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Presidential elections were held in Russia on March 14, 2004. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The politics of Russia ( the Russian Federation) take place in a framework of a federal presidential Republic. For the constitution of the Imperial Russia see Russian Constitution of 1906 The current Constitution of the Russian Federation The President of Russia (Президент России or the President of the Russian Federation, Президент Российской Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev ( Dmitrij Anatol′evič Medvedev;; born 14 September 1965 is currently President of Russia, inaugurated on 7 May 2008 The Russian presidential administration (also known as Staff of Russia’s president Presidential Executive Office in Russian: Администрация Президента The Security Council of the Russian Federation (SCRF ( Russian: Совет Безопасности Российской Федерации) is a consultative body The Government of the Russian Federation (Прави́тельство Росси́йской Федера́ции is an executive governmental body that brings together the principal The Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, (Председатель Правительства Российской Федерации unofficially called the Prime-Minister Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (; born 7 October 1952 in Leningrad, USSR; now Saint Petersburg, Russia was the second President of Russia The Federal Assembly of Russia (Russian Федеральное Собрание transliteration Federalnoye Sobraniye or Federalnoje Sobranije is the Legislature of the Federation Council of Russia (Сове́т Федера́ции Sovet Federatsii) is the Upper house of the The State Duma (Государственная дума (Gosudarstvennaya Duma common abbreviation Госдума (Gosduma in the Russian Federation is the According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Russian judiciary shall have judicial appeal and judicial review at the level of the Supreme Court Constitutional Court of Russian Federation (Russian Конституционный Суд Российской Федерации is a high court which is empowered to rule on whether The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation ( Russian: ru Верховный Суд Российской Федерации is the final instance in Administrative law The Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation is the Court of final instance in commercial disputes in Russia The Public Chamber (In Russian: Общественная палата is a state institution with 126 members created in 2005 in Russia to analyze The State Council of the Russian Federation ( Russian: Государственный Совет is an Advisory body to the Head of State which The primary and fundamental statement of laws in the Russian Federation is the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Political parties in Russia lists political parties in Russia. Elections in Russia gives information on Elections and election results in Russia. Presidential elections were held in the Russian Federation on June 12, 1991. Presidential elections were held in Russia in 1996. Incumbent Russian President Boris Yeltsin was seeking a four-year term Russian presidential elections were held on March 26, 2000. Incumbent Prime Minister and acting President Vladimir Putin, who had succeeded Boris The Russian Presidential election of 2008, held on March 2, 2008 resulted in the election of Dmitry Medvedev as the third President of Russia Legislative elections were held in the Russian SFSR on March 4, 1990. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Federation on December 12 1993. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Federation on December 17 1995. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Federation on December 19 1999. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Federation on December 7 2003. Legislative elections were held in the Russian Federation on December 2 2007. A referendum was held in Russia on 7 March, 1991, asking about the introduction of the post of President of RSFSR. A referendum was held in Russia on 25 April 1993 following the constitutional crisis earlier in the year A referendum was held in Russia on 12 December 1993 It was initiated by President Boris Yeltsin after the fall of the Supreme Soviet. The Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation (Центральная избирательная комиссия Российской Федерации (Центризбирком Being the largest country in the world spanning a large percentage of Eurasia, and one of the most populated Russia is divided into several types and levels of Russia is a Federation which consists of 83  subjects. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal Human rights in the Soviet Union The rights and liberties of the citizens of the Russian Federation are granted by Chapter 2 of the Constitution adopted in 1993 This article covers the foreign relations of Russia since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 The Russian Federation has one of the largest networks of embassies and consulates of any country Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Events 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Incumbent Vladimir Putin was seeking a second full four-year term. Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (; born 7 October 1952 in Leningrad, USSR; now Saint Petersburg, Russia was the second President of Russia He was re-elected with 71. 31% of the vote.
