|Военно-морской флот России|
Voyenno-morskoy flot Rossii
Naval jack (top) and ensign of the Russian Navy
|Active||January 17, 1992 - present|
|Country||Russian Federation (earlier - Soviet Union)|
The Russian Navy or VMFR (Russian: Военно-Морской Флот (ВМФ) России- Voyenno-Morskoy Flot Rossii (VMF) or literally Military Maritime Fleet of the Russian Federation) is the naval arm of the Russian Armed Forces. Events 38 BC - Octavian marries Livia Drusilla. 1287 - King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages The international designation of Russian naval vessels is "RFS" - "Russian Federation Ship".
The present Russian Navy succeeded the Navy of the Commonwealth of Independent States which succeeded the Soviet Navy after the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of the Cold War in 1991. The Soviet Navy ( Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally "Naval military forces of the USSR" was The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the
The Russian Navy possesses the vast majority of the former Soviet naval forces and currently comprises the Northern Fleet, the Russian Pacific Fleet, the Russian Black Sea Fleet, the Russian Baltic Fleet, the Russian Caspian Flotilla, Naval Aviation, Naval Infantry (marines) and coastal artillery. The Russian Northern Fleet (Северный флот Severny Flot) is the part of the Russian Navy that defends Russian territory beyond the The Pacific Fleet (Тихоокеанский флот in Russian, or Tikhookeanskiy flot is part of the Russian Navy stationed in the Pacific Ocean The Black Sea Fleet (Черноморский Флот is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea The Twice Red Banner Baltic Fleet - (Дважды Краснознамённый Балтийский флот was the Imperial later Soviet and is now the Russian Navy's The Caspian Flotilla ( Каспийская флотилия in Russian, or Kaspiyskaya flotiliya is the oldest Russian military The Russian Naval Aviation ( Russian: Авиация Военно-морского флота России - Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota Rossii) (formerly The Russian Naval Infantry, ( Marines, Морская пехота are the amphibious force of the Russian Armed Forces. Coastal artillery is the branch of Armed forces concerned with operating anti-ship Artillery or fixed gun batteries in coastal Fortifications.
Recently approved, a rearmament program until 2015 puts, for the first time in Soviet and Russian history, the development of the navy on an equal footing with strategic nuclear forces. The program covering the period until 2015 is expected to replace 45% of the military inventory in the army and navy.  Out of 4. 9 trillion rubles ($192. 16 billion) allocated for military rearmament, 25% will go into building new ships. "We are already building practically as many ships as we did in Soviet times," First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov said during a visit to Severodvinsk. Sergei Borisovich Ivanov (Серге́й Бори́сович Ивано́в (born January 31, 1953) is a Russian political figure "The problem now is not lack of money, but how to optimize production so that the navy can get new ships three, not five, years after laying them down. "
The origins of the Russian navy may be traced to the period between the 4th and the 6th century, when Early East Slavs were engaged in a struggle against the Byzantine Empire. The East Slavs are a Slavic ethnic group, the speakers of East Slavic languages. The first Slavic flotillas consisted of small sailing ships and rowboats, which had been seaworthy and able to navigate in riverbeds. Sailing ship is now used to refer to any large Wind -powered Vessel. With regard to Watercraft, rowing is the act of propelling a boat using the motion of Oars in the water In the 9th-12th century, there were flotillas in Kievan Rus' consisting of hundreds of vessels with one, two or three masts. Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Русь romanised: Kievskaya Rus', rusʲ also written as Kyivan Rus′ (Ки́ївська Русь or Kievan The mast of a sailing ship is a tall vertical or near vertical Spar, or arrangement of Spars which supports the Sails Large ships have several masts The citizens of Novgorod are known to have conducted military campaigns in the Baltic Sea (e. Veliky Novgorod (Вели́кий Но́вгород is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia and the administrative center of Novgorod The Baltic Sea is a Brackish inland sea located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N Latitude and from 20°E to 26°E Longitude. g. , the siege of Sigtuna in 1187). Sigtuna is a city in the Uppland part of Stockholm County, central Sweden. Lad'ya (ладья in Russian, or sea boat) was a typical boat used by the army of Novgorod (length - 30 m, width - 5 to 6 m, 2 or 3 masts, armament - battering rams and catapults, complement - 50 to 60 men). The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A battering ram is a Siege engine originating in ancient times to break open Fortification walls or doors A catapult is any one of a number of non-handheld mechanical devices used to throw a Projectile a great distance without the aid of an explosive substance—particularly various There were also smaller sailboats and rowboats, such as ushkuys (ушкуи) for sailing in rivers, lakes and skerries, kochis (кочи), and nosads (носады), used for cargo transportation. In the 16th-17th century, the Cossacks conducted military campaigns against the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Empire, using sailboats and rowboats. The Cossacks (Каза́ки́ Kazaki; Козаки́ Kozaki; Kozacy are a group of martial people living in the southern Steppe regions of Eastern The Crimean Khanate or the Khanate of Crimea (Qırım Hanlığı|قريم خانلغى Крымское ханство - Krymskoye khanstvo; The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish The Don Cossacks called them strugs (струг). Don Cossacks (Донские казаки were Cossacks who settled along the middle and lower Don. These boats were capable of transporting up to 80 men. The Cossack flotillas numbered 80 to 100 boats.
The centralized Russian state had been fighting for its own access to the Baltic Sea, Black Sea and Sea of Azov since the 17th century. The Black Sea is an inland Sea bounded by southeastern Europe, the Caucasus and the Anatolian peninsula ( Turkey The Sea of Azov (Азо́вское мо́ре - Azovskoye more; Азо́вське мо́ре - Azovs'ke more, Azaq deñizi is the world's shallowest sea linked By the end of this century, the Russians had accumulated some valuable experience in using riverboats together with land forces. The Russian people (Русские— Russkie) are an East Slavic Ethnic group, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries Under Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich construction of the first three-masted ship, actually built within Russia, was completed in 1636. It was built in Balakhna by Danish shipbuilders from Holstein according to European design and was christened the Frederick. Balakhna (Балахна is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. The Kingdom of Denmark ( ˈd̥ænmɑɡ̊ (archaic ˈd̥anmɑːɡ̊ commonly known as Denmark, is a country in the Scandinavian region of northern Europe Holstein (ˈhɔlʃtain ( Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) In 1667-1669, the Russians tried to build naval ships in a village of Dedinovo on the shores of the Oka River for the purpose of defending the trade routes along the Volga, which led to the Caspian Sea. Oka (Ока́ is a River in central Russia, the largest right Tributary of the Volga. A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged Sea. In 1668, they built a 26-cannon ship Oryol (Орёл, or Eagle), a yacht, a boat with a mast and bowsprit and a few rowboats. | NOTE Throughout this article "cannon" is used as BOTH the || singular and plural A yacht is a recreational boat It designates two rather different classes of Watercraft, sailing and power yachts The bowsprit, or boltsprit, of a Sailing vessel is a pole extending forward from the vessel's prow
During much of the seventeenth century Russian merchants and Cossacks, using koch boats, sailed across the White Sea, exploring the Rivers Lena, Kolyma and Indigirka, and founding settlements in the region of the upper Amur. The Koch was a special type of small one or two mast wooden Sailing ships designed and used in Russia for transpolar voyages in ice conditions of the The White Sea (Бе́лое мо́ре Vienanmeri is an Inlet of the Barents Sea on the northwest coast of Russia. The Kolyma River (Колыма́ is a river in northeastern Siberia, whose basin covers parts of the Sakha Republic, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, and Indigirka River (Индиги́рка is a River in the Sakha Republic in Russia. Unquestionably the most celebrated Russian explorer was Semyon Dezhnev, who, in 1648, sailed the entire length of present-day Russia by way of the Arctic Ocean. Semyon (Semнon Semion Simon Ivanovich Dezhnev (Семён Ива́нович Дежнёв c The Arctic Ocean, located in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Arctic north polar region is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major Rounding the Chukotsk Peninsula, Dezhnev passed through the Bering Sea and sailed into the Pacific Ocean. The Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotski Peninsula or Chukotsk Peninsula ( Russian: Чукотский полуостров at about 66° N 172° W is the northeastern The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water in the Pacific Ocean that comprises a deep water basin (the Aleutian Basin) which rises through The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions
The regular Russian Navy was created at the behest of Peter the Great. The Imperial Russian Navy refers to the Tsarist Fleets prior to the Bolshevik Revolution. During the Second Azov campaign of 1696 against Turkey, the Russians employed for the first time 2 battleships, 4 fireships, 23 galleys and 1300 strugs, built on the Voronezh River. Azov campaigns of 1695-1696 ( Азовские походы in Russian) two Russian Military campaigns during the Russo-Turkish War of 1686-1700 Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches The Russian people (Русские— Russkie) are an East Slavic Ethnic group, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries A battleship is a large heavily armored Warship with a main battery consisting of the largest Calibre of Guns Battleships were A fire ship, used in the days of wooden rowed or Sailing ships was a ship filled with combustibles deliberately set on fire and steered (or where possible allowed to drift A galley (from Greek γαλέα - galea is an ancient Ship which can be propelled entirely by human oarsmen, used for Warfare Voronezh (Воро́неж vɘ'ronʲiʂ is a River in Tambov, Lipetsk, and Voronezh Oblasts in Russia, a left Tributary After the Azov fortress was taken, the Boyar Duma understood the vital importance of the Navy for successful warfare and passed a decree on commencing the construction of a regular navy on October 20, 1696. Azov (Азо́в a'zof is a town in Rostov Oblast, Russia, situated on the Don River just sixteen kilometers from the Sea of Azov A Duma (Ду́ма is any of various representative assemblies in modern Russia and Russian history Events 1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony  This date is considered the official birthday of the regular Russian Navy.
