Roger Caillois (3 March 1913 - 21 December 1978), was a French intellectual whose idiosyncratic work brought together literary criticism, sociology, and philosophy by focusing on subjects as diverse as gems, play and the sacred. Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian Year 1913 ( MCMXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 69 - The end of the Year of the four emperors: Following Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. An intellectual (from the adjective meaning "involving thought and reason" is a person who tries to use his or her Intelligence and analytical thinking, Literary criticism is the study discussion evaluation and interpretation of Literature. Sociology (from Latin: socius "companion" and the suffix -ology "the study of" from Greek λόγος lógos "knowledge" Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language A gemstone or gem, also called a precious or semi-precious stone, is a piece of attractive Mineral, which &mdash when cut and polished &mdash Play is a Rite and a quality of mind in engaging with one's worldview. SACRED was a Cubesat built by the Student Satellite Program of the University of Arizona. He was also instrumental in introducing Latin American authors to the French public.
Caillois was born in Reims but moved to Paris as a child. Reims (alternative English spelling Rheims; riːmz in English and /ʁɛ̃s/ in French) is a city of the Champagne-Ardenne région of northern Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city There he studied at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand, an elite school where students took courses after graduating from secondary school in order to prepare for entry examinations for France's most prestigious university, the École Normale Supérieure. The Lycée Louis-le-Grand (sometimes nicknamed LLG) is a public Secondary school located in Paris, widely regarded as one of the most demanding in École Normale de Musique de ParisThe École normale supérieure (also known as Normale Sup’, Normale, ENS, ENS-Paris, ENS-Ulm or Caillois's efforts paid off and he graduated as a normalien in 1933. Year 1933 ( MCMXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. After this he studied at the École Pratique des Hautes Études where he came into contact with thinkers such as Georges Dumézil, Alexandre Kojève, and Marcel Mauss. École pratique des hautes études is a University in Paris, France. Georges Dumézil ( March 4, 1898 – October 11, 1986) was a French comparative Philologist best known for his analysis of Sovereignty Alexandre Kojève (Russian Александр Владимирович Кожевников Aleksandr Vladimirovič Koževnikov; April 28 1902 &ndash Marcel Mauss ( May 10, 1872 &ndash February 10, 1950) was a French Sociologist.
The years before the war were marked by Caillois's increasingly leftist political commitment, particularly in his fight against fascism. Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology He was also engaged in Paris's avant-garde intellectual life. With Georges Bataille he founded the College of Sociology, a group of intellectuals who lectured regularly to one another. Georges Bataille (ʒɔʀʒ baˈtaj ( September 10, 1897 &ndash July 8, 1962) was a French Writer. The College of Sociology ( "Collège de Sociologie" in French was a loosely-knit group of French Intellectuals named after the informal discussion series Formed partly as a reaction to the Surrealist movement that was dominant in the 1920s, the College sought to move away from surrealism's focus on the fantasy life of an individual's unconscious and focus instead more on the power of ritual and other aspects of communal life. Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early-1920s and is best known for the visual artworks and writings of the group members Caillois's background in anthropology and sociology, and particularly his interest in the sacred, exemplified this approach. Anthropology (/ˌænθɹəˈpɒlədʒi/ from Greek grc ἄνθρωπος anthrōpos, "human" -λογία -logia) is the study of Sociology (from Latin: socius "companion" and the suffix -ology "the study of" from Greek λόγος lógos "knowledge" He participated in Bataille's review, Acéphale (1936-39). Acéphale (from the Greek a-cephalus, literally "headless" designates both a public review created by Georges Bataille (which counted five issues from
Caillois left France in 1939 for Argentina, where he stayed until the end of WWII. Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including During the war he was active in fighting the spread of Nazism in Latin America as an editor and author of anti-Nazi periodicals. In 1948, after the war, he worked with UNESCO and traveled widely. Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 In 1971 he was elected to the Académie Française. L'Académie française, or the French Academy, is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language.
Today Caillois is remembered for founding and editing Diogenes, an interdisciplinary journal funded by UNESCO, and La Croix du Sud (Southern Cross), a collection of books translated from contemporary Latin American authors published by Gallimard that is responsible for introducing authors such as Jorge Luis Borges or Alejo Carpentier to the French-speaking public. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 Éditions Gallimard is one of the leading French Publishers of books Alejo Carpentier y Valmont ( December 26, 1904 – April 24, 1980) was a Cuban novelist essay writer and musicologist who greatly He is also considered to be a major contributor to the field of ludology, to which he devoted his book Les Jeux et les Hommes. Play is a Rite and a quality of mind in engaging with one's worldview. Man Play and Games (ISBN 0029052009 is a 1961 Book by Roger Caillois, a translation of Les jeux et les hommes.