|The Red River, between Honghe and Nansha in Yunnan Province, China|
|Literal meaning:||Red River|
|alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning:||Primary River|
|Vietnamese:||Sông Hồng or|
Hồng Hà or
Sông Cái or
Sông Nhị or
The Red River, also known as the Hong - Red, Song Cai, Song Ca - Mother River (Vietnamese), or Yuan River (Chinese), is a river that flows from southwestern China through northern Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin. "Riverine" redirects here For the use of that term in Maritime geography, see there China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially The Gulf of Tonkin, in Vietnamese: Vịnh Bắc Bộ or in Chinese: Beibu Wan is an arm of the South China Sea.
The Red River begins in China's Yunnan province. It flows generally southeastwardly, passing through Dai minority areas before leaving China through Yunnan's Honghe Autonomous Prefecture. The Dai peoples of China ( Tai Lü: tai51 lɯ11) is the officially recognized name of several Ethnic groups living in the Sipsongpanna Tai Autonomous Prefecture It enters Vietnam at Lào Cai Province. Lao Cai (in Vietnamese Lào Cai) is a province of northeastern Vietnam. Once reaching the lowlands near Viet Tri, the river and its distributaries spread out to form the Red River Delta. The Red River Delta ( Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng) is the flat plain formed by the Red River and its distributaries joining in the Thai Binh River in northern The Red River flows pass the Vietnamese capital Hanoi before emptying into the Gulf of Tonkin. Hanoi ( Vietnamese: Hà Nội Hán Tự: 河[[wikt 内|内]], estimated population 3398889 (2007, is the Capital of Vietnam The Gulf of Tonkin, in Vietnamese: Vịnh Bắc Bộ or in Chinese: Beibu Wan is an arm of the South China Sea. Tonkin is former name of the northern provinces of Vietnam and thus the eponymous body of water receiving the main river of "Tonkin". Tonkin (Đông Kinh in Vietnamese) also spelled Tongkin, Tonquin or Tongking, is the northernmost part of Vietnam, south of
The reddish-brown heavily silt-laden water gives the river its name. The Red River is notorious for its violent floods with its seasonally wide volume fluctuations. The delta is a major agricultural area of Vietnam with vast area devoted to rice. The land is protected by an elaborate network of dykes and levees.
In the 19th century, the river was thought to be a lucrative trade route to China. It was the forced opening of the Red River to European commerce that prompted the wars between France and the Vietnamese court (1883-1886), culminating in the conquest of Vietnam. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.
The Black River and Lo River are the Red River's two chief tributaries. Black River (also known as the Da River, sông Đà in Vietnamese) is a river located in northwestern Vietnam, which forms the border