In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. The music industry is the business of Music. Although it encompasses the activity of many music-related businesses and organizations it is currently dominated by the "big Audio mixing is the process by which a multitude of sound sources are combined into one or more channels Mastering, a form of audio Post-production, is the process of preparing and transferring recorded audio from a source containing the final mix to a Data storage device This has been a major function of producers since the inception of sound recording, but in the later half of the 20th century producers also took on a wider entrepreneurial role.
The music producer could in some cases be compared to the film director in that the producer's job is to create, shape and mold a piece of music in accordance with their vision for the album.
Freed from this traditional system by the advent of independent commercial studios, the new generation of entrepreneurial producers -- many of whom were former record company employees themselves -- were able to create and occupy a new stratum in the industry, taking on a more direct and complex role in the musical process. This development in music was mirrored in the TV industry by the concurrent development of videotape recording and the consequent emergence of independent TV production companies like Desilu, established by '50s TV superstars Lucille Ball and her then husband Desi Arnaz. Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto Magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. Desilu Productions was a Los Angeles California based company jointly owned by American actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. Lucille Ball (August 6 1911 – April 26 1989 was an American comedienne, film television stage and radio Actress, model, film Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) ( March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban American
These producers now typically carried out most or all of these various tasks themselves, including selecting and arranging songs, overseeing sessions (and often engineering the recordings) and even writing the material. A songwriter is someone who writes the Lyrics to songs the Musical composition (chords or Melody to songs or both Independent music production companies rapidly gained a significant foothold in popular music and soon became the main intermediary between artist and record label, signing new artists to production contracts, producing the recordings and then licensing the finished product to record labels for pressing, promotion and sale. (This was a novel innovation in the popular music field, although a broadly similar system had long been in place in many countries for the production of content for broadcast radio. Radio is the transmission of signals by Modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible Light. ) The classic example of this transition is renowned British producer George Martin, who worked as a staff producer and A&R manager at EMI for many years, before branching out on his own and becoming a highly successful independent producer. Sir George Henry Martin CBE (3 January 1926 is a British record producer arranger and Composer.
As a result of these changes, record producers began to exert a strong influence, not only on individual careers, but on the course of popular music. A key example of this is of Phil Spector who defined the gap between Elvis and the Beatles (1958–1964) with such acts as The Ronettes, The Crystals, Darlene Love, The Righteous Brothers and The Paris Sisters. Harvey Philip Spector (born December 26 1940) is an American Record producer and Songwriter. The Ronettes were a Girl group of the 1960s from New York City, best known for their work with producer Phil Spector. The Crystals, a singing group from the New York City area were one of the most successful girl groups of the early 1960s best remembered for the hit singles " He's A Rebel Darlene Love ( née Wright; born July 26, 1941) is an American Popular music Singer. The Righteous Brothers were the Musical duo of Bill Medley and Bobby Hatfield. The Paris Sisters ( Priscilla, Sherell & Albeth were an American Girl group from San Francisco, California. Spector's Wall of Sound production technique also persisted after that time with his select recordings of The Beatles, The Ramones, Leonard Cohen, George Harrison, Dion and Ike and Tina Turner. The Wall of Sound is a music production technique for pop and rock music recordings developed by Record producer Phil Spector at Gold Star Studios The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 The Ramones were an American rock band often