Samuel Plimsoll (10 February 1824 – 3 June 1898) was a British politician and social reformer, now best remembered for having devised the Plimsoll line. The Victoria Embankment, is part of the Thames Embankment, a road and walkway along the north bank of the River Thames in London. Events 1355 - The St Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead Year 1824 ( MDCCCXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Year 1898 ( MDCCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person Waterline refers to an imaginary line marking the level at which Ship or Boat floats in the Water.
Plimsoll was born in Bristol but soon moved to Whitely Wood Hall Sheffield, also spending part of his childhood in Penrith, Cumbria. Bristol ( ˈbrɪstəl is a city, Unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, west of London Sheffield ( is a city and Metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England Penrith is a Market town in the county of Cumbria, England. It is in the Eden Valley just north of the River Eamont, and lies less than Leaving school at an early age, he became a clerk at Rawson's Brewery, and rose to be manager.
In 1853 he attempted to set up in business in London as a coal merchant. Year 1853 ( MDCCCLIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. He failed, and was reduced to destitution. He himself told how for a time he lived in a common lodging for 7/2d a week. The Pound Sterling ( symbol £; ISO code: GBP) subdivided into 100 pence (singular penny) is the Currency
Through this experience he learnt to sympathise with the struggles of the poor; and when his good fortune returned, he resolved to devote his time to improving their lot.
His efforts were directed especially against what were known as "coffin ships": unseaworthy and overloaded vessels, often heavily insured, in which unscrupulous owners risked the lives of their crews. Coffin ship is the name given to any boat that has been overinsured and is therefore worth more to its owners sunk than afloat
In 1868, Plimsoll was elected as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Derby, and endeavoured in vain to pass a bill dealing with the subject. Year 1868 ( MDCCCLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the rise of the Labour Party in the 1920s and a third party A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary Constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament
In 1872 he published a work entitled Our Seamen, which made a great impression throughout the country. Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Accordingly, on Plimsoll's motion in 1873, a Royal Commission was appointed, and in 1875 a government bill was introduced, which Plimsoll, though regarding it as inadequate, resolved to accept. Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1875 ( MDCCCLXXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
On July 22, the Prime Minister, Benjamin Disraeli, announced that the bill would be dropped. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of This article is about the government position For other uses see Prime Minister (disambiguation. Benjamin Disraeli 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (born Benjamin D'Israeli; 21 December 1804 &ndash 19 April 1881 was Plimsoll lost his self-control, applied the term "villains" to members of the House, and shook his fist in the Speaker's face.
Disraeli moved that he be reprimanded, but on the suggestion of Lord Hartington agreed to adjourn the matter for a week to allow Plimsoll time for reflection. Spencer Compton Cavendish 8th Duke of Devonshire, KG, GCVO, PC ( 23 July 1833 – 24 March 1908) was a
Eventually Plimsoll made an apology. The country, however, shared his view that the bill had been stifled by the pressure of the shipowners, and popular feeling forced the government to pass a bill, which in the following year was amended into the Merchant Shipping Act.
This gave stringent powers of inspection to the Board of Trade, and the mark that indicates the limit to which a ship may be loaded became generally known as Plimsoll's mark or line. The Board of Trade is a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, originating as a committee of inquiry in the 17th century and evolving gradually into a government Waterline refers to an imaginary line marking the level at which Ship or Boat floats in the Water.
Plimsoll was re-elected for Derby at the general election of 1880 by a great majority, but gave up his seat to William Vernon Harcourt, believing that the latter, as Home Secretary, could advance sailors' interests more effectively than any private member. Results |} Total votes cast 3359416 Voting summary Seats summary Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt ( October 14, 1827 - October 1, 1904) was a British Lawyer, Journalist
Offered a seat by thirty constituencies, Plimsoll stood unsuccessfully in Sheffield Central in 1885. Sheffield Central is a Borough constituency in the city of Sheffield, in South Yorkshire, England. Results |} Total votes cast 4638235 All parties shown Voting summary Seats summary See also He did not re-enter the house, and later became estranged from the Liberal leaders by what he regarded as their breach of faith in neglecting the question of shipping reform.
He held for some years the honorary presidency of the National Sailors' and Firemen's Union, and drew attention to the horrors of the cattle-ships. The National Union of Seamen was the principal Trade union of merchant seafarers in the United Kingdom from the late 1880s to 1990
Later he visited the United States to try to secure the adoption of a less bitter tone towards England in the historical textbooks used in American schools. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the He died at Folkestone, Kent in 1898. Folkestone (ˈfoʊkstən is a resort town on the south coast of Kent, England, traditionally known as "The Garden Coast"
British writer Nicolette Jones published The Plimsoll Sensation, a highly-acclaimed biography - the idea for which she got from living in 1995 at the Plimsoll Road in North London, but knowing hardly anything about who it was named for. Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995