The Schmalkaldic War (German: Schmalkaldischer Krieg) refers to the short period of violence from 1546 until 1547 between the forces of Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League within the domains of the Holy Roman Empire. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Charles V (24 February 1500 &ndash 21 September 1558 was The Schmalkaldic League (Schmalkaldischer Bund was a defensive alliance of Lutheran princes within the Holy Roman Empire during the mid- 16th The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in
The war began when Maurice, the Duke (and later, Elector) of Albertine Saxony, invaded the lands of his rival and step-brother in Ernestine Saxony, John Frederick, for political reasons (both rulers were protestant). Maurice I Elector of Saxony (b Freiberg, March 21, 1521 &ndash d The House of Wettin was a dynasty of German Counts Dukes prince-electors (Kurfürsten and kings that ruled the area of today's The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen ˈzaksən Swobodny Stat Sakska is the easternmost federal state of Germany. The House of Wettin was a dynasty of German Counts Dukes prince-electors (Kurfürsten and kings that ruled the area of today's The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen ˈzaksən Swobodny Stat Sakska is the easternmost federal state of Germany. John Frederick I Elector of Saxony (Johann Friedrich I b Torgau, 30 June 1503 – d As John Frederick was co-founder of the Schmalkaldic League, his allies joined him in a fight against the Catholics, including Charles V, who sided with Maurice. As a Christian Ecclesiastical term Catholic —from the Greek adjective, meaning "general" or "universal"—is described
John Frederick quickly liberated Ernestine Saxony with his army, in Württemberg at the time. Württemberg, formerly known as Wirtemberg, is an area and a former state in Swabia, a region in southwestern Germany. He then proceeded to occupy Albertine Saxony and Bohemia. Bohemia (Čechy; Bohemia Czechy is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands, currently the Because the protestants of Bohemia did not provide military assistance, as he had hoped for, the imperial forces of Charles V forced him into retreat. Due to disagreement in strategy, the League's defenses were routed on April 24, 1547, at the Battle of Mühlberg, where John Frederick was taken prisoner. Events 1479 BC - Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to The Battle of Mühlberg was a large battle at Mühlberg in the German of Electorate of Saxony during the Protestant Reformation at which the Catholic princes
After the battle, which determined the result of the war, only two cities continued to resist: Bremen and Magdeburg. Bremen (ˈbʁeːmən is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany (official name Stadtgemeinde Bremen / City Municipality of Bremen Magdeburg ( Low Saxon: Meideborg ˈmaˑɪdebɔɐx the Capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Both cities refused to pay the fines Charles imposed on them while avoiding takeover; in the case of Bremen, 12,000 imperial soldiers under the command of Eric II, Duke of Calenberg unsuccessfully laid siege from January until May. Eric II ( August 10, 1528 - November 17, 1584) was duke of Calenberg from 1545 to 1584 This event led to the Battle of Drakenburg on May 23, 1547, as a Protestant army of the Schmalkaldic League was plundering the nearby Duchy of Calenberg. In the Battle of Drakenburg (Schlacht bei Drakenburg which took place on May 23, 1547 to the north of Nienburg, the Protestant army of the Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Calenberg was a dynastic division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire. His men and supplies exhausted, Eric and his imperial forces went to confront the army and were quickly defeated. During the fighting, Eric was forced to swim over the Weser River in order to save his own life. The Weser (ˈveːzɐ is a River in north-western Germany. Formed at Hann As a consequence of the Battle of Drakenburg, the imperial troops left northern Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe.
Although the imperial forces were victorious over the Protestant forces of the Schmalkaldic League, the ideas of Martin Luther had spread over the empire such that they could not be suppressed with physical force. Martin Luther (November 10 1483 February 18 1546 was a German Monk, theologian, university professor Father of Protestantism, and church reformer Official religious settlement arrived 8 years later in the form of the Peace of Augsburg. The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty between Ferdinand I, who replaced his brother Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic