Kaki Vigla Beach
|Island Chain:||Saronic Islands|
|Area:||96. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. The Saronic Islands are so named because they lie in the Saronic Gulf just off the Greek mainland 161 km² (37 sq.mi.)|
|Highest Mountain:||Mt. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Mavrovouni (375 m (1,230 ft))|
|Population:||38,022 (as of 2001)|
|Density:||395 /km² (1,024 /sq. Attica (Αττική Attikí;) is a periphery (subdivision in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece Piraeus is one of the Prefectures of Greece. It is part of the periphery of Attica and the Athens-Piraeus super-prefecture. Salamina City ( Greek: Σαλαμίνα also Salamis City (Πόλη Σαλαμίνας or Salamis (Σαλαμίς (old-fashioned, is the largest mi. )|
|Postal Code:||189 xx|
Salamis (Greek, Modern: Σαλαμίνα Salamína, Ancient/Katharevousa: Σαλαμίς Salamís) is the largest Greek island in the Saronic Gulf, about 1 nautical mile (2 km) off-coast from Piraeus and about 16km west of Athens. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Modern Greek (el Νέα Ελληνικά or el Νεοελληνική lit The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage in the development of the Hellenic language family spanning the Archaic (c Katharevousa (Καθαρεύουσα, lit "the purified one" is a form of the Greek language conceived in the early 19th century by Greek intellectual Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant The Saronic Gulf ( Greek: Σαρωνικός κόλπος Saronikós kólpos) or Gulf of Aegina in Greece forms part of the A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of Length. It corresponds approximately to one minute of Latitude along any meridian. Piraeus (pɪˈræʊs Πειραιάς, piɾeˈas Πειραιεύς, piɾeˈefs is a city in the periphery of Attica, Greece, and a Athens (ˈæθənz Αθήνα Athina,) the Capital and largest city of Greece, dominates the Attica periphery as one of the world's Due to its roughly crescent shape, the island is also locally known as Koulouri, after the bread roll of this form. For things named Crescent see Crescent (disambiguation. In art and symbolism a crescent is generally the shape produced when a A simit ( Turkish) koulouri ( Greek: κουλούρι đevrek ( Serbian: ђеврек or gevrek (геврек is a circular  The chief city, Salamis or Salamina, lies in the west-facing core of the crescent on Salamis Bay, which opens into the Saronic Gulf. The Salamis Bay (Greek Κόλπος Σαλαμίνας Ormos Salaminas) is a Bay that connects with The island's main port, Paloukia, in size second only to Piraeus, is on the eastern side. Salamis ( Greek, Modern: Σαλαμίνα Salamína, Ancient / Katharevousa: Σαλαμίς Salamís) is the largest
The name Salamis is probably derived from Salam (shalam), Phoenician for peace, under which it was mentioned in Homer's writings. Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal region then called Pūt in Ancient Egyptian Canaan in Phoenician, Hebrew, and Homer ( Ancient Greek:, Homēros) is a legendary ancient Greek epic Poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the Some sources, however, say it was named after the nymph Salamis, according to legend the mother of Cychreus, the first king of the island). In Greek mythology, a nymph is any member of a large class of mythological entities in human female form Salamis was a Nymph in Greek mythology, the daughter of the river god Asopus and Metope, daughter of the Ladon, another river god Cychreus, in Greek mythology, was the son of Poseidon and Salamis, daughter of the river god Asopus. 