During the Great Northern War of 1700-1721, the Russians built the Baltic Fleet. The Great Northern War (1700-21 was fought between Russia and Sweden for supremacy in the Baltic Sea. The Twice Red Banner Baltic Fleet - (Дважды Краснознамённый Балтийский флот was the Imperial later Soviet and is now the Russian Navy's In 1703-1723, the main base of the Baltic Fleet was located in St. Petersburg and then in Kronstadt. Etymology The word bases is first recorded in English language from c Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt (Krone for Crown and Stadt for City) is a Russian Other bases were later established in Vyborg, Helsingfors, Revel and Åbo. Vyborg (Вы́борг Viipuri Viborg Wiborg is a town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, situated on the Karelian Isthmus near the head of Helsinki (in Finnish;) or Helsingfors (in Swedish;) is the Capital and largest city of Finland. Turku, in Swedish Åbo ( pronounced,) is a city and the original capital of Finland on the southwest coast of Finland at the At first, Vladimirsky Prikaz was in charge of shipbuilding. Prikaz (приказ was an administrative (palace civil military or church or judicial office in Muscovy and Russia of 15th-18th centuries Later on, these functions were transferred to the Russian Admiralty. Admiralty Board (Адмиралтейств-коллегия was a supreme body for the administration of the Imperial Russian Navy in the Russian Empire, established
Basic principles of the Russian Navy, its educational and training methods, as well as methods for conducting military action were all summarized in the Naval Relugations [Морской устав] (1720). Peter the Great, Feodor Apraksin, Alexey Senyavin, Naum Senyavin, Mikhail Golitsyn are generally credited for the development of the Russian art of naval warfare. Count Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin (also Apraxin, Russian: Фёдор Матвеевич Апраксин ( October 27 1661 - November 10 Alexei Naumovich Senyavin (also spelled Sinyavin) (Алексей Наумович Сенявин (1716 – August 10, 1797) was an Admiral Naum Akimovich Senyavin ( Наум Акимович Сенявин in Russian) ( c The Galitzines, more correctly the Golitsyns (Голи́цын are one of the largest and noblest Princely houses of Russia. Naval warfare is Combat in and on Seas Oceans or any other major bodies of water such as large Lakes and wide Rivers History Main principles of naval warfare were further developed by Grigory Spiridov, Feodor Ushakov, and Dmitry Senyavin. Grigory Andreyevich Spiridov (Григорий Андреевич Спиридов (1713 -, Moscow was a leading Russian naval commander and Admiral (1769 See also Admiral Ushakov (warship Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov (Фёдор Фёдорович Ушако́в (February 24 1744&ndash See Sverdlov class cruiser for the ship Dmitry Nikolayevich Senyavin or Seniavin ( 17 August, 1763 — 5 April
The Russo-Turkish Wars of Catherine the Great resulted in the establishment of the Black Sea Fleet, with its bases in Sevastopol and Kherson. Russo-Turkish War may refer to one of the following conflicts between Imperial Russia and the Ottoman Empire: Russo-Turkish War (1568–1570 Catherine II, called Catherine the Great (Екатерина II Великая Yekaterina II Velikaya;) reigned as Empress of Russia for 34 years The Black Sea Fleet (Черноморский Флот is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea Sevastopol ( see pronunciation below) is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of the Crimea Peninsula Kherson (Херсон is a City in southern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Kherson Oblast ( province) and is It was at that time that Russian warships started to venture into the Mediterranean on a regular basis. In 1770, Grigory Spiridov’s squadron gained supremacy in the Aegean Sea by destroying the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesma. Grigory Andreyevich Spiridov (Григорий Андреевич Спиридов (1713 -, Moscow was a leading Russian naval commander and Admiral (1769 Etymology In ancient times there were various explanations for the name Aegean. The Turkish Navy (Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri is a branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. The naval Battle of Chesma took place on 5 - 7 July 1770 near and in Çeşme (Chesma Bay in the area between Asia Minor After having advanced to the Danube, the Russians formed the Danube Military Flotilla for the purpose of guarding the Danube estuary from the Turks. The Danube (In Donau from earlier Danuvius, Celtic *dānu, meaning "to flow run" Slovak and Polish Dunaj
During the Mediterranean expedition of 1799, Fyodor Ushakov single-handedly carved out the Greek Republic of Seven Islands, proceeding to clear from the French Corfu and all the Ionian islands. See also Admiral Ushakov (warship Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov (Фёдор Фёдорович Ушако́в (February 24 1744&ndash The Septinsular Republic ( Επτάνησος Πολιτεία, Repubblica Settinsulare) was an island Republic that existed from 1800 to 1807 under Corfu (Κέρκυρα Kérkyra, ˈkʲe̞ɾkʲiɾa Κέρκυρα or Κόρκυρα Corcyra Corfù is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea This article is about the group of islands west of Greece For the ancient region in western Anatolia see Ionia. His squadron then blocked the French bases in Italy, notably Genoa and Ancona, and successfully assaulted Naples and Rome. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Genoa ( Genova, ˈdʒɛːnova in Italian; Zena in Genoese and Ligurian; Genua in Latin and archaically in English Ancona (Ankon is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101909 (2005 Naples ( Napoli, Neapolitan: Nàpule) is a historic City in southern Italy, the Capital of the Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Ushakov, proclaimed a patron saint of the Russian Navy in the 21st century, was succeeded in command by Dmitry Senyavin who reasserted Russian control of the southern Adriatic, disrupted Dubrovnik's sea trade, and destroyed the Ottoman Fleet in the Battle of Athos (1807). The patron saint of a particular group of people is a Saint who would protect and 'love' the group and its members See Sverdlov class cruiser for the ship Dmitry Nikolayevich Senyavin or Seniavin ( 17 August, 1763 — 5 April ||-||-||-||-||-||-||} Dubrovnik (ˈdǔbro̞ːʋniːk Dalmatian: Ragusa; Latin: Ragusium, also Rhausium, Rhaugia; The naval Battle of Mount Athos (also known as the Battle of Monte Sancto and the Battle of Lemnos) took place from 19 - 29 June, 1807 Between 1803 and 1855, Russian sailors undertook over 40 circumnavigations and distant voyages, which played an important role in exploration of the Far East and culminated in Faddei Bellingshausen's discovery of Antarctica. The Far East is a term often used by people in the Western world to refer to the countries of East Asia. Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen (also known as Фаддей Фаддеевич Беллинсгаузен Faddey Faddeyevich Bellinsgauzen) (&ndash served as a naval officer
Notwithstanding these triumphs, Russia’s slow technical and economic development in the first half of the 19th century caused her to fall behind other world powers in the field of steamboat construction. Power in international relations is defined in several different ways A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving a Propeller It was in 1826 that the Russians built their first armed steamboat Izhora. A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving a Propeller At the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1853, steamships were few and sailing ships heavily predominated. The Crimean War, also known in Russia as the Eastern War (Восточная война Vostochnaya Vojna) (March 1854–February 1856 was fought The Battle of Sinope, won by Pavel Nakhimov, is remembered in history as the last significant naval battle involving sailing ships. The naval Battle of Sinop (or Sinope) took place on 30 November 1853 at Sinop, a Sea port in northern Turkey, when Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov (Павел Степанович Нахимов June 23, 1802 &ndash June 28, 1855) was one of the most famous During the Siege of Sevastopol in 1854-1855, Russian sailors set an example of using all means possible for defending their base from land and sea. Although the Russians introduced modern naval mining in the Baltic and repelled the Siege of Petropavlovsk in the Pacific, Sevastopol was finally surrendered on honourable terms. The Siege of Petropavlovsk was the main operation on the Pacific Theatre of the Crimean War. In accordance with the Treaty of Paris, Russia lost its right to have a military fleet in the Black Sea. The Treaty of Paris of 1856 settled the Crimean War between Russia and an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, the Kingdom of Sardinia, France
As a consequence, the Russian sailing fleet lost its significance and was rapidly replaced by steamboats, including the first steel armored gunship Opyt and one of the first seafaring ironclads Pyotr Velikiy. Steel is an Alloy consisting mostly of Iron, with a Carbon content between 0 For the game see Gunship (video game The term " gunship " is used in several contexts all sharing the general idea of a light craft armed On January 16, 1877 Admiral Stepan Makarov became the first to launch torpedoes from a boat in combat. Events 27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. Year 1877 ( MDCCCLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Stepan Osipovich Makarov (Степа́н О́сипович Мака́ров &mdash) was a famous Russian Vice-admiral, a highly accomplished and decorated commander The modern torpedo (historically called an automotive automobile locomotive or fish torpedo is a self-propelled explosive Projectile weapon launched above or below He also proposed the idea and oversaw the construction of the world's first ocean-going icebreaker "Yermak", commanding it in two Arctic expeditions in 1899 and 1901. An icebreaker is a special purpose Ship or Boat designed to move and navigate through Ice -covered waters Yermak ( Ермак (sometimes spelled Ermak) was a Russian and Soviet Icebreaker, often referred to as the world's first At about the same time, Aleksey Krylov elaborated the modern floodability theory. Alexei Nikolaevich Krylov (Алексей Николаевич Крылов ( - October 26 1945) was a Russian Naval Engineer
The Russian Navy was considered the third strongest in the world on the eve of the Russo-Japanese War, which turned to be a catastrophe for the Russian military in general and the Russian Navy in particular. The Russo-Japanese War (日露戦争 Romaji: Nichi-Ro Sensō Русско-японская война Russko-Yaponskaya Voyna;, 10 February 1904 – 5 September Although neither party lacked courage, the Russians were defeated by the Japanese in the Battle of Port Arthur, which was the first time in warfare that mines were used for offensive purposes. The Battle of Port Arthur (Japanese 旅順港閉塞作戦 Ryojunkō Heisoku Sakusen, February 8-9 1904 was the starting battle of the Russo-Japanese War The battleships of the Baltic Fleet sent to the Far East were lost in the Battle of Tsushima. The Twice Red Banner Baltic Fleet - (Дважды Краснознамённый Балтийский флот was the Imperial later Soviet and is now the Russian Navy's The Battle of Tsushima ( Japanese: 対馬海戦 tsushima-kaisen, Цусимское сражение Tsusimskoye srazheniye) commonly known as the
