The Scrovegni Chapel, or Cappella degli Scrovegni, also known as the Arena Chapel is a church in Padua, Veneto, Italy. Padua ( Padova 'padova Latin: Patavium, Padoa) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy. Veneto or Venetia ( Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest It contains a fresco cycle by Giotto, completed about 1305, that is one of the most important masterpieces of Western art. Fresco (plural either frescos or frescoes) is any of several related Painting types done on Plaster on walls or The church was dedicated to Santa Maria della Carità at the Feast of the Annunciation, 1303. In Christianity the Annunciation ( grc Ευαγγελισμός της Θεοτόκου, Evangelismós tēs Theotókou in Greek) is the revelation Giotto's fresco cycle focuses on the life of the Virgin and celebrates her role in human salvation. The chapel is also known as the Arena Chapel because it was built on land purchased by Enrico Scrovegni that abutted the site of a Roman arena. An amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is an open-air venue for spectator sports concerts rallies or theatrical performances This space is where an open-air procession and sacred representation of the Annunciation to the Virgin had been played out for a generation before the chapel was built. A motet by Marchetto da Padova appears to have been composed for the dedication on March 25, 1305. In Western music, motet is a word that is applied to a number of highly varied choral musical compositions Marchetto da Padova ( Marchettus of Padua; b 1274? fl 1305 &ndash 1319 was an Italian music theorist and composer of the late medieval era 
The wealthy banker Enrico Scrovegni had the private chapel built directly next to the family palazzo on his large estate. Enrico degli Scrovegni was a Paduan Nobleman who lived in the early 1300s around the time of Giotto and Dante. He commissioned its decoration by Giotto, Italy's preeminent painter of the time. It is often suggested that Enrico built the chapel in penitence for his father's sins. Enrico's father Reginaldo degli Scrovegni is the usurer encountered by Dante in the Seventh Circle of Hell. Reginaldo degli Scrovegni was a Paduan Nobleman who lived in the early 1300s around the time of Giotto and Dante. Usury (ˈjuːʒəri comes from the Medieval Latin usuria, "interest" or "excessive interest" from the Latin usura "interest" The Divine Comedy Though Enrico devoted a paragraph in his will directing his heirs to make restitutions, his true motivation is unknown. Enrico's tomb is in the apse, and he is also portrayed in the Last Judgment presenting a model of the chapel to the Virgin. In Christian eschatology, the Last Judgment or Day of the Lord is the judgment by God of every human who ever lived Some believe this suggests he was more concerned about his own spiritual well-being. Though the chapel was ostensibly a family oratory, it served some public functions related to the Feast of the Annunciation,
Apart from Giotto's work, the chapel is unornamented and features a barrel vault roof. In Christianity the Annunciation ( grc Ευαγγελισμός της Θεοτόκου, Evangelismós tēs Theotókou in Greek) is the revelation A barrel vault, also known as a tunnel vault or a wagon vault, is an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves in the case Giotto's Last Judgment covers the entire wall above the chapel's entrance and includes the aforementioned devotional portrait of Enrico. In Christian eschatology, the Last Judgment or Day of the Lord is the judgment by God of every human who ever lived Each wall is arranged in three tiers of fresco groups, each with four two-meter-square scenes. Facing the altar the sequence begins at the top of the right hand wall with scenes from the life of the Virgin, including the annunciation of her mother and the presentation at the temple. The series continues through the Nativity, the Passion of Jesus, the Resurrection, and the Pentecost. Pentecost (πεντηκοστή, pentekostē, "the fiftieth day" is one of the prominent feasts in the Christian Liturgical year, celebrated the The panels are noted for their emotional intensity, sculptural figures, and naturalistic space. Between the main scenes Giotto used a faux architectural scheme of painted marble decorations and small recesses.
The iconography of the fresco cycles are those of the Life of Christ and the Life of the Virgin. The Life of the Virgin, showing narrative scenes from the life of Mary, the mother of Jesus is a common subject for pictorial cycles in Christian art often complementing or The Annunciation occupies a central position over the chancel arch.