The Republic of Taiwan (Abbr: R. For the HTML tag see HTML element. An abbreviation (from Latin brevis "short" O. T; traditional Chinese: 臺灣共和國; simplified Chinese: 台湾共和国; pinyin: Táiwān Gònghégúo; Pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân Kiōng-hô-kok) is a goal of supporters of Taiwan independence in creating a Taiwanese state unambiguously separated from China, covering (at most) the areas currently controlled by the Republic of China (Taiwan) (i. Pinyin, more formally Hanyu pinyin, is the most common Standard Mandarin Romanization system in use Pe̍h-ōe-jī ( POJ) ( is an Orthography in the Latin alphabet created and introduced to Fujian and Taiwan by Presbyterian Taiwan independence ( Pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p ūn-tōng abbreviated to 台獨 Táidú Tâi-to̍k is a China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES e. , Taiwan, Penghu, Quemoy and Matsu Islands). Taiwan ( Taiwanese: Tâi-oân/Tāi-oân (historically 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 is an Island in East Asia. The Pescadores ( from Portuguese, "fishermen" pron pɨʃ Kinmen, ( Traditional Chinese: 金門 Simplified Chinese: 金门 Hanyu Pinyin: Jīnmén Tongyong Pinyin: Jinmén Wades-Giles The Matsu Islands (also Mazu Islands ( are a minor Archipelago of 19 Islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait administered as Lienchiang In this sense, sometimes the State of Taiwan (臺灣國; Táiwān Gúo; Tâi-oân Kok) is used to avoid prejudging a republican polity.
Historically efforts in creating such a state by this name first came into being during the Japanese rule of Taiwan. The Japanese colonial period, Japanese rule or the Imperial Japanese occupation, in the context of Taiwan 's history refers to the period between Such efforts were the goal of the Taiwanese Communist Party of the late 1920s. For the newly organized political party which is currently in activity see Taiwan Communist Party. The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the " Jazz Age " or the " Roaring Twenties " when speaking about the United States and Canada Unlike current formulations and in line with the thinking of Comintern, such a state would be a proletarian one. The Comintern ( Com munist Intern ational also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organisation founded in Moscow The proletariat (from Latin la ''proles'' "offspring" is a term used to identify a lower Social class; a member of such a class is proletarian
In the 1950s a Republic of Taiwan Provisional Government was set up in Japan. The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive Liao Wen-yih was nominally the President. At one time it held quasi-official relations with the newly independent Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia ( (Republik Indonesia is a Country in Southeast Asia. This was possible mainly through the connections between Sukarno and the Provisional Government's Southeast Asian liaison, Chen Chih-hsiung, who had assisted in Indonesia's local resistance movements against the Japanese rule. Sukarno ( June 6, 1901 – June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia.
Since then several scholars have drafted various versions of a constitution, as both political statement or vision and as intellectual exercise. A constitution is a system for government often Codified as a written document that establishes the rules and principles of an autonomous political entity Most of these drafts favor a bicameral parliamentary rather than presidential system. In Government, bicameralism (bi + Latin la ''camera'' chamber is the practice of having two legislative or Parliamentary chambers Thus a bicameral TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those In at least one such draft, seats in the upper house would be divided equally among Taiwan's established ethnicities. In the 1980s the Chinese Nationalist government considered publication of these ideas criminal. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. In the most dramatic case, it decided to arrest the pro-independence publisher Cheng Nan-jung for publishing a version in his Tang-wai magazine, Liberty Era Weekly (自由時代週刊). Cheng Nan-jung ( POJ: Tēⁿ Lâm-iông September 12, 1947 in Taipei – April 7, 1989) was a Taiwanese publisher The Tangwai movement (黨外 Pinyin: dăngwài literally "outside the party" was a Political movement in the Republic of China ( Taiwan Rather than giving himself up, Cheng self-immolated in protest. This is an article on the ritualistic suicide practice For the record company see Self Immolation.
