|Coat of arms||Location|
|Mayor||Charlotte Britz (SPD)|
|Area||167. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Germany (Deutschland is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen States, known in German as Länder (singular Saarland (ˈzaːɐ̯lant in German; French: Sarre) is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. German districts (de ''Kreise'' or de ''Landkreise'' in the states of Nordrhein-Westfalen and Schleswig-Holstein, singular de ''Kreis'' and de ''Landreis'' The Regionalverband Saarbrücken is a Kommunalverband besonderer Art, an integration of a District ( Kreis) and a district-free town Burgomaster (alternatively spelled Burgo[[meister]], literally translated meaning master of the town or master of the Fortress Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 07 km² (64. 5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||230. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. 1 m (755 ft)|
|- Density||1,080 /km² (2,798 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Area codes||0681, 06893, 06897, 06898, 06805|
|Location of the town of Saarbrücken within Regionalverband Saarbrücken district|
Saarbrücken (pronounced [ˈzaːɐ̯ˈbrʏkn] in German; French: Sarrebruck, Luxembourgish: Saarbrécken) is the capital of the state of Saarland in Germany. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume Central European Time ( CET) is one of the names of the Time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. Central European Summer Time ( CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 Time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+1 is used in the following locations Central European Time West Africa Time Western European Summer Time UTC+2 corresponds to the following Time zones Eastern European Time Egypt Standard Time Central Africa Time German car number plates ( Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered __FORCETOC__ Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen abbreviated to PLZ consist of five digits which indicate the wider area (first two digits and the see also Telephone numbering in Germany for further codes including service numbers cell phones etc A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Luxembourgish (lb Lëtzebuergesch Luxembourgeois Luxemburgisch Luxemburgs Lussimbordjwès also called Luxembourgian, also spelled Luxemburgish, is one of The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in Sarre is the name of a department of the First French Empire which is now part of Germany and Belgium. Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national Capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist the capital was moved or the capital Rhine Franconian (German Rheinfränkisch) or Rhenish Franconian, is a Dialect family of West Central German. Saarland (ˈzaːɐ̯lant in German; French: Sarre) is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. A principality (or princedom) is a monarchical feudatory or Sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of Prince The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in For the area code see Area code 925. For the hallmark 925 see Sterling silver. The House of Nassau-Weilburg ruled a division of Nassau which was a state in current Germany, a state that existed from 1344 to 1816 The First Republic in France, officially the French Republic (République française was proclaimed on 21 September 1792 during the French Revolution. Year 1793 ( MDCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire Year VI of the French Republic by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of the major powers of Europe, chaired by the Austrian statesman Clemens Wenzel von Metternich The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918 and from 1871 was the leading state of the German Empire, comprising }The Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine (Großherzogtum Niederrhein or simply known as the Lower Rhine Province (Provinz Niederrhein was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia Events 53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia 62 - Claudia Octavia commits Year 1815 ( MDCCCXV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Luxembourgish (lb Lëtzebuergesch Luxembourgeois Luxemburgisch Luxemburgs Lussimbordjwès also called Luxembourgian, also spelled Luxemburgish, is one of Saarland (ˈzaːɐ̯lant in German; French: Sarre) is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The city sits at the heart of a metropolitan area that bounds westwards to Dillingen and northeastwards to Neunkirchen, in which most of the people of the Saarland live. Dillingen (also Dillingen an der Saar) is a town in the district of Saarlouis, in Saarland, Germany. Neunkirchen is a town and a municipality in Saarland, Germany.
Saarbrücken used to be the industrial and transport centre of a great coal basin; factories here produced iron and steel, sugar, beer, pottery, optical instruments, machinery, and construction materials. However, over the past decades the industrial importance of Saarland has declined, as it is much cheaper, even for German companies, to import coal from lower-wage countries instead of buying it here.
Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (1546), the Gothic church of St Arnual, the 18th century Saarbrücker Schloss (castle) and the old part of the town, the St. The Saar ( French: Sarre) is a River in northeastern France and western Germany, and a right tributary of the Moselle River Johanner Markt. In 1815 Saarbrücken came under Prussian control, and for two periods in the 20th century (1919–35 and 1945–57) it became part of the Saar territory under French administration. Prussia ( Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Prūsija Prūsija Prusy Old Prussian: Prūsa) was most recently a historic state Saarland (ˈzaːɐ̯lant in German; French: Sarre) is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. For this reason, coupled with its proximity to the French border, it retains a certain French influence.
In modern German Saarbrücken literally means Saar bridges, and indeed there are about a dozen bridges across the Saar river. However the name actually predates any bridge at this spot by at least 500 years. The historical name of the town is actually Sarabrucca, derived from the Old High German word Brucca, which became Brocken in High German (rocks or boulders in English). The High German languages (in German, Hochdeutsch) are any of the varieties of standard German, Luxembourgish and
The Saar area was incorporated into the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC, and later came under the control of the Franks. Saarland (ˈzaːɐ̯lant in German; French: Sarre) is one of the 16 federal states (German Bundesländer) of Germany. The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial The 1st century BC started the first day of 100 BC and ended the last day of 1 BC. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group In 925 it became part of the Holy Roman Empire, but a strong French influence continued. For the area code see Area code 925. For the hallmark 925 see Sterling silver. The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in
From 1381 to 1793 the counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken were the main local rulers. The House of Nassau-Weilburg ruled a division of Nassau which was a state in current Germany, a state that existed from 1344 to 1816 Often a prize contended for by its stronger neighbours, the area came under French domination in the 16th century and was incorporated into France in the 1680s. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. France was forced to relinquish the Saar in 1697, but from 1793 to 1815 regained control of the region.
After 1815 much of the area was part of the Prussian Rhine Province. Prussia ( Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Prūsija Prūsija Prusy Old Prussian: Prūsa) was most recently a historic state The Rhine Province (Rheinprovinz also known as Rhenish Prussia ( Rheinpreußen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free During the 19th century the coal and iron resources of the region were developed. At the start of the Franco-Prussian War the area was the first target of the French invasion force, and was occupied between August 2 and August 4, 1870, during this war. The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War ( 19 July, 1870 — 10 May, 1871 Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Events 70 - The Destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans. Year 1870 ( MDCCCLXX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
Under the Treaty of Versailles (1919) the Saar coal-mines were made the exclusive property of France for a period of 15 years as compensation for the destruction of French mines during the First World War. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The treaty also provided for a plebiscite, at the end of the 15-year period, to determine the territory's future status, and in 1935 more than 90% of the electorate voted for reunification with Germany, while only 0. A referendum (plural referendums or referenda) ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita 8% voted for unification with France. The remainder voted for maintenance of the League of Nations administration. The Saar subsequently rejoined Germany. The Territory of the Saar Basin (in French: Le Territoire du Bassin de la Sarre, in German: Saarbeckengebiet) also referred as the Saar Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe.
Heavily bombed in World War II and made part of the French Zone of Occupation in 1945, the area was made a separate zone in 1946. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Allied powers who defeated Nazi Germany in World War II divided the country west of the Oder-Neisse line into four occupation zones for administrative In 1947, France created the nominally–politically-independent Saar protectorate and merged it economically with France in order to exploit the area's vast coal reserves. The Saar or Saar Area or Saar Protectorate or Saar Region was a French-German borderland territory twice temporarily made a protectorate Political pressure on France by West Germany and others, as well as the 1955 rejection by the Saarlanders of the compromise solution of Europeanisation of the area, led to the January 1, 1957 political reunion with the Federal Republic of Germany. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Economic reintegration would however take many additional years.
The city is served by the Saarbrücken Airport (SCN) and starting in June 2007 ICE high speed train services along the LGV Est line provide high speed connections to Paris. Saarbrücken Airport, or Flughafen Saarbrücken in German, is an airport in Saarbrücken, Germany. June 2007 is the sixth month of that year It began on a Friday and 30 days later ended on a Saturday. The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and neighbouring countries The LGV Est européenne (sometimes referred to as LGV Est) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network connecting Paris and Strasbourg Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Uniquely, Saarbrücken's Saarbahn (modelled on the Karlsruhe model light rail) crosses the French–German border, connecting to the French city of Sarreguemines
Saarbrücken is also the home of the main campus of Saarland University (Universität des Saarlandes). The Karlsruhe model means urban and Heavy rail trains running on the same track For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. Sarreguemines (German Saargemünd) is a town and commune in the Moselle département, in Lorraine, northeastern Saarland University ( German Universität des Saarlandes) is a university located in Saarbrücken, the capital of the German state of Co-located with the University are several research centres focusing on computer science, materials science, biomedical technology and European studies. Computer science (or computing science) is the study and the Science of the theoretical foundations of Information and Computation and their Materials Science or Materials Engineering is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of Science and Biomedical technology involves the application of Engineering and Technology principles to the domain of living or biological Systems Usually biomedical European studies is a field of study offered by many academic colleges and universities that focuses on the current development of European integration.