Soon after the war Russia devoted a significant portion of its military spending to an ambitious shipbuilding program aimed at replacing lost battleships with modern dreadnoughts. The dreadnought was the predominant type of Battleship of the 20th century During World War I, the fleets played a limited role in the Eastern Front, due to heavy defensive and offensive mining on both sides. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Characteristically, the Black Sea Fleet succeeded in mining the Bosporus, thus preventing the Ottoman Fleet from entering the Black Sea. The Bosporus or Bosphorus, also known as the Istanbul Strait, (İstanbul Boğazı (Βόσπορος is a Strait that forms the boundary between the After the revolution forced Russia to quit the war, the Baltic Fleet was evacuated from Helsinki and Tallinn to Kronstadt during the Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet. Helsinki (in Finnish;) or Helsingfors (in Swedish;) is the Capital and largest city of Finland. Tallinn (historically known by the German, Swedish and Danish name Reval or the Polish name Rewal, among other names Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet (Ледовый поход Балтийского флота was an operation which transferred the ships of the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial
For the most part, Russian sailors welcomed the Russian Revolution of 1917, in which they participated. The Soviet Navy ( Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally "Naval military forces of the USSR" was See also Russian Revolution (1905 The Russian Revolution of 1916 refers to a series of popular revolutions in Russia, and the events surrounding them Earlier, in 1905, sailors of the Imperial Russian battleship Potemkin in the Black Sea Navy revolted. A battleship is a large heavily armored Warship with a main battery consisting of the largest Calibre of Guns Battleships were The Uprising Origins In 1905 The Central Committee of the Social Democratic Organization of the Black Sea Fleet started preparations for a simultaneous crew In 1906 rebellious soldiers gained control of some Helsinki coastal fortifications during events known as the Viapori Rebellion, which was subsequently put down, following bombardments from ships of the Baltic Fleet which remained loyal to the Tsarist government. Helsinki (in Finnish;) or Helsingfors (in Swedish;) is the Capital and largest city of Finland. The Sveaborg Rebellion was a Rebellion which started June 30, 1906 on the sea fortress Suomenlinna ( Sveaborg in Swedish The first ship of the Soviet Navy could be considered to be the rebellious Imperial Russian cruiser Aurora, whose blank shot from a forecastle gun signaled the October Revolution. The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya A cruiser is a large type of Warship, which had its prime period from the late 19th century to the end of the Cold War. Russian-Japanese War She was one of three Pallada -class Cruisers built in St The October Revolution (Октябрьская революция Oktyabrskaya revolyutsiya) also known as the Soviet Revolution In March 1921, the sailors of Kronstadt rebelled against the Bolsheviks, demanding freedom of speech and closing of concentration camps, but this belated revolt was ruthlessly suppressed by Leon Trotsky. Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt (Krone for Crown and Stadt for City) is a Russian This article is about the historical event known as the Kronstadt rebellion Leon Trotsky ( Russian:, Lev Davidovich Trotsky, also transliterated Leo, Lyev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij After the Revolution, the Navy's restoration was slow, and only with the beginning of industrialisation in 1930 was a large shipbuilding program developed, but not accomplished before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. As a result, the Soviet Navy during World War II was comprised of some old World War I-era ships, some modern pre-war built cruisers and destroyers, as well as a number of torpedo boats. In naval terminology a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance Warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, Convoy A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval Ship designed to carry Torpedoes into battle
Unfortunately for the Soviets, much of their fleet on the Baltic Sea was blocked in Leningrad and Kronstadt by Finnish and German minefields during 1941–1944 and maimed by mines and air attacks, nevertheless numerous sorties by attack boats and submarines actions were held. Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt (Krone for Crown and Stadt for City) is a Russian On the Black sea with the loss of main naval base - Sevastopol, and effective actions of axis aviation as well as minefields navy limited the efficiency of large surface ships. The Northern Fleet, composed mostly of destroyers (World War I Novik-class and more modern project 7 and 7u vessels), played a major role in anti-aircraft and anti-submarine defence of allied convoys heading to Murmansk.
During the Cold War, the Soviets gave their navy a number of missions, in addition to its role as one of the legs of the nuclear triad, the navy was supposed to destroy American SSBNs and carrier groups, interdict NATO lines of communications, and assist the ground forces in continental theatre offensives. Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the  They were quick to equip their surface fleet with missiles of various sorts. A missile (see also pronunciation differences) is a self-propelled explosive Projectile used as a weapon towards a target In fact, it became a hallmark of Soviet design to place large anti-ship missiles onto relatively small and fast missile boats. The Soviet Navy also possessed several very large guided missile cruisers with great firepower, such as those of the Kirov class and the Slava class cruisers. A cruiser is a large type of Warship, which had its prime period from the late 19th century to the end of the Cold War. Armament This class is equipped with missiles and guns as well as electronics Design The design started in the late 1960s and was based around the P-500 Bazalt missile as a less expensive conventional alternative to the nuclear powered Kirov In the 1980s the Soviet Navy acquired its first true aircraft carrier, Tbilisi (subsequently renamed Admiral Kuznetsov). An aircraft carrier is a Warship designed with Role While designated an aircraft carrier by the West the design of the Admiral Kuznetsov' class implies a mission different from that of either the United States 
In some respects, including speed and reactor technology Soviet submarines were, and remain, some of the world's best. Their primary shortcomings were insufficient noise dampening (American boats were quieter) and sonar technology. Sonar (which started as an Acronym for sound navigation and ranging) is a technique that uses Sound propagation (usually underwater to navigate The Soviets possessed numerous purpose-built guided missile submarines, such as the Oscar class, as well as many ballistic missile submarines and attack submarines. A cruise missile submarine is a submarine that can launch Cruise missiles SSGN is the United States Navy Hull classification symbol for Oscar-I Two Oscar-I submarines were built at Severodvinsk and assigned to the Soviet Northern Fleet: K-525 ''Arkhangelsk'', laid down A ballistic missile is a Missile that follows a Sub-orbital ballistic flightpath with the objective of delivering a warhead to a predetermined target A submarine is a Watercraft that can operate independently below water as distinct from a Submersible that has only limited underwater capability The Soviet navy's Typhoon class boats are the world's largest submarines. Description and history The Typhoon class was developed under Project 941 as the Russian Akula class ( Акула) meaning Shark. The Soviet attack submarine force was, like the rest of the navy, geared towards the interception of NATO convoys, but also targeted American aircraft carrier battle groups. A carrier battle group (CVBG consists of an Aircraft carrier (CV and its escorts
The collapse of the Soviet Union led to a severe decline in the Russian Navy. The Soviet Union 's collapse into independent nations began early in 1985 Defence expenditure was severely reduced. Many ships were scrapped or laid up as accommodation ships at naval bases, and the building programme was essentially stopped. However Sergey Gorshkov's buildup during the Soviet period had emphasised ships over support facilities, and Gorshkov had also retained ships in service that were beyond their effective lifetimes, so a reduction was due anyway. Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Sergey Georgyevich Gorshkov ( Russian:Серге́й Гео́ргиевич Горшко́в ( February 6 1910  What made matters worse was the impractical variety of vessels which the Soviet military-industrial complex, with the support of the leadership, forced on the navy - taking modifications into account, the Soviet Navy in the mid 1980s had nearly 250 different ship types. A military-industrial complex (MIC is a concept commonly used to refer to Policy relationships between Governments national Armed forces, and industrial The Kiev class aircraft carrying cruisers and many other ships were prematurely retired, and the incomplete [[Soviet Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier Varyag]] eventually sold to the People's Republic of China. General characteristics Designer Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau Builder Nikolayev South (formerly Chernomorsky Shipyard 444 Power Plant Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Funds were only allocated for the completion of ships ordered prior to the collapse of the USSR, as well as for refits and repairs on fleet ships taken out of service since. However, the construction times for these ships tended to stretch out extensively: in 2003 it was reported that the Akula class SSN Nerpa had been under construction for fifteen years.  Storage of decommissioned nuclear submarines in ports such as Murmansk became a significant issue, with the Bellona Foundation reporting details of lowered readiness. Murmansk (Му́рманск Murmanska Muurman is a city and Seaport in the extreme northwest part of Russia, on the Kola Bay, 12 km The Bellona Foundation is an international Environmental organization established in 1986 and based in Oslo, Norway. Naval bases outside Russia, such as Cam Rahn Bay in Vietnam, were gradually closed, with the exception of the bases in the Crimea, leased from Ukraine to support the Black Sea Fleet. Cam Ranh Bay ( Vietnamese: Vịnh Cam Ranh) is a deep-water Bay in Vietnam in the province of Khánh Hòa. Crimea (kraɪˈmiːə or the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Крим Автономна Республіка Крим Avtonomna Respublika Krym; Крым Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. The Black Sea Fleet (Черноморский Флот is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea Naval Aviation declined as well from its height as Soviet Naval Aviation, dropping from an estimated 60,000 personnel with some 1,100 combat aircraft in 1992 to 35,000 personnel with around 270 combat aircraft in 2006. Soviet Naval Aviation ( Авиация военно-морского флота in Russian, or Aviatsiya Voenno-Morskogo Flota, literally "aviation  In 2002, out of 584 naval aviation crews only 156 were combat ready, and 77 ready for night flying. Average annual flying time was 21. 7 hours, compared to 24 hours in 1999.  However since 2002 these figures may have improved.
Training and readiness also suffered severely. In 1995 only two missile submarines at a time were being maintained on station, from the Northern and Pacific Fleets.  The decline culminated in the loss of the Kursk submarine during the Northern Fleet summer exercise that was intended to back up the publication of a new naval doctrine. Background Work on building the Kursk began in 1992 at Severodvinsk, near Arkhangelsk.  The exercise, involving some 30 submarines and surface ships, was to have culminated with the deployment of the Admiral Kuznetsov battle group to the Mediterranean. Role While designated an aircraft carrier by the West the design of the Admiral Kuznetsov' class implies a mission different from that of either the United States
As of 2006, The Russian Navy has 50 nuclear submarines, compared to 170 vessels in 1991, but only 26 of them are operational. The Navy plans to reduce the number to 20 submarines, including ten strategic missile submarines and ten multi-purpose (attack) submarines, according to unofficial reports. 
The recent improvement in the Russian economy has led to a serious rise in defence expenditure and an increase in numbers of ships under construction, focusing on submarines, such as the conventional Petersburg (Lada) class and nuclear Severodvinsk (Graney) class. Vessels Russian submarine Saint Petersburg (B-585 Laid down in December 1997, commissioned Project 885 Yasen (Graney is a new Russian Attack submarine class first vessel "Severodvinsk" will be commissioned Some older ships have been refitted as well. Jane's Fighting Ships commented in 2004 that the construction programme was too focused on Cold War scenarios, given the submarine emphasis. Jane's Fighting Ships is an annual reference Book (also published online on CD and Microfiche) of information on all the world's Warships Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the  The Steregushchy class corvettes, the lead ship of which was laid down on 21 December 2001, is the first new surface construction since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Programme Multipurpose frigate designed to replace the Grisha class 
In 2005 it was announced that the Russian Navy planned a class of 2-4 new aircraft carriers which could start construction in 2013-14 for initial service entry in 2017. An aircraft carrier is a Warship designed with  Jane's said it was not clear whether 'this was a funded programme'. New amphibious ships are planned as well. In mid-2007 the new Navy chief announced plans to reform the country's naval forces and build a blue-water navy with the world's second largest fleet of aircraft carriers, aiming to create 6 aircraft carrier strike groups in the next 20 years. 
In 2002, British commentators said that economic situation 'makes most of these plans look unrealistic for the immediate and mid term future. ' However whether this is still accurate is uncertain. In 2002 also the nuclear deterrent force was reported to be in trouble. Three new SSBNs are now under construction, (the Dolgorukiy (Borey) class SSBNs), but the first has been under construction since 1996- its completion is now expected in 2008. The mainstay of the SSBN force, the Delta IVs, joined the fleet in 1985-91. Apparently while the service life of an SSBN normally is twenty to twenty-five years, without maintenance, it may be as short as ten to fifteen years. 
