|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
|Motto: "Pax et justitia" (Latin)|
"Peace and justice"
|Anthem: St Vincent Land So Beautiful|
(and largest city)
|Government||Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy|
|-||Monarch||Queen Elizabeth II|
|-||Governor-General||Sir Frederick Ballantyne|
|-||Prime Minister||Ralph Gonsalves|
|-||from the United Kingdom||27 October 1979|
|-||Total||389 km² (201st)|
150 sq mi
|-||2008 estimate||120,000 (182nd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2002 estimate|
|-||Total||$342 million (212nd)|
|-||Per capita||$7,493 (82nd)|
|HDI (2007)||▲ 0. The flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was adopted on October 21, 1985. The Coat of arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is surmounted by a Cotton plant and bears the text "Peace and Justice" in Latin A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history traditions and struggles of its people recognized either by a nation's St Vincent Land so Beautiful is the National anthem of St Vincent and the Grenadines. The country's official language is English but a French patois may be heard on some of the Grenadine Islands. Kingstown, estimated population 15900 (July 1999) is the chief port of Saint Vincent, and the Capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. An official language is a Language that is given a special legal status in a particular Country, State, or other territory English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in American English) is a System of government in which A constitutional monarchy, or a limited monarchy, is a form of Constitutional Government, wherein either an elected or hereditary Monarch is TalkCommonewalth realm.--> The monarchy For the ship see RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Context States headed by Elizabeth II The office of Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was created in 1979 when the islands gained independence as a Commonwealth realm Sir Frederick Nathaniel Ballantyne, GCMG (born 5 July 1936 is the Governor-General of St This page lists chief ministers and prime minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Ralph Everard Gonsalves (born August 8, 1946) also known as "Comrade Ralph" is the Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Independence is the Self-government of a Nation, Country, or State by its residents and population or some portion thereof generally exercising The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Events 312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. M^2 redirects here For other uses see M². CM2 redirects here This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by total area. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. In Mathematics, a percentage is a way of expressing a number as a Fraction of 100 ( per cent meaning "per hundred" In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common List of countries by population in 2005|List of countries by population in 1907This is a list of countries ordered according to Population. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume List of countries and dependencies by Population density in inhabitants/km² The purchasing power parity ( PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium Exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their Purchasing power. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. There are three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head with Per meaning 'through' or 'by' This article includes three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP at Purchasing power parity (PPP Per capita The Human Development Index ( HDI) is an index combining normalized measures of Life expectancy, Literacy, Educational attainment, and GDP 761 (medium) (93rd)|
|Currency||East Caribbean dollar (|
|Calling code||+1 784|
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island nation in the Lesser Antilles chain of the Caribbean Sea. This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Program 's Human Development Report 2007 A currency is a unit of exchange, facilitating the transfer of Goods and/or services It is one form of Money, where money is The East Caribbean dollar ( Currency code XCD) is the Currency of eight of the nine members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States ISO 4217 is the International standard describing three-letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established A country This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees, are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the A volcanic arc is a chain of volcanic islands or Mountains formed by Plate tectonics as an oceanic Tectonic plate subducts under For the region see Caribbean. The Caribbean Sea (kəˈrɪbiən or /ˌkærɨˈbiːən/ is a tropical Sea in the Western Hemisphere Its 389-square-kilometre (150 sq mi) territory consists of the main island of Saint Vincent and the northern two-thirds of the Grenadines. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. You may be looking for St Vincent Island Florida Saint Vincent is a volcanic Island in the Caribbean, the largest island The Grenades are a Caribbean island chain of over 600 islands in the Windward Islands. The country has a French and British colonial history and is now part of the Commonwealth of Nations and CARICOM. The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. The Caribbean Community ( CARICOM) is an organization of Caribbean nations and dependencies
Carib Indians aggressively prevented European settlement on St. While the English were the first to lay claim to St Vincent in 1627 the French would be the first European settlers on the island when they established their first colony at Barrouallie on Cariban languages Carib, Island Carib or Kalinago people after whom the Caribbean Sea was named live in the Lesser Antilles islands Vincent until the 18th century. The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system Enslaved Africans - whether shipwrecked or escaped from Barbados, St. The term African people can refer to people who live in Africa, or people who trace their ancestry to Indigenous inhabitants of Africa. Lucia and Grenada and seeking refuge in mainland St. Vincent, or Hairouna as it was originally named by the Caribs - intermarried with the Caribs and became known as Garifuna or Black Caribs. The Garinagu (singular Garifuna) are an ethnic group of mixed ancestry who live primarily in Central America. Beginning in 1719, French settlers cultivated coffee, tobacco, indigo, cotton, and sugar on plantations worked by enslaved Africans. Year 1719 ( MDCCXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In 1763, St. Year 1763 ( MDCCLXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Vincent was ceded to Britain. Restored to French rule in 1779, St. Year 1779 ( MDCCLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Vincent was regained by the British under the Treaty of Paris (1783) in which Great Britain officially recognized the end of the American Revolution. The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783, and approved by the Congress of the Confederation on January 14, 1784, formally Ancillary treaties were also signed with France and Spain, known as the Treaties of Versailles of 1783, part of which put St. Vincent back under British control. Conflict between the British and the Black Caribs, led by defiant Paramount Chief Joseph Chatoyer, continued until 1796, when General Sir Ralph Abercromby crushed a revolt fomented by the French radical Victor Hugues. Joseph Chatoyer (d March 14, 1795) was a Garifuna Carib chief who led a revolt against the British colonial government of Saint Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Abercromby, KB (sometimes spelled Abercrombie ( 7 October 1734 &ndash 28 March 1801) was More than 5,000 Black Caribs were eventually deported to Roatán, an island off the coast of Honduras. Roatán, located between the islands of Útila and Guanaja ( is the largest of Honduras ' Bay Islands. Honduras in Spanish, República de Honduras) is a democratic republic in Central America.
Slavery was abolished in 1834. Abolitionism was a political movement of the 18th and 19th century which sought to make Slavery illegal particularly in the United States and British West Indies Year 1834 ( MDCCCXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common After the apprenticeship period, which ended prematurely in 1838, labour shortages on the plantations resulted in the immigration of indentured servants. The Portuguese came from Madeira starting in the 1840s and shiploads of East Indian labourers arrived between 1861-1880. Conditions remained harsh for both former slaves and immigrant agricultural workers, as depressed world sugar prices kept the economy stagnant until the turn of the century.
From 1763 until independence, St. Vincent passed through various stages of colonial status under the British. A representative assembly was authorized in 1776, Crown Colony government installed in 1877, a legislative council created in 1925, and universal adult suffrage granted in 1951.
During this period, the British made several unsuccessful attempts to affiliate St. Vincent with other Windward Islands in order to govern the region through a unified administration. The colonies themselves, desirous of freedom from British rule, made a notable attempt at unification called West Indies Federation, which collapsed in 1962. The West Indies Federation, also known as the Federation of the West Indies, was a short-lived Caribbean Federation that existed from January 3 1958 St. Vincent was granted associate statehood status on October 27th, 1969, giving it complete control over its internal affairs. Following a referendum in 1979, under Milton Cato St. Vincent and the Grenadines became the last of the Windward Islands to gain independence on the 10th anniversary of its associate statehood status, October 27th, 1979.
Natural disasters have featured in the country's history. In 1902, La Soufrière volcano erupted, killing 2,000 people. Much farmland was damaged, and the economy deteriorated. In April 1979, La Soufrière erupted again. Although no one was killed, thousands had to be evacuated, and there was extensive agricultural damage. In 1980 and 1987, hurricanes compromised banana and coconut plantations; 1998 and 1999 also saw very active hurricane seasons, with Hurricane Lenny in 1999 causing extensive damage to the west coast of the island. Hurricane Lenny was the 12th tropical storm eighth hurricane, and fifth major hurricane in the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth of Nations. A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in American English) is a System of government in which Queen Elizabeth II is head of state and is represented on the island by a governor general, an office with mostly ceremonial functions. For the ship see RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Context States headed by Elizabeth II The term governor general or governor-general refers to a vice-regal representative of a Monarch in an independent realm or a major colonial circonscription Control of the government rests with the prime minister and the cabinet. This article is about the government position For other uses see Prime Minister (disambiguation. A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of Government, typically representing the executive branch. There is a parliamentary opposition made of the largest minority stakeholder in general elections, headed by the leader of the opposition. Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government particularly in a Westminster -based Parliamentary system The current Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the Honourable Dr. Ralph Gonsalves, affectionately called "Comrade. "
The country has no formal armed forces, though Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force includes a Special Service Unit.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are a full & participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). The Caribbean Community ( CARICOM) is an organization of Caribbean nations and dependencies The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States ( OECS) created in 1981 is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration protection of
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines lies between Saint Lucia and Grenada in the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, an island arc of the Caribbean Sea. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island State in the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, an Island arc of the Saint Lucia (ˌseɪnt ˈluːʃɪə is an Island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Grenada (grɪˈneɪdə is an Island nation that includes the southern Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. This article is about the Caribbean island group For the eastern Society Islands in French Polynesia, see Windward Islands (Society Islands. The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees, are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the A volcanic arc is a chain of volcanic islands or Mountains formed by Plate tectonics as an oceanic Tectonic plate subducts under For the region see Caribbean. The Caribbean Sea (kəˈrɪbiən or /ˌkærɨˈbiːən/ is a tropical Sea in the Western Hemisphere The islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines include the main island of Saint Vincent (344 km²/133 sq mi) and the northern two-thirds of the Grenadines (45 km²/17 sq mi), a chain of small islands stretching south from Saint Vincent to Grenada. You may be looking for St Vincent Island Florida Saint Vincent is a volcanic Island in the Caribbean, the largest island The Grenades are a Caribbean island chain of over 600 islands in the Windward Islands.
Administratively, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is divided into six parishes, with five on Saint Vincent, and the Grenadines together comprising the sixth. |||} Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is divided into six Parishes Charlotte Parish Grenadines Parish Saint A parish as an Administrative division of several countries. In England and in one American state ( Louisiana) it is sometimes called Kingstown is located in the Parish of St. Kingstown, estimated population 15900 (July 1999) is the chief port of Saint Vincent, and the Capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. George and is the capital city and central administrative centre of the nation.
Agriculture, dominated by banana production, is the most important sector of this lower-middle-income economy. Charlotte is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Grenadines is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Saint Andrew is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Saint David is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Saint George is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Saint Patrick is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The St Vincent economy is heavily dependent on Agriculture. Bananas alone account for upwards of 60% of the work force and 50% of merchandise exports Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture For the fruit see Banana. For other meanings see Banana (disambiguation. The services sector, based mostly on a growing tourist industry, is also important. The government has been relatively unsuccessful at introducing new industries, and a high unemployment rate of 22% continues. Unemployment occurs when a person is available to work and currently seeking work but the person is without work. The continuing dependence on a single crop represents the biggest obstacle to the islands' development; tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in both 1994 and 1995. The tourism sector has considerable potential for development over the next decade. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel The recent filming of the Pirates of the Caribbean movies on the island has also helped to increase tourism and expose the country to the wider world. Pirates of the Caribbean is a trilogy of Adventure films directed by Gore Verbinski, written by Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio and produced Recent growth has been stimulated by strong activity in the construction sector and an improvement in tourism. There is a small manufacturing sector and a small offshore financial sector whose particularly restrictive secrecy laws have caused some international concern. In addition, the natives of Bequia are permitted to hunt up to four Humpback Whales per year under IWC subsistence quotas. Bequia ( pronounced beck-way) is the second largest island in the Grenadines. The humpback whale ( Megaptera novaeangliae) is a Baleen Whale. The International Whaling Commission ( IWC) is an international body set up by the terms of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW, which
Population: 118,149 (July 2007 est). The country's official language is English but a French patois may be heard on some of the Grenadine Islands. Ethnic groups: Black 56%, Mixed 16%, East Indian 16%, Carib Amerindian 2%, Other 7%. Most Vincentians are the descendants of African people brought to the island to work on plantations. There are other ethnic groups such as Portuguese, East Indian, Pakistani and Syrians living on the island. The Portuguese people (os Portugueses literally the Portuguese) are the Ethnic group or Nation native to the country of Portugal, in the west Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Syria Greater Syria, a historical region of the Levant Roman Syria Ottoman Syria There is also a growing Chinese population and a sizable minority of mixed race. The term Chinese people may refer to any of the following A person who resides in and holds citizenship of the People's Republic of China (including Hong
St. Vincent has a high rate of emigration. With extremely high unemployment and under-employment, population growth remains a major problem.
While the official language is English, many of the locals speak a dialect called Vincentian Creole. Vincentian Creole is a Creole language spoken in Saint Vincent. A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος dialektos) is a variety of a Language that is characteristic of a particular group of Vincentian Creole is a Creole language spoken in Saint Vincent.  English is used in education, government, religion, and other formal domains, while Creole (or 'dialect' as it is referred to by locals) is used in informal situations such as in the home and among friends.
In 2005, St. Vincent and the Grenadines had 22,500 telephone land lines. Its land telephone system is fully automatic and covers the entire island and all of the inhabited Grenadine islands. In 2004, there were 57,000 mobile phones. There is mobile phone coverage for most of St. Vincent as well as the Grenadines.
The country has only nine FM radio stations, one of which also operates on an AM frequency. It has one television broadcast station and one cable television provider.
The country has two ISPs: Cable and Wireless  and Karib Kable. Cable & Wireless ( is a British Telecommunications company In the mid-1980s it became the first company in the UK to offer an alternative Telephone