47th Governor of Texas
|Assumed office |
December 21, 2000
David Dewhurst (2003- )
|Preceded by||George W. Bush|
January 17, 1999 – December 21, 2000
|Governor||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Bob Bullock|
|Succeeded by||David Dewhurst|
|Born||March 4, 1950 |
Paint Creek, Texas
|Spouse||Anita Thigpen Perry|
|Alma mater||Texas A&M University|
James Richard "Rick" Perry (born March 4, 1950) is a Republican politician and the current Governor of Texas. Governors of Texas Events 69 - The end of the Year of the four emperors: Following Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the United States of America. David Dewhurst (born August 18, 1945) is the Republican Lieutenant Governor of Texas. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the United States of America. Events 38 BC - Octavian marries Livia Drusilla. 1287 - King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Events 69 - The end of the Year of the four emperors: Following Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. Robert D "Bob" Bullock ( July 10, 1929 – June 18, 1999) was a Democratic Politician from Texas, David Dewhurst (born August 18, 1945) is the Republican Lieutenant Governor of Texas. Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Paint Creek is an unincorporated community in southeastern Haskell County, Texas, United States. Anita Thigpen Perry graduated from Haskell High School in Haskell Texas then attended West Texas State University and has a degree in Nursing. Alma mater is Latin for "nourishing mother" It was used in Ancient Rome as a title for the mother Goddess, and in Medieval Texas A&M University, often called A&M or TAMU, is a Coeducational public Research University located in College Station A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person Methodism is a movement within Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person A governor is a governing official usually the executive (at least nominally to different degrees also politically and administratively of a non-sovereign level of government Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State.
He assumed office in December 2000 when George W. Bush resigned to prepare for his inauguration as President of the United States. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Perry was elected to full terms in 2002 and 2006. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
On November 30, 2007, Perry was named the 2008 chairman of the Republican Governors Association. Events 1700 - Battle of Narva — A Swedish army of 8500 men under Charles XII defeats Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The Republican Governors Association is a Washington DC -based organization founded in 1963 consisting of U He succeeds Sonny Perdue of Georgia. George Ervin "Sonny" Perdue III (born December 20, 1946) is the governor of the U The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule
In the general election held on November 7, 2006, Perry defeated former Congressman Chris Bell, a Democrat from Houston; a Libertarian, sales consultant James Werner; and two independent candidates, outgoing Republican Comptroller Carole Keeton Strayhorn and Richard "Kinky" Friedman, a country singer. The 2006 Texas gubernatorial election was held on November 7, 2006 to select the next governor of the state of Texas, who is serving a four Events 1492 - The Ensisheim Meteorite the oldest Meteorite with a known date of impact strikes the Earth around noon in a Wheat The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Robert Christopher "Chris" Bell (born November 23, 1959) is a Democratic Party Politician in the United States. The Libertarian Party is a United States political party founded on December 11 1971 In Politics, an independent is a Politician who is not Affiliated with any Political party. A comptroller or controller (kənˈtroʊlər ˈkɑmˌtroʊ- also financial controller, abrv Carole Keeton Strayhorn (born September 13, 1939) is the former Texas state Comptroller of public accounts a position that now includes most Richard S "Kinky" Friedman (born October 31 or November 1 1944 is an American Singer, Songwriter, Novelist, Humorist, Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. Perry polled 1,714,618 votes (39 percent) to Bell's 1,309,774 (29. 8 percent), Strayhorn's 789,432 (18 percent), Friedman's 553,327 (12. 6 percent), and Werner's 26,726 (0. 6 percent).
If he serves a full second term, Perry would easily become the longest serving governor in Texas history, with ten years of uninterrupted service. This would break the records held by Republican Bill Clements (eight years, over two non-consecutive terms) and Democrat Allan Shivers (7. William Perry "Bill" Clements Jr (born April 17, 1917) is the first Republican to have served as Governor of the U Robert Allan Shivers ( October 5, 1907 - January 14, 1985) was a Texas Politician who led the conservative 5 years of consecutive service).
A fifth-generation Texan, Perry was born in tiny Paint Creek, sixty miles north of Abilene in West Texas, to ranchers Joseph Ray Perry and the former Amelia June Holt. Paint Creek is an unincorporated community in southeastern Haskell County, Texas, United States. Abilene ( "ABBA-leen") is a city in Jones and Taylor Counties in the central part of the U West Texas is a region in Texas that has more in common geographically with the Southwestern United States than it does with the rest of the state A ranch is an area of landscape including various structures given primarily to the practice of ranching the practice of raising grazing livestock such as Cattle His father, a Democrat, was a long-time Haskell County commissioner and school board member. Haskell County is a County located in the US state of Texas. In 2000 its population was 6093 A board of education or a school Board or school committee is the title of the Board of directors of a school local School district As a child, Perry was in the boy scouts and earned the rank of Eagle Scout, as did his son. Eagle Scout is the highest rank attainable in the Boy Scouting program of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA  Perry graduated from Paint Creek High School. Paint Creek is an unincorporated community in southeastern Haskell County, Texas, United States.
