Recruit training is the initial indoctrination and instruction given to new military personnel. Indoctrination is the process of inculcating Ideas attitudes, cognitive strategies or a professional Methodology. It may be common to all recruits, officers being selected on the basis of competency shown during recruit training, or for the enlisted ranks only. Officer trainees undergo more detailed programs, which may either precede or follow the common recruit training, taking place either in an officer training academy (which may also offer a civilian degree program simultaneously), or in special classes at a civilian university.
The process of transforming civilians into soldiers, sailors, marines or airmen has been described by military historian Gwynne Dyer as a form of conditioning in which inductees are encouraged to partially submerge their individuality for the good of their unit. Gwynne Dyer PhD, MA, BA (born April 17, 1943) is a London -based independent Canadian Journalist Dyer argues that this conditioning is essential for military function because combat requires people to endure stress and perform actions which are simply not present in normal life.
The nature and extent of this conditioning varies from one military service, and one nation, to another. Some systems of training seek to totally break down the individual and remold that person to the desired behavior. Other systems attempt to change the individual to suit the organization, whilst retaining key elements of the recruit's personality. The differences between the two approaches are often subtle.
Standard uniforms are issued and recruits typically have their hair cut or shaved in order to meet grooming standards and make their appearance as uniform as possible. A uniform is a set of standard Clothing worn by members of an organization while participating in that organization's activity The haircut is one method intended to increase cohesion. Recruits are generally given a service number. A significant part of basic training is psychological. The reasoning seems to be that if a recruit cannot be relied upon to obey orders and follow instructions in routine matters--be they folding one's clothing, standing at attention, paying proper attention to hygiene--it is unlikely that he or she will be reliable in a combat situation, where there may be a strong urge to disobey orders or flee. The recruit who cannot work as part of a team (the unit) and comply with the routine tasks of basic training, therefore, is more likely to place him/herself, comrades, and the mission in jeopardy. The training regularly includes physical fitness, and instruction in military courtesy, tradition, history, and uniform care and wear.
Resocialization is a sociological concept dealing with the process of mentally and emotionally "re-training" a person so that he or she can operate in an environment other than that which he or she is accustomed to. Resocialization is a sociological concept dealing with the process of mentally and emotionally "re-training" a person so that he or she can operate in an environment Sociology (from Latin: socius "companion" and the suffix -ology "the study of" from Greek λόγος lógos "knowledge" Resocialization into a total institution involves a complete change of personality. Key examples include the process of resocializing new recruits into the military so that they can operate as soldiers (or, in other words, as members of a cohesive unit) and the reverse process, in which those who have become accustomed to such roles return to society after military discharge. A military is an Organization authorized by its Nation to use force usually including use of Weapons in defending its Country (or by attacking
Recruits are typically instructed in "drill": to stand, march, and respond to orders in an unquestioning manner. Historically, drills are derived from 18th-century military tactics in which soldiers in a fire line performed precise and coordinated movements to load and fire muskets. A musket is a muzzle -loaded Smoothbore Long gun, which is intended to be fired from the shoulder Although these particular tactics are now obsolete for the most part, drilling performs a psychological function by inculcating the response to commands and training the recruit to act unhesitatingly in the face of real combat situations. Learning drill commands also enables the modern infantry soldier to maintain proper position relative to his peers and thus maintain the shape of his or her formation (arrowhead, line abreast, etc) whilst moving over uneven terrain. The Infantry is the oldest and most numerous of the Combat Arms in the Armed forces, and consists Drill can also serve a role in leadership training. The word leadership can refer to Those entities that perform one or more acts of leading Combat situations include not only commands to engage and put one's life in danger, but also commands to disengage when military necessity so demands. This conditioning, which ideally results in instant response to commands, is essential for military function, because without it, a military unit would likely disintegrate under the stress of combat and degenerate into a mere armed mob. According to Finnish Army regulations, the close-order drill serves four functions:
A criticism of drill is that it is a fairly inefficient method of training, based on behavioristic method, which does not enable the subjects to learn anything by heuristics, and can be used only to instill very simple and trivial things, like series of movements, therefore consuming resources from combat and weapons training. The Finnish Army ( Finnish: Maavoimat, Swedish: Armén) is the land forces branch of the Finnish Defence Forces Morale, also known as esprit de corps when discussing the morale of a group is an intangible term used for the capacity of people to maintain Belief in Behaviorism or Behaviourism, also called the learning perspective (where any physical action is a behavior is a philosophy of Psychology based on the heuristic (hyu̇-ˈris-tik is a method to help solve a problem commonly an informal method