|Weather averages for Saarbrücken|
|Average high °C (°F)||3 (37)||4 (39)||9 (48)||13 (55)||18 (64)||21 (70)||23 (73)||23 (73)||19 (66)||14 (57)||7 (45)||4 (39)|
|Average low °C (°F)||-1 (30)||-1 (30)||-2 (28)||4 (39)||8 (46)||11 (52)||13 (55)||13 (55)||10 (50)||7 (45)||2 (36)||0 (32)|
|Precipitation mm (inches)||54 (2. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric 1)||42 (1. 7)||38 (1. 5)||38 (1. 5)||46 (1. 8)||49 (1. 9)||50 (2)||40 (1. 6)||39 (1. 5)||52 (2)||59 (2. 3)||61 (2. 4)|
|Source: worldweather. org 2007-12-01|
Some of the closest big cities are Trier, Luxembourg, Nancy, Metz, Kaiserslautern, Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Trier (Trèves Luxembourgish: Tréier; Augusta Treverorum is a City in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Nancy (nɑ̃si archaic Nanzig Nanzeg is a city and commune in the Lorraine région of northeastern France Metz (mɛs in French) is a city in the northeast of France, capital of the Lorraine région and Préfecture (kaɪzɐsˈlaʊtɐn is a City in southwest Germany, located in the Bundesland State of Rhineland-Palatinate ( Rheinland-Pfalz) at Karlsruhe (ˈkaɐ̯lsʁuːə population 285812 in 2006 is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near Mannheim is a City in Germany. With 327318 inhabitants it is the second-largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg after the capital Stuttgart Saarbrücken is also connected by the city's public transport network to the town of Sarreguemines in France, allowing easy crossing of the border between one country and the other. Sarreguemines (German Saargemünd) is a town and commune in the Moselle département, in Lorraine, northeastern It is also connected to the satellite town of Völklingen, where the old steel works were the first industrial monument to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994 — the Völklinger Hütte. Völklingen is a town and a municipality in the district of Saarbrücken, in Saarland, Germany. A monument is a structure either explicitly created to commemorate a person or important event or which has become important to a social group as a part of their remembrance of past A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site (such as a Forest, Mountain, Lake, Desert, Monument, Building, complex United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 The Völklingen Ironworks ( German: Völklinger Hütte) is located in the German town of Völklingen, Saarland.
The Ludwigskirche (Ludwig Church)
St. Cottbus ( Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz) is a City in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km southeast of Berlin on the Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Kayseri ( Ottoman Turkish:قیصریه Greek: Καισάρεια / Kaisareia: Latin: Caesarea Mazaca Zazaish Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches Malatya ( Hittite: Melid; Greek: Μαλάτεια Malateia; Armenian: Մալաթիա Malatia; Kurdish: Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches Nantes (Naoned Gallo: Naunnt) is a city in western France, located on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Tbilisi (ˌtbiˈliːsi in Georgian: თბილისი is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Mt'k'vari Georgia ( საქართველო, Sakartvelo) is a Transcontinental country in the Caucasus region situated at the dividing line between Max Ophüls (born Maximillian Oppenheimer, 6 May 1902, Saarbrücken, Germany - 25 March 1957, Hamburg Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. Year 1902 ( MCMII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6. Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. Year 1984 ( MCMLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar) Walter (correctly Walther) Friedrich Schellenberg ( January 16[[ 910]] &ndash March 31[[ 952]] was a German Nazi who Events 27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 307 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Year 1952 ( MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Gerhard Schröder ( September 11, 1910 - December 31, 1989) was a West German Politician and member of the Christian Democratic Events 9 - The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) Otto Steinert ( July 12, 1915 &ndash March 3, 1978) was an important German Photographer. Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. Year 1915 ( MCMXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) A photographer is a person who takes a Photograph using a Camera. Frederic Vester ( November 23, 1925 - November 2, 2003) was a German biochemist, expert on Ecology. Events 800 - Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1570 - A Tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1000 Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes in living Organisms It deals with the Structure and function of cellular components such as Frédéric Back (born April 8, 1924) is an award-winning Canadian Animator. Events 217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page An animator is an Artist who creates multiple images called frames and Key frames that form an illusion of movement called Animation when rapidly displayed Tzvi Marrano Avni ( Hebrew: צבי אבני born Hermann Jakob Steinke in Saarbrücken, Germany, 1927 first name sometimes spelled Zvi Events 44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion. Year 1927 ( MCMXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Sandra Ann Lauer ( May 18, 1962, Saarbrücken, Germany) and professionally known as "Sandra" is a popular German singer/songwriter Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Claudia Kohde-Kilsch (born December 11, 1963 in Saarbrücken) is a former German Tennis player Events 359 - Honoratus, the first known Prefect of the City of Constantinople, takes office Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Tennis is a sport played between two players ( singles) or between two teams of two players each ( doubles) Nicole (Nicole Seibert née Hohloch born October 25 1964, Saarbrücken, Germany) is a successful German Singer. Events 1147 - The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. Manfred Trenz (born November 29, 1965, Saarbrücken, Germany) is a famous computer game developer Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. Events 393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Willi Graf ( 2 January 1918 in Kuchenheim near Euskirchen; - 12 October 1943 in Munich) was a member of the Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Also see Die weiße Rose (opera and Sophie Scholl – Die letzten Tage The White Rose (die Weiße Rose was a non-violent The German Resistance refers to those individuals and groups in Nazi Germany who opposed the regime of Adolf Hitler between 1933 and 1945 John's Basilica
The Wilhelm-Heinrich-Bridge with a reconstructed river crane
The Alte Brücke (Old Bridge)
The Staatstheater (theatre)
The Tbilissi Square
A Mithras shrine
The Saarbahn tramway
The campus of the Saarland University
The Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz (DFKI), the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence
The central station