|Language extinction:||developed into New Latin by 17th century|
|Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. According to some definitions an extinct language is a Language which no longer has any speakers, whereas a dead language is a language which is no longer spoken The term New Latin or Neo-Latin is used to describe a form the Latin language used between the end of the Medieval Latin period (c List of language familiesA language family is a group of Languages related by descent from a common ancestor called the Proto-language of that family The Italic subfamily is a member of the Indo-European language family's Centum branch The Latino-Faliscan languages are a group of languages that belong to the Italic language family of the Indo-European languages. ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family ISO 639-2 is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages ISO 639 -3 (ISO 639-32007 is an international standard for Language codes The standard describes three‐letter codes for identifying languages In Computing, Unicode is an Industry standard allowing Computers to consistently represent and manipulate text expressed in most of the world's|
Renaissance Latin is a name given to the distinctive form of Latin style developed during the European Renaissance of the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries, particularly by the humanist movement. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Renaissance Humanism was a European intellectual movement beginning in Florence in the last decades of the 14th century
Ad fontes was the general cry of the humanists, and as such their Latin style sought to purge Latin of the medieval Latin vocabulary and stylistic accretions that it had acquired in the centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire. Ad fontes is a Latin expression which means "to the sources" (lit Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange and as the Liturgical language of the medieval They looked to golden age Latin literature, and especially to Cicero in prose and Virgil in poetry, as the arbiters of Latin style. Marcus Tullius Cicero ( Classical Latin ˈkikeroː usually ˈsɪsərəʊ in English January 3, 106 BC &ndash December 7, 43 BC was a Roman For the Wikipedia guideline regarding editing articles see WikipediaManual of Style. Publius Vergilius Maro ( October 15, 70 BCE &ndash September 21, 19 BCE later called Virgilius, and known in English as Virgil or They abandoned the use of the sequence and other accentual forms of metre, and sought instead to revive the Greek formats that were used in Latin poetry during the Roman period. This article is about Latin poems and songs For the Early music group see Sequentia (music group. In Poetry, the meter or metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse. Latin poetry was a major part of Latin literature during the height of the Latin language. The humanists condemned the large body of medieval Latin literature as "gothic" — for them, a term of abuse — and believed instead that only ancient Latin from the Roman period was "real Latin". The High Middle Ages was the period of European history in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries (AD 1000&ndash1299
The humanists also sought to purge written Latin of medieval developments in its orthography. The orthography of a language specifies the correct way of using a specific Writing system to write the language They insisted, for example, that ae be written out in full wherever it occurred in classical Latin; medieval scribes often wrote e instead of ae. They were much more zealous than medieval Latin writers that t and c be distinguished; because the effects of palatalization made them homophones, medieval scribes often wrote, for example, eciam for etiam. Palatalization or palatalisation (ˌpælətəlɨˈzeɪʃən generally refers to two phenomena As a process or the result of a process A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning Their reforms even affected handwriting; Humanists usually wrote Latin in a script derived from Carolingian minuscule, the ultimate ancestor of most contemporary lower-case typefaces, avoiding the black-letter scripts used in the Middle Ages. "Handwriting" redirects here For scripts for writing down notes by hand see " Cursive " Carolingian or Caroline minuscule is a script developed as a writing standard in Europe so that the Roman alphabet could be easily recognized Lower case (also lower-case or lowercase) minuscule, or small letters are the smaller form of letters as opposed to upper In Typography, a typeface is a set of one or more Fonts designed with stylistic unity each comprising a coordinated set of Glyphs A typeface usually comprises Blackletter, also known as Gothic script or Gothic minuscule, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately 1150 Erasmus even proposed that the then-traditional pronunciations of Latin be abolished in favour of his reconstructed version of classical Latin pronunciation. Latin pronunciation, both in the classical and post-classical age has varied across different regions and different eras The Roman alphabet or Latin alphabet, was adapted from the Old Italic alphabet, to represent the Phonemes of the Latin language, which had in Classical Latin is the form of the Latin language used by the ancient Romans in what is usually regarded as "classical" Latin literature.
The humanist plan to remake Latin was largely successful, at least in education. Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency Schools now taught the humanistic spellings, and encouraged the study of the texts selected by the humanists, to the large exclusion of later Latin literature. On the other hand, while humanist Latin was an elegant literary language, it became much harder to write books about law, medicine, science or contemporary politics in Latin while observing all of the Humanists' norms about vocabulary purging and classical usage. A literary language is a register of a Language that is used in Literary Writing. Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the Science (from the Latin scientia, meaning " Knowledge " or "knowing" is the effort to discover, and increase human understanding Politics Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions Because humanist Latin lacked precise vocabulary to deal with modern issues, their reforms accelerated the process of turning Latin from a workday language to an object of antiquarian study. Their attempts at literary work, especially poetry, often have a strong element of pastiche. The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic Genre.
Renaissance Latin gradually developed into the New Latin of the 17th-19th centuries, used as the language of choice for authors discussing subjects considered sufficiently important to merit an international (i. The term New Latin or Neo-Latin is used to describe a form the Latin language used between the end of the Medieval Latin period (c e. , pan-European) audience.
Ages of Latin
|—75 BC||75 BC – 200||200 – 900||200 – 1300||1300 – 1600||1600 – 1900||1900 – present|
|Old Latin||Classical Latin||Vulgar Latin||Medieval Latin||Renaissance Latin||New Latin||Recent Latin|
|See also: History of Latin, Latin literature, Vulgar Latin, Ecclesiastical Latin, Romance languages, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum|