|Samuel James Ervin Jr.|
June 5, 1954 – December 31, 1974
|Preceded by||Clyde R. Hoey|
|Succeeded by||Robert Burren Morgan|
|Born||September 27, 1896|
Morganton, North Carolina
|Died||April 23, 1985 (aged 88)|
Winston-Salem, North Carolina
|Spouse||Margaret Bell Ervin|
Samuel James Ervin Jr. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States Events 70 - Titus and his Roman Legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Clyde Roark Hoey ( 11 December 1877 &ndash 12 May 1954) was the Democratic governor of the U Robert Burren Morgan (born 5 October 1925) was a Democratic U Events 489 - Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again Year 1896 ( MDCCCXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Morganton is a city in Burke County, North Carolina, United States. North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States Events 215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) Winston-Salem is a city in the US state of North Carolina. As of the 2000 census the city population was 185776 in 2004 the city annexed an additional 17483 North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity (September 27, 1896 – April 23, 1985) was a Democratic United States Senator from North Carolina from 1954 until 1974. Events 489 - Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again Year 1896 ( MDCCCXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Events 215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States He was a native of Morganton, Burke County, North Carolina. Morganton is a city in Burke County, North Carolina, United States. Burke County is a County located in the US state of North Carolina.
Ervin served first as an officer, then as an enlisted soldier in combat in France during World War I. An officer is a member of an armed force who holds a position of authority This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the Silver Star and two Purple Hearts. The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Army, awarded for extreme The Silver Star is the third highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of any branch of the United States Armed Forces. The Purple Heart is a United States military decoration awarded in the name of the President to those who have been wounded or killed while serving He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1917 and from Harvard Law School in 1922, with his military service sandwiched between his academic studies. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ( UNC, North Carolina, or simply Carolina) is a public, Coeducational Research Harvard Law School (also known as Harvard Law or HLS) is one of the professional Graduate schools of Harvard University. Ervin was fond of saying that he was the only student to ever go through Harvard Law "backwards," because he took the third-year courses first, then the second-year courses, and finally the first-year courses.
Already admitted to the Bar in 1919, before completing law school, Ervin entered politics straight out of Harvard. Even before he had received his degree, Democrats in Burke County, NC had nominated him in absentia for the North Carolina House of Representatives, to which he was elected in 1922, 1924, and 1930. The North Carolina House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the North Carolina General Assembly. Ervin also was elected and served as a state judge in the late 1930s and early 1940s.
When his brother, U. S. Representative Joseph Wilson Ervin, committed suicide in late 1945, Sam Ervin filled the remainder of his term in Congress but did not seek re-election, allegedly vowing to never step foot in Washington, D. Joseph Wilson Ervin ( March 3 1901 - December 25 1945) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from North Carolina C. again.
Ervin was serving as an associate justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court when he was appointed in June 1954 by the governor to fill the U. The Supreme Court of North Carolina is the state's highest Appellate court. S. Senate seat of Clyde Hoey, who had died in office. Clyde Roark Hoey ( 11 December 1877 &ndash 12 May 1954) was the Democratic governor of the U He ran successfully for the seat in November 1954.
Senator Ervin made a deep impact on American history through his work on two separate committees at the beginning and ending of his career that were critical in bringing down two powerful opponents: Senator Joe McCarthy in 1954 and President Richard M. Nixon in 1974. Joseph Raymond McCarthy (November 14 1908 – May 2 1957 was an American politician who served as a Republican U The Senate Select Committee to Investigate Campaign Practices, which investigated Watergate, was popularly known as the "Ervin Committee. The Watergate scandals were a series of Political scandals during the presidency of Richard Nixon that resulted in the Indictment of several of Nixon's "
Senator Ervin condemned the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision calling for desegregation of schools when he signed The Southern Manifesto in 1956. Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, 347 US 483 (1954 was a Landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court, which overturned earlier The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. The Southern Manifesto was a document written in February-March 1956 by legislators in the United States Congress opposed to racial integration in public He later changed his mind on the Brown decision, but continued to oppose forced desegregation by the federal government, on "states rights" grounds.
Senator Ervin's opposition to most civil rights legislation was based on his commitment to the preservation of the constitution in its pristine formulation that he repeatedly stated encapsulated civil, human and equal rights for all. The American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968 refers to the reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme Law of the United States. Human rights refers to the "basic Rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled There is little if any evidence that he engaged in the racial demagoguery of many of his Southern colleagues. Some historians consider Ervin's position to be one of "cognitive dissonance" because he opposed federal legislation to combat race-based discrimination, but did not do so in harsh, ugly terms. In Psychology, cognitive dissonance is an uncomfortable feeling or stress caused by holding two contradictory ideas simultaneously While he once maintained that Americans were entitled to "their prejudices as well as their allergies," he did not seem to be motivated by prejudice himself, but more by his suspicion of federal power.
Meanwhile, Senator Ervin's strict construction of the constitution also made him a liberal hero for his support of civil liberties, his opposition to "no knock" search laws, the growing intrusions of data banks and lie-detector tests as invasions of privacy. The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme Law of the United States. Liberalism in the United States is a broad political and philosophical mindset favoring individual Liberty, and opposing restrictions on liberty whether they come from thumb| |Broken Liberty Istanbul Archaeology Museum Civil liberties are freedoms that protect the Individual from the Government. In Telecommunications a data bank is a repository of information on one or more subjects that is organized in a way that facilitates local or remote information retrieval A polygraph (popularly referred to as a Lie detector) is an instrument that measures and records several physiological responses such as Blood pressure Privacy law is the area of law concerning the protection and preservation of the Privacy rights of individuals In 1966, Senator Ervin played a major role in the defeat of a constitutional amendment to make prayer in public schools compulsory. School prayer in its most common usage refers to state sanctioned Prayer by students in state Schools.
He got his start in investigative matters, even before Watergate, when in January 1970 it was revealed by Christopher Pyle, an investigator for Ervin's Judiciary Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights, that the U. Investigations Christopher H Pyle learned while in the US Army in the 1960s that "Army intelligence had 1500 plainclothes agents watching every demonstration of 20 people or more The Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution is one of seven subcommittees within the Senate Judiciary Committee. S. Army was performing domestic investigations on the civilian population. Ervin's further investigations on the matter over the following years, together with the Church Committee inquiries, led to passage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (after Ervin had left office). The Church Committee is the common term referring to the United States Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, a The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (" FISA ",) is an Act of Congress which prescribes procedures for the physical and electronic Surveillance
Ervin gained lasting fame through his stewardship of the Senate Select Committee to Investigate Campaign Practices, also known as the Senate Watergate Committee, from the 1972 presidential election. The Senate Watergate Committee was a special committee convened by the United States Senate to investigate the Watergate burglaries and the ensuing Watergate The United States presidential election of 1972 was waged on the issues of radicalism and the Vietnam War. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield chose Ervin because it was unlikely Ervin was going to run for reelection in 1974, because he had no aspirations beyond his office, because of his knowledge of the law and the Constitution, and because he was an even-keeled, conservative, independent-minded Democrat. Michael Joseph Mansfield (March 16 1903 – October 5 2001 was an American Democratic politician and the longest-serving Majority Leader of the United States President Nixon thought at first that Ervin might potentially be partial to him, but that was not the case.
Ervin resigned in December 1974, just before his term ended. After retirement, Ervin practiced law, wrote several books, and appeared in various commercials for products. In 1973, Ervin was recorded on CBS records on the LP record, Senator Sam At Home, which featured tracks of Ervin speaking his mind and telling anecdotes, separated by tracks of him singing popular songs. He also sang "Bridge Over Troubled Water" on Golden Throats 2. Bridge over Troubled Water is the fifth and final studio Album by Simon and Garfunkel. Golden Throats is Rhino Records ' series of humorous compilations of critically lambasted Cover versions of songs performed mostly by either by celebrities
As a lawyer, he served as a co-counsel with Womble Carlyle Sandridge & Rice PLLC on several high-profile cases, including a successful appeal in Joyner v. A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law as an attorney, Counsel or Solicitor; a person Duncan. Ervin died in 1985 at a hospital in Winston-Salem, North Carolina from complications of emphysema. Winston-Salem is a city in the US state of North Carolina. As of the 2000 census the city population was 185776 in 2004 the city annexed an additional 17483 Emphysema is a chronic obstructive Pulmonary disease ( COPD) formerly termed a chronic obstructive Lung disease (COLD He was 88 years old.
Ervin's office and personal library has been preserved as the "Senator Sam J. Ervin Jr. Library and Museum," which is housed in the Phifer Learning Resource Center at Western Piedmont Community College in his hometown of Morganton, NC.
Since Ervin's retirement, no one has held his former Senate seat for more than one term to this day. It is currently held by Richard Burr. Richard Mauze Burr (born November 30, 1955) is a United States Senator from Winston-Salem North Carolina.
Sen. Ervin's son, Samuel J. Ervin III, was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit by President Jimmy Carter in 1980. The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court located in Richmond Virginia with Appellate jurisdiction over the James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr (born October 1 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1977 to 1981 and the recipient of the 2002 His grandson, Sam J. Ervin, IV, is a lawyer, a North Carolina utilities commissioner and candidate for the North Carolina Court of Appeals in 2008. The North Carolina Court of Appeals is the only intermediate Appellate court in the state of North Carolina.  Another grandson, Robert C. Ervin, was elected as a North Carolina Superior Court Judge for District 25A in 2002. In Common law systems a superior court is a Court of general Competence which typically has unlimited Jurisdiction with regard to civil and
In 2001, Steve Bouser, a North Carolina journalist who interviewed Ervin, wrote a one-man play titled Senator Sam. The play is set on Ervin's porch in Morganton during the evening of Richard Nixon's resignation. Sam recalls his life, both personal and political.
The play debuted in Morganton in 2001. In 2005, The Blowing Rock Stage Company in Blowing Rock, NC produced a new production starring Gary Lee Smith that later toured several states. Blowing Rock is a town in North Carolina, situated in both Caldwell and Watauga counties
There is also a one-act version for school audiences.
In an interview  on William F. Buckley's Firing Line program, Ervin suggested that people in public life need to have more "backbone", and Buckley playfully suggested Gordon Liddy as a model to which Ervin responded, "Well, Gordon Liddy has a little too much backbone. William Frank Buckley Jr ( November 24 1925  – February 27 2008) was an American Author and conservative Firing Line ( 1966 - 1999) was an American public affairs show founded and hosted by conservative William F George Gordon Battle Liddy (born November 30, 1930) was the chief operative for the White House Plumbers unit that existed during several years of I'll have to admit that I have a sort of sneaking admiration for a fellow like Gordon Liddy that does have an excess of backbone. His backbone exceeds his intelligence, really. "
Joseph W. Ervin
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from North Carolina's 10th congressional district
Hamilton C. Jones
Clyde R. Hoey
|United States Senator (Class 3) from North Carolina|
Served alongside: Alton Asa Lennon, William Kerr Scott,
B. Everett Jordan, Jesse Helms
Robert B. Morgan
John L. McClellan
|Chairman of Senate Government Operations Committee|
Abraham A. Ribicoff