Reinhard Scheer (September 30, 1863 – November 26, 1928) was an Admiral in the German Imperial Navy. Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Year 1863 ( MDCCCLXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 43 BC - The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian" later "Caesar Augustus" Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks of the highest Naval officers The German Empire is the name commonly used in English to describe Germany from 1871 to 1918 when it was a semi- Constitutional monarchy: beginning with the Unification He was in command of the Kaiserliche Marine High Seas Fleet at the Battle of Jutland, one of the largest naval battles in history. The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire. The High Seas Fleet (Hochseeflotte was the main battle fleet of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy during World War I. fix various bugs per WikipediaHow to fix bunched-up edit links -->
Scheer was born in Obernkirchen, Hesse. Obernkirchen (oːbɐnˈkɪʁçən is a town in the district of Schaumburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. He entered the navy in 1879, becoming Kapitän zur See in 1905 and Rear Admiral in 1910. Kapitän is a traditional shorted version of several ranks in the German navy, ranging from Kapitänleutnant to Kapitän zur See. Rear admiral is a Naval Commissioned officer rank above that of a Commodore and Captain, and below that of a Vice Admiral. A strict disciplinarian, Scheer was popularly known in the Navy as the “Man in the Iron Mask” due to his severe appearance.
Scheer became chief of the High Seas Fleet in January 1916. On May 30, he led the fleet into the Battle of Jutland. Events 1416 - The Council of Constance, called by the Emperor Sigismund a supporter of Antipope John XXIII burns Jerome of Prague following Although not defeating the British Royal Navy, he successfully evaded the destruction of his fleet by the numerically superior Royal Navy, his ships inflicting heavy losses upon the British. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) Scheer was offered a knighthood for his leadership at Jutland by German Kaiser Wilhelm II, but he turned down that offer (his subordinate at Jutland, Bavarian-born Vice-Admiral Franz Hipper who led the battlecruisers, did not turn down such an offer from his king, Ludwig III of Bavaria, and eventually became Franz Ritter von Hipper). Franz Ritter von Hipper ( September 13, 1863 - May 25, 1932) was a German admiral during the First World War After Jutland, Scheer did not believe anymore that the British could be defeated by the High Seas Fleet in battle, and became a strong advocate of the submarine warfare against Britain.
In 1899, he married Emillie Mohr. She was murdered October 9, 1920. Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Year 1920 ( MCMXX) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920 of the Gregorian calendar
In 1920, Scheer's memoirs, Germany's High Seas Fleet in the World War was published in English.
In 1928, Scheer accepted an invitation to visit his old adversary at the Battle of Jutland, Admiral John Jellicoe, in England, but just prior to his trip he died in Marktredwitz. Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe 1st Earl Jellicoe, GCB, OM, GCVO ( 5 December 1859 &ndash 20 November Marktredwitz is a municipality in the district of Wunsiedel, in Bavaria, Germany. He is buried in Weimar. Weimar (ˈvaɪmaʁ is a City in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of Thuringia (Thüringen north of the Thüringer Wald, His tombstone just bears the dates of his life and the single word "Skagerrak" (The German name for the Battle of Jutland).
|Rank||Date of promotion|
Leutnant zur See
Oberleutnant zur See
Kapitän zur See