|Vladimir Putin||none, but supported by United Russia||49,565,238||71. Events 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (; born 7 October 1952 in Leningrad, USSR; now Saint Petersburg, Russia was the second President of Russia United Russia (Единая Россия Yedinaya Rossiya) is a major Political party in the Russian Federation. 31|
|Nikolay Kharitonov||Communist Party of the Russian Federation,|
but a member of Agrarian Party of Russia
|9,513,313||13. Nikolay Mikhailovich Kharitonov (Николай Михайлович Харитонов (born 30 October 1948) is a Russian politician from the Novosibirsk region The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации = КПРФ Transliteration of Russian into English|translit The Agrarian Party of Russia ( Agrarnaya Partiya Rossii, Аграрная Партия России АПР was a Left wing agrarian party in Russia. 69|
|Sergey Glazyev||none, but supported by Rodina||2,850,063||4. Deputy Sergey Yurievich Glazyev, PhD (Сергей Юрьевич Глазьев (born January 1, 1961) is a Russian politician and former candidate Rodina or Motherland-National Patriotic Union ( Rodina - Narodno-Patrioticheskiy Soyuz, Партия "РОДИНА" is one of the four parties that control 10|
|Irina Khakamada||2,671,313||3. Irina Mutsuovna Hakamada (Ири́на Муцу́овна Хакама́да, born April 13, 1955) is a Russian politician who ran in the Russian 84|
|Oleg Malyshkin||Liberal Democratic Party of Russia||1,405,315||2. Oleg Alexandrovich Malyshkin (Оле́г Алекса́ндрович Малышкин is a Russian Politician and member of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia The Liberal Democratic Party of Russia ( Либерально-Демократическая Партия России, 02|
|Sergey Mironov||Russian Party of Life||524,324||0. Sergey Mikhailovich Mironov (Сергéй Михáйлович Мирóнов (born February 14, 1953) is a Russian Statesman and the current Speaker Russian Party of Life (Российская партия жизни Rossiyskaya Partiya Zhizni) is a Political party in Russia, led by Sergey Mironov 75|
|Against all||2,396,219||3. None of the Above ( NOTA) or against all is a Ballot choice in some Jurisdictions or Organizations placed so as to allow the 45|
Glazyev was Minister for Foreign Trade under Boris Yeltsin, a Communist member of the State Duma and in 2003 he became co-chairman of the newfound Rodina Bloc party. Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin () (1 February 1931 23 April 2007 was the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999 The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации = КПРФ Transliteration of Russian into English|translit A Duma (Ду́ма is any of various representative assemblies in modern Russia and Russian history Rodina or Motherland-National Patriotic Union ( Rodina - Narodno-Patrioticheskiy Soyuz, Партия "РОДИНА" is one of the four parties that control But he failed to be nominated by his party, because of power struggle with Dmitri Rogozin, and ran as independent candidate.
He campaigned as a critic of economic reforms. He argued that post-Communist governments have ignored social justice and promised to improve welfare.
Khakamada, the daughter of a Japanese Communist who took Soviet citizenship in the 1950s, emerged as Putin's most outspoken critic. The Japanese Communist Party ( JCP) ( Japanese " 日本共産党 Nihon Kyōsan-tō) is a Political party in Japan. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 A member of the State Duma for eight years, she was defeated in 2003. A Duma (Ду́ма is any of various representative assemblies in modern Russia and Russian history Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. She is a member of the Union of Right Forces, but did not run as a party candidate. The Union of Right Forces, or SPS (Сою́з Пра́вых Сил СПС/Soyuz Pravykh Sil was a Russian democratic opposition party associated "I am not afraid of the terrorists in power," she told the daily newspaper Kommersant. "Our children must grow up as free people. Dictatorship will not be accepted. "
Kharitonov was the candidate of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, although he is not actually a Party member. The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации = КПРФ Transliteration of Russian into English|translit A former KGB colonel, he is a member of the Agrarian Party of Russia, an ally of the Communist Party. KGB ( Transliteration of "КГБ" is the Russian abbreviation of Committee for State Security ( Komityet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosty The Agrarian Party of Russia ( Agrarnaya Partiya Rossii, Аграрная Партия России АПР was a Left wing agrarian party in Russia. He was put forward after Communist leader Gennady Zyuganov declined to stand for a third time. Gennady Andreyevich Zyuganov or Guennady Ziuganov ( Генна́дий Андре́евич Зюга́нов) (born 26 June 1944) is a Russian
Malyshkin,was nominated by the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, after the party leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky, who contested the last two presidential elections, chose not to run again. The Liberal Democratic Party of Russia ( Либерально-Демократическая Партия России, Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky (Влади́мир Во́льфович Жирино́вский born April 25, 1946 as Vladimir Volfovich Eidelstein) Malyshkin, a mining engineer, has been an LDPR member since 1991 and the head of security of Vladimir Zhirinovsky. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. He was elected to the State Duma in 2003. A Duma (Ду́ма is any of various representative assemblies in modern Russia and Russian history Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar.