Perry attended Texas A&M University where he was a member of the Corps of Cadets and one of A&M's yell leaders. Texas A&M University, often called A&M or TAMU, is a Coeducational public Research University located in College Station The Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets (often The Fightin' Texas Aggie Corps of Cadets, The Corps of Cadets, or simply The Corps) is a student military He graduated from A&M in 1972 with a degree in animal science. Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Animal science is described as "studying the Biology of Animals that are under the control of mankind" (http//www While at Texas A&M University Perry successfully completed a static line skydive at Ags Over Texas (a United States Parachute Association dropzone), the dropzone that was then in operation at Coulter Field (KCFD) in Bryan. Bryan is a city in Brazos County, Texas, United States. As of the 2000 census the city had a total population of 65660
After finishing his university work, he joined the United States Air Force and flew C-130 tactical airlift in the United States, the Middle East, and Europe until 1977. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays He left the Air Force with the rank of captain, returned to Texas and went into business farming cotton with his father. Cotton is a soft staple Fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant ( Gossypium sp
In 1982, Perry married Anita Thigpen, his childhood sweetheart whom he had known since elementary school. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Anita Thigpen Perry graduated from Haskell High School in Haskell Texas then attended West Texas State University and has a degree in Nursing. See also Primary education An elementary school is an institution where children receive the first stage of Compulsory education known as elementary They have two children, Griffin (who followed his father's footsteps and also became an Eagle Scout) and Sydney. Anita Perry attended West Texas State University and has a degree in nursing. West Texas A&M University (also known as WTAMU, or WT, West Texas State) part of the Texas A&M University System, is a Public university Nursing is a Profession focused on assisting individuals families, and communities in attaining maintaining and recovering optimal Health She has spearheaded a number of health-related initiatives such as the Anita Thigpen Perry Endowment at the San Antonio Health Science Center, which focuses on nutrition, cardiovascular disease, health education, and early childhood programming. The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio ( UTHSCSA) is a major and nationally recognized institute of health science education and research Heart disease is an Umbrella term for a variety for different diseases affecting the Heart. Health is a state of complete physical mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Perry has said that his interest in politics probably began in November 1961, when, at the age of eleven, his father took him to the funeral of the legendary Sam Rayburn, who during his long public career served as Speaker of the Texas House and the U. Events in November All Saints' Day (formerly All Hallows Day a Christian holy day is celebrated on November 1, the day after Halloween Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A funeral is a Ceremony marking a person's Death. Funerary customs comprise the complex of Beliefs and practices used by a Culture to remember Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn ( January 6 1882 – November 16 1961) was a Democratic politician from Bonham Texas S. House. Dignitaries from all over the nation descended on the small town of Bonham, the seat of Fannin County for the official farewell to Rayburn. Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 9990 at the 2000 census Fannin County is a County located in the US state of Texas. In 2000 its population was 31242
In 1982, Perry was elected to the Texas House of Representatives as a Democrat from a district that included his home county of Haskell. The Texas Legislature is the state legislature of the US state of Texas. Haskell County is a County located in the US state of Texas. In 2000 its population was 6093 He served on the important House Appropriations and Calendars committees during his three terms. One of the freshman legislators that he befriended was Lena Guerrero of Austin, a staunch Democratic liberal who surprisingly endorsed Perry's reelection bid in 2006 on personal, rather than philosophical grounds. Lena Guerrero Aguirre, known as Lena Guerrero ( November 27, 1957 &ndash April 24, 2008) was the first woman and the first person Perry was part of the "Pit Bulls," a group of Appropriations members who sat on the lower dais in the committee room (or "pit") who pushed for austere state budgets during the lean 1980s. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. In 1989, The Dallas Morning News named him one of the most effective legislators in the 71st legislature. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) The Dallas Morning News is the major daily Newspaper serving the Dallas, Texas ( USA) area with a circulation of around a half-million In 1989, Perry announced that he was joining the Republican Party.
In 1990, he challenged incumbent Democratic Agriculture Commissioner Jim Hightower. Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) James Allen "Jim" Hightower (born January 11, 1943) is a syndicated columnist liberal commentator populist activist and author Hightower had worked for Jesse Jackson for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988, while Perry had supported U.S. Senator Al Gore of Tennessee. Jesse Louis Jackson Sr (born October 8 1941 is an American Civil rights activist and Baptist minister. Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Albert Arnold Gore Jr (born March 31 1948 is an American environmental Activist, author Businessperson, former Politician, and former Tennessee ( is a state located in the Southern United States. He narrowly unseated Hightower, even as the Republican gubernatorial candidate Clayton Wheat Williams, Jr., went down to defeat at the hands of Dorothy Ann Willis Richards. A governor is a governing official usually the executive (at least nominally to different degrees also politically and administratively of a non-sovereign level of government Clayton Wheat "Claytie" Williams Jr (born October 8, 1931) a Businessman from Midland Texas, was the unsuccessful Republican This article is about the American politician/teacher for the Australian-American actress see Ann Richards (actress. 
As agriculture commissioner, Perry was responsible for promoting the sale of Texas farm produce to other states and foreign nations and supervising the calibration of weights and measures, such as gasoline pumps and grocery store scales. A grocery store is a store established primarily for the Retailing of Food.
In 1994, Perry was reelected agriculture commissioner by a large margin, having polled 2,546,287 votes (61. Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) 92 percent) to Democrat Marvin Gregory's 1,479,692 (35. 98 percent). Libertarian Clyde L. The Libertarian Party is a United States political party founded on December 11 1971 Garland received the remaining 85,836 votes (2. 08 percent). 
In 1998, Perry ran not for agriculture commissioner but for lieutenant governor to succeed the retiring Democrat Bob Bullock. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) A Lieutenant Governor is a high officer of state whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction Robert D "Bob" Bullock ( July 10, 1929 – June 18, 1999) was a Democratic Politician from Texas, Perry polled 1,858,837 votes (50. 04 percent) to the 1,790,106 (48. 19 percent) cast for Democrat John Sharp of Victoria, who relinquished the comptroller's position after two terms to seek the lieutenant governorship. John Sharp may refer to John Sharp (Archbishop of York (1643-1714 John Sharp (actor (1920-1992 British television actor Victoria is a city in and the County seat of Victoria County, Texas, United States. A comptroller or controller (kənˈtroʊlər ˈkɑmˌtroʊ- also financial controller, abrv Libertarian Anthony Garcia polled another 65,150 votes (1. Libertarianism is a term used by a broad spectrum of political philosophies which prioritize individual Liberty and seek to minimize or even abolish the 75 percent). 
Perry assumed the governorship late in 2000 when George W. Bush resigned to prepare for his presidential inauguration. An inauguration is a ceremony of formal Investiture whereby an individual assumes an office or position of authority or power Perry won the office in his own right in 2002, when he defeated the Laredo businessman Antonio R. "Tony" Sanchez, Jr. In the 2002 general election, Perry polled 2,632,591 votes (57. Laredo ( "luh-RAID-o" in English in Spanish is the County seat of Webb County, Texas, United States Antonio R Sanchez Jr, known as Tony Sanchez (born 1943 is a Mexican American Businessman, Philanthropist, and Democratic The 2002 Texas gubernatorial election was held on November 5, 2002 to select the governor of the state of Texas. 80 percent) to Sanchez's 1,819,798 (39. 96 percent). Four minor candidates shared some 2. 21 percent of the vote. 
In 2006, Perry gained a second term with 39 percent of the vote. (The states do not require runoffs from a general election in the event that no candidate receives a majority of the votes. RUNOFF was the first Computer Text formatting program to see significant use A general election is an Election in which all or most members of a given political body are up for election ) Perry is the first governor since 1861 to have been elected by a plurality of less than 40 percent. Year 1861 ( MDCCCLXI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common (There was a similar plurality winner in 1853. Year 1853 ( MDCCCLIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common )
Perry is the first graduate of Texas A&M to serve as Governor of Texas. In addition to the Republican Governors Association, Perry is by default a member of the National Governors Association, the Western Governors' Association, and the Southern Governors' Association. The National Governors Association (NGA is a primarily taxpayer-funded lobbying Organization of the Governors of the fifty U The Southern Governors' Association (SGA was founded in 1934, and is the oldest and historically the largest of the USA 's regional governors' associations
Early in his term as governor Perry worked to make health care more accessible. he pushed through the CHIP program designed to insure 500,000 children. The State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP is a United States federal government program that gives funds to states in order to provide Health insurance He convinced the legislature to increase health funding by $6 billion. Some of these programs have since faced funding problems. He also increased school funding prior to the 2002 election and created new scholarship programs to help needy children, including $300 million for the Texas GRANT Scholarship Program. A scholarship is an award of access to an institution or a financial aid award for an individual student scholar for the purpose of furthering their Education Some $9 billion was allocated to Texas public schools, colleges, and universities and combined with a new emphasis on accountability for both teachers and students.
Perry's lieutenant governor and governor campaigns focused on a tough stance on crime. In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment In June 2002, he vetoed a ban on the execution of mentally retarded inmates. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. A veto, Latin for "I forbid" is used to Denote that a certain party has the right to stop unilaterally a certain piece of Legislation. Capital punishment, the death penalty or execution, is the Killing of a person by judicial process as Punishment. Mental retardation is a generalized triarchic disorder characterized by subaverage cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age He has also supported block grants for crime programs. In a Federal system of Government, a block grant is a large sum of money granted by the national government to a regional government with only general provisions as
Another element of Perry's platform has been tort reform; as lieutenant governor he had tried and failed to place a limit on class action awards and allowing plaintiffs to distribute awards among several liable sources. Tort reform refers to the idea of changing the rules applicable to the Law of Tort. In Law, a class action or a representative action is a form of Lawsuit where a large group of people collectively bring a claim to court In 2003, Perry sponsored a controversial state constitutional amendment to cap medical malpractice rewards; this proposal was narrowly approved by voters. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Medical malpractice is professional negligence by act or omission by a Health care provider in which care provided deviates from accepted standards of practice
This legislation has resulted in a decrease in malpractice insurance rates and a marked increase in the number of doctors seeking certification to practice in Texas, bringing skilled practitioners to areas of the state long in need of quality care.