regarded as the first Punk rock group Leonard Norman Cohen CC GOQ (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec) is a Canadian Singer-songwriter George Harrison, MBE (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001 was an English rock Guitarist Singer - Songwriter, Author Dion Francis DiMucci (born July 18 1939) better known as Dion, is an American Singer-songwriter who blended elements of Ike & Tina Turner were an American Rock & roll and soul duo made of the husband-and-wife team of Ike Turner and Tina Turner Other notable past and present independent producers include Tag Team Music, Jerry Fuller, Danger Mouse, Todd Rundgren, Swizz Beatz, Don Kirshner, Mickie Most, Steve Lillywhite, Jon Brion, Tony Visconti, David Briggs, Terry Date, Rick Rubin, Kanye West, David Kershenbaum, Nigel Godrich, RZA, DeVante Swing, Dr. Dre, Norman Whitfield, Eddie Galan, Timbaland, Jerry Finn, Charlie Peacock, Hulon crayton, Daniel Lanois, Lee "Scratch" Perry, Matthew Thiessen, John Leckie, Jay Orpin, King Tubby, Scott Storch, Chet Atkins, Owen Bradley, Pharrell Williams, David Foster and Ponomo. Jerry Fuller (born November 19 1938 is an American songwriter singer and record producer Brian Joseph Burton, better known by his Stage name Danger Mouse, is an American artist and producer. Todd Harry Rundgren (born June 22, 1948 in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, United States) is an American Musician Kasseem Mike Dean (born September 13 1978 better known by his stage name Swizz Beatz, is an American Record producer and Rapper. Don Kirshner (born April 17, 1934) known as The Man With the Golden Ear is an American song publisher and rock producer who is best known for managing Mickie Most, born Michael Peter Hayes ( 20 June 1938 – 30 May 2003 was a successful English Record producer, with a string of Number One Steve Lillywhite (born 1955 is a Grammy Award -winning English music producer Early career Lillywhite entered the music industry in Jon Brion (born December 11, 1963) is an American rock and pop multi-instrumentalist Singer, Songwriter, Anthony Visconti (born April 24, 1944) is an American Record producer and sometimes a Musician or Singer. David Briggs may refer to David Briggs (producer (1944-1995 American record producer David Briggs (American musician (b Terry Date (born January 31 Frederick Jay "Rick" Rubin (born March 10 1963 in Lido Beach New York) is an American Record producer and is currently Kanye Omari West (ˈkɑnjɛj born June 8 1977 is a ten-time Grammy Award -winning American Rapper, Record producer and Singer. Biography and Career David Kershenbaum is an American record producer and entrepreneur Nigel Godrich, born in England on February 28 1971, is a recording engineer and Record producer. Robert F Diggs (born July 5, 1969) better known as RZA (pronounced) is an American Music producer, Rapper, and occasional DeVante Swing (born Donald Earle DeGrate Jr, on September 24, 1969 in Hampton Virginia) is an African American Record producer Andre Romelle Young (born February 18 1965 primarily known by his stage name Dr Norman Jesse Whitfield ( May 12, 1940  &ndash September 16, 2008) was an American Songwriter and producer, best Eddie Galan (born February 4, 1979) is a Los Angeles born singer/musician 4 time #1 Hit Billboard Songwriter and Record producer, with Timothy Z Mosley (born March 10, 1971) better known by his Stage name Timbaland, is an American Record producer, Jerry Finn was an American Record producer who worked on Albums by popular bands such as AFI Bad Religion Blink-182 Alkaline Trio MxPx Rancid Charlie Peacock (born Charles William Ashworth August 10, 1956) is an American Singer-songwriter, pianist Record producer, Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Quebec) is a Canadian Record producer and Singer-songwriter Lee "Scratch" Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry, on March 20, 1936, in Kendal Jamaica) is a reggae and dub artist who has been Matthew Arnold Thiessen (born on August 12 1980 in St Catharines Ontario, Canada) is the lead Singer, Rhythm guitarist John Leckie is one of British music's most prolific record producers having worked on such high-profile albums as The Bends by Radiohead, Origin Jay Orpin (born in Stockholm Sweden) is a Swedish Songwriter and producer, who was teamed up with Max Martin worked in Cherion King Tubby (born Osbourne Ruddock, January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer Scott Storch (born December 16 1973) is a Canadian Record producer. Chester Burton "Chet" Atkins ( June 20, 1924 &ndash June 30, 2001) was an influential Guitarist and Record producer Owen Bradley (c October 21, 1915 - January 7 1998) was an