Recruits are usually subjected to rigorous physical training, both to prepare for the demands of combat and to weed out the less able or insufficiently motivated. This also builds morale and provides a sense of accomplishment for the remaining recruits who have met the physical requirements. Morale, also known as esprit de corps when discussing the morale of a group is an intangible term used for the capacity of people to maintain Belief in
Army and Marine recruits are nearly always trained in basic marksmanship with individually-assigned weapons, field maintenance of weapons, hand-to-hand combat, physical fitness training, first aid, and basic survival techniques. An army (from Latin Armata "act of arming" via Old French armée) in the broadest sense is the land-based Armed forces Marines (from the English adjective marine, meaning of the sea, from Latin language mare, meaning sea via French adjective A weapon is a Tool used either in Hunting, or attack or defence in Combat for the purpose of subduing enemy personnel or to destroy enemy weapons Martial arts are systems of codified practices and traditions of training for Combat. First aid is the provision of initial care for an Illness or Injury. Navy and Coast Guard training usually focuses on water survival training, physical fitness, basic seamanship, and skills such as shipboard firefighting, basic engineering, and signals. A coast guard is a national organization responsible for various services at sea Air force training usually includes physical fitness training, military and classroom instructions, as well as field training in basic marksmanship, first aid, and protective equipment usage. An air force, also known in some countries as an air army or historically an army air corps, is in the broadest sense the national military or armed service
Most of the recruit training in the Australian Army is currently held at Army Recruit Training Centre (ARTC) at Kapooka, near Wagga Wagga in New South Wales. The Australian Army is Australia's military land force It is part of the Australian Defence Force (ADF along with the Royal Australian Navy and the Army Recruit Training Centre is the official name denoted by the Australian Army Department of Defence since December 1 1998 for its Recruit Training Centre situated at Kapooka is a suburb in the south west of Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia. Recruit training is 80 days long for members of the Australian Regular Army and 28 days long for members of the Australian Army Reserve. The Australian Army is Australia's military land force It is part of the Australian Defence Force (ADF along with the Royal Australian Navy and the Army Reserve is a collective name for the reserve units of the Australian Army. In basic training recruits are taught drill, weapons and workplace safety, basic equipment maintenance, marksmanship, fieldcraft, radio use and defensive/offensive ops.
Training for recruits in the Regional Force Surveillance Units usually differs greatly from training in the rest of the Army. The Regional Force Surveillance Units ( RFSUs) are specialised units of the Australian Army responsible for patrolling Northern Australia. For instance, NORFORCE recruits attend an additional 2 week course at the Kangaroo Flats. The NORFORCE (North-West Mobile Force is a Regiment of the Australian Army. Recruits from areas covered by the RFSUs often come from indigenous cultures radically different from that of the general Australian population, and as such many regular standards and methods of training are not as applicable in their case.
Recruit Training for Officers in the Australian Army (known as ICT - Initial Cadet Training) takes place at Royal Military College, Duntroon (RMC). The Royal Military College Duntroon is Australia 's Military academy where Staff Cadets train for commissioning into the Australian Army The ICT is conducted for approximately 7 weeks after which staff cadets continue military instruction in skills such as weapons training, military history, leadership, strategic studies and other such skills at Section, Platoon and Company levels. Trainees at RMC hold the rank of Staff Cadet and, if successful in completing the course are commissioned as Lieutenants. The overall full-time Officer Training course at RMC is 18 months long.
Centralized recruit training in the Canadian Army did not exist until 1940, and the creation of Basic Training Centres across Canada; previously, recruit training had been done by individual units or depots.
The Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Navy, and Royal Canadian Air Force were unified into one service, the Canadian Forces in 1968. Land Force Command ( LFC) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Forces. For the history of Canada's naval forces after 1968 see Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Royal Canadian Navy ( RCN) was the The Canadian Forces (CF ( French: Forces canadiennes) are the unified Armed forces of Canada, governed by the National Defence The Canadian Forces Training System, a unified system for all the services, was devised and remains in place today. Most non-commissioned CF recruits in the Regular Force (full time) are trained at Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School at St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. The Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School is located at the Général-Jean-Victor-Allard Building in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. Regular Force officers complete their Basic Officer Training and Initial Assessment Phases at CFLRS as well, before moving on to Second Language Training and their occupational training. After basic training, personnel are trained in the specialty of their "environment". Members of the Maritime Branch undergo a five week sea environment training course and members of the Land Forces Command undergo a 6 week Soldier Qualification course. "MARCOM" redirects here For the historical (1936–1950 U Land Force Command ( LFC) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Forces.