Salamis was probably first colonised by Aegina and later occupied by Megara, but became an Athenian possession in the time of Solon or Peisistratos, following the war between Athens and Megara around 600 BC. Aegina ( Greek: Αίγινα ( Egina) is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, 17 miles (30 km from Megara ( Greek:, "Big Houses" is an ancient city (pop Athens (ˈæθənz Αθήνα Athina,) the Capital and largest city of Greece, dominates the Attica periphery as one of the world's Solon ( ancient Greek:, c 638 BC&ndash558 BC was an Athenian Statesman, Lawmaker and Lyric poet. Peisistratus (sometimes transliterated Peisistratos Psistratus, Peistratus, Pesistratusor or Pisistratus, Greek: 
Salamis island is known for the Battle of Salamis, the decisive naval victory of the allied Greek fleet, led by Themistocles, over the Persian Empire in 480 BC. The Battle of Salamis ( Ancient Greek:) was a decisive naval battle between the Greek City-states and Persia in September 480 BC in the Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Themistocles ( Greek:; c 524&ndash459 BC was an Athenian soldier and statesman The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland and beyond in Western Asia Events By place Greece May — King Xerxes I of Persia marches from Sardis and onto Thrace It is said to be the birthplace of Ajax and Euripides, the latter's birth being popularly placed on the day of the battle. "Aias" redirects here For other uses of this name see AIAS and Ajax. Euripides ( Ancient Greek:) (ca 480 BC–406 BC was the last of the three great tragedians of classical Athens (the other two being Aeschylus In modern times, it is home to Salamis Naval Base, headquarters for the Hellenic Navy. The Salamis Naval Base or Naval Dock Salamis ( Greek: Ναύσταθμος Σαλαμίνας is the largest Greek naval base The Hellenic Navy ( HN) ( Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval force of Greece
During the German invasion of Greece in World War II, the harbor was bombed by the Luftwaffe on April 23, 1941, sinking the Greek battleships Kilkis and Lemnos. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including ( German 'luftvafe is a generic German term for an Air force. Events 215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Year 1941 ( MCMXLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (the link will display 1941 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. History of the ship Laid down for the United States Navy in 1904 she served in that navy as the USS ''Idaho'' (BB-24 from 1908 until 1914 when both Mississippi 
In the 1960s and 1970s, during the military junta period, changes in land legislation allowed the subdivision of land plots. Regime of the Colonels redirects here For the Polish regime of colonels see Colonels' group.  This opened the island to massive unplanned and unregulated urban and suburban development, including many weekend homes, especially along the northern and eastern coasts. The lack of corresponding investment in infrastructure, combined with heavy industry, has led to sea and beach pollution on this side of the island. Public works are the construction or engineering projects carried out by the State on behalf of the Community. There are, however, ongoing initiatives such as help from the European Union’s Cohesion Fund toward improving sewerage by 2008. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in Structural Funds and Cohesion Funds are funds allocated by the European Union for two related purposes support for the poorer regions of Europe and support for integrating European 
Salamis has an area of 36 square miles; its highest point is Mavrovouni (1325 feet). As of the mid-20th century, the majority of the inhabitants were Arvanite. According to Strabo, the ancient capital was at the south of the island;, and in classical times it was to the east, on the Kamatero Peninsula overlooking the Strait of Salamis; in modern times it is on the west. Strabo ( Greek: Στράβων 63/64 BC – ca AD 24 was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher. 
A significant part of Salamis Island is rocky and mountainous. On the southern part of the island a pine forest is located, which is unusual for western Attica. Unfortunately, this forest is often a target for fires.  While the inland inhabitants are mainly employed within the agricultural sector, the majority of Salamis' inhabitants work in maritime occupations (fishing, ferries, and the island's shipyards) or commute to work in Athens.  The maritime industry is focused on the north-east coast of the island at the port of Paloukia (Παλούκια), where ferries to mainland Greece are based, and in the dockyards of Ampelakia and the north side of the Kynosoura (Greek: Κυνοσούρα = "dog tail") peninsula. Ampelakia ( Greek: Αμπελάκια meaning Vineyards) also Ambelakia or Abelakia is the capital city of the second municipality Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly
Salamis Island is very popular for holiday and weekend visits from the Athens and Piraeus area; its population rises to 300,000 in peak season of which ca. 31,000 are permanent inhabitants.  This supports a strong service industry sector, with many cafes, bars, ouzeries, tavernas and consumer goods shops throughout the island. Ouzo (ούζο is an Anise -flavored Liqueur that is widely consumed in Greece. Taverna refers to a small Restaurant serving Greek cuisine, not to be confused with " Tavern " On the south of the island, away from the port, there are a number of less developed areas with good swimming beaches including those of Aianteio, Maroudi, Perani, Peristeria, Kolones, Saterli, Selenia and Kanakia. 
Salamis Island belongs to the Piraeus Prefecture of the Attica periphery. Piraeus is one of the Prefectures of Greece. It is part of the periphery of Attica and the Athens-Piraeus super-prefecture. Attica (Αττική Attikí;) is a periphery (subdivision in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece The peripheries ( Περιφέρειες) are the official regional Administrative divisions of Greece. 