Perry, a proclaimed proponent of fiscal conservatism, has often campaigned on tax reform and job growth. Conservatism in the United States includes a variety of political ideologies including Fiscal conservatism, Supply-side economics, Social conservatism Tax reform is the process of changing the way Taxes are collected or managed by the Government. Perry resisted state income taxes and sales tax increases, protected the state's "Rainy Day fund", balanced the state budget as required by state law, and worked to reduce property taxes that exploded with the inflation of property values in the late 1990s and the 21st century. A sales tax is a Consumption tax charged at the Point of purchase for certain goods and services From a Keynesian point of view a balanced Budget in the Public sector is achieved when the government has enough fiscal discipline to be able to equate Property tax, or millage tax, is an Ad valorem tax that an owner pays on the value of the property being taxed In economics inflation or price inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services over a period of time The 1990s collectively refers to the years between and including 1990 and 1999 The 21st century is the current century of the Christian Era or Common Era in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. He has been credited with attracting thousands of jobs to Texas in recent years.
In early 2006 Perry angered many fiscal conservatives in his own party by supporting an increase in the state franchise tax alongside a property tax reform bill. Franchise tax is a tax charged by some US states to Corporations formed in those states based on the number of shares they issue or in some cases the amount of their Many organizations within the Republican Party itself condemned Perry's tax bill, HB-3, and likened it to a "back door" state income tax.  Perry claimed in a statewide advertising campaign that the bill would save the average taxpayer $2,000 in property taxes. Critics contended that Perry inflated these numbers. The actual tax savings, they contend, will average only $150 per family. 
In 2003, Perry signed legislation that created the Texas Enterprise Fund ostensibly to enhance the development of the economy of Texas a top priority. The Texas Enterprise Fund is a business incentive fund that was created by legislation in 2003 The economy of Texas is a dominant force in the Economy of the United States. His sales tax cuts have attracted new retail businesses to Texas, but in recent years his tax relief has come under scrutiny for having sapped strength from government programs, particularly education.
Perry has faced considerable resistance in balancing fiscal conservatism, education equity, and the politics of school finance. As lieutenant governor, he initially sponsored a controversial school vouchers bill as an alternative to the "Robin Hood" school finance proposal. A school voucher, also called an education voucher, is a certificate issued by the government by which parents can pay for the Education of their children at a In 2004, Perry attacked the same "Robin Hood" plan as detrimental to the educational system. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " He attempted to get the legislature to abolish the system and replace it with one that he believed would encourage greater equity, cost less, hold down property and sales taxes, and foster job growth. Perry objected to the legalization of video lottery terminals at racetracks and on Indian reservations as well as increases in cigarette taxes. An Indian reservation is an area of land managed by a Native American Tribe under the United States Department of the Interior's Bureau
In 2003, Perry called three consecutive special legislative sessions to procure a congressional redistricting plan more favorable to Republicans. Redistricting, a form of redistribution, is the process of changing of political Borders in the United States The plan finally adopted, supported by then U. S. House Majority Leader Tom DeLay of Sugar Land, brought about a five-seat Republican gain in the delegation. Thomas Dale DeLay (born April 8 1947 is a former member of the United States House of Representatives from Sugar Land, Texas. Sugar Land is a city located in Fort Bend County along the Gulf Coast region in the U In 2006, however, the five-seat edge was reduced to three seats. Spokesmen for minority groups claimed that the plan was designed to reduce the legislative clouts of African Americans and Hispanic voters. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Hispanic (hispano hispánico hispânico Hispānus adjective from ''Hispānia'', the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically
A special session of the legislature was convened on June 21, 2005, to address education issues, but resistance developed from House Speaker Tom Craddick, a Republican from Midland. Events 524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Thomas Russell “Tom” Craddick (born September 19, 1943) is the first Republican to serve as Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives Midland is a city in and the County seat of Midland County located on the Southern Plains of the western area of the U Perry's proposal was attacked by members from property-poor districts and was rejected. During the session, Perry became involved in a heated debate with Comptroller Carole Strayhorn about the merits of his school finance proposal. Strayhorn initially planned to oppose Perry in the 2006 Republican primary but instead ran as an independent in the general election.  Another special session was convened on July 21, 2005 after Perry vetoed all funding for public schools for the 2007-2008 biennium. Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common He vowed not to "approve an education budget that shortchanges teacher salary increases, textbooks, education technology, and education reforms. And I cannot let $2 billion sit in some bank account when it can go directly to the classroom. "
Perry's campaign office in 2006 declared that without the special session, some "$2 billion that had been intended for teacher pay raises, education reforms, and other school priorities would have gone unused because House Bill 2 [the public school reform package] didn’t pass. " The bill failed to pass in the first session, and was refiled in a second session, in which the bill was defeated 62-79, after 50 amendments were added without discussion or debate. 