In the last years of the 1990s naval activity was very low. Even at the height of the Kosovo war crisis a planned task group deployment to the Mediterranean was reduced to the dispatch of the intelligence ship Liman. The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts in Kosovo: 1996–1999 2003 saw a major increase in activity, including several major exercises. A May joint exercise with the Indian Navy saw two Pacific Ocean Fleet destroyers and four vessels from the Black Sea Fleet, led by the Slava-class cruiser Moskva, deploy for three months into the Indian Ocean. The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. The Black Sea Fleet (Черноморский Флот is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea The largest out of area deployment for a decade, the INDRA 2003 exercise highlight was a series of missile launches by two Tu-160s and four Tu-95s which made a 5,400 mile round trip flight from Engels-2 air base near Saratov to the exercise area. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Engels-2 (also given as Engel's, Engels', or Zngyelse) is a strategic air base in Russia located 14 km east of Saratov. History The Legend of Saratov Gelonus, a legendary Scythian city and the northernmost Greek colony may be conjectured to have been situated in the locality  In August 2003 the Navy also participated in the Far Eastern exercise Vostok-2003, which saw the Slava-class cruiser Varyag and the Sovremennyy class destroyer Bystryy active, as well as an amphibious landing carried out by three Pacific Fleet Ropucha class LSTs. History The first Sovremenny class Destroyer was commissioned in 1980 Warships and helicopters from the Japanese and South Korean navies also took part. The Northern Fleet followed in January 2004 when thirteen ships and seven submarines took part in exercises in the Barents Sea. The involvement of Admiral Kuznetsov and Kirov-class nuclear-powered cruiser Pytor Veliky was overshadowed however by two ballistic missile launch failures, made more embarrassing because President Vladimir Putin was afloat aboard the Typhoon-class SSBN Arkhangelsk to witness the tests. Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (; born 7 October 1952 in Leningrad, USSR; now Saint Petersburg, Russia was the second President of Russia Neither of the Delta IV-class Novomoskovsk nor Kareliya were able to successfully launch what were apparently RSM-54 SLBMs. Background Construction of the Nuclear Submarine K-407 Novomoskovsk began at the Northern Engineering Plant ( Sevmash) in The SS-N-23 ( NATO reporting name: Skiff)is a liquid propellant Submarine-launched ballistic missile in use by Russia. Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBM s are Ballistic missiles delivering Nuclear weapons that are launched from Submarines Modern variants  Former Navy Commander-in-Chief Vladimir Kuroyedov's early dismissal may have resulted from these gaffes. Admiral of the Fleet Vladimir Ivanovich Kuroyedov (Владимир Иванович Куроедов born September 5, 1944) is a former long-serving He was replaced by Admiral Vladimir Masorin in September 2005. Admiral of the Fleet Vladimir Vasilyevich Masorin (Владимир Васильевич Масорин (born August 24, 1947) is a Russian
Embarrassment for the Navy had unfortunately continued, with a mine accident during rehearsals for the Baltic Fleet's celebration of Navy Day in St. Petersburg in July 2005 and the Priz class mini-submarine AS-28 having to be rescued by a Royal Navy unmanned submersible in the Far East in early August 2005. AS-28 is a miniature Submarine of the Russian Navy belonging to the Project 1855 Priz class The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) However exercises and operations continued - Peace Mission 2005 in August 2005 involved a new level of cooperation between Russia and the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy. Peace Mission 2005 was the first ever joint military exercise between China and Russia. The People's Liberation Army Navy ( PLAN) ( Simplified Chinese: 中国人民解放军海军 Traditional Chinese: 中國人民解放軍海軍 Pinyin Two months later the Slava-class cruiser Varyag led Russian participation in INDRA 2005, held off Vishakapatnam between 14 and 20 October 2005. Visakhapatnam ( Telugu: విశాఖపట్టణం (also Visakhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized Visakha/Vizag or Vizagapatnam is a coastal port It included surface firings, air defence, and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) exercises. Anti-submarine warfare (ASW or in older form A/S is a branch of Naval warfare that uses surface Warships Aircraft, space craft or other Submarines 
Admiral Vladimir Vysotskiy became Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy on September 11, 2007, having moved up from command of the Northern Fleet, which he had commanded since September 2005. Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks of the highest Naval officers 
In February 2008 a Russian naval task force completed a two-month deployment in the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic which started on December 4, 2007. "December 4th" redirects here For the song by Jay-Z, see December 4th (song. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The operation was the first large-scale Russian Navy deployment to the Atlantic and the Mediterranean in 15 years. The task force included the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier, the Udaloy-Class destroyers Admiral Levchenko and Admiral Chabanenko, and the Moskva guided missile cruiser, as well as auxiliary vessels. History Slava was laid down in 1976 in Shipyard 445 of the 61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant in Mykolaiv, was launched in 1979 During the operation the navy practiced rescue and counter-terror operations, reconnaissance, and missile and bomb strikes on the (theoretical) enemy's naval task force. Over 40 Russian Air Force aircraft took part in joint exercises with the navy as well. The Russian Air Force ( Russian: Военно-воздушные cилы России transliteration: Voyenno-vozdushnye sily Rossii) is the air force 
Vice-Admiral Nikolay Maksimov said during the operations that the tour of duty was aimed at ensuring Russia's naval presence "in key operational areas of the world's oceans" and establishing conditions for secure Russian maritime navigation. Vice Admiral is a naval rank equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority "After this visit to the Mediterranean and France, the first in 15 years, we will establish a permanent presence in the region" he said.  Admiral Vladimir Vysotskiy summed up the results in February saying: "What is important is that we have appeared [in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean] at a scheduled time and not just that we appeared there. We'll do all we can to build up our presence where Russia has strategic interests", adding that Russia intended to carry out similar missions once every six months. 
Recruitment is a mixture of conscripts serving two year terms and volunteers (Officers and Ratings). In 2004 the Navy had about 160,000 sailors. By 2006 the IISS estimate of strength was 142,000. The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS is a British research institute (or Think tank) in the area of international affairs.
The Russian Navy consists of four fleets and one flotilla: