|Type:||motor torpedo boat|
|Displacement:||100 tons (max)|
78. 9 tons (standard)
|Length:||32. 76 m|
|Beam:||5. 06 m|
|Draught:||1. 47 m|
|Propulsion:||3x Daimler Benz twenty-cylinder diesel engines MT 502; 3,960 hp|
|Range:||800 nm at 30 knots|
|Armament:||2x 533 mm torpedo tubes (4 torpedoes)|
1x 20 mm C/30 cannon (later two)
8x 7. 92 mm machine guns alternatively
The Schnellboot or S-boote ("fast craft") was a type of German torpedo boat that saw service during World War II. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval Ship designed to carry Torpedoes into battle World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The S-boote were approximately twice as large as their American and British counterparts. PT Boats were a variety of motor Torpedo boat ( Hull classification symbol "PT" for "Patrol Torpedo" a small fast vessel used by the Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB was the name given to fast Torpedo boats by the Royal Navy, the Royal Norwegian Navy, the Royal Canadian Navy and By comparison with the Allied craft, the S-boote were better suited for the open sea and had a substantially longer range at approximately 700 nautical miles. A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of Length. It corresponds approximately to one minute of Latitude along any meridian. These vessels were known to the Allies as "E-boats". 
After the Treaty of Versailles most of Germany's military production was severely curtailed. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. Small patrol craft were not. The S-boote trace their lineage back to a private motor yacht — a 22 ton dispacement 34 knot craft called Oheka II, which had been built in 1927 for wealthy financier and patron of the arts, Otto Kahn, by the German shipbuilding company Lürssen. A yacht is a recreational boat It designates two rather different classes of Watercraft, sailing and power yachts Otto Hermann Kahn ( February 21, 1867 – March 29, 1934) was an Investment banker, Collector, Philanthropist See also Shipbuilding (song. Shipbuilding is the construction of Ships It normally takes place in a specialized facility known as a Lürssen (or Lürssen Werft) is a German Shipbuilding company based in Bremen-Vegesack.
This design was chosen because the theatre of operations of such boats was expected to be the North Sea, English Channel and the Western Approaches. The North Sea is a marginal, Epeiric sea of the Atlantic Ocean on the European Continental shelf. For the museum of this name at the former World War II command centre see Western Approaches Command The Western Approaches is a rectangular The requirement for good performance in rough seas dictated the use of a round-bottomed displacement hull rather than a flat-bottomed planing hull that was more usual with small, high speed boats. Lürssen overcame many of the disadvantages of such a hull and, with the Oheka II, produced a craft that was fast, strong and seaworthy. This attracted the interest of the German Navy who, in 1929, ordered a similar boat but fitted with two torpedo tubes. This became the S-1 and was the basis for all subsequent S-boote.
S-boote were often used to patrol the Baltic Sea and the English Channel in order to intercept shipping heading for the English ports in the south and east. The Baltic Sea is a Brackish inland sea located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N Latitude and from 20°E to 26°E Longitude. As such they would be up against Royal Navy and Commonwealth contingents in Motor Gun Boats (MGBs) and Motor Torpedo Boats (MTBs) and Motor Launches and frigates and destroyers. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) Motor Gun Boat was a Royal Navy term for a small military vessel of the Second World War. Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB was the name given to fast Torpedo boats by the Royal Navy, the Royal Norwegian Navy, the Royal Canadian Navy and For other types of "Launch" see Launch (boat A Motor Launch (ML is a small military vessel in British navy service Early history In June 1941 His Majesty's Government asked the United States to design build and supply an escort vessel that was suitable for anti-submarine warfare In naval terminology a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance Warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, Convoy They were also transferred in small number to the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea by river and landtransport. Some small S-Boote were built as longboats for auxiliary cruisers.
Crews could earn an award particular to their work - denoted by a badge depicting an E-boat passing through a wreath. The criteria were good conduct, distinction in action, participating in at least twelve enemy actions. It was awarded for a particularly successful mission, displays of leadership or being killed in action. It could also be awarded under special circumstances such as when another decoration was not suitable.
The Schnellboot design evolved over time. The first had a pair of torpedo tubes on the fore deck. Types were:-
Other armament carried on different models included 3. The Bofors 40 mm gun is a famous Anti-aircraft Autocannon designed by the Swedish firm of Bofors. 7 cm Flak 42 (S-100) or, rarely, a quad 2 cm Flakvierling mount. The FlaK 30 (Fliegerabwehrkanone 30 and improved FlaK 38 were 20 mm Anti-aircraft guns widely used by various German forces throughout the
At the end of the war about 34 S boats were surrendered to the British. Three boats, S-130 (renamed P5230), S-208 (P5208) and S-212 (P5212) were retained for trials. P5230 and P5208 were subsequently used for clandestine intelligence gathering missions in the Baltic sea under the cover of "British Baltic Fishery Protection Service" until 1957. This unit was commanded by John Harvey-Jones (who subsequently became chairman of ICI). Sir John Harvey-Jones MBE ( 16 April 1924 &ndash 9 January 2008) was chairman of ICI from 1982 to 1987
The only surviving S-boot is the S-130. This is privately owned but in the care of the British Military Powerboat Trust in Southampton, England. Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England  The S-130 was commissioned on October 21st 1943 and took an active part in the war, participating in the Exercise Tiger attack and attacks on the D-day invasion fleet. Exercise Tiger was the code name for two Military exercises held in the United Kingdom during the Second World War: The first conducted in 1942 D-Day may also refer to Decimal Day in the United Kingdom. D-Day is a term often used in Military parlance to denote