Reservists, particularly the Army Reserve, may conduct basic and trades training part-time, generally alternating weekends. Due to increased integration of the Regular and Reserve Force, many reservists attend courses hosted by the Regular Force. Members of the Army and Communications Reserves complete an 8 week BMQ/SQ course (Basic Military Qualification and Soldier Qualification) during the summer. The Naval and Air Reserve jointly conduct BMQ for its recruits at the Naval Reserve Training Division Borden equivalent to Regular Force BMQ, at Canadian Forces Base Borden. The Navy trains its personnel in seamanship, firefighting, damage control and other skills after BMQ, in the Naval Environmental Training Program (NETP) in either Esquimalt or Halifax.
The recruit training of the Israel Defense Forces (called tironut in Hebrew) varies depending on the unit, where virtually each unique unit completes a different training course. Tironut (טירונות is the Hebrew name for the Recruit training of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF The Israel Defense Forces ( IDF) (צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit Recruits are certified as riflemen after the completion of the training, where Rifleman 02 is the easiest and least demanding level (for non-combat units), whereas Rifleman 07 (for infantry) is much more difficult. Every combat corps and some combat support and non-combat ones have their own training base for the recruit training, while most non-combat units train in all-army bases for the certification of Rifleman 02.
Individuals desiring to become officers must apply to be trained at a facility in the Negev desert called "Bahad One" (abbreviation of "Basis Hadracha", Instruction Base). They must abide by a Code of Conduct and can be dismissed at anytime for failing to abide by that Code, which includes failure to pick up a piece of paper on the ground or failing to offer a seat on a bus to an elderly individual.
The Pakistan Military Academy (or PMA) is a Military Academy of the Pakistan Army. Pakistan Military Academy ( PMA) is the Military Academy of Pakistan Army. A military academy or service academy (American English is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps of the Army the Navy Air Force The Pakistan Army ( Urdu:) is the largest branch of the Pakistan military, and is mainly responsible for protection of the state borders the security of administered It is located at Kakul near Abbottabad in the North-West Frontier Province. Kakul is a town situated in the Kakul Valley at an elevation of 1300 metres 5 km north of Abbottabad city near the Thandiani Hills in the North-West Abbottabad ( Pashto: ایبٹ آباد) is the principal city of Abbottabad District in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP ( Urdu: śimāl maġribī sarhadī sūba) is the smallest of the four main provinces of Pakistan. The Pakistan Military Academy is equivalent to Sandhurst, West Point or Tironut and undertakes training of the prospective officers of Pakistan Army. The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst ( RMAS) commonly known simply as Sandhurst, is the British Army officer initial training centre "USMA" redirects here For other uses see USMA (disambiguation The United States Military Academy (also known as USMA, Tironut (טירונות is the Hebrew name for the Recruit training of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF The academy has three training battalions and twelve companies.
Enlisted Men undertake training at the Regimental Center of their chosen regiment.
In Singapore, national service is compulsory. National Service ( NS) is the name given to the compulsory Conscription in Singapore of all male Singaporean citizens and second-generation permanent Recruits enlisted into the Singapore Armed Forces have to go through Basic Military training (BMT). Based on their medical Physical Examination Status (PES) grading, recruits may undergo standard, enhanced, modified, or obese BMT conducted at the Basic Military Training Centre on the offshore island of Pulau Tekong. The Basic Military Training Centre ( Abbreviation: BMTC Chinese: 基本军事训练中心 is a Military training facility located on Pulau Tekong Pulau Tekong is the largest of Singapore 's outlying islands with an area of 24 During the course of their BMT, they are expected to learn command drills, go through obstacle courses, survive a grueling field camp, undergo fitness tests, throw a live grenade, learn how to operate a rifle and master the basics of being a soldier. They are also expected to mingle with other recruits from their platoon despite being from different walks of life. At the end of BMT, they will have a passing-out parade (POP) to signify the transition from civilian to soldier. After BMT, the recruit will then be posted to a military unit which is determined by their life skills and suitability for deployment. Recruits deemed with good leadership skills will progress to School of Infantry Specialists(SISPEC) to be trained as specialists or to Officer Cadet School(OCS) to be trained as officers. Besides leadership, academic qualifications are also taken into selection for those who are to progressed to become commanders.