Late in 2005, as approval of his governorship sunk to all-time lows in public opinion polls, Perry requested assistance from his former lieutenant-governor rival, John Sharp, who is a former Texas State Comptroller and a member of the Texas Railroad Commission, Texas State Senate and Texas House of Representatives, to head an education task force charged with preparing a bipartisan education plan. The Railroad Commission of Texas is the state agency that regulates the oil and gas industry, gas utilities pipeline safety safety in the Liquefied petroleum The Texas Senate is the Upper house of the Texas Legislature. The special session convened on April 17, 2006. Events 69 - After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Sharp accepted Perry's offer and removed himself as a potential candidate for governor in 2006. The task force issued its final plan several months later, and the legislature adopted it.  For his successful efforts, Sharp was later nominated by the Dallas Morning News for the "Texan of the Year" award. The Dallas Morning News is the major daily Newspaper serving the Dallas, Texas ( USA) area with a circulation of around a half-million 
In 2005, Perry, a social conservative, signed an abortion bill that limits late term abortions and requires girls under the age of eighteen who procure abortions to notify their parents. Social conservatism is a political or moral ideology that affirms the government's role in encouraging or enforcing traditional values or behaviors in the belief that these are what An An Under criticism from abortion advocates, Perry signed the bill in the gymnasium of Calvary Christian Academy in Fort Worth, an evangelical Christian school. Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas and the seventeenth-largest city in the United States. Evangelicalism is a theological movement tradition and system of beliefs most closely associated with Protestant Christianity, which identifies with the Gospel
Perry is also known for his socially conservative views on homosexuality. Homosexuality refers to sexual behavior with or attraction to people of the same sex or to a Homosexual orientation. He condemned the United States Supreme Court decision in Lawrence vs. Texas striking down sodomy laws and called Texas's last such law "appropriate. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. Lawrence v Texas, 539 US 558 ( 2003) was a landmark United States Supreme Court case A sodomy law is a Law that defines certain Sexual acts as sex crimes. "
Perry set a record in the 2001 legislative session for the use of the veto: he rejected legislation a total of eighty-two times, more than any other governor in any single legislative session in the history of the state since Reconstruction. A veto, Latin for "I forbid" is used to Denote that a certain party has the right to stop unilaterally a certain piece of Legislation. Perry's use of the veto drew criticism from both parties in the 2002 gubernatorial campaign, having used the veto only nine fewer times than preceding Governor George W. Bush had during three legislative sessions and twenty-two more than Ann Richards cast in two sessions.  In the two legislative sessions since the 2001 session, Perry was more conservative in his use of the veto, employing it only fifty-one times.  However, as of 2005, he has used the veto more than any other Texas governor in a continuous administration; the only governor who exceeded Perry's total was Bill Clements, who faced a heavily Democratic legislature. Clements vetoed legislation 184 times in eight years: Perry, 132 times in five years.
Perry has made numerous appointments to the Texas courts, the Railroad Commission, as secretary of state, and to other boards and commissions during his tenure as governor. One of his first selections was the appointment of Xavier Rodriguez to succeed Greg Abbott on the Texas Supreme Court. Xavier Rodriguez is a former Justice on the Texas State Supreme Court and currently sits on the bench as a United States District Judge for the Western District of Gregory W "Greg" Abbott (born November 13, 1957) is the Attorney general of Texas, only the second Republican since Rodriguez, who called himself a moderate, was quickly unseated in the 2002 Republican primary by conservative Steven Wayne Smith, the attorney in the Hopwood v. Texas suit in 1996, which successfully challenged affirmative action at the University of Texas Law School. In Politics and Religion, a moderate is an individual who holds an intermediate position between two viewpoints neither to be extreme or radical by those applying Steven Wayne Smith (born October 26, 1961) is a Republican former Texas Supreme Court associate justice who was defeated for renomination in Hopwood v Texas, 78 F3d 932 ( 5th Cir 1996) was the first successful legal challenge to a university's affirmative action policy in student Affirmative action in the United States|Employment equity (Canada|Reservation in India|Numerus clausus The term affirmative action describes many policies aimed at a historically Hopwood, however, was overturned in a 2003 decision stemming from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The University of Michigan Ann Arbor ( U of M, U-M, UM or simply Michigan) is a top-ranked Coeducational public research Ann Arbor is a city in the US state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County. . Steven Smith was elected by a comfortable margin over Democratic opposition in the 2002 general election.
