|Comune di Reggio nell'Emilia|
Municipal coat of arms
Location of Reggio Emilia in Italy
|Province||Reggio Emilia (RE)|
|Mayor||Graziano Delrio (from July 1, 2004)|
|Elevation||58 m (190 ft)|
|Area||231 km² (89 sq mi)|
|- Density||[n. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The capital is Bologna. In Italy, a Province (in Italian provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between Municipality ( Comune The Province of Reggio Emilia (Provincia di Reggio Emilia is one of the eight provinces of the Italian Region of Emilia-Romagna. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " a. ]|
|Time zone||CET, UTC+1|
|- Day||November 24|
Reggio Emilia (Latin: Regium Lepidi, and Regium) is an affluent town of northern Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region. Central European Time ( CET) is one of the names of the Time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+1 is used in the following locations Central European Time West Africa Time Western European Summer Time A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place Here are a list of area codes in Italy. All numbers here begin with the country code (0039 A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a Comune; for other Administrative Saint Prosper of Reggio (San Prospero (d June 25, ca 466 is an Italian Saint. Events 380 - Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Related categories Central Italy Southern Italy Insular Italy Northeast Italy Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The capital is Bologna. It has about 167,013 inhabitants and is the main comune (municipality) of the Province of Reggio Emilia. In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic Administrative division of both provinces and regions and may be properly approximated in The Province of Reggio Emilia (Provincia di Reggio Emilia is one of the eight provinces of the Italian Region of Emilia-Romagna.
The town is also referred to by its more official name of Reggio nell'Emilia. The inhabitants of Reggio nell'Emilia (called Reggiani) usually call their town by the simple name of Reggio. In some ancient maps the town is also named Reggio di Lombardia.
The old town has an hexagonal form, which derives from the ancient walls, and the main buildings are from XVI - XVIII centuries. The commune's territory is totally on a plain, crossed by the Crostolo stream. The Crostolo is a stream ( a " Torrente " in the Province of Reggio Emilia, Emilia-Romagna Region Italy.
Though not Roman in origin, Reggio began as an historical site with the construction by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus of the Via Aemilia, leading from Piacenza to Rimini (187 BC). Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (d 152 BC was a Roman Consul, Pontifex Maximus and censor. Via Aemilia (It Via Emilia) was a trunk Roman road in the north Italian plain running from Ariminum ( Rimini) on the Adriatic coast to Piacenza ( Placentia in Latin and old-fashioned English, Piasëinsa in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo) is a Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. Events By place Seleucid Empire The Seleucid king Antiochus III, mounts a fresh expedition to the east of his kingdom in Reggio became a justice's administration centre, with a forum called at first Regium Lepidi, then simply Regium, whence the city's current name. The Forum was the public space in the middle of a Roman city It had a great social importance and was often the scene of diverse activities including political discussions
During the Roman age Regium is cited only by Festus and Cicero, as one of the military stations on the Via Aemilia. Sextus Pompeius Festus was a Roman Grammarian who probably flourished in the later 2nd century AD, perhaps at Narbo ( Narbonne) in Gaul Marcus Tullius Cicero ( Classical Latin ˈkikeroː usually ˈsɪsərəʊ in English January 3, 106 BC &ndash December 7, 43 BC was a Roman However, it was a flourishing city, a Municipium with its own statutes, magistrates and art collegia. A municipium (pl municipia) belonged to the second highest class of Roman cities being
Apollinaris of Ravenna brought Christianity in the 1st century CE. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings The 1st century was the Century that lasted from 1 to 100 according the Julian calendar. The sources confirm the presence of a bishopric in Reggio after the Edict of Milan (313). A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight The Edict of Milan was a letter signed by emperors Constantine and Licinius, that proclaimed Religious toleration in the Roman Empire. Events By Place Roman Empire February — Conference at Milan Constantine issues the Edict of Milan, ending all persecution In 440 the Reggio's diocesis was submitted to Ravenna by Western Roman Empire Valentinianus III. Events By Place Western Roman Empire Geiseric, king of the Vandals, captures Sicily. Ravenna is a City and Comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. The Western Roman Empire refers to the western half of the Roman Empire, from its division by Diocletian in 285 the other half of the Roman Empire was the Eastern Flavius Placidius Valentinianus ( July 2, 419 &ndash March 16, 455) known in English as Valentinian III, was among the last At the end of the 4th century, however, Reggio had decayed so much that Saint Ambrose include it among the dilapidated cities. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 4th century (per the Julian calendar and Anno Domini / Common era) was that Century Saint Ambrose (c 338 &ndash 4 April 397) was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the fourth century Damages were increased the Barbarian invasions. At the fall of the Western Empire (476), Reggio was part of the Odoacer's reign. Events By place Western Roman Empire September 4 — Romulus Augustus, the last Emperor of the Western Roman Empire Odoacer (435–493 also known as Odovacar (from the Germanic Audawakrs, meaning "watchful of wealth" was a Roman general and the In 489 it was in the Ostrogothic kingdom; later (539) it belonged to the Exarchate of Ravenna, but was conquered by Alboin's Lombards in 569. Events By place Europe Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, continues his invasion of Italy with the approval of Byzantine The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi or Austrogothi were a branch of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe that played a major role in the political events of the late Events By Place Byzantine Empire Ravenna becomes an Exarchate of the Byzantine Empire. The Exarchate of Ravenna or of Italy was a centre of Byzantine power in Italy, from the end of the 6th century to 751, when the Alboin or Alboïn (died 572 or 573 was king of the Lombards, and conqueror of Italy. The Lombards ( Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative names Langobards and Longobards) were a Germanic people originally from Events By Place Byzantine Empire The King of the Garamantes signs a peace treaty with Byzantium. Reggio was chosen as Duchy of Reggio seat. The Duchy of Reggio was one of the states that belonged to the Duchy of Modena and Reggio, ruled by the house of Este, in the north of Italy in a territory now belonging
In 773 the Franks subjected Reggio, and Charlemagne gave the bishop royal authority over the city and established the diocese' limits (781). Events By Place Europe Charlemagne crosses the Alps and invades the kingdom of the Lombards. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group Charlemagne (ˈʃɑrlɨmeɪn Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus meaning Charles the Great) (747 – 28 January 814 was King of the Franks from 768 to his Events By Place Asia July 31 — The oldest recorded eruption of Mt In 888 Regio was handed over to the Kings of Italy. This article is about the year AD 888 For other uses see 888 (disambiguation. In 889 the Magyars heavily damaged it, killing bishop Azzo II. Events By Place Asia Yasovarman I succeeds Indravarman II as ruler of the Khmer empire. Hungarians (or Magyars, magyarok are an Ethnic group primarily associated with Hungary. In this occasion new walls were built. On October 31, 900, emperor Louis III issued the permission to erect a castrum (castle) in the city's centre. Events 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 91 NLTse Events By place Asia Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Kavi script inscribed in Luzon, Philippines, Louis the Blind (c 880 &ndash 28 June 928) was the King of Provence from 887 King of Italy from 900 and briefly Holy Roman Emperor
In 1002 the Reggio's territory, together with the ones of Parma, Brescia, Modena, Mantova and Ferrara, were merged into the mark of Tuscany, later held by Matilde of Canossa. Parma is a City in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna near Modena famous for its Architecture and the fine countryside around it Brescia ( Lombard: Brèsa) is a city in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy. Modena (ˈmɔːdena Mòdna in Modenese dialect is a city and a Comune ( Municipality) on the south side of the Po valley, in the Mantua (Màntova in the local dialect of Lombard language Mantua is a city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province of the Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital city of the Province of Ferrara. Mark from the Old English mearc and march (or various plural forms of these words derived from the Frankish word marka ("boundary" Tuscany (Toscana is a region in Italy. It has an area of 22990 km² and a population of about 3 Matilda of Canossa ( Italian: Matilde, Latin: Mathilde; 1046 &ndash 24 July 1115) called la Gran Contessa
Reggio became a free commune around the end of the 11th or the beginning of the 12th century. In 1167 it was a member of the Lombard League and took part in the Battle of Legnano. The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of Northern Italy (although its membership changed in The Battle of Legnano was fought on May 29 1176 between the forces of the Holy Roman Empire, led by emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and the In 1183 the city signed the Treaty of Konstanz, from which the city's consul, Rolando della Carità, received the imperial investiture. Consul (abbrev cos; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire The following peace spurred a period of prosperity: Reggio adopted new statutes, had a mint, schools with celebrated masters, and developed its trades and arts. It also increasingly submitted the castles of the nearby land.
The 12th and 13th century, however, were also a period of grievous inner struggles, with parties of Scopiazzati and Mazzaperlini, and later those of Ruggeri and Malaguzzi, facing sharply in the streets. In 1152 Reggio also warred with Parma and in 1225 with Modena, in the course of the general struggle between Guelphs and Ghibellines in Italy. The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting respectively the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy In 1260 25,000 penitents, led by a Perugine hermit, entered the city, and this event calmed the situation for a while, spurring a momentous flourishing of religious fervour. Penance is repentance of Sins as well as the proper name of the Catholic and Orthodox Christian Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation/Confession Perugia is the capital City of the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber river and the capital of the Province of Perugia A hermit (from the Greek ἔρημος erēmos, signifying " Desert " "uninhabited" hence "desert-dweller" adjective "eremitic" But disputes soon arose again, and as early as 1265 the Ghibellines killed Guelph's leader, Caco da Reggio, and gained preeminence. Disputes however continued against the bishop and two new parties formed, the Inferiori and Superiori. Final victory went to the latter.
To thwart the abuses of powerful families such as Sessi, Fogliani and Canossa, the Senate of Reggio gave the city's rule for three years to the Este member Obizzo d'Este. "Este" redirects here For the city see Este Italy. For Tolkien's fictional character see Estë. This chose marked the future passage of Reggio under the seignory of that family, as Obizzo continued to rule de facto after his mandate has ceased. His son Azzo was expelled by the Reggiani in 1306, creating a republic ruled by 800 common people. In 1310 the emperor Henry VII imposed marquis Spinetto Malaspina as vicar, but he was soon driven out. Henry VII ( Heinrich; c 1275 (or 1279 &ndash 24 August 1313) was the King of Germany (or Rex Romanorum) from 1308 and The republic disappeared in 1326 as cardinal Bertrando del Poggetto annexed Reggio to the Papal States. The Papal States, State(s of the Church or Pontifical States (in Italian Stato Ecclesiastico, Stato della Chiesa, Stati della Chiesa
The city was subsequently under the suzerainty of John of Bohemia, Nicolò Fogliani and Martino della Scala, who in 1336 gave it to Luigi Gonzaga. John the Blind ( Luxembourgish: Jang de Blannen; German: Johann der Blinde von Luxemburg Saint Aloysius Gonzaga ( Italian: Luigi Gonzaga, Portuguese and Spanish: Luís de Gonzaga, March 9, 1568 &ndash Gonzaga built a citadel in the St. Nazario quarter, and destroyed 144 houses. In 1356 the Milanese Visconti, helped by 2,000 exiled Reggiani, captured the city, starting a confused period of shared power with the Gonzaga. Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Visconti was the family name of two important Italian noble dynasties of the Middle Ages. In the end the latter sold Reggio to the Visconti for 5,000 ducats. The ducat (ˈdʌkət is a Gold coin that was used as a trade currency throughout Europe before World War I. In 1405 Ottobono Terzi of Parma seized Reggio, but was killed by Michele Attendolo, who handed over the city to Nicolò III d'Este, who therefore became seignor of Reggio. Niccolò III d'Este ( November 9 1383 &ndash December 26 1441) was Marquess of Ferrara from 1393 until his death The city however maintained a relevant autonomy, with laws and a coin of its own. Niccolò was succedeed by his illegittimate son Lionello, and, from 1450, by Borso d'Este. Leonello d'Este, also spelled Lionello (1407 &ndash 1450 was Marquis of Ferrara and Duke of Modena and Reggio Emilia Borso d'Este ( 1413 - August 20 1471) was the first Duke of Ferrara, which he ruled from 1450 until his death
In 1452 Borso obtained from Ferdinand III the title of Duke of Reggio and Modena. The Duchy of Reggio was one of the states that belonged to the Duchy of Modena and Reggio, ruled by the house of Este, in the north of Italy in a territory now belonging The Duchy of Modena (in full the Duchies of Modena and Reggio) was a small Italian state that existed from 1452 to Life Eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand II from the house of Habsburg and his first wife Maria Anna of Bavaria. Borso's successor, Ercole I, imposed heavy bills over the city and named the poet Matteo Maria Boiardo, born in the nearby town of Scandiano, as its governor. Ercole I d'Este ( October 26, 1431 &ndash June 15, 1505) was Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505 Matteo Maria Boiardo (c 1434 &ndash December 20, 1494) was an Italian Renaissance Poet. Scandiano is a town in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, administratively part of the Province of Reggio Emilia. Later another famous Italian writer, Francesco Guicciardini, held the same charge. Francesco Guicciardini ( March 6, 1483 - May 22, 1540) was an Italian Historian and Statesman. In 1474, the great poet Ludovico Ariosto, author of the poem Orlando Furioso, was born in a villa just outside the town ("Il Mauriziano"). Orlando Furioso ("The Frenzy of Orlando" more literally "Mad Orlando" in Italian furioso is seldom capitalized is an Italian He was the first son of a knight from Ferrara, who was in charge of the Citadel, and a noblewoman from Reggio, Daria Maleguzzi Valeri. Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital city of the Province of Ferrara.
In 1513 Reggio was handed over to Pope Julius II. Pope Julius II (5 December 1443 &ndash 21 February 1513 born Giuliano Della Rovere, was Pope from 1503 to 1513 The city was returned to the Este after the death of Hadrian VI (September 29, 1523). Pope Adrian VI ( Utrecht, March 2, 1459 &ndash September 14, 1523) born Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens, son of Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. In 1551 Ercole II d'Este destroyed the suburbs of the city in his program of reconstruction of the walls. Ercole II d'Este ( April 5, 1508 - October 3, 1559) was Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559 At the end of the century the famous city's Basilica della Ghiara was begun, in the site where a miracle was believed to have just occurred. The Tempio della Beata Vergine della Ghiara (Temple of the Blessed Virgin of Ghiara also known as Basilica della Madonna della Ghiara is a church in Reggio Emilia
The Este rule continued until 1796, with short interruptions in 1702 and 1733-1734. Year 1796 ( MDCCXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Year 1702 ( MDCCII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Year 1733 ( MDCCXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Year 1734 ( MDCCXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a
The arrival of the republican French troops was greeted with enthusiasm in the city. The First Republic in France, officially the French Republic (République française was proclaimed on 21 September 1792 during the French Revolution. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. On August 21, 1796, the ducal garrison of 600 men was driven away, and the Senate claimed the rule of Reggio and its duchy. Events 1192 - Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and the De facto ruler of Japan. Year 1796 ( MDCCXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year On September 26, the Provisional Government's voluntaries pushed back an Austrian column, in the battle of Montechiarugolo. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Montechiarugolo is a Comune (municipality in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 80 km northwest Though small, this clash is considered the first one of the Italian Risorgimento. Italian Unification ( Italian: il Risorgimento, or "The Resurgence" was the political and social movement that unified different states of the Italian Napoleon himself awarded the Reggiani with 500 rifles and 4 guns. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. Later he occupied Emilia and formed a new province, the Cispadane Republic, whose existence was proclaimed in Reggio on January 7, 1797. Emilia is an Italian historical region which approximately corresponds to modern Emilia-Romagna region's western and north-eastern portion The Cispadane Republic ( Repubblica Cispadana) was a short-lived republic located in Northern Italy, founded in 1796 with the protection of the Events 1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal. 1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental Year 1797 ( MDCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Italian national flag, named Il Tricolore (three-colours flag), was sewed in that occasion by Reggio women. See also List of Italian flags The flag of Italy ( La bandiera d'Italia, often referred to in Italian as Il Tricolore) is a Tricolour In this period of patriotic fervour, Jozef Wybicki, lieutenant in the Polish troops of General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski, an ally of Napoleon, composed in Reggio the Mazurek Dąbrowskiego , which in 1927 became the Polish national anthem. Józef Rufin Wybicki (1747&ndash1822 was a Polish General, poet and Political figure. Jan Henryk Dąbrowski (b August 2 1755 in Pierzchowice, Poland &ndash d Mazurek Dąbrowskiego (ma'zurɛk dɔmbrɔf'skʲɛgɔ " Dąbrowski's Mazurka " is the National anthem of Poland.
The Treaty of Vienna returned Reggio to Francesco IV d'Este (1815). Francis IV Joseph Charles Ambrose Stanislaus (Italian Francesco IV Giuseppe Carlo Ambrogio Stanislao d'Absburgo-Este; 6 October, 1779 - 21 January Year 1815 ( MDCCCXV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year In 1831 Modena revolted against him, and Reggio followed its example organizing a corps under the command of general Carlo Zucchi. Year 1831 ( MDCCCXXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a However, on March 9, the duke conquered the city with his escort of Austrian soldiers. Events 590 - Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.
In 1848 duke Francesco V left his state fearing a revolution. Year 1848 ( MDCCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Francis V of Modena (Francesco V d'Absburgo-Este 1 June 1819 &ndash 20 November 1875) was Duke of Modena from 1846 Reggio proclaimed its annexion to Piemonte. Piedmont ( Piemonte; Piedmontese and Occitan: Piemont; French: Piémont) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The latter's defeat at Novara brought the city back under the Estense sway. In 1859 Reggio, under dictator Luigi Carlo Farini, united again to Italy and, with the plebiscite of March 10, 1860, definitively entered the new unified kingdom. Year 1859 ( MDCCCLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common A dictator is an Authoritarian ruler (eg Absolutist or autocratic) who assumes sole and absolute power without hereditary ascension such as an Absolute Luigi Carlo Farini ( October 22, 1812 &ndash August 1, 1866) was an Italian Statesman and Historian. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Events 241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing Year 1860 ( MDCCLX) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year starting
Reggio then went through a stage of economic and population growth from 1873 to the destruction of the ancient walls. Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common In 1911 it had 70,000 inhabitants. Year 1911 ( MCMXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year A strong socialist tradition grew. Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Later the Fascist régime oppressed Reggio's people because of these leanings and traditions. Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology On July 26, 1943, the régime's fall was cheered with enthusiasm by the Reggiani. Events 657 - Battle of Siffin. 811 - Battle of Pliska; Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Numerous partisan bands were formed in the city's countryside. A partisan is a member of an Irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation
Bagno, Botteghino di Sesso, Cadè-Gaida, Case Bigi, Case Manzotti-Scolari, Case Pirondi, Case Vecchie, Caseificio Laguito, Castel Baldo, Castellazzo, Castello di Pratofontana, Castello di Vialato, Chiesa di Bagno, Cella, Codemondo, Corticella, Coviolo, Baragalla, Fogliano, Gavasseto, Ghiarda, Ghiardello, Guittone d'Arezzo, Il Cantone di Marmirolo, Il Cantone di Pieve Modolena, Il Capriolo, Il Castello di Cadè, Il Chionso, Il Tondo, La Corte, La Giarola, La Valle, Madonna Caraffa, Marmirolo, Massenzatico, Mulino Canali, Palazzina, Parrocchia di Cella, Piazza di Sabbione, Quaresimo, Roncadella, Roncocesi, Sabbione, San Bartolomeo, San Felice, San Giorgio, San Rigo, Stazione Pratofontana, Villa Corbelli, Villa Curta, Zimella
in alphabetical order :