In the United States, recruit training in the Army is called Basic Combat Training, in the Air Force it is called Basic Military Training or "BMT", in the Marine Corps, it is called Recruit Training, and in the Coast Guard and Navy it is called boot camp. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. United States Army Basic Training (also known as Initial Entry Training is a rigorous program of physical and mental training required in order for an individual to become Recruit training is the initial Indoctrination and instruction given to new military personnel Marines (from the English adjective marine, meaning of the sea, from Latin language mare, meaning sea via French adjective Boot Camp is a USA term for describing the training facility for new army recruits when engaged in Basic Military Training (BMT). The words "Boot Camp" are not used outside the USA, and in fact, many countries find it insulting when their training regimes are referred to as such.
Some services present a badge or other award to denote completion of recruit training. The United States Army typically issues the Army Service Ribbon (issued after completion of Advanced Individual Training), and the United States Air Force presents the Air Force Training Ribbon and the Airman's Coin. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The Army Service Ribbon is a military decoration of the United States Army which was created in 1981. The Air Force Training Ribbon is the lowest decoration of the United States Air Force, ranking only above foreign military awards An Airman's coin is a Challenge coin awarded to trainees and officer candidates in the United States Air Force once they have completed most of the requirements to The United States Marine Corps issue the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor once initial training is complete to signify that the recruits are now Marines. The United States Navy replaces the "RECRUIT" ball cap the recruits have worn throughout training with the "NAVY" ball cap upon successful completion of "Battle Stations".
For honor graduates of basic training, both the Coast Guard and U. S. Air Force present a Basic Training Honor Graduate Ribbon. The Basic Training Honor Graduate Ribbon is a military decoration of the United States Air Force and Coast Guard which recognizes top recruits who graduate The Navy and Marine Corps often meritoriously advance the top graduates of each division one pay-grade (up to a maximum of E-3).
Recruit training for United States Coast Guard is held at Coast Guard Training Center Cape May in Cape May, New Jersey. United States Coast Guard Training Center Cape May is the home of the Coast Guard enlisted corps and is the Coast Guard's only enlisted accession point and recruit training center Cape May, is a city at the southern tip of Cape May Peninsula in Cape May County, New Jersey, where the Delaware Bay meets the The training lasts for 8 weeks. U. S. Coast Guard is unique in that it only fires the Sig Sauer P229R pistol, and not the M16 rifle, during the training. The SIG Sauer P226 is a full-sized service type pistol chambered for the 9x19mm Parabellum,. The training also covers basic seamenship, drill, and firefighting. Although the USCG is a part of the Department of Homeland Security, rather than the Department of Defense, the Coast Guard is fully a military service, USCG personnel are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and "Coastie" boot camp is just as "military" as the other U. The United States Department of Defense ( DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government The Uniform Code of Military Justice ( UCMJ,,) is the foundation of Military law in the United States. S. services, though there is an additional emphasis on maritime law enforcement. During their time at TRACEN Cape May, the recruits are subjected to the usual "boot-camp" atmosphere of yelling and motivation. The recruits are designated as Seamen recruits (SR). They must adhere to strict rules such as hygiene and uniform regulations and obey all lawful orders. Coast Guard drill instructors are called "Company Commanders. "
The U. S. Air Force’s Basic Military Training (BMT) is six and a half weeks long and is conducted at Lackland AFB in San Antonio, Texas. Lackland Air Force Base is a base of the United States Air Force operated by the Air Education and Training Command ( AETC) During BMT, personnel are referred to as trainees until they have started their sixth week of training, which is when they are referred to as Airmen and are allowed to wear their dress blues. Trainees receive military instruction (including the Air Force core values, flight and individual drill, and living area inspections), academic classes (covering topics such as Air Force history, dress and appearance, military customs and courtesies, ethics, security, and alcohol/drug abuse prevention and treatment), and field training (including protection against biological and chemical attack, basic marksmanship on the M-16 rifle, and first aid). M16 (more formally United States Rifle II Caliber 556 mm M16) is the U Following BMT, airmen go to a technical school (or “tech school”) where they learn the specifics of their Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC), which is similar to the MOS (Military Occupational Specialty) in the Army and Marines, or the Navy's NEC (Naval Enlisted Classification) code. The Air Force Specialty Code ( AFSC) is an Alphanumeric code used by the United States Air Force to identify an Air Force Specialty (AFS
Lackland AFB has been associated with BMT for almost the Air Force's entire history. For a brief time between 1966 and 1968, the Air Force operated a second BMT at Amarillo AFB, in Amarillo, Texas. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Amarillo Air Force Base, originally Amarillo Army Air Field is a former United States Air Force base located in Potter County, Texas, approximately
It was announced in Feb. of 2006 that an additional 2 weeks of BMT will be added. The additional time will be used for "warfighting skills" that would be encountered in a deployed location. 