Perry objected to Smith's tenure on the court and refused to meet with the new justice when Smith attempted to mend fences with the governor. Perry encouraged Judge Paul Green to challenge Smith in the 2004 Republican primary. Paul Green may refer to Paul Green (musician, founder of the Paul Green School of Rock Music Paul Green (playwright (1894-1981 Pulitzer "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Perry raised a lot of campaign cash for Green, who defeated Smith in the primary and was then elected without opposition in the general election. Smith attempted a comeback in the 2006 Republican primary by waging a shoestring challenge to Justice Don Willett, another Perry appointee who was considered a conservative on the court. Don R Willett is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas. He serves as the member of Place 2 Smith polled an impressive 49. 5 percent of the primary vote, but Willett narrowly prevailed.
In an effort to improve the state's infrastructure to accommodate a population that has grown at a rate of more than 1,000 people per day, Perry has been the lead proponent of the Trans-Texas Corridor, a $145+ billion-dollar project that would encompass multi-lane highways, rail and utilities, speeding the movement of people, products and power across the state. The Trans-Texas Corridor ( TTC) is a transportation network in the planning and early construction stages in the U Rather than place constrictive tax burdens on businesses and citizens, the project was proposed to be partially financed, partially built and wholly operated by private contractors who, in exchange for a multi-billion dollar investment, will receive all toll proceeds, notably Cintra, a Spanish-owned company, and its minority partner, San Antonio-based Zachry Construction Corporation, one of Texas' largest road construction companies. Cintra SA (Concesiones de Infraestructuras de Transporte, ( is an international operator of toll roads and car parks Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Some of the more controversial aspects of the project include tolls, private operation of toll collections (at rates set by local municipalities), and extensive use of eminent domain (or the option for landowners to maintain a lucrative equity stake in the project) to acquire property. Perry has come under fire for opposing the public release of the actual terms of the 50-year deal with Cintra to the public for fear they would chill the possibility of the company's investment; Perry's former liaison to the legislature and expert in public-private partnership, former State Senator Dan Shelly, returned to his consulting/lobbying work with Cintra after securing the TTC deal while on the state payroll. All of Perry's gubernatorial opponents opposed the corridor project. The 2006 state party platforms of both the Democratic and Republicans parties also opposed the current corridor legislation (see http://IndyTexans.org and http://CorridorWatch.org). 
In 2001, Perry appointed Ric Williamson of Weatherford, an old friend, former legislative colleague and innovator, to the Texas Transportation Commission. Richard F Williamson ( January 25 1952 &ndash December 30 2007) was the chairman of the Texas Transportation Commission and a former Weatherford is a city in Parker County, Texas, United States. Williamson became the commission chairman in 2004 and worked for TTC until his sudden death of a heart attack on December 30, 2007. Events 1460 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield. 1816 - The Treaty of St
Along with the vast majority of Texans, Perry supports the death penalty. Perry has been criticized by anti-death penalty groups including some human rights organizations worldwide. Under Texas law, the Board of Pardon and Parole must make a recommendation to commute such a sentence, which the Governor is free to ignore, but the reverse is not true – if the Board does not make such a recommendation the Governor cannot then commute the sentence. The only power the Governor has is to issue one, 30-day reprieve.
However, the chairman of the board is appointed by the governor, and serves at his pleasure.  Also, all the members of the Parole Board have been appointed by the incumbent Governor of Texas.  The mission statement for the work of the board is laid down after consultation with the Governor and the procedures and policies of the Board are to a great extent decided by the chairperson the Governor has chosen; the chairman also decides which Board members are to serve when an individual case is decided. 
In 2005, Frances Newton's appeal for a commutation of her death penalty was declined, although some allege that there was insufficient evidence to convict. See also Francis Newton Frances Elaine Newton ( April 12, 1965 &ndash September 14, 2005) was a woman convicted of murder who Her attorney had also argued Newton was incapable of standing trial. Newton was executed on September 14, 2005. The Board of Pardon and Parole did not recommend a commutation, thus Perry could not do so himself, and chose not to grant the one-time reprieve.
On August 30, 2007, Perry commuted the death sentence of Kenneth Foster, an accomplice in a 1996 slaying. Events 1363 - Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Kenneth Foster Jr (born October 22, 1976) was a prisoner formerly on Death row in Texas Evidence had shown that while Foster was present at the scene of the crime (transporting the individual who actually committed the crime away from the scene in his car), he had nothing to do with the actual commission of the murder, and, for that matter, may not have even been aware that it had been taking place, as he was outside in his car at the time. The Board of Pardon and Parole had recommended the commutation, and Perry chose to convert the sentence to life in prison, with a possibility of parole in 2037, doing so three hours before Foster was to die by lethal injection. 
Texas-based TXU is planning a $10 billion investment in eleven new coal-fired power plants over the next several years. Energy Future Holdings Corporation is an Energy company headquartered in Energy Plaza in Dallas Texas. In 2006, Perry fast-tracked the permitting process and limited the time frame for public comment on this proposal. 