It is divided into two municipalities: Salamina and Ampelakia. Salamina City ( Greek: Σαλαμίνα also Salamis City (Πόλη Σαλαμίνας or Salamis (Σαλαμίς (old-fashioned, is the largest Ampelakia ( Greek: Αμπελάκια meaning Vineyards) also Ambelakia or Abelakia is the capital city of the second municipality The current mayor of Salamina is Spyros Sofras and of Ampelakia Marios Travlos, both elected in the Hellenic municipal election of October 2006. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Spyros Sofras is the first time as mayor of Salamina, and Marios Travlos is the mayor of Ampelakia for a second time.
In the Municipality of Salamina, which has a land area of 80. 992 km² and a 2001 census population of 30,962, the chief population centre is the city of Salamina (also called Salamis, Salamis City or Koulouris, pop. 25,730 in 2001), consisting of the districts Alonia, Agios Minas, Agios Dimitrios, Agios Nikolaos, Boskos, Nea Salamina, Tsami and Vourkari. Its second-largest town is Aiánteio (pop. 4,456). In the Municipality of Ampelákia, which has a land area of 15. 169 km² and a population of 7,060, the largest towns are Ampelákia (pop. 4,537) and Selínia (2,346).
|Year||Municipal population||Municipal and Island population||Population of Capital|
Paloukia (Greek: Παλούκια) (Population 1. 695) which means Poles in English, is located in the northeast of the island. Many ferryboats, fishing - vessels and port police crafts dock in this harbor. In Paloukia is based the port police department of Salamina. The visitors who come to Salamis Island first arrive at Paloukia with ferryboats that run across Perama or Piraeus.
The area is close to a Greek Naval Base (in Greek Nafstathmos), which is armied and equipped with warships and submarines.
Aianteio or Aiantio or Eantio (Greek: Αιάντιον) , (Modern Greek : Αιάντειο) older forms Aiantio, Aiandion, Eantion and Eandion (transliteration may vary) is a large village in the southwestern part of Salamis Island and is named after Ajax, from Homer's Iliad, "King of the Salamis". The village in the medieval times and until the late-20th century was known as Moulki (Μούλκι).
In the region, there are churches of the 12th and the 11th century such as Saint John and Saint Dimitrios. Interesting places to visit are:
Batsi or Mpatsi (Greek, Modern: Μπάτσι, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on), older forms Batsion is a little community (population 212) in the north of Salamis in the municipality of Salamis placed at the foot of a piney mountain, located about 6 to 8 km E of Megara.
In the mountain, there is a cave of archeological interest that has not been investigated yet. In the winter there are few tourists; it is more popular with tourists from Athens during the summer months. It is a nice place with the beaches next to the pine-trees making an interesting combination.
Kaki Vigla (Greek: Κακή Βίγλα), (translated Bad View in Greek) is a small community (Population 236) located at the south of Salamis Island, near to Aianteio .
The beaches of Kaki Vigla are clean and the area has pine and olive trees.
A new village, founded in 1960
Peristeria (Greek : Περιστέρια) (Population 456) is a small village at the southeast of Salamis Island, 45 km from Salamis City. It took its name from the bird of peace, the pingeon (Greek: περιστέρι), because it is so calm, peaceful and isolated place, far off from the cars and from noise. Another interpretation says that its name may be derived from the doves which were living and had nests in the area.
The area has a marina, which has yachts and piscatorials. The beaches of Peristeria are the cleanest of Salamis. The village is near to the Cave of Euripides.
Psili Ammos (Greek: Ψιλή Άμμος) (Population 271), which means Fine Sand is so named because it is covered with sand. The area is located at the northwest of the island opposite of Elefsina. In the area there is one of the oldest landmarks, a church building of island , the chantry of Saint Grigorios (Saint Gregory).
Steno (Greek: Στενό) (Population 985), which means Narrow in Greek, is a small community in the northwest of Salamis Island. The area is separated from Fanaromeni Monastery by a hill with shrubs and pine trees. The area is adjacent to the bay of Agios Georgios. Steno has wide and well-planned roads.
Vasilika (Greek: Βασιλικά) (Population 4. 264) which means Royally is a big village in Salamis Island, located in the northwest of the island. Vasilika is the third area in Salamis by population after Salamis City and Aianteio. Vasilika has a sandy large beach apt for swimming.
Xeno (Greek: Ξένο) (Population 786) which means Foreign in English is located at the northwest of the island. The area took this name because the first residents who came in Xeno were not from Salamis but from the close areas of Pireaus.
