The Royal Philharmonic Society is a British music society, formed in 1813. See also Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (Breatainn Mhòr Prydain Fawr Breten Veur Graet Breetain is the larger of the two main islands Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music It was originally formed in London to promote performances of instrumental music there. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Many distinguished composers and performers have taken part in its concerts. A composer (literally meaning 'one who puts together' is a person who creates Music, usually in the medium of notation, for Interpretation and Performance It is now a membership society, and while it no longer has its own orchestra, it continues a wide ranging programme of activities which focus on composers and young musicians and aim to engage audiences so that future generations will enjoy a rich and vibrant musical life. Since 1989 it has promoted the annual Royal Philharmonic Society Music Awards for live music-making in the United Kingdom. The Royal Philharmonic Society Music Awards are given annually for live classical music-making in the United Kingdom The RPS is a registered UK charity no. 213693. The society's Gold Medal for outstanding musicianship is awarded only occasionally.
In London, at a time when there were no permanent London orchestras, nor organised series of chamber music concerts, a group of professional musicians formed the Philharmonic Society of London on January 24, 1813. Chamber music is a form of Classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber Events 41 - Gaius Caesar (Caligula, known for his eccentricity and cruel Despotism, is Assassinated by his disgruntled Year 1813 ( MDCCCXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Society's aim was "to promote the performance, in the most perfect manner possible of the best and most approved instrumental music". The first concert on March 8, 1813 was presided over by Johann Peter Salomon, with Muzio Clementi at the piano and the violin prodigy Nicolas Mori as lead violinist, performing symphonies by Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven. Events 1618 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion. Year 1813 ( MDCCCXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Johann Peter Salomon ( February 20, 1745 (baptized &ndash November 28, 1815) was a German Violinist Composer, conductor Muzio Clementi (23 January 1752 &ndash 10 March 1832 was a classical Composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the Piano. Nicolas Mori ( January 24, 1796 - June 14, 1839) was an Anglo-Italian violinist music publisher and conductor Ludwig van Beethoven ( English ˈlʊdvɪg væn ˈbeɪtoʊvən, 16 December 1770 &ndash 26 March 1827 was a German Composer and Pianist.
The Society asked Beethoven to come to London, but the composer's health prevented his accepting the invitation. However the society's request for a new symphony from him resulted in the Choral Symphony. The Symphony No 9 in D minor Op 125 "Choral" is the last complete Symphony composed by Ludwig van Beethoven. In 1827 Beethoven wrote to the society outlining his straitened circumstances; at a special general meeting the society resolved to send the composer £100 immediately (George Bernard Shaw once referred to this as "the only entirely creditable incident in English history"). George Bernard Shaw ( (26 July 1856 &ndash 2 November 1950 was an Irish Playwright. Other works written for the Society include the Italian Symphony by Felix Mendelssohn. The Symphony No 4 in A major, Op 90, commonly known as the Italian, is an orchestral Symphony written by German Composer Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and generally known as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3 1809 &ndash November 4 1847 was a German Composer Distinguished conductors included Ludwig Spohr, one of the first conductors to use a baton, Hector Berlioz, who conducted a concert of his works in 1853, Richard Wagner, who conducted the whole 1855 season of orchestral concerts, Arthur Sullivan, and Tchaikovsky, who conducted his own works in 1888 and 1893. Louis Spohr ( April 5, 1784 &ndash October 22, 1859) was a German Composer, Violinist and conductor. Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan MVO (13 May 1842 &ndash 22 November 1900 was an English composer of Irish and Italian descent best known for his operatic
Until 1869, the Society gave its concerts in its rooms at Hanover Square, which had seating for only about 800. The Society decided to move permanently to St James's Hall, and a complimentary additional concert, held at the hall, was given to its subscribers at the end of the the 1868-69 season. St James's Hall was a Concert hall in London that opened on March 25, 1858, designed by architect and artist Owen Jones, who had Charles Santley, Charles Hallé, Therese Tietjens and Christine Nilsson were the soloists. Sir Charles Santley ( February 28, 1834 - September 22, 1922) was an English Vocalist, who in his long career in opera WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Charles Hallé ( 11 April 1819 &ndash 25 October Thérèse Johanne Alexandra Tietjens ( July 17, 1831 &ndash October 3, 1877) was a leading opera and oratorio soprano singer of Hungarian Christina Nilsson Countess de Casa Miranda, ( August 20, 1843 &ndash November 20, 1921) was a Swedish Operatic  When the move was made, the Society remodelled its charges to obtain a wider audience and compete with the Crystal Palace and other large venues, and introduced annotated programmes. The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and Glass building originally erected in Hyde Park, London, England, to house the The Society remained at the hall until 28 February 1894, when it moved to the Queen's Hall. Events 202 BC - coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty 's rule Year 1894 ( MDCCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common 
The society became the Royal Philharmonic Society during its 100th concert season in 1912, and continued organising concerts through the two world wars. It is now a membership society which "seeks to create a future for music through the encouragement of creativity, the recognition of excellence and the promotion of understanding. "
The Gold Medal was first awarded in 1871. The medal depicts the profile of a bust of Beethoven by Johann Nepomuk Schaller (1777-1842) which was presented to the society in 1870, Beethoven's centenary. It is awarded for "outstanding musicianship", and is given rarely — by 2008 it had been awarded to a total of fewer than 100 musicians.
Through awarding honorary membership the society recognises "services to music". Sir William Sterndale Bennett ( 13 April 1816 - 1 February 1875) was an English Composer and Pianist. Christina Nilsson Countess de Casa Miranda, ( August 20, 1843 &ndash November 20, 1921) was a Swedish Operatic Biography Gounod was born in Paris, the son of a pianist mother and a draftsman father Joseph Joachim (June 28 1831 &ndash August 15 1907 (ˈjoʊɑːxɪːm was a Hungarian Violinist, conductor, Composer and teacher Helen Lemmens-Sherrington ( 4 October 1834 &ndash 9 May 1906) was the leading English concert and operatic Soprano of the Sir Charles Santley ( February 28, 1834 - September 22, 1922) was an English Vocalist, who in his long career in opera William George Cusins ( October 14, 1833 - August 31, 1893) was an English Pianist, Violinist Organist Thérèse Johanne Alexandra Tietjens ( July 17, 1831 &ndash October 3, 1877) was a leading opera and oratorio soprano singer of Hungarian Euphrosyne Parepa-Rosa (7 May 1836 – 21 January 1874 was a British Operatic Soprano who established the Carl Rosa Opera Company together with second husband WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Hans Guido Freiherr von Bülow (January 8 1830 &ndash February 12 1894 Louisa Bodda-Pyne ( August 27, 1832 - March 20, 1904) was an English soprano and opera company manager This article is about the 19th century Russian pianist and composer Johannes Brahms ( pronounced ˈbʁaːms (May 7 1833 &ndash April 3 1897 was a German Composer Adelina Patti ( February 10, 1843 - September 27, 1919) was one of the most highly regarded Opera Singers of the 19th century Dame Emma Albani DBE (1 November 1847 - 3 April 1930 was a leading Soprano of the 19th century and early 20th century and the first Canadian Ignacy Jan Paderewski GBE (November 18 1860 - June 29 1941 was a Polish Pianist, Composer, Diplomat, and politician and the Edward Lloyd (b London 1845 - d Worthing 1927 was a British Tenor singer who excelled in concert and Oratorio performance and was recognised as the legitimate Eugène Ysaÿe ( July 16 1858 &ndash May 12 1931) was a Belgian Violinist, Composer and conductor Jan Kubelík ( July 5, 1880 &ndash December 5, 1940) was a Czech Violinist and Composer. Dame Clara Ellen Butt DBE ( 1 February 1872 &ndash 23 January 1936) sometimes called Clara Butt-Rumford after her marriage Fritz Kreisler ( February 2, 1875 &ndash January 29, 1962) was an Austria -born American Violinist and Louise Kirkby Lunn (b Manchester, 8 November 1873 d London 17 February 1930 was an English Contralto singer (sometimes called a Mezzo-soprano Emil George Conrad von Sauer ( October 8 1862 in Hamburg &ndash April 27 1942 in Vienna) was a notable German Harold Bauer ( April 28, 1873 - March 12, 1951) was a noted Pianist who began his musical career as a Violinist. Luisa Tetrazzini ( June 29, 1871 - April 28, 1940) was an Italian dramatic Coloratura Soprano. Born in Sunderland, Muriel Foster (1877 - 1937 became a contralto excelling in oratorio Vladimir von Pachmann or Pachman ( 27 July 1848 &ndash 6 January 1933) was a Pianist of Russian German WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Sir Henry Joseph Wood, CH ( 3 March 1869 Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie ( 22 August 1847 &ndash 28 April 1935) was a Scottish Composer best known for his oratorios Alfred Denis Cortot ( Nyon, Switzerland September 26, 1877 &ndash Lausanne June 15, 1962) was a Franco-Swiss Pianist Frederick Albert Theodore Delius CH (29 January 1862 &ndash 10 June 1934 was an English Composer born in Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire Sir Thomas Beecham 2nd Baronet, CH (29 April 1879 &ndash 8 March 1961 was a British conductor and Impresario. Ralph (reɪf Vaughan Williams OM (12 October 1872 &ndash 26 August 1958 was an English Composer of symphonies, Chamber music Gustav Theodore Holst (21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934was an English Composer and was a music teacher for nearly 20 years Sir Arnold Edward Trevor Bax, KCVO ( 8 November 1883 &ndash 3 October 1953) was an English Composer and poet WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (Сергей Васильевич Рахманинов Sir Edward German ( 17 February 1862 &ndash 11 November 1936) was an English musician and composer of Welsh descent best remembered Sir Herbert Hamilton Harty ( December 4, 1879 &ndash February 19, 1941) was an Irish and British Composer, Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 &ndash 8 September 1949 was a German Composer of the late Romantic era and early modern era particularly noted WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Paul Felix von Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Arturo Toscanini (ɑrˈturɔ ˌtɔskɑˈnini (March 25 1867 &ndash January Dame Myra Hess DBE ( February 25, 1890 &ndash November 25, 1965) born Julia Myra Hess, was a British Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Серге́й Серге́евич Проко́фьев Sergéj Sergéjevič Prokófjev) ( - 5 March 1953 was a Russian composer who WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Sir Adrian Cedric Boult CH ( 8 April 1889 Sir William Turner Walton, OM ( March 29, 1902 &ndash March 8, 1983) was a British Composer and WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Sir John Giovanni Battista Barbirolli, CH ( 2 December Kathleen Mary Ferrier CBE ( 22 April 1912 &ndash 8 October 1953) was an English Contralto Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский) ( &ndash 6 April 1971 was a Russian born Composer, considered by many to WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Bruno Walter ( September 15, 1876 &ndash February WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes -->Sir Harold Malcolm Watts Sargent (29 April 1895 &ndash 3 October 1967 Arthur Rubinstein KBE ( January 28 1887 &ndash December 20 1982) was a Polish - American pianist who is widely Yehudi Menuhin Baron Menuhin, OM, KBE (April 22 1916 – March 12 1999 was an American -born Violinist and conductor who spent Sir Arthur Edward Drummond Bliss, CH, KCVO ( 2 August 1891 - 27 March 1975) was a British composer WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Pierre Monteux ( April 4, 1875 &ndash July Lionel Tertis ( 29 December 1876 – 22 February 1975) was an English violist and one of the first viola players to find Edward Benjamin Britten Baron Britten, OM CH (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976 was an English Composer, conductor, Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich ( Russian: ru Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович ( &ndash 9 August 1975 was a Russian Composer Zoltán Kodály ( Hungarian: Kodály Zoltán, ˈkodaːj ˈzoltaːn December 16 1882 &ndash March 6 1967 was a Hungarian Composer, Ethnomusicologist WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich KBE ( Russian: Мстисла́в Vladimir Samoylovich Horowitz (ולדימיר הורוביץ Владимир Самойлович Горовиц Vladimir Samojlovič Gorovits; Володимир Самійлович Olivier Messiaen ( December 10 1908 &ndash April 27 1992 was a French Composer, organist and ornithologist. Sir Michael Kemp Tippett, OM (2 January 1905 &ndash 8 January 1998 was one of the foremost English Composers of the 20th century Sir Clifford Michael Curzon ( 18 May 1907 &ndash 1 September 1982) was an English Pianist. WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Herbert von Karajan ( April 5 Andrés Torres Segovia 1st Marquess of Salobreña ( 21 February 1893 &ndash 2 June 1987) was a Spanish Classical guitarist Witold Lutosławski ( January 25 1913 &ndash February 7 1994 was one of the major European Composers WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes The German Baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (born 28 May 1925 is a German singer and conductor of Classical music, one of the most famous WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Sir Georg Solti, KBE ( 21 October 1912 Claudio Arrau León ( February 6, 1903 &ndash June 9, 1991) was a Chilean Pianist of world fame for his deep interpretations WikipediaWikiProject Opera#Infoboxes and WikipediaWikiProject Musicians/Infobox --> Bernard Johan Herman Haitink CH KBE (born March 4, 1929) is a Dutch conductor and Violinist Early Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter (Святосла́в Теофи́лович Рихтер Svjatoslav Teofilovič Rikhter) ( &ndash August 1, 1997) was Isaac Stern ( July 21, 1920 &ndash September 22, 2001) was an American Violin Virtuoso. Alfred Brendel KBE (born January 5 1931 is an Austrian Pianist, born in Czechoslovakia and a resident of the United Kingdom. For the former Formula One driver see Colin Davis (driver WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes Elliott Cook Carter Jr (born in New York City on December 11, 1908) is an American Composer from New York City. WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Rafael Jeroným Kubelík ( June 29 1914 &ndash WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Pierre Boulez (pjɛʁ buˈlɛz (b WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Sir Simon Denis Rattle, CBE, FRSA, (born January WikipediaWikiProject Opera#Infoboxes --> José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21, 1941) better WikipediaWikiProject Opera#Infoboxes --> Dame Joan Alston Sutherland, OM, AC, DBE (born 7 November 1926 WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Claudio Abbado, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (born June WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Sir Alan Charles Maclaurin Mackerras AC CH Daniel Barenboim (born November 15, 1942) is a pianist and conductor. Henri Dutilleux (born January 22, 1916 in Angers France) is one of the most important French composers of the second half of the 20th century producing Like the Gold Medal, honorary membership is awarded rarely; first awarded in 1826, by 2006 only 117 honorary members had been created.