, and the newer Crawl Space Gallery. SOIL Art Gallery is an artist-run Not-for-profit gallery in Seattle, Washington, USA. 
Woodland Park Zoo opened as a private menagerie in 1889, but was sold to the city in 1899. Menagerie is the term for a historical form of keeping wild and exotic animals in human captivity and therefore a predecessor of the modern Zoological garden.  The Seattle Aquarium has been open on the downtown waterfront since 1977 (undergoing a renovation 2006). The Seattle Aquarium is a public Aquarium located on Pier 59 on Seattle, USA 's Elliot Bay waterfront  The Seattle Underground Tour, an exhibit of places that existed before the Great Fire, is also popular. The Seattle Underground is a network of underground passageways and basements in downtown Seattle Washington, United States that was ground level at the city's  There are also many community centers for recreation, including Rainier Beach, Van Asselt, Rainier, and Jefferson south of the Ship Canal and Green Lake, Laurelhurst, Loyal Heights north of the Canal, and Meadowbrook. Seattle Washington is home to many Community centers that provide Recreation for the populace 
|Seattle Seahawks||Football||NFL||Qwest Field||1976||0|
|Seattle Mariners||Baseball||MLB||Safeco Field||1977||0|
|Seattle SuperSonics||Basketball||NBA||Key Arena||1967||1|
|Seattle Storm||Basketball||WNBA||Key Arena||2000||1|
|Seattle Thunderbirds||Ice Hockey||WHL||Key Arena||1977||0|
|Seattle Sounders||Soccer||USL-1||Qwest Field||1994||4|
|Seattle Sounders FC||Soccer||Major League Soccer||Qwest Field||2009||N/A|
Seattle's professional sports history began at the start of the 20th century with the PCHA's Seattle Metropolitans, which in 1917 became the first American hockey team to win the Stanley Cup. Major professional teams The first professional team to play in Seattle was the PCHA Seattle Metropolitans, which played in the Seattle Ice Arena The Seattle Seahawks are a professional American football team based in Seattle Washington, USA American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. Qwest Field is a multipurpose Stadium located in Seattle Washington, USA The Seattle Mariners are an American professional baseball team based in Seattle, Washington, United States. Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each Safeco Field, sometimes referred to as Safeco or The Safe, is a Retractable roof Baseball stadium located in Seattle Washington The Seattle SuperSonics (also called the Seattle Sonics) were an American professional Basketball team based in Seattle Washington that played Basketball is a team Sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 feet (3 m KeyArena at Seattle Center, also known as KeyArena is located north of downtown Seattle, USA on the grounds of Seattle Center (the site of 1962 The Seattle Storm is a Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA team based in Seattle Washington. Basketball is a team Sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 feet (3 m KeyArena at Seattle Center, also known as KeyArena is located north of downtown Seattle, USA on the grounds of Seattle Center (the site of 1962 The Seattle Thunderbirds are a Junior ice hockey team in Seattle, Washington that belongs to the Western Hockey League. Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice. This article refers to the junior Western Hockey League For other leagues with the same name see Western Hockey League (disambiguation. KeyArena at Seattle Center, also known as KeyArena is located north of downtown Seattle, USA on the grounds of Seattle Center (the site of 1962 For other teams using this name see Seattle Sounders (NASL and Seattle Sounders FC. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered History In 1996 the United Systems of Independent Soccer Leagues established the new Select League consisting of its strongest teams from its professional FIFA Qwest Field is a multipurpose Stadium located in Seattle Washington, USA For other teams using this name see Seattle Sounders (NASL and Seattle Sounders (USL. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Major League Soccer ( MLS) is the top-flight professional Soccer league in the United States and Canada with 14 teams 13 in the U Qwest Field is a multipurpose Stadium located in Seattle Washington, USA Safeco Field, sometimes referred to as Safeco or The Safe, is a Retractable roof Baseball stadium located in Seattle Washington The Seattle Mariners are an American professional baseball team based in Seattle, Washington, United States. The Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA was a professional men's Ice hockey league in western Canada and the western United States, which operated from The Seattle Metropolitans were a professional Ice hockey team based in Seattle Washington which played in the Pacific Coast Hockey Association from The Stanley Cup (La Coupe Stanley is an Ice hockey club championship Trophy, awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL playoffs champion  Today Seattle has teams in nearly every major professional sport. The four major professional teams are the 1979 National Basketball Association champions Seattle SuperSonics, the National Football League's Seattle Seahawks, Major League Baseball's Seattle Mariners, and the 2004 Women's National Basketball Association champions, Seattle Storm. The Seattle SuperSonics (also called the Seattle Sonics) were an American professional Basketball team based in Seattle Washington that played The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. The Seattle Seahawks are a professional American football team based in Seattle Washington, USA The Seattle Mariners are an American professional baseball team based in Seattle, Washington, United States. The Seattle Storm is a Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA team based in Seattle Washington.  However, the ownership of the SuperSonics is currently trying to move the team to Oklahoma City. Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the US state of Oklahoma.  The Seattle Sounders currently play in the United Soccer League, but will be replaced by Seattle Sounders FC, which will play in Major League Soccer in 2009. For other teams using this name see Seattle Sounders (NASL and Seattle Sounders FC. History In 1996 the United Systems of Independent Soccer Leagues established the new Select League consisting of its strongest teams from its professional FIFA For other teams using this name see Seattle Sounders (NASL and Seattle Sounders (USL. Major League Soccer ( MLS) is the top-flight professional Soccer league in the United States and Canada with 14 teams 13 in the U  The Seattle Thunderbirds are a major-junior hockey team that plays in the one of the Canadian major-junior hockey leagues, the WHL (Western Hockey League). The Seattle Thunderbirds are a Junior ice hockey team in Seattle, Washington that belongs to the Western Hockey League. The Thunderbirds currently play in the KeyArena, but beginning in the 2008–2009 season will play in nearby Kent, Washington. KeyArena at Seattle Center, also known as KeyArena is located north of downtown Seattle, USA on the grounds of Seattle Center (the site of 1962 Kent is a city located in King County Washington, United States. 
Seattle also boasts a strong history in collegiate sports, the NCAA Division I school University of Washington and the NCAA Division II schools Seattle Pacific University and Seattle University. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Division I (or D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States Division II (or DII) is an intermediate-level division of competition in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. The Major League Baseball All-Star game was held in Seattle twice, first at the Kingdome in 1979 and again at Safeco Field in 2001. The NBA All-Star game was also held in Seattle twice, the first in 1974 at the Seattle Center Coliseum and the second in 1987 at the Kingdome. 
In 2006, the new Qwest Field (Seattle Seahawks Stadium) hosted the 2005-06 NFC Championship. Qwest Field is a multipurpose Stadium located in Seattle Washington, USA The National Football League playoffs following the 2005 National Football League season led up to Super Bowl XL. In 2008, Qwest Field hosted the first game of the 2007-08 NFL playoffs, in which the hometown Seahawks defeated the Washington Redskins, 35 - 14. The National Football League playoffs for the 2007 season lead up to Super Bowl XLII on February 3 2008 at University of Phoenix
Seattle's cool mild climate allows outdoor recreation including walking, cycling, hiking, skiing, snowboarding, boating, team sports, and swimming.  In town many people walk around Green Lake, through the forests and along the bluffs and beaches of 535-acre (2. 2 km²) Discovery Park (the largest park in the city) in Magnolia, along the shores of Myrtle Edwards Park on the Downtown waterfront, or along Alki Beach in West Seattle. Also popular are hikes and skiing in the nearby Cascade or Olympic Mountains and kayaking and sailing in the waters of Puget Sound, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Strait of Georgia. The Strait of Juan de Fuca (also called Juan de Fuca Strait) is a large body of water about long forming the principal outlet for the Georgia Strait and Puget The Strait of Georgia or the Georgia Strait (also known as the Gulf of Georgia) is a Strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby
Seattle's two major daily newspapers—the Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer—share their advertising, circulation, and business departments under a Joint Operating Agreement. Seattle Washington supports a multitude of media from long-established Newspapers television and Radio stations to a continually evolving panoply of smaller The Seattle Times, one of two daily Newspapers serving Seattle Washington, United States, is the largest daily newspaper in the state of The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (popularly known as "the P-I" is one of two daily Newspapers in Seattle Washington, United States. The Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970 was an Act of the United States Congress, signed by President Richard Nixon, that authorized the formation  There is also a Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce,, and the University of Washington publishes The Daily, a daily (when school is in session) student run publication. The Daily of the University of Washington, formerly known as The University of Washington Daily and usually referred to in Seattle simply as The most prominent weeklies are the Seattle Weekly and The Stranger. Seattle Weekly is a freely distributed Newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. The Stranger is an Alternative weekly newspaper in Seattle Washington, USA noted for its Social commentary, Political opinion Both consider themselves "alternative" papers. An alternative newspaper is a type of Newspaper that eschews comprehensive coverage of general news in favor of opinionated Reviews and columns  Real Change is a weekly street newspaper that is sold mainly by homeless persons as an alternative to panhandling. Real Change is a weekly Street newspaper based in Seattle Washington, USA, with an unusual distribution model Street newspapers are Newspapers that provide employment opportunities community and a voice to homeless and other economically vulnerable people Homelessness is the condition and social category of people who lack housing because they cannot afford or are otherwise unable to maintain regular safe and adequate shelter "Beggar" redirects here Distinguish from Begga and Bega. There are also several ethnic newspapers, including the Northwest Asian Weekly, and numerous neighborhood newspapers, including the North Seattle Journal. The Northwest Asian Weekly is a weekly Asian American Newspaper based in Seattle Washington 's International District. The North Seattle Journal is a community newspaper in Seattle serving the neighborhoods of Broadview, Greenwood, Crown Hill,
Seattle is also well served by television and radio, with all major U. S. networks represented, along with at least five other English-language stations and two Spanish-language stations.  Seattle cable viewers also receive CBUT 2 (CBC) from Vancouver, British Columbia. CBUT is the CBC 's Television station in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and the flagship CBC-TV station for the Pacific Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal
Leading non-commercial radio stations include NPR affiliates KUOW-FM 94. KUOW-FM (949 FM broadcasting) is a National Public Radio affiliate Radio station in Seattle, Washington. 9 and KPLU-FM 88. KPLU-FM (885 MHz is a National Public Radio member station in Tacoma, Washington, USA owned and operated by Pacific Lutheran University. 5 (Tacoma). Other notable stations include KEXP-FM 90. KEXP (903 FM) is a public Radio station based in Seattle Washington, that specializes in independent and Alternative rock programmed 3 (affiliated with EMP), KBCS-FM 91. KBCS-FM (913 FM) is a noncommercial community Radio station serving the Puget Sound region of Seattle, Washington 3 (affiliated with Bellevue Community College), and KNHC-FM 89. Bellevue Community College ( BCC) is a Community college located in Bellevue Washington, a suburb of Seattle. KNHC ( C-895) is a student-run Class C1 Non-Commercial FM radio station based in Seattle Washington, primarily broadcasting dance 5, which broadcasts an electronic music format and is owned by the public school system and operated by students of Nathan Hale High School. Electronic music is music that employs Electronic musical instruments and Electronic Music technology in its production Many Seattle radio stations are also available through Internet radio, with KEXP in particular being a pioneer of Internet radio. Internet radio (also known as web radio, net radio, streaming radio and e-radio) is an audio Broadcasting service transmitted via  Seattle also has numerous commercial radio stations, including KING-FM, one of the last commercial classical music stations in the United States. KING-FM is a Classical music Radio station in Seattle, Washington. 
On the Internet, Seattle is covered by Seattle Indymedia, a co-op started in 1999 which has since spread to many cities around the world, by Seattle24x7. The Independent Media Center (aka Indymedia or IMC) is a global participatory network of journalists that reports on political and social issues com, a local online business community since 1999, and numerous blogs, including Seattlest, Seattle Metroblogging, and The Slog (The Stranger's blog). A blog (a contraction of the term " Web log " is a Web site, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary descriptions of Gothamistcom is a Blog based in New York City that focuses on news events food and other local coverage
Seattle is also home to a large number of publications about the environment and sustainability, including both Worldchanging and Grist. Worldchanging is an American non-profit online magazine and Blog about Sustainability and Social innovation. org, the nation's two largest online green magazines.
