Samuel Michael Fuller (August 12, 1912 – October 30, 1997) was an American film director. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon - Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting Events 637 - Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge. Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film.
Fuller was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, the son of Benjamin Rabinovitch (a Jewish immigrant from Russia) and Rebecca Baum (a Jewish immigrant from Poland). Worcester (ˈwʊstɚ is a City in the state of Massachusetts in the United States of America. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland At the time of his birth, the family had already changed their surname to "Fuller". A surname is a name added to a Given name and is part of a Personal name. At the age of 12, he began working in journalism. Journalism is the profession of writing or communicating formally employed by publications and broadcasters for the benefit of a particular Community of people His first newspaper job was as a copyboy. A newspaper is a written Publication containing News, information and Advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called Newsprint. He became a crime reporter in New York City at age 17, working for the New York Evening Graphic. A reporter is a type of Journalist who Researches and presents information in certain types of Mass media. The City of New York The New York Evening Graphic (not to be confused with the earlier Daily Graphic) was an American Tabloid published from 1924 to 1932 He broke the story of Jeanne Eagels' death. Jeanne Eagels ( June 26, 1894 – October 3, 1929) was an actress on Broadway and in several motion pictures He wrote pulp novels and screenplays from the mid-1930s onwards. Pulp magazines (or pulp fiction; often referred to as "the pulps" were inexpensive Fiction magazines A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story See also Pre-production Screenwriting A screenplay or script is a written plan authored by a Screenwriter, for a Film or Television Fuller also became a screenplay ghost writer but would never tell interviewers which screenplays that he ghost wrote explaining "that's what a ghost writer is for". See also Pre-production Screenwriting A screenplay or script is a written plan authored by a Screenwriter, for a Film or Television A ghostwriter is a professional Writer who is paid to write books articles stories reports or other content which are officially credited to another person
During World War II, Fuller joined the U.S. Army infantry. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The Infantry is the oldest and most numerous of the Combat Arms in the Armed forces, and consists He was assigned to the 16th Infantry Regiment (United States), 1st Infantry Division, and saw heavy fighting. The 1st Infantry Division of the United States Army &mdashnicknamed “ The Big Red One ” after its Shoulder patch; and also nicknamed " The Fighting He was involved in landings in Africa, Sicily, and Normandy. Sicily ( Italian and Sicilian: Sicilia) is an autonomous region of Italy. Normandy (Normandie Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy. He also saw action in Belgium and Czechoslovakia. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Czechoslovakia may also refer to what is now the Czech Republic and Slovakia. For his service, he was awarded the Bronze Star, the Silver Star, and the Purple Heart. The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration which may be awarded for bravery acts of merit or meritorious service The Silver Star is the third highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of any branch of the United States Armed Forces. The Purple Heart is a United States military decoration awarded in the name of the President to those who have been wounded or killed while serving He used his wartime experiences as material in his films, especially in the 1980 film The Big Red One (a nickname of the 1st Infantry Division). The Big Red One is a 1980 War film written and directed by Samuel Fuller. The 1st Infantry Division of the United States Army &mdashnicknamed “ The Big Red One ” after its Shoulder patch; and also nicknamed " The Fighting
Hats Off (1936) marked Fuller's first credit as a screenwriter. Hats Off is a Silent Short film Comedy made in 1927 by the Hal Roach Studios. Screenwriters or scenarists are Scriptwriters who write the Screenplays from which Films and Television programs are made Fuller wrote many screenplays throughout his career, but he is best remembered as a director. See also Pre-production Screenwriting A screenplay or script is a written plan authored by a Screenwriter, for a Film or Television A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. Fuller accomplished the move to direction (he was unimpressed with Douglas Sirk's direction of his Shockproof screenplay ) by being approached by Robert Lippert to write three films for his company. Douglas Sirk ( April 26, 1900 &ndash January 14, 1987) was a German Film director best known for his work in Robert L Lippert (31 March 1909-10 November 1976 was a prolific film producer and cinema owner who eventually owned a chain of 118 theatres Biography Born in Fuller offered to write them if he would be allowed to direct them, with no extra fee for direction. Lippert agreed, his first film was I Shot Jesse James (1949) followed by Baron of Arizona with Vincent Price. I Shot Jesse James ( 1949) is a movie directed by Samuel Fuller about the murder of Jesse James by Robert Ford and Robert Ford's life James Addison Reavis (1843-1914 the self-styled Baron of Arizoniac, was an Imposter of grand scale who claimed to own much of Arizona in the
