|Robert A. Lovett|
17 September 1951 – 20 January 1953
|Preceded by||George Marshall|
|Succeeded by||Charles Erwin Wilson|
|Born||14 September 1895 |
Huntsville, Texas, U.S.
|Died||7 May 1986 (aged 90)|
Locust Valley, NY, U.S.
Robert Abercrombie Lovett (14 September 1895 - 7 May 1986) was the fourth United States Secretary of Defense, serving in the cabinet of President Harry S. Truman from 1951 to 1953 and in this capacity, directed the Korean War. The United States Secretary of Defense ( SECDEF) is the head of the U Events 1176 - The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought 1462 - The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. George Catlett Marshall Jr (December 31 1880 &ndash October 16 1959 was an American military leader Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of Charles Erwin Wilson ( July 18, 1890 — September 26, 1961) American businessman and politician was United States Secretary Events 81 - Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus. Year 1895 ( MDCCCXCV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Huntsville is a city in and the County seat of Walker County, Texas, United States. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 558 - In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) Locust Valley is a hamlet (and a Census-designated place) in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A businessperson (also businessman or businesswoman) is someone who is employed at usually a profit-oriented enterprise, or more specifically someone Events 81 - Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus. Year 1895 ( MDCCCXCV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 558 - In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States Secretary of Defense ( SECDEF) is the head of the U The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the Promoted to the position from deputy secretary of defense Domhoff described Lovett as a "Cold War architect". George William ( Bill) Domhoff (born August 6 1936 is a Research Professor in Psychology and Sociology at the University of California
The son of R.S. Lovett, president and chairman of the board of the Union Pacific Railroad, Lovett was born in Huntsville, Texas. Robert Scott Lovett ( June 22, 1860 &ndash June 19, 1932) was a lawyer and railroad president Huntsville is a city in and the County seat of Walker County, Texas, United States. He was a member of the Skull and Bones society at Yale University  where he graduated in 1918 and took postgraduate courses in law and business administration at Harvard University between 1919 and 1921. Skull and Bones is an elite Secret society based at Yale University, in New Haven Connecticut. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society In Business, administration consists of the performance or management of business operations and thus the making or implementing of major decisions He married debutante Adele Quartley Brown April 19, 1919. As a naval ensign during World War I, Lovett flew for a time with the British Naval Air Service on patrol and combat missions and then commanded a U. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All S. naval air squadron, rising to the rank of lieutenant commander.
Lovett began his business career as a clerk at the National Bank of Commerce in New York and later moved to Brown Brothers Harriman and Company, where he eventually became a partner and a prominent member of the New York business community. Brown Brothers Harriman & Co (BBH is one of the oldest and largest Partnership banks in the United States. He remained interested in aeronautics, especially in European commercial and military aviation.
