The Round House ( Western Australia. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent.  It is located at Arthur Head in Fremantle, and recent heritage assessments and appraisals of the precinct of the Round House incorporate Arthur Head ) is the oldest building still standing in
It was built in 1830, and designed by Henry Willey Reveley it was the first permanent building in the Swan River Colony. Fremantle (commonly known as Freo is a Port City in Western Australia, located southwest of Perth, the state capital at the mouth of For the game see 1830 (board game. Year 1830 ( MDCCCXXX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display Swan River Colony was a British settlement established at the Swan River on the west coast of Australia in 1829
Intended as a prison, it had eight cells and a jailer's residence, all of which opened onto a central courtyard. A prison, penitentiary, or correctional facility is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned and usually deprived of a range of The design was based on the Panopticon, a type of prison designed by philosopher Jeremy Bentham. The Panopticon is a type of Prison building designed by English architect Jeremy Bentham in 1785 Jeremy Bentham ( IPA: or) (15 February 1748&ndash6 June 1832 was an English Jurist, Philosopher, and legal and Social reformer 
It was used for colonial and indigenous prisoners until 1886, when control of the Convict Establishment prison (now Fremantle Prison) was transferred to the colony. Indigenous Australians are descendants of the first known human inhabitants of the Australian continent and its nearby islands. Year 1886 ( MDCCCLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Fremantle Prison is a former Australian prison located in The Terrace Fremantle, in Western Australia. After that, the smaller Round House was used as a police lockup until 1900, when it became the living quarters for the chief constable and his family. Year 1900 ( MCM) was an exceptional Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar 
The Fremantle City Council took over responsibility for the Round House in 1982, and it was opened to the public shortly afterwards. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Currently it opens to the public seven days a week. Entry is by gold coin donation.