Five companies on the 2006 Fortune 500 list of the United States' largest companies, based on total revenue, are headquartered in Seattle: financial services company Washington Mutual (#99), Internet retailer Amazon. This is a list of large or well-known interstate or international companies headquartered in Seattle Please do not add the complete list of fortune 500 companies The list is copyrighted by Fortune which makes money by selling the content Washington Mutual Inc (abbreviated to WaMu) ( is a savings bank holding company and the former owner of Washington Mutual Savings Bank, which was the com (#272), department store Nordstrom (#293), coffee chain Starbucks (#338), and insurance company Safeco Corporation (#339). Safeco Corporation ( was the 23rd largest American national Insurance company Just shy of making the list is global logistics firm Expeditors International (#506). Expeditors International of Washington Inc is a global Logistics and Freight forwarding company based in Seattle Washington, USA.  Other Fortune 500 companies popularly associated with Seattle are based in nearby Puget Sound cities. Warehouse club chain Costco Wholesale Corp. (#28), the largest company in Washington, is based in Issaquah. Costco Wholesale Corporation ( is the largest membership Warehouse club chain in the world based on sales volume headquartered in Issaquah Washington, Issaquah (iss-ah-quah/ˈɪsəkwɑː/ is a city in King County, Washington, United States. Microsoft (#48), Nintendo of America, and cellular telephone pioneer McCaw Cellular (part of AT&T Wireless until it was acquired by Cingular Wireless and finally merged into the new AT&T), are all located in Redmond. is a Multinational corporation headquartered in Kyoto Japan founded on AT&T Wireless Services Inc, formerly part of AT&T Corp, was a Wireless Telephone carrier in the United States, based in Redmond Washington Redmond is a city in King County, Washington, According to the Washington State Office of Financial Management's April 1 2008 estimate the city has a population Weyerhaeuser, the forest products company (#90), is based in Federal Way. Weyerhaeuser is one of the largest pulp and paper companies in the world the world's largest private owner of Softwood Timberland Finally, Bellevue is home to truck manufacturer PACCAR (#157) and to international mobile telephony giant T-Mobile's U. Bellevue ( "BELL-view") is a rapidly growing city in King County, Washington, U Paccar Inc is the third largest Manufacturer of heavy-duty Trucks in the world (after Daimler AG and Volvo) and has substantial S. subsidiary T-Mobile USA. 
Prior to moving its headquarters to Chicago, aerospace manufacturer Boeing (#26) was the largest company based in Seattle. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Its largest division is still headquartered in nearby Renton, and the company has large aircraft manufacturing plants in Everett and Renton, so it remains the largest private employers in the Seattle metropolitan area.  Seattle Mayor Greg Nickels announced a desire to spark a new economic boom driven by the biotechnology industry in 2006. Biotechnology is Technology based on Biology, especially when used in Agriculture, Food science, and Medicine. Major redevelopment of the South Lake Union neighborhood is underway in an effort to attract new and established biotech companies to the city, joining biotech companies Corixa (acquired by GlaxoSmithKline), Immunex (now part of Amgen), and ZymoGenetics. South Lake Union is a Neighborhood in Seattle Washington, so named because it is at the south tip of Lake Union. This article is about the biotech corporation For the style fly tying see Fly lure Corixa was a Biotechnology / Pharmaceutical GlaxoSmithKline plc () is a United Kingdom -based pharmaceutical, biological and Healthcare Company. Vulcan Inc., the holding company of billionaire Paul Allen, is behind most of the development projects in the region. Vulcan Inc was founded in 1986 by Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft, to manage his investments Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21 1953 is an American computer programmer and entrepreneur who co-founded Microsoft with Bill Gates. While some see the new development as an economic boon, others have criticized Nickels and the Seattle City Council for pandering to Allen's interests at taxpayers' expense.  Also in 2006, Expansion Magazine ranked Seattle among the top 10 metropolitan areas in the nation for climates favorable to business expansion.  In 2005, Forbes ranked Seattle as the most expensive American city for buying a house based on the local income levels. Forbes is an American Publishing and media company Its flagship publication Forbes magazine is published bi-weekly 
Alaska Airlines, operating a hub at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, maintains headquarters in the city of SeaTac, next to the airport. Alaska Airlines, ( is an airline based in SeaTac, Washington, United States, near Seattle. Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, also known as Sea-Tac Airport, is located in SeaTac, Washington, United States at the intersections SeaTac is a city and outlying Suburb of Seattle, located in the southern section of King County in Washington State. 
In the census of 2000, there were 563,374 people in Seattle. Population As of the US Census of 2000 there were 563374 people 258499 households and 113481 families residing in the city of Seattle. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population In the interim measurements of 2006, there were 582,454 people, 258,499 households, and 113,400 families residing in Seattle. The racial makeup of the city was 67. 1 percent White, 16. 6 percent Asian, 9. 7 percent African American, 2. 38 percent from other races, 1. 00 percent Native American, 0. 50 percent Pacific Islander, and 4. 46 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6. 3 percent of the population. 11. 3% were of German, 9. German Americans ( German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of Ethnic German ancestry 1% Irish, 8. Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánach are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in Ireland. 1% English and 5. The English people (from the adjective in Englisc) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to England who predominantly speak English 0% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000. Norwegian Americans (norskamerikanere are Americans of Norwegian descent 80. 1% spoke English, 4. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States 2% Spanish, 2. 3% Chinese or Mandarin, 2. Standard Mandarin, also known as Standard Spoken Chinese, is the official modern Chinese spoken language used in mainland China and Taiwan Standard Mandarin, also known as Standard Spoken Chinese, is the official modern Chinese spoken language used in mainland China and Taiwan 0% Tagalog and 1. Tagalog is one of the major languages used in the Philippines. 9% Vietnamese as their first language. Vietnamese ( tiếng Việt, or less commonly Việt ngữ) formerly known under French colonization as Annamese ( see Annam) Seattle has seen a major increase in legal and illegal immigration in recent decades. American immigration ( emigration to the United States of America) refers to the movement of non-residents to the United States. Illegal immigration to the United States refers to the act of foreign nationals voluntarily resettling in the United States in violation of U The foreign-born population increased 40 percent between the 1990 and 2000 censuses.
As of 1999, the median income for a household in the city is $45,736 and the median income for a family is $62,195. Males have a median income of $40,929 versus $35,134 for females. The per capita income for the city is $30,306 11. 8 percent of the population and 6. 9 percent of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 13. 8 percent are under the age of 18 and 10. 2 percent are 65 or older. .
It is estimated that King County has 8,000 homeless on any given night, and many of those live in Seattle. In September 2005, King County adopted a "Ten-Year Plan to End Homelessness", one of the near-term results of which is a shift of funding from homeless shelter beds to permanent housing. Homeless shelters are temporary residences for homeless people
In 2006, after growing by 4,000 citizens per year for the previous 16 years, regional planners expect the population of Seattle to grow by 200,000 people by 2040. However, Mayor Nickels supports plans that would increase the population by 60 percent, or 350,000 people, by 2040 and is working on ways to accommodate this growth while keeping Seattle's single-family housing zoning laws.  The Seattle City Council later voted to relax height limits on buildings in the greater part of Downtown, partly with the aim of increasing residential density in the city center. 
A 2006 study by UCLA suggests that Seattle has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita. The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United LGBT (also GLBT) is an initialism referring collectively to Lesbian, Gay, bisexual, and Transgender / transsexual With 12. 9% of citizens polled identifying as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, the city ranks 2nd of all major US cities behind San Francisco and slightly ahead of Atlanta. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city  The Seattle metropolitan area also ranks 2nd of all major metropolitan areas with 6. 5% being LGBT.
According to the 2000 US census, revised in 2004, Seattle has the 5th highest proportion of single-person households nationwide among cities of 100,000 or more residents, at 40. 8 per cent. 