In December 1940 Lovett accepted appointment as special assistant for air affairs to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, in April 1941 Lovett became assistant secretary for air, John J. McCloy became general assistant secretary, and Harvey H. Bundy became special assistant to the Secretary of War. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington 's administration Henry Lewis Stimson ( September 21, 1867 – October 20, 1950) was an American Statesman, who served as Secretary of April holidays and events National Poetry Month - in United States National Sexual Assault Awareness Month - in United Year 1941 ( MCMXLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (the link will display 1941 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. John Jay McCloy ( March 31, 1895, Philadelphia Pennsylvania &ndash March 11, 1989, Stamford Connecticut) was a Lawyer Harvey Hollister Bundy Sr, ( March 30, 1888 - October 7, 1963) was an American lawyer Special Assistant to the Secretary of War during the The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington 's administration Lovett served with distinction, overseeing the massive expansion of the Army Air Forces and the procurement of huge numbers of aircraft during World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In awarding Lovett the Distinguished Service Medal in September 1945, President Harry Truman wrote: "He has truly been the eyes, ears and hands of the Secretary of War in respect to the growth of that enormous American airpower which has astonished the world and played such a large part in bringing the war to a speedy and successful conclusion. The Distinguished Service Medal is the highest non-valorous military and civilian decoration of the United States of America military which is issued for exceptionally meritorious Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar "
President Truman refused the resignation of Lovett and McCloy when they and Bundy gave their resignations in September 1945 but Lovett returned to Brown Brothers Harriman in December 1945 only to be called back to Washington a little more than a year later to serve with General George Marshall as under secretary of state. John Jay McCloy ( March 31, 1895, Philadelphia Pennsylvania &ndash March 11, 1989, Stamford Connecticut) was a Lawyer Harvey Hollister Bundy Sr, ( March 30, 1888 - October 7, 1963) was an American lawyer Special Assistant to the Secretary of War during the Events in September It is the start of the academic year in many countries in the Northern Hemisphere. Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar Events in December Union Day of Romania (1 December World AIDS Day ( December 1) National Day of Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar George Catlett Marshall Jr (December 31 1880 &ndash October 16 1959 was an American military leader Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of Lovett went back to his investment business in January 1949, but Marshall insisted that he join him again when he took over at the Pentagon in September 1950. The Pentagon is the Headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia. As deputy secretary of defense, Lovett played a critical role in the management of the department and he was instrumental in the creation of the CIA.
When Lovett became secretary of defense, the end of the Korean War was not yet in sight. His main concern continued to be the long-range rearmament program. Like Marshall, Lovett believed that the United States erred seriously at the end of World War II by disintegrating the military.
When the Korean conflict happened, he designed the rearmament program intended both to meet the demands of the Korean conflict and to serve as a deterrent and mobilization base in future military emergencies. As Lovett put it, "Heretofore this country has only had two throttle settings one, wide-open for war, and the other, tight-shut for peace. What we are really trying to do is to find a cruising speed. "
Lovett argued for large monetary budgets to carry on the Korean conflict and to improve U. S. defensive strength, asking for large sums of money and arguing strenuously against additional congressional cuts, emphasizing the need to expand Army, Navy, and Marine Corps forces. He argued toward working toward a goal of 143 Air Force wings (as compared with 95 then authorized) and a larger military. Lovett did not get all that he wanted. The actual amount his department received for 1953 came to about $44. 2 billion, almost $13 billion less than the previous year. He had asked for initially $71 billion, later reducing his requests to $49 billion.
Lovett's efforts to meet rearmament and preparedness goals suffered in 1952 from a major dispute between the federal government and the steel industry. Truman tried to avert a threatened strike, caused mainly by a wage dispute, by taking over the steel mills in April 1952. The strike occurred after the Supreme Court overruled Truman's seizure order. Lovett supported the president's action as essential to maintaining defense production and expressed serious concern about the strike's effects on the nation's military capabilities. Even so, he noted that "the last six months of 1952 saw the most significant increases in the military effectiveness of the United States since the beginning of partial mobilization. "
By the end of the Truman administration, the Defense Department had met successfully the challenges of the Korean War mobilization and embarked on a long-term preparedness effort.
Besides the preparedness issue, Lovett inherited a number of other matters that were still unresolved in the early 1950s, including the proper military role of nuclear weapons. Lovett's stands on the nuclear weapons question and other major military issues generally followed those of his predecessors. He strongly supported universal military training, regarding it as the only viable long-term approach to building a reserve force, and thus making possible a smaller regular military establishment. A firm proponent of NATO, he played an important role when the NATO Council in February 1952 adopted force goals totaling 50 divisions and 4,000 aircraft to be achieved at the end of 1952.
Despite a relatively smooth administration, Lovett felt a growing dissatisfaction with the existing defense organization. Although he recognized that real unification could result only from an evolutionary process and not legislative edict, as the end of his term approached he discerned the need for changes in the National Security Act beyond those made in 1949. Commenting about unification at a press conference a week before he left office, Lovett observed that the Department of Defense would have to be reorganized substantially if the United States became involved in a major conflict. He put forward his recommendations in a long letter to President Truman on 18 November 1952, proposing clarification of the secretary of defense's relationship to the president, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the military departments; redefinition of JCS functions; reorganization of the military departments; and reorganization and redefinition of the functions of the Munitions Board and the Research and Development Board.
Lovett meant his recommendations for practical consideration by his successor, and they indeedplayed an important role in the formulation of a reorganization plan during the early months of the Eisenhower administration. Concerned about the need for an orderly post-election changeover in the Department of Defense, Lovett met several times during the transition period with the incoming secretary, Charles E. Wilson, and made sure that he was thoroughly briefed on current issues. Charles E Wilson may refer to Charles Erwin Wilson, ("Engine Charlie" head of General Motors and the U
After Lovett left office on January 20, 1953, he returned again to Brown Brothers Harriman, where he remained active as a general partner for many years. Robert Lovett has been recognized as one of the most capable administrators to hold the office of secretary of defense and as a perceptive critic of defense organization. His work in completing the Korean War mobilization and in planning and implementing the long-range rearmament program, as well as his proposals to restructure the Department of Defense, were among his major contributions. Following the 1960 presidential election, Joseph P. Kennedy advised his son John F. Kennedy to offer Robert A. Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Sr (September 6 1888 &ndash November 18 1969 was a prominent American businessman and political figure and the father of U John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of Lovett any Cabinet post he might desire. Lovett graciously declined, citing health reasons. In 1963, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Presidential Medal of Freedom is a decoration bestowed by the President of the United States and is along with the equivalent Congressional Gold Medal bestowed In 1964, he was awarded the prestigious Sylvanus Thayer Award by the United States Military Academy for his service to the country. The Sylvanus Thayer Award is an award that is given each year by the United States Military Academy at West Point "USMA" redirects here For other uses see USMA (disambiguation The United States Military Academy (also known as USMA,
Domhoff accredited Lovett, Harvey Bundy and John McCloy having a close working relationship; and accredited John F. Kennedy as accepting Lovett's advice to appoint Dean Rusk as Secretary of State, Robert McNamara as Defense Secretary, and C. Douglas Dillon for the Treasury. George William ( Bill) Domhoff (born August 6 1936 is a Research Professor in Psychology and Sociology at the University of California Harvey Hollister Bundy Sr, ( March 30, 1888 - October 7, 1963) was an American lawyer Special Assistant to the Secretary of War during the John Jay McCloy ( March 31, 1895, Philadelphia Pennsylvania &ndash March 11, 1989, Stamford Connecticut) was a Lawyer John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of David Dean Rusk ( February 9, 1909 &ndash December 20, 1994) was the United States Secretary of State from 1961 to 1969 under presidents Robert Strange McNamara (born June 9 1916 in Oakland, California) is an American business executive and former United States Secretary of Defense Clarence Douglas Dillon ( August 21, 1909 &ndash January 10, 2003) son of Clarence and Ann (Douglass Dillon was U
Robert A. Lovett died in Locust Valley, New York, on May 7, 1986, having been preceded by wife Adele on January 4, 1986. Locust Valley is a hamlet (and a Census-designated place) in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. Both outlived their children, Evelyn (1920-1967) and Robert Scott Lovett, II (1927-1984).
The Department of History at Yale University, his alma mater, has the Robert A. Lovett Chair of Military and Naval History in his honor. Its current incumbent is John Lewis Gaddis, the noted historian of the Cold War. John Lewis Gaddis is the Robert A Lovett Professor of Military and Naval History at Yale University.
Dean G. Acheson
|Under Secretary of State|
1947 – 1949
James E. Webb
George C. Marshall
|United States Secretary of Defense|
1951 – 1953
Charles E. Wilson
John J. McCloy
|Sylvanus Thayer Award recipient|
James B. Conant