As of Sept. 2007, Air Force basic training is still conducted in 6-1/2 weeks. The additional 2 weeks is to be added to the program on November 1, 2008. The training will be 8-1/2 weeks long and has been tailored to incorporate some of the additional warfighting skills within the current program.
In the Army, the location where a recruit is sent for Basic Training depends on his or her chosen Military Occupational Specialty, or MOS, which is selected upon enlistment. United States Army Basic Training (also known as Initial Entry Training is a rigorous program of physical and mental training required in order for an individual to become
Basic training is divided into two parts, which commonly take place at two different locations, depending on the chosen MOS:
The U. S. Army has five sites for BCT:
Female Army recruits are sent to Fort Leonard Wood (Missouri) or Fort Jackson, which have gender-integrated training. Fort Benning is a United States Army post located southwest The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule This article is about the current US Army post For other uses see Fort Jackson. South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America. Fort Leonard Wood is a Census-designated place (CDP in Pulaski County, Missouri, United States. Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee Fort Sill is a United States Army post near Lawton, Oklahoma, about 85 miles southwest of Oklahoma City. Oklahoma ( is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. Fort Knox is a United States Army post in Kentucky south of Louisville and north of Elizabethtown. The Commonwealth of Kentucky ( is a state located in the East Central United States of America. Fort Leonard Wood is a Census-designated place (CDP in Pulaski County, Missouri, United States. This article is about the current US Army post For other uses see Fort Jackson.
Basic Combat Training is divided into three phases. During Phase I, (Also known as "Red Phase") recruits are subject to "Total Control," meaning their every action is monitored and constantly corrected by drill sergeants. The first week of training is commonly referred to as "Hell Week," due to the intense period of adjustment required on the part of the new recruits. Marches are common throughout basic training. For flanchins and many other exercises, soldiers are issued fake rifles known as "rubber ducks," so that they can become familiar with the proper handling of their weapon before they have actually been trained to use it. In the United States military a rubber duck or "rubber ducky" refers to a fake weapon usually an M-16 rifle, used in basic training Recruits are sent to the "gas chamber" during Phase I, as part of training for defensive chemical warfare. They are also introduced to their standard-issue weapon, the M16A2 assault rifle. M16 (more formally United States Rifle II Caliber 556 mm M16) is the U
Phase II (Also known as "White Phase") is where soldiers begin actually firing weapons, starting with the assault rifle (M16A2). Other weapons the recruit becomes familiarized with include various grenades (such as the M67 fragmentation grenade) and grenade launchers (such as the M203). Recruits are then familiarized with the bayonet, anti-tank/armor weaponry and other heavy weapons. A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a Knife - Dagger - or spike-shaped Weapon designed to fit on or over the muzzle There is also an obstacle course which the soldiers are expected to negotiate in a certain amount of time. Additionally, there is continual, intense PT, as well as drill and ceremony training. At the conclusion of Phase II, soldiers are expected to demonstrate proficiency with the various weaponry in which they trained.
Phase III "Blue Phase" is the culmination and the most challenging of all the training phases. During the first week, there is a final PT test. Recruits that fail are frequently retested, often up until the morning of their cycle's graduation. If they do not pass they are recycled to another platoon until they meet the fitness standards. The final PT Test is the Standard Army Physical Fitness Test. A minimum of 150 points is required to pass US Army Basic Training. During this phase, the recruits move on to longer and more intensive "Bivouac" (camping) and FTX (Field Training Exercises), such as nighttime combat operations. Drill sergeants will make much of this an adversarial process, working against the recruits in many of the night operations, trying to foil plans, etc.
United States Marine Corps Recruit Depots are located at Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, South Carolina, and Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego, California. Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island is an 8095 Acre (329 km² military installation near Beaufort South Carolina (32°19'44"N 80°41'41"W Marine Corps Recruit Depot (Commonly referred to as M-Crud or MCRD San Diego is a United States military installation in San Diego California. All female enlisted Marines go to Parris Island. Men go to either, depending on whether they were recruited east or west of the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to The Marine Corps' 13-week long recruit training is the longest in United States Armed Services.
Marine Corps Recruit Training is divided up into three five-week phases and further broken down to individual training days. While there are 69 training days, recruits also go through pre and post training processing. Phase one mainly consists of learning recruit life protocol, PT, MCMAP training, academic classes, Pugil stick fights, first aid training, initial drill, a series inspection, and the confidence course. The Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP is a combat system developed by the United States Marine Corps to combine existing and new hand-to-hand and Close A pugil stick is a heavily padded training weapon used by Military personnel for Bayonet training since the 1930s or 1940s Phase two is completely in the field for west coast recruits, with half of the time is spent on marksmanship training on the rifle range, the other half with field week and the crucible where skills such as patrolling with squads and fire teams, land navigation, the gas chamber, and more. The United States Marine Corps Crucible is the final test in phase three of Marine Corps recruit training. For East coast recruits, phase two is swim qualification, rifle qualification, and Team Week, a week of maintenance duties for the island as a sort of relative break from training. Phase three brings the San Diego recruits back to the recruit depot where they finish up with swim qualification, final drill, final inspection, more PT and confidence courses, and graduation. Parris Island recruits finish with field training, final drill and inspection, the Crucible, and graduation. Note that recruits going to either depot receive the exact same training, if in a different order.
Recruit training for Marines is a 12-week long program, and is followed by infantry training which is mandatory for Marines of all military occupational specialties (MOS) at the Schools Of Infantry located at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (for Parris Island graduates) and Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California (for San Diego graduates). Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton is the major West Coast base of the United States Marine Corps and serves as its prime amphibious training base Marines with an Infantry MOS (03XX) are assigned to Infantry Training Battalion (ITB) companies A-D for two months of training. Marines with non-infantry MOS designations go to Marine Combat Training Battalion (MCT) companies E-H for 3 weeks of training. ITB and MCT are both run by the School Of Infantry, but MCT is a more generalized form of training whereas ITB is longer and MOS-specific. After graduation from the School of Infantry, Marines who have a non-infantry MOS will continue on to yet another school for training in their specific job field. Infantry Marines will normally proceed directly to their fleet unit.
The U. S. Navy currently operates boot camp at Recruit Training Command Great Lakes, located at Naval Station Great Lakes, near North Chicago, Illinois. Naval Station Great Lakes is the United States Navy 's Headquarters Command for training located in North Chicago Illinois. North Chicago is an outer suburb/exurb of the Greater Chicago area and is an incorporated city in Lake County, Illinois, United States. Similarly to Drill Sergents or Company Commanders in other U. S. military branches, the Navy has RDC's (Recruit Division Commanders, also known as Red Ropes) that are assigned to each division. Training lasts approximately eight weeks (although some recruits will spend as many as nine weeks in training due to the somewhat complicated processing cycle). Days are counted by a system that lists the week and day that they are on, for example 7-3 for week 7 day 3. The first approximate week is counted P-1, P-2, etc. which denotes that it is a processing day and does not count as part of their 8 week training period. Recruits are instructed on military drill, basic seamanship, basic shipboard damage control, firefighting, familiarization with the M9 pistol and Mossberg 500 shotgun (the Navy no longer gives instruction on the M-16 in boot camp), pass the confidence chamber (tear gas filled chamber), PT, and the basic essentials on Navy life. The M9 handgun formally Pistol Semiautomatic 9mm M9, is a 9x19mm Parabellum pistol of the U The Mossberg 500 is a Shotgun manufactured by OF Mossberg & Sons. Recruits also attend many classes throughout boot camp on subjects such as Equal Opportunity, Sexual Assault Victim Intervention, Uniformed Code Of Military Justice, Recognition of naval aircraft and vessels, and more. In order for recruits to pass boot camp, they will be physically and mentally tested on a 12 hour exercise called Battle Stations which consists of 12 different scenarios consisting of firefighting, first aid knowledge, survival at sea, mass casualties, bomb detection and many other skills that they have been learning in the past 7 weeks. After completion of boot camp, freshly minted Sailors are sent either to various "A" Schools located across the United States, where they begin training to receive their ratings (jobs) or to apprenticeship training, where they then enter the fleet without a designation. Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below --> United States Navy ratings
The Navy formerly operated Recruit Training Centers in San Diego, California, Orlando, Florida and Port Deposit (Bainbridge), Maryland. United States Naval Training Center Bainbridge Maryland ( USNTC Bainbridge) was the US Navy Training Center located at Port Deposit Maryland on the bluffs As of 2007, only RTC Great Lakes is currently in operation with no plans to open new training centers or re-open past training centers.