His third film The Steel Helmet established him as a major force. The Steel Helmet ( 1951) is a war film directed by Samuel Fuller and produced by Lippert Studios during the Korean War. One of the first films about the Korean War, Fuller wrote it based on tales from returning Korean veterans and his own World War II experiences. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old" is a person who has or is working in the armed forces World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The film was attacked by the Communist Party in the USA for being too "right wing" and by the American Legion for being "left wing". A Political party described as a communist party includes those that advocate the application of the social principles of Communism through a communist form of For other uses of American Legion see American Legion (disambiguation The American Legion was chartered by the U Fuller had a major argument with the US Army that provided stock footage for the film. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. Stock footage, and similarly archive footage, library pictures and file footage are Film or Video The army objected to his American characters executing a prisoner of war, Fuller replied that he had seen it done in his own military experience. A compromise was reached when the Lieutenant (Robert Hutton) threatens the Sergeant (Gene Evans) with a court martial. Lieutenant (abbreviated Lt or Lieut) is a Military, Naval, Paramilitary, Fire service, Emergency medical services Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries police forces and other uniformed organizations around the world Film actor Gene Evans ( July 11, 1922 - April 1, 1998) began his acting career while serving in World War II A court-martial (plural courts-martial) is a Military court. These military courts can determine Punishments for members of the Military subject
Fuller was sought by the major studios to join them. A major film studio is a movie production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant Fuller asked each of them what they did with the profits from their films. All of them gave advice on tax shelters, except for Darryl F. Zanuck of 20th Century Fox who replied "we make better movies", the answer Fuller was looking for. Tax shelters are any method of reducing taxable income resulting in a reduction of the payments to tax collecting entities including state and federal governments Darryl Francis Zanuck ( September 5, 1902 &ndash December 22, 1979) was an Academy Award -winning producer, Writer Zanuck signed Fuller for a contract for seven films, the first being another Korean War film Fixed Bayonets! in order to head off other studio competition copying The Steel Helmet. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the Fixed Bayonets! ( 1951) is a war film written and directed by Samuel Fuller and produced by Twentieth Century-Fox during the Korean War The Steel Helmet ( 1951) is a war film directed by Samuel Fuller and produced by Lippert Studios during the Korean War. The US Army assigned Medal of Honor recipient Raymond Harvey as Fuller's technical advisor. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government. Raymond Harvey (1 March 1920 &ndash 18 November 1996 was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army who served during World War II and the A technical advisor is an individual who is expert in a particular field of knowledge, hired to provide information in that field to a movie or Television director The two got on famously.
The proposed seventh film Tigrero based on a book by Sasha Siemel is the subject of 1994 a documentary by Mika Kaurismäki. Alexander “Sasha” Siemel (1890-1970 was an adventurer hunter guide actor writer Photographer, and lecturer Mika Juhani Kaurismäki (born September 21, 1955 in Orimattila, Finland) is a Finnish Film director. Tigrero: A Film That Was Never Made that featured Fuller and Jim Jarmusch visiting the proposed Amazon locations of the film. Jim Jarmusch (born January 22 1953 in Akron Ohio; ˈdʒɑrməʃ is an American independent Film director. Film that Fuller shot on that location at the time featured in his Shock Corridor. Shock Corridor is a 1963 film which tells the story of a journalist who gets himself committed to a Mental hospital in order to track the story of an unsolved
Fuller's favourite film was Park Row a story of American journalism. Zanuck had wanted to turn it into a musical that Fuller refused to do.  Instead Fuller started his own production company with his profits to make the film on his own. Park Row was a labour of love to Fuller as a tribute to the journalists he knew as a newsboy. His flourishes of style on a very low budget lead many critics to call the film Fuller's version of Citizen Kane. Citizen Kane ( 1941) is an American Dramatic film, and the first Feature film directed by Orson Welles, who also co-authored
He followed these with Pickup on South Street (1953), which remains his most well-known film. Pickup on South Street is writer-director Samuel Fuller 's 1953 Film noir released by the 20th Century Fox studio This film was condemned by the FBI as Communist propaganda and condemned by the Communist Party as anti-Communist propaganda. Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based Propaganda is a concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people Anti-communism refers to opposition to Communism. Historically the word "communism" has been used to refer to several types of communal social organization and Other films that Fuller directed in the 1950s include: House of Bamboo, Forty Guns, and China Gate let led to protests from the French Government and a friendship with Romain Gary. House of Bamboo ( 1955) is an American color Film noir shot in CinemaScope format Forty Guns is writer-director Samuel Fuller 's 1958 western released by the 20th Century Fox studio China Gate is a 1957 Hollywood Cinemascope War film written produced and directed by Samuel Fuller and released through Romain Gary ( May 8 1914 – December 2 1980) was a French Novelist, Film director, World War II After leaving Fox, Fuller made Run of the Arrow, Verboten!, and Merrill's Marauders. Run of the Arrow is a 1957 American film written and directed by Samuel Fuller. Merrill's Marauders is a 1962 Cinemascope War film directed and co-written by Samuel Fuller based on the exploits of the In 1959 he wrote and directed the ahead-of-its-time L. A. noir The Crimson Kimono.
Fuller's work throughout the 1950s and early 1960s followed a basic format: lower-budget genre movies that nonetheless explored controversial topics. Shock Corridor (1963) is set in a psychiatric hospital, while The Naked Kiss (1964) features a prostitute attempting to change her life by working in a pediatric ward. Shock Corridor is a 1963 film which tells the story of a journalist who gets himself committed to a Mental hospital in order to track the story of an unsolved A psychiatric hospital (previously called insane asylum, mental hospital; or derogatorily looney bin, nut house or Funny Farm) is The Naked Kiss is a 1964 Film written and directed by Samuel Fuller, starring Constance Towers as Kelly Anthony Eisley as Captain Prostitution is the act of performing Sexual activity in exchange for Money. Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics) is the branch of Medicine that deals with the medical care of Infants Children and Adolescents
Between 1967 and 1980, Fuller directed only two films, the Mexican-produced Shark (1969) and Dead Pigeon on Beethoven Street (1972). The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Shark! (also known as Caine) is a 1969 Action film directed by Samuel Fuller and starring Burt Reynolds Fuller asked the Director's Guild to remove his name from the credits of Shark. Shark! (also known as Caine) is a 1969 Action film directed by Samuel Fuller and starring Burt Reynolds Dead Pigeon on Beethoven Street featured his wife, Christa Lang. Fuller returned in 1980 with The Big Red One, which won critical praise but failed at the box office. A box office is a place where tickets are sold to the public for Admission to a venue The film was later restored to full length and re-released. He followed this film with the controversial White Dog (1982), which the studio refused to release until 1991. White Dog ( 1982) is a drama movie directed by Samuel Fuller, featuring Paul Winfield, Kristy McNichol, Jameson Parker In 1983 Fuller moved to France and would only have two more theatrical releases, Les Voleurs de la nuit (Thieves After Dark) (1984) and Street of No Return (1989), both were produced outside the United States. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the He directed his last film, Madonne et le dragon in 1990. He wrote his last film, Girls in Prison, in 1994. This is about the 1956 film for the Rebel Highway film of the same name see Girls in Prison (1994 film Girls in Prison
He makes a cameo appearance in Jean-Luc Godard's Pierrot le fou (1965), where he famously intones: Film is like a battleground. A cameo role or cameo appearance (often shortened to just cameo) is a brief appearance of a known person in a work of the Performing arts, such as Jean-Luc Godard (French ʒɑ̃lyk gɔˈdaʀ (born on December 3 1930 is a French and Swiss Filmmaker and one of the founding members of the Nouvelle Vague Pierrot le fou is a 1965 film directed by Jean-Luc Godard, starring Anna Karina and Jean-Paul Belmondo. . . Love, hate, action, violence, death. In one word, emotion! He plays a film director in Dennis Hopper's ill-fated The Last Movie (1971). Dennis Lee Hopper (born May 17, 1936) is an Academy Award -nominated American Actor and Film -maker The Last Movie is a 1971 drama film from Universal Pictures. It was written and directed by Dennis Hopper, who also played a horse wrangler named after Fuller also appeared in Larry Cohen's A Return to Salem's Lot (1987). For the bridge player see Larry Cohen (bridge player. Larry Cohen (born Lawrence G A Return to Salem's Lot is an 1987 Horror film and in-name only sequel to 'Salem's Lot, written and directed His last work in film was as an actor: in 1997 he appeared in The End of Violence . The End of Violence is a 1997 film by the internationally renowned German director Wim Wenders.
Fuller's work is generally included in the primitive style. This was the result of his often lower budgets, but also reflected Fuller's pulp-inspired writing. The dialogue in his films has been criticized by some as heavy-handed or over-the-top. A dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog) is a reciprocal Conversation between two or more entities.
Fuller often featured marginalized characters in his films. Marginalization is the social process of becoming or being made Marginal (to relegate or confine to a lower social standing or outer limit or edge as of social standing "the The protagonist of Pickup on South Street is a pickpocket who keeps his beer in the East River because he cannot afford a refrigerator. The Protagonist or main character is the central figure of a story. This article is about the crime For the Robert Bresson film see Pickpocket (film. The East River is a tidal Strait in New York City. It connects Upper New York Bay on its south end to Long Island Sound on its north end A refrigerator (often called a " fridge " for short is a cooling appliance comprising a thermally insulated compartment and a Heat pump - Shock Corridor concerns the patients of a mental hospital. A psychiatric hospital (previously called insane asylum, mental hospital; or derogatorily looney bin, nut house or Funny Farm) is Underworld U.S.A. (1961) focuses on an orphaned victim of mobsters. Underworld USA (also known as Underwold USA) is a 1961 Film noir produced written and directed by Samuel Fuller An orphan (from the Greek ὀρφανός) is a child whose natural parents are absent or dead and who are not there to bring him up The leading ladies of Pickup on South Street, China Gate, and The Naked Kiss are prostitutes. Pickup on South Street is writer-director Samuel Fuller 's 1953 Film noir released by the 20th Century Fox studio China Gate is a 1957 Hollywood Cinemascope War film written produced and directed by Samuel Fuller and released through The Naked Kiss is a 1964 Film written and directed by Samuel Fuller, starring Constance Towers as Kelly Anthony Eisley as Captain Prostitution is the act of performing Sexual activity in exchange for Money. These characters sometimes find retribution for the injustices against them. White Dog and The Crimson Kimono (1959) have definite anti-racist elements. White Dog ( 1982) is a drama movie directed by Samuel Fuller, featuring Paul Winfield, Kristy McNichol, Jameson Parker Anti-racism includes beliefs actions movements and policies adopted or developed to oppose Racism.
Although Fuller's films were not considered great cinema in their times, they gained critical respect in the late 1960s. Fuller welcomed the new-found esteem, appearing in films of other directors and associating himself with younger filmmakers.
The French New Wave claimed Fuller as a major stylistic influence. "Nouvelle Vague" redirects here For the music group of the same name see Nouvelle Vague (band. His visual style and rhythm were seen as distinctly American, and praised for their energetic simplicity. Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός - rhythmos, "any measured flow or movement symmetry" is the variation of the length and accentuation of Martin Scorsese praised Fuller's ability to capture action through camera movement. A camera is a device used to capture images either as still Photographs or as sequences of moving images ( Movies or Videos. Recently, Quentin Tarantino and Jim Jarmusch credited Fuller as influential upon their works. Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award - BAFTA Award - and Palme d'Or -winning Emmy - and Jim Jarmusch (born January 22 1953 in Akron Ohio; ˈdʒɑrməʃ is an American independent Film director.
In the mid-1980s, Fuller was the first international director guest at the Midnight Sun Film Festival. Midnight Sun Film Festival is an annual five-day film festival in Sodankylä, Finland. The festival's hometown, Sodankylä, named a street "Samuel Fullerin katu", Samuel Fuller's street. Sodankylä (Suáđigil Soađegilli Suäˊđjel is a town and municipality of Finland.