In what was described as a "God and country" sermon at the Cornerstone church in San Antonio, attended by Perry and other mostly Republican candidates, the Rev. John Hagee stated, "If you live your life and don't confess your sins to God Almighty through the authority of Christ and His blood, I'm going to say this very plainly, you're going straight to hell with a nonstop ticket. John Charles Hagee (born April 12 1940 is the founder and senior Pastor of Cornerstone Church in San Antonio, Texas, a non-denominational " Perry was asked if he agreed with those comments and said, "It is my faith, and I'm a believer of that. "  Perry went on to say that there was nothing in the sermon that he took exception with. Perry said he believes in the inerrancy of the Bible and those who reject Jesus Christ as their Saviour will go to hell. Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) Condemnation from his opponents was swift. Kinky Friedman, the Jewish independent candidate for governor said, "He doesn't think very differently from the Taliban, does he?" Carole Keeton Strayhorn disagreed with Perry's comments, and Democrat Chris Bell said that one who is in public office should "respect people of all faiths and denominations. Richard S "Kinky" Friedman (born October 31 or November 1 1944 is an American Singer, Songwriter, Novelist, Humorist, PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ The Taliban ( طالبان, also anglicised as Taleban; translation "students" is a Sunni Islamist, predominately " 
Perry invited his friend, rocker Ted Nugent, to perform at a black-tie gala hours after Perry's second inauguration ceremony. Theodore "Ted" Nugent (born December 13, 1948) (aka Using machine guns as props, and with skulls addorned with head dresses representing dead Native Americans, Nugent appeared onstage during the inaugural ball wearing a cutoff T-shirt emblazoned with the Confederate flag and shouting offensive remarks about non-English speakers, according to press reports. The Confederate States of America used several Flags during its existence from 1861 to 1865  The NAACP condemned Nugent's flying of the Confederate flag as a symbol of "the enslavement of African-Americans and more recently the symbol of hate groups and terrorists". The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, usually abbreviated as NAACP, is one of the oldest and most influential Civil rights organizations   Nugent denied making any racial comments. 
On February 2, 2007, Perry issued an executive order mandating that Texas girls be vaccinated with Gardasil, a newly approved drug manufactured by Merck that protects against some strains of the human papilloma virus which causes cervical cancer. Events 962 - Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Gardasil ( Merck & Co) is a Vaccine against certain types of Human papillomavirus (HPV Merck & Co Inc ( also known as Merck Sharp & Dohme or MSD outside the USA and Canada, is one of the largest Pharmaceutical companies A human papillomavirus ( HPV) is a Papillomavirus that infects the skin and Mucous membranes of Humans Approximately 130 HPV types have been Cervical cancer is Malignant Cancer of the Cervix uteri or cervical area The move made national headlines. 
Perry's move has been criticized by some social conservatives and some parents due to concerns about the moral implications of the vaccine and safety concerns. Social conservatism is a political or moral ideology that affirms the government's role in encouraging or enforcing traditional values or behaviors in the belief that these are what A parent is a Father or Mother; one who sires or gives On February 22, 2007, a group of families sued in an attempt to block Gov. Perry's executive order.  Several financial connections between Merck and Rick Perry have been reported by news outlets, such as a $6,000 campaign contribution, as well as Merck's hiring of former Perry Chief of Staff Mike Toomey to handle its Texas lobby work. 
Adding to the criticism of Perry's order is what is viewed by some as a high price of the vaccine which is approximately $US360 in Texas.  Gardasil is a patent-restricted vaccine and Merck is the sole producer.
On May 9, 2007, Perry allowed a bill to go into law that would undo his executive order. Events 1457 BC - Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 
A year later, a CDC report detailing runaway STD rates in American teenage girls and the deadly effects of the HPV virus had opponents reconsidering their attacks on Perry's effort. 
Tyrone Brown was an African-American who was sentenced to life in a Texas maximum security prison in 1990 for smoking marijuana while on probation. Tyrone Brown is an African-American Texan who was sentenced to a life term in a Texas Maximum security prison for stealing two U African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Texas Judge Keith Dean had originally placed Brown on probation but changed the sentence after Brown tested positive for marijuana. Probation is the suspension of all or part of a jail sentence the Criminal who is "on probation" has been convicted of a crime but instead of serving jail Cannabis, also known as marijuana or marihuana, or ganja (from Hindi / Sanskrit: गांजा gānjā hemp) is a After being defeated in the last Dallas election, Judge Dean requested the governor pardon Brown. On March 9, 2007, Perry (upon approval of the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles) granted Brown a conditional pardon (under Texas law Perry could not grant a pardon without the Board's consent). Events 590 - Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 
Perry attended the 2007 meeting of the secretive Bilderberg Group in Istanbul, Turkey. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The Bilderberg Group, Bilderberg conference, or Bilderberg Club is an unofficial annual invitation-only conference of around Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other Names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches  The Bilderberg conferences are meetings of influential persons in the fields of business, media and politics, and have been the subject of a number of conspiracy theories. Texas Republican Congressman and presidential candidate Ron Paul accused Perry of violating the Logan Act, which forbids unauthorized citizens from negotiating with foreign governments. The Logan Act is a United States federal law that forbids unauthorized citizens from negotiating with foreign governments Paul told Alex Jones that "This information about him going over there and violating the Logan Act and getting involved - I'm just impressed that that's in the ordinary media - I think that's encouraging too," and that Perry's visit was "A sign that he's involved in the international business, not in the interests of Texas. Alexander Emerick Jones (born February 11 1974 is an American Paleoconservative radio host and documentary filmmaker "
On June 8, 2008, the 152-year-old historic state governor's residence inhabited by Perry was swept by a fire the local authorities suspected was a result of arson. Much of the building was badly damaged but no one was inside during the fire. Rick Perry was in Stockholm, Sweden at the time of the fire. ('stɔkhɔlm is Sweden 's Capital and its largest City. It is the site of the national Swedish government, the parliament, and the "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. He had not been living in the mansion since the previous fall, as it was being renovated. 