In 2005, Men's Fitness magazine named Seattle the fittest city in the United States. Men’s Fitness is a men’s magazine published by American Media Inc Physical fitness is used in two close meanings general fitness (a state of Health and well-being and specific fitness (a task-oriented definition based on the ability 
Seattle is a charter city, with a Mayor–Council form of government. The Government and politics of Seattle Washington is a charter city with a Mayor-Council form of government unlike many of its neighbors that use the Council-Manager The Mayor-Council government system sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system is one of two variations of Government used for the most part in modern Seattle's mayor and nine city council members are elected at large, rather than by geographic subdivisions. A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. The only other elected offices are the city attorney and Municipal Court judges. A district attorney (DA is in some US jurisdictions the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of alleged criminals All offices are non-partisan. Non-partisan democracy (also no-party democracy) is a system of representative government or organization such that universal and periodic Elections 
Seattle's politics are strongly progressive, although there is a small libertarian movement within the metro area. Libertarianism is a term used by a broad spectrum of political philosophies which prioritize individual Liberty and seek to minimize or even abolish the  Only two precincts in Seattle—one located in the exclusive Broadmoor community, and one encompassing neighboring Madison Park—voted for Republican George W. Bush in the 2004 presidential election. Broadmoor is a Gated residential community of 85 acres (340000 m² and Golf course of 115 acres (465000 m² in Seattle Washington, USA Madison Park is an 83 acre (34000 m² Park in the Madison Park Neighborhood of Seattle Washington, located between the western shore George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. The United States presidential election of 2004 was held on Tuesday November 2, 2004, to elect the President of the United States.  In partisan elections, such as for the Washington State Legislature and United States Congress, nearly all elections are won by Democrats. The Washington State Legislature is the state legislature of the U The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Seattle dominates Washington's 7th congressional district, in which Representative Jim McDermott, one of Congress' most liberal members, routinely wins by a large margin. The Seventh Congressional District of Washington encompasses most of Seattle and Vashon Island and portions of Shoreline, Tukwila For the illustrator see Jim McDermott (illustrator. James Adelbert "Jim" McDermott (born December 28 1936
Of the city's population over the age of 25, 47. Education in Seattle is an important part of many Seattleite's lives particularly due to the high concentration of technology engineering and other jobs that require advanced 2 percent (vs. a national average of 24 percent) hold a bachelor's degree or higher; 93 percent (vs. A bachelor's degree is usually an Undergraduate Academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three four or in some cases and 80 percent nationally) have a high school diploma or equivalent. General Educational Development (or GED) tests are a group of five tests which (when passed certifies that the taker has American or Canadian High In fact, United States Census Bureau survey showed that Seattle has the highest percentage of college graduates of any major U. S. city.  Seattle was listed as the most literate of the country's sixty-nine largest cities in 2005 and 2006 and second most literate in 2007 in a study conducted by Central Connecticut State University. 
Seattle Public Schools desegregated without a court order but continue to struggle to achieve racial balance in a somewhat ethnically divided city (the south part of town having more ethnic minorities than the north). Suzzallo Library is the central Library of the University of Washington in Seattle, and perhaps the most recognizable building on campus Seattle Public Schools is the School district serving Seattle, Washington, USA  In 2006, Seattle's racial tie-breaking system was struck down by the United States Supreme Court, but the ruling left the door open for desegregation formulae based on other indicators (e. g. , income or socioeconomic class). 
The public school system is supplemented by a moderate number of private schools: five of the private high schools are Catholic, one is Lutheran, and six are secular. 
Seattle is home to one of the United States's most respected public research universities, the University of Washington. See Washington (disambiguation for other uses The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research University A study by Newsweek International in 2006 cited UW as the twenty-second best university in the world.  Seattle also has a number of smaller private universities including Seattle University and Seattle Pacific University, both founded by religious groups; universities aimed at the working adult, like City University and Antioch University; and a number of arts colleges, such as Cornish College of the Arts and Art Institute of Seattle. Seattle University is a Nonprofit Jesuit Catholic University in the United States. Seattle Pacific University (SPU is a Christian University of the Liberal arts, Sciences and professions located on the north slope of City University of Seattle, also known as CityU, is a private not-for-profit institution of higher learning based in Bellevue Washington, a Suburban Antioch University is a six-campus American university with campuses in four states Cornish College of the Arts is a fully accredited institution in the Denny Triangle and Capitol Hill neighborhoods of Seattle Washington, USA Art Institute of Seattle may refer to The Art Institute of Seattle, a for-profit institution offering associate and bachelor degrees in various fields which In 2001, Time magazine selected Seattle Central Community College as best college of the year, stating the school "pushes diverse students to work together in small teams". Seattle Central Community College (SCCC is a Community college located in Seattle Washington, in the Capitol Hill neighborhood 
Group Health Cooperative is a leading proponent and developer of managed care in the northwest, and the University of Washington is consistently ranked among the country's top leading institutions in medical research. This is the main article on the medical facilities of Seattle Washington. Group Health Cooperative, based in Seattle Washington, is a consumer-governed nonprofit healthcare system Seattle has seen local developments of modern paramedic services with the establishment of Medic One in 1970. Medic One can refer to the Emergency medical service program ( Paramedics EMTs in Seattle Washington, USA to the approach to emergency medical  In 1974, a 60 Minutes story on the success of the then four-year-old Medic One paramedic system called Seattle "the best place in the world to have a heart attack". Not to be confused with the BBC news magazine program Sixty Minutes (TV series. 
Three of Seattle's largest medical centers are located on First Hill. Harborview Medical Center, the public county hospital, is the only Level I trauma hospital serving Washington, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho. Harborview Medical Center, located on Seattle 's First Hill, is a public hospital in King County Washington and is managed by the University of A trauma center is a Hospital equipped to provide comprehensive Emergency medical services to patients suffering traumatic injuries A trauma center is a Hospital equipped to provide comprehensive Emergency medical services to patients suffering traumatic injuries  Virginia Mason Medical Center and Swedish Medical Center's two largest campuses are also located in this part of Seattle. Virginia Mason Medical Center (VMMC, founded in 1920 is a private non-profit organization located on Seattle Washington 's First Hill offering a system of integrated This article refers to the hospital in Seattle Washington For the hospital in Englewood Colorado see Swedish Medical Center (Colorado. This concentration of hospitals resulted in the neighborhood's nickname "Pill Hill". 
Located in the Laurelhurst neighborhood, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center is the pediatric referral center for Washington, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho. Laurelhurst is an affluent residential Neighborhood in Seattle Washington, USA The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has a campus in the Eastlake neighborhood and also shares facilities with the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance and University of Washington Medical Center. Nobel Prize Recipients The Hutchinson Center is home to three recipients of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. The University District is home to the University of Washington Medical Center which, along with Harborview, is operated by the University of Washington. The University of Washington Medical Center is a nationally renowned Hospital located along the Montlake Cut and Portage Bay in the University District Seattle is also served by a Veterans Affairs hospital on Beacon Hill, a third campus of Swedish in Ballard, and Northwest Hospital and Medical Center near Northgate Mall. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs ( VA) is a government-run military Veteran benefit system with Cabinet -level status Northwest Hospital and Medical Center, opened in 1960, is a large nonprofit Health care provider located on 33 acres (13 hectares in Seattle Washington Northgate Mall is a Shopping mall in the Northgate district of north urban Seattle Washington.
Even though Seattle is old enough that railways and streetcars once dominated its transportation system, the city is now largely dominated by automobiles. Seattle is also serviced by an extensive network of bus routes and two commuter rail routes connecting it to many of its suburbs. Washington State Ferries, the largest ferry system in the US, connects neighboring island communities with downtown. This page is about the ferry system operated by the state of Washington
The first streetcars appeared in 1889 and were instrumental in the creation of a relatively well-defined downtown and strong neighborhoods at the end of their lines. The advent of the automobile sounded the death knell for rail in Seattle. Tacoma–Seattle railway service ended in 1929 and the Everett–Seattle service came to an end in 1939, replaced by inexpensive automobiles running on the recently developed highway system. Rails on city streets were paved over or removed, and the arrival of trolleybuses brought the end of streetcars in Seattle in 1941. This left an extensive network of privately owned buses (later public) as the only mass transit within the city and throughout the region. 
Seattle is serviced by three transit authorities. King County Metro provides frequent stop bus service within the city and surrounding county and a streetcar line between South Lake Union and Westlake Center, the South Lake Union Streetcar. There are also other systems named Metro Transit Metro Transit, or Metro for short is the Public transit authority of A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train South Lake Union is a Neighborhood in Seattle Washington, so named because it is at the south tip of Lake Union. "SLUT" redirects here For "Slut" see Slut (disambiguation.  Seattle is one of the few cities in North America whose bus fleet includes electric trolleybuses. Sound Transit currently operates express bus service; a commuter rail service, the Sounder between the suburbs and Downtown; and, beginning in the summer of 2009, a light rail service, Link Light Rail, between Downtown and Sea–Tac Airport. Sound Transit has been the popular name of Washington state's Central Puget Sound Regional Transit Authority since 1996 Commuter rail, regional rail or suburban rail is a Passenger rail transport service between a city center and outer suburbs and Commuter towns Service History North Line The Everett to Seattle line started with a Seahawks Game train on December 21, 2003. For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. Sound Transit Link Light Rail is a rapid transit project under construction for the Greater Seattle region Finally, Washington State Ferries, which manages the largest network of ferries in the United States and third largest in the world, connects Seattle to Bainbridge and Vashon Islands in Puget Sound and to Bremerton and Southworth on the Kitsap Peninsula. This page is about the ferry system operated by the state of Washington Bainbridge Island is an Island in Puget Sound, and is an incorporated city in Kitsap County, Washington, United States. Vashon is a Census-designated place (CDP in King County, Washington, United States. Bremerton is a city in Kitsap County, Washington, United States. Southworth is an unincorporated community on Puget Sound in Kitsap County, Washington, United States. The Kitsap Peninsula is an arm of land that is part of the larger Olympic Peninsula in Washington 
Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, locally known as Sea–Tac Airport and located just south in the neighboring city of SeaTac, is operated by the Port of Seattle and provides commercial air service to destinations throughout the world. Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, also known as Sea-Tac Airport, is located in SeaTac, Washington, United States at the intersections SeaTac is a city and outlying Suburb of Seattle, located in the southern section of King County in Washington State. The Port of Seattle is a Port district that runs Seattle 's seaport and Airport. Closer to downtown, Boeing Field is used for general aviation, cargo flights, and testing/delivery of Boeing airliners. Boeing Field, officially King County International Airport is a two- Runway Airport owned and run by King County Washington, USA
Seattle's streets are laid out in a cardinal directions grid pattern, except in the central business district where early city leaders Arthur Denny and Carson Boren insisted on orienting their plats relative to the shoreline rather than to true North. The grid plan or gridiron plan is a type of City plan in which Streets run at right angles to each other forming a grid. Carson Dobbins Boren (December 12 1824 Nashville Tennessee --August 19 1912 Woodinville Washington) was an early founder of Seattle, Washington  Largely as a result of Seattle's topography, only two roads, Interstate 5 and State Route 99 (both limited-access highways), run uninterrupted through the city from north to south. Interstate 5 in Washington (I-5 is a highway in the US state of Washington that extends from its border with Oregon to its border with Canada State Route 99, abbreviated SR 99, commonly called Highway 99, is a numbered State highway in the U
Water and electric power are municipal services, Seattle Public Utilities and Seattle City Light, respectively. Seattle ( Seattle Washington, USA) has a variety of public and private utilities. Seattle Public Utilities (SPU is a Public utility agency of the city of Seattle Washington, which provides Water, Sewer, Drainage Seattle City Light is the Public utility providing electrical power to Seattle Washington and parts of its metropolitan area, including all Privately owned utility companies serving Seattle are Puget Sound Energy (natural gas), Seattle Steam Company (steam), Qwest (landline telephone service, Internet), and Comcast (and to a lesser extent Broadstripe) (cable television, Internet). Puget Sound Energy (PSE is an energy company providing electrical power and Natural gas in the Puget Sound region of the northwest United States The Seattle Steam Company is a privately owned District heating Public utility that provides Steam (generated by burning Natural gas, Diesel Qwest Communications International Inc (pronounced like "quest" ˈkwɛst ( is a large Telecommunications carrier Comcast Corporation ( is the largest Cable television company the second largest Internet service provider and (according to the company the fourth largest telephone Broadstripe, based in St Louis Missouri, is a cable company. Founded in 1997, it provides service to parts of Maryland, Michigan