Other campaigns and tactics toward such a State have included soliciting designs from the public for a new national flag (see image) and anthem (for example, Taiwan the Formosa). A flag is a piece of Cloth, often flown from a pole or mast, generally used Symbolically for signaling or identification The term anthem means either a specific form of Anglican church music (in Music theory and religious contexts or more generally a song (or composition of Taiwan the Formosa (sometimes Taiwan the Green; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân Chhùi-chhiⁿ; Chinese: 台灣翠青 is a More recently the Taiwan Name Rectification Campaign (台灣正名運動) has played an active role. More traditional independentists, however, have criticized name rectification as merely a superficial tactic devoid of the larger vision inherent in the Republic of Taiwan agenda.
Initially, the Taiwanese Independence movement began as an attempt to overthrow the Republic of China government and replace it with a native Republic of Taiwan government. This was because the ruling party of ROC, the Kuomintang, was at first consisted essentially of mainland Chinese who fled to Taiwan at the end of the civil war in 1949. However, as economic successes overshadowed political concerns, and with the mainland Chinese gradually blending with the Taiwanese locals, the general population became more and more receptive towards the "alien" government. The impressively rapid process of democratization in the late 1980s and early 1990s by and large ended as the Taiwanese localization movement.
While democracy developed within Taiwan, abroad the situation had turned against the Republic of China government. Following its repulsion from the United Nations and severing of diplomatic relationships with the United States, Taiwan became increasingly isolated. In response to this situation, a modern movement for a Republic of Taiwan evolved from the original independence movement. The new movement claims that the current situation of Taiwan being ruled by a government officially named the Republic of China creates confusion internationally with China, and is the principal obstacle in preventing Taiwan from becoming a normal nation, in the sense of participating in international organizations such as the United Nations. REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Taiwan had been forced to participate in international affairs under such names as "Chinese Taipei" and the "Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kimmen, and Matsu". Chinese Taipei is the designated name used by the Republic of China (ROC, commonly known as Taiwan, to participate in some International Curiously, South Africa once referred to Taiwan as the "Republic of Taiwan" when Lee Teng-hui visited there as the President of the Republic of China (Taiwan); other similar slips of the tongue have occurred with respect to Taiwan. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Lee Teng-hui ( POJ: Lí Teng-hui born 15 January 1923 is a Politician of Taiwan. The President of the Republic of China ( is the Head of state of the Republic of China (ROC (commonly known as Taiwan since the 1970s The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu should remain effectively independent as territory
Opponents of a Republic of Taiwan claim that rejecting the name Republic of China would almost certainly trigger a war with the People's Republic of China and it is un-necessary since Republic of China (Taiwan) is already one independent nation. REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Independence advocates counter this in saying that unless international support is achieved Taiwan can never be truly safe from an increasingly militant mainland China, and that foreign powers are hardly likely to pledge support if Taiwan itself does not demonstrate a resolve.
The creation of the Republic of Taiwan is formally the goal of the Taiwan Solidarity Union and former President Lee Teng-hui. The Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU ( Traditional Chinese: 臺灣團結聯盟 Pinyin: Táiwān Tuánjié Liánméng is a Political party in the Republic Lee Teng-hui ( POJ: Lí Teng-hui born 15 January 1923 is a Politician of Taiwan. Although the ruling Democratic Progressive Party was originally also an advocate for both the idea of the Republic of Taiwan and Taiwan independence, as it took power the DPP has tried taking a middle line in which a sovereign, independent Taiwan is identified with the Republic of China (Taiwan) and its symbols. The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP ( Taiwanese: Bîn-chú-chìn-pō͘-tóng Traditional Chinese: zh-Hant 民主進步黨 Simplified Chinese: zh-Hans Taiwan independence ( Pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p ūn-tōng abbreviated to 台獨 Táidú Tâi-to̍k is a The Pan-Blue Coalition tends to oppose the idea of a Republic of Taiwan and Taiwan independence, but most support a sovereign Republic of China which is currently separate from the People's Republic of China. The Pan-Blue Coalition ( or Pan-Blue Force ( is a Political alliance in the Republic of China (Taiwan consisting of the Kuomintang
While many believe the formal declaration of a Republic of Taiwan would likely trigger a military response from the People's Republic of China, some among the independentists believe such a response would be ineffective with or without subsequent involvement by the United States. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES The United States of America —commonly referred to as the