Should he complete his current term, Perry will have been in office for over ten consecutive years (the remainder of George W. Bush's second term after he left to become President, plus two elected full terms). George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by This would make him the longest serving Governor of Texas in terms of both total time in office and continuous time in office (those distinctions are currently held by Bill Clements and Allan Shivers, respectively). William Perry "Bill" Clements Jr (born April 17, 1917) is the first Republican to have served as Governor of the U Robert Allan Shivers ( October 5, 1907 - January 14, 1985) was a Texas Politician who led the conservative Barring any unexpected events, Perry will surpass Shivers' continuous time record in June 2008 and Clements' total time record in January 2009.
Texas does not impose term limits on its governors; thus, Perry is free to run for a third full term if he chooses. In an interview with Texas Monthly, Perry indicated that he has not ruled out running again, but that he may not make that decision until 2009. Texas Monthly is a monthly American Magazine published in Austin, Texas. This article is about the year For the film see 2009 Lost Memories.
He has never publicly indicated aspirations to the Senate or any other higher office; however, in April 2008 while appearing as a guest on CNBC's Kudlow & Company he specifically stated that he would not agree to serve as Vice President in a McCain Administration, stating that he already had "the best job in the world" as Governor of Texas. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives CNBC (an abbreviation for the " C onsumer N ews and B usiness C hannel" its official name until 1991 is a cable and Kudlow & Company is a News Television program about US Business and Politics hosted by Lawrence Kudlow
In October 2007, despite their political differences on many social issues, he endorsed Rudy Giuliani for President. KBE Per, "Postnominal letters should be included when they are issued by a country or organization the subject has been closely associated with "Rudy Giuliani is the most prepared individual of either party to be the next President . . . I'm not talkin' about any mayor, I'm talkin' about America's Mayor," Perry said.  Many conjectured that, if Giuliani were elected, Perry might have been considered for a position in the new President's cabinet, or perhaps the Vice Presidency.  However, Giuliani withdrew from the race on January 30, 2008 after failing to gain support in early primaries.
Both Giuliani and Perry immediately endorsed Arizona Senator John McCain for President.  Shortly after Mitt Romney's somewhat unexpected withdrawal from the race in early February, the Governor reportedly called McCain rival Mike Huckabee and suggested that he withdraw as well to clear the way for McCain to secure the nomination. Michael Dale "Mike" Huckabee (born August 24 1955 is a former Republican governor of Arkansas from 1996 to 2007 and a political Commentator Huckabee declined this request and made it clear publicly that he would only abandon his presidential bid if McCain secured enough delegates. Huckabee withdrew his presidential bid on March 5, 2008 after John McCain won the Texas and Ohio primaries.
|Texas Gubernatorial Election 2002|
|Republican||Rick Perry (Incumbent)||2,617,106||58. 1|
|Democratic||Tony Sanchez||1,809,915||40. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Antonio R Sanchez Jr, known as Tony Sanchez (born 1943 is a Mexican American Businessman, Philanthropist, and Democratic 3|
|Texas Gubernatorial Election 2006|
|Republican||Rick Perry (Incumbent)||1,716,803||39. 3||-18. 8|
|Democratic||Chris Bell||1,310,353||29. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Robert Christopher "Chris" Bell (born November 23, 1959) is a Democratic Party Politician in the United States. 8||-10. 5|
|Independent||Carole Keeton Strayhorn||797,577||18. Carole Keeton Strayhorn (born September 13, 1939) is the former Texas state Comptroller of public accounts a position that now includes most 1|
|Independent||Richard “Kinky” Friedman||546,869||12. Richard S "Kinky" Friedman (born October 31 or November 1 1944 is an American Singer, Songwriter, Novelist, Humorist, 4|
|Libertarian||James Werner||133,806||1. 8|
Joe C. Hanna
|Member of the Texas House of Representatives|
from District 64 (Haskell)
John R. The Texas House of Representatives is the Lower house of the Texas Legislature. District 64 is a district of the Texas House of Representatives that serves a portion of Denton County. Haskell is a city in Haskell County, Texas, in the United States. Cook
|Texas Agriculture Commissioner|
|Lieutenant Governor of Texas|
1999 – 2000
George W. Bush
|Governor of Texas|
2000 - present