Mironov is Speaker of the Federation Council, the upper house of the Russian parliament. Federation Council of Russia (Сове́т Федера́ции Sovet Federatsii) is the Upper house of the He is considered a loyalist to Vladimir Putin, and prior to launching his campaign has expressed his support to Putin's candidacy.
Putin, formerly prime minister, was elected President in 2000, and ran for the second term. His popularity since then remained quite high, thanks to economic stability and despite controversies on media freedoms. He refused United Russia's invitation to be nominated as party candidate and ran as independent. United Russia (Единая Россия Yedinaya Rossiya) is a major Political party in the Russian Federation.
According to the ad hoc Committee by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, "the elections were generally well administrated and reflected the consistently high public approval rating of the incumbent president but lacked elements of a genuine democratic contest. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE which held its first session in Strasbourg on 10 August 1949, can be considered the "
"While on a technical level the election was organized with professionalism, particularly on the part of the Central Election Commission (CEC), the election process overall did not adequately reflect principles necessary for a healthy democratic election process. The election process failed to meet important commitments concerning treatment of candidates by the State-controlled media on a non-discriminatory basis, equal opportunities for all candidates and secrecy of the ballot," reported observers by Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. "Localised instances of election-related abuse of official function, whilst met with an appropriately robust response by the electoral authorities in some instances, reflected a lack of democratic culture, accountability and responsibility, particularly in areas distant from the capital. "
Observers representing the Commonwealth of Independent States recognized the election as "free, democratic and fair". The head of the mission Yury Yarov assured that violations fixed during the mission didn't affect "free expression of the electors' will and result of the election". Yury Fyodorovich Yarov (Юрий Фёдорович Яров born April 2 1942 was a Russian politician
According to report by the ad hoc Committee by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, "The Presidential Election Law and the Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights Law provided the legal framework for the presidential elections, laying down conditions for the transparency in the organisation and conduct of the election. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE which held its first session in Strasbourg on 10 August 1949, can be considered the " Criticizing the election campaign, the Committee claimed as "unreasonable hurdle" the requirement to collect 2 million signatures for submission to the CEC in support of persons seeking registration as candidates. Another concern was, "The Russian Constitution stipulates that in a presidential election, if the turn-out is less than 50%, a new round has to be held, with candidates registering anew. This clause raised concerns of authorities on voters turnout and a massive campaign encouraging people to participate in elections had been launched by the CEC and local authorities. In some regions, local authorities overused their power to force people to take part in the elections. " The election campaign in general was "low-key and all but invisible, which could be explained by the predictability of the results of the election. " Glazyev's manager reported the use of administrative resources by preventing Glazyev's campaigning in the regions; Khakamada claimed that "local authorities were instructed to hamper her meetings with voters". Administrative resource is the ability of Political candidates (and parties) to use their official positions or connections to government institutions to influence
PACE reported that despite some irregularities, "credit should be given to the election administration which ensured security and professional conduct of the voting process". PACE noted the unusually high turnout in five North Caucasus republics (more than 90%), "Mr Putin received 98. 2 % of the vote in Ingushetia, 96. 5 % in Kabardino-Balkaria, 94,6 % in Dagestan, 92. 3% in Chechnya and 91. 25% in North Ossetia. Taking into account that the general turnout of the election was only 64,39%, the election results in these regions seem to be unusually high and one-sided. " Considering situation in Chechnya, the Moscow Times quoted election officials in the republic's capital, Grozny, as acknowledging that they had filled in several thousand ballots for Putin. Grozny (Гро́зный Соьлж-ГIала Sölƶ-Ġala or Соьлжа-ГIала Sölƶa -Ġala sometimes referred to as ce Джовхар-ГIала
According to the report by Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of OSCE,
"Television is the main source of public information in the Russian Federation. Two State-controlled TV channels have countrywide outreach, while the most significant private TV stations are NTV and Ren TV… The State-controlled media comprehensively failed to meet its legal obligation to provide equal treatment to all candidates, displaying clear favouritism towards Mr. Putin. While the other candidates had access to television and other media, through free airtime and televised debates, their access to the primetime news programmes and current affairs programmes on the State-controlled broadcasters was limited… In contrast to the coverage by State-funded TV channels, private broadcasters monitored by the EOM provided more balanced coverage, with a greater diversity of views. "