Kynosoura or Kinosoura (Greek: Κυνοσούρα), which means the tail of dog in Ancient and Modern Greek, is a small peninsula at Salamis Island, located in the east of island. The area probably took its name, because the area is long and oblong, such as a dog' s tail. At the south side of area there are a few houses (Population 69). At the north there is a dockyard, which constructs and fixes any type of ship like: oilers, transports, containers etc .
Selinia (Greek: Σελήνια)(Population 2. 523) is one of the resorts of Salamis Island, Greece, located a few kilometers southeast of Salamis city . Selinia use to be the weekend resort of many Athenians due to its proximity to Piraeus and Athens. Selinia also features restaurants and taverns.
Its geography includes residential areas around the area and farmlands in its outskirts. The mountains that features grasslands and barren land along with forests dominates the outer areas.
Selinia offers prestigious views of the area and its beach. It also offers nice views of Athens and Piraeus along with its harbor and the southern suburbs, it also views the nearby mountains as well as Aigaleo and Hymettus. The island of Aigina can be seen in the southern parts.
Salamis island has eleven primary schools (ten public and one private), four high schools and four lycees. The majority of students are proficient in school, and usually the pupils (above age 13) have acquired diplomas and certificates in English, French or in German like ECCE, FCE, CPE, ECPE and others. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. The First Certificate in English (FCE is one of the exams available from University of Cambridge ESOL examination. The Certificate of Proficiency in English or CPE (as it is usually referred to is the most advanced general English exam provided by the Many students from Salamis island also possess many computer skills. Many students also study abroad, usually in countries such as the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and France. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, the pupils went to Italy for studies since it was close to Greece. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
On Salamis island, a visitor can find many bars, cafeterias, beaches, shops, with different views of Salamis Bay. The main cafeterias and bars are based at the area of Agios Nikolaos, which is at the west suburbs of Salamis city. The district took its name from the homonymous church. Taverns and inns are in every place of the island with their local food and dishes. The shops are opened from 8:00 up until 2:00 in the morning and at 5:30 to 9:00 in the afternoons during weekdays (also open from 9:00 to 1:30 in the mornings and 6:00 to 8:30 in the afternoons during Saturdays). Salamina has a plethora of shops for clothes, souvenirs, appliances, vehicles, and computers.
Salamis island has two football teams, Aias (Ajax) Salaminas and Ampelakiakos F. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Aias Salaminas FC or Aias Salamina FC ( Ajax of Salamis in English, Greek: Αίας Σαλαμίνας is a Greek football team founded C.
|Landmark||Year of construction||Location|
|Faneromeni Monastery||15th century||Faneromeni|
|Chantry of Saint George||around 1250||Agios Georgios|
|Euripideio Theatre||1993||in suburbs of Salamis City (in hill Patris)|
|Church of Saint Dimitrios||1806||center of Salamis City (in hononymous district)|
|The Cave of Euripides||450 BC||at south Salamis Island (near Peristeria)|
|The Cottage of Angelos Sikelianos||1935||Faneromeni|
|The Stone Lighthouse||1901||Peristeria|
|The bust of Georgios Karaiskakis||1982||center of Salamis City (in Vourkari district)|
|The Windmills||19th century||in suburbs of Salamis City (in a hill)|
|Chantry of Prophet Elias||early of 20th century||Salamis City (in a stone hill)|
|Chantry of Saint Grygorios||12th century||Psili Ammos|
|The Stony small Theater||1990||Selinia|
|The City Hall of Salamis||2000||Salamis City|
|The Monastery of Saint Nicolaos||17th century||at south Salamis Island (near Kanakia)|
|The Church of Saint John the Kalyvitis||11th century||at south Salamis Island (near Kanakia)|
|The Folklore Museum||2000||it ' s lodging at Salamis City Hall|
|The Mansion of Galeos Family||19th century||at Salamis center (at Agios Minas district)|
|The Church of Saint Minas||1869||at Salamis City (at Agios Minas district)|
Kaki Vigla beach. The Cave of Euripides is a ten-chamber Cave in Peristeria on Salamis Island, Greece, and the subject of archaeological investigation "Magusa" redirects here For the Moth Genus, see Magusa (moth. Cyprus (Κύπρος transliterated: Kýpros,; Kıbrıs officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία Kypriakī́ Dīmokratía
Kaki Vigla Gulf.
|Municipal districts of the island of Salamina|
|Municipality of Ampelakia : Ampelakia | Selinia|
Municipality of Salamina: Agios Georgios |