influential American Record producer David Walter Foster, OC, OBC, LLD (born November 1, 1949 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Realising the potential for creating recordings that could match their musical vision, many successful recording artists have become producers in their own right. Examples are Jimmy Page, Johnny Marr, Paul Oakenfold, Dimebag Darrell Abbott, Vinnie Paul Abbott, Ray Davies, Trent Reznor, Omar Rodriguez Lopez, John Feldmann, Nile Rodgers, Ken Andrews, Jeff Lynne, Brian Wilson, Brian Eno, Steve Vai, John Petrucci, Mike Portnoy, James Plotkin, Jack White, Madonna and George Michael. James Patrick Page, OBE (born 9 January 1944 is an English Guitarist, Composer and record producer Johnny Marr (born John Martin Maher on 31 October 1963 in Ardwick, Manchester) is an English Guitarist, Paul Oakenfold (born 30 August, 1963 in Greenhithe, Kent, UK) is a Record producer and a popular trance Vincent Paul "Vinnie" Abbott (born on March 11 1964 in Dallas Texas, U Ray Davies CBE (born Raymond Douglas Davies, 21 June 1944, Fortis Green, London) is an English rock Trent Reznor (born Michael Trent Reznor on May 17 1965 is an American Musician, singer producer, and Multi-instrumentalist. Omar Alfredo Rodríguez-López (born September 1, 1975) is a Multi-instrumentalist, Songwriter, Lead guitarist and producer John Feldmann (born June 29, 1967) is an American musician and producer who is the lead singer/guitarist of the band Goldfinger. Nile Gregory Rodgers (born September 19 1952, in New York City) is an American musician Composer, Arranger, and Guitarist Ken Andrews, born Kenneth Andrew Doty, is an American Musician and producer, based out of Los Angeles California. Jeffrey Lynne (born 30 December 1947 in Shard End, Birmingham) is a Grammy Award -winning English rock Songwriter Brian Douglas Wilson (born June 20, 1942 in Hawthorne, California) is an American Musician best known as the lead Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno (born 15 May 1948 commonly known as Brian Eno (ˈiːnoʊ is an English Musician, producer Steven "Steve" Siro Vai (born June 6 1960 in Carle Place New York) is an American Instrumental rock Guitarist John Peter Petrucci (born July 12, 1967) is an American Guitarist best known as a founding member of the Progressive metal band Michael Stephen Portnoy (born April 20, 1967) American Drummer primarily known as the drummer and backing vocalist for the Progressive James Plotkin is an American guitarist and producer famous for his role in bands such as Khanate and OLD, but with an extensive catalogue outside these bands Jack White (born John Anthony Gillis on July 9 1975 is an American musician Record producer, and occasional actor best known as the guitarist and lead vocalist Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16 1958 known as Madonna, is an American Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou (Γεώργιος Κυριάκος Παναγιώτου (born 25 June 1963 best known as George Michael, is a two-time Grammy Award winning
Some producers also became de facto recording artists, often creating records with anonymous studio musicians and releasing them under a pseudonym. Examples of this phenomenon include the records by fictional groups The Archies and Josie & The Pussycats, produced by Don Kirshner and Danny Jansen respectively, who were contracted by TV production companies to produce these records to promote the animated children's TV series of the same name. For the self-titled syndicated version of the 1968-1978 animated television franchise of which The Archies were a part please see The Archie Show. Josie and the Pussycats besides being both an Archie comic book and a Saturday morning cartoon series, is also the name of a Bubblegum pop singing Similarly, Jeff Barry and Andy Kim recorded as The Archies. Jeff Barry (born April 3, 1938) is an American pop music Songwriter, Singer, and Record producer. Andy Kim (born Andrew Youakim, 5 December 1952) is a Canadian Pop singer and Songwriter. For the self-titled syndicated version of the 1968-1978 animated television franchise of which The Archies were a part please see The Archie Show.
In modern digital music, it is possible for the producer to be the only person involved in the creation of a musical recording. Said producer is responsible for writing, performing, recording and arranging the material. This change has been partially due to the increase of inexpensive yet powerful music production software (such as ProTools, Digital Performer, Logic, Cubase, Sonar, and FL Studio), which allows for entire tracks to be composed, arranged and recorded on a single computer, allowing the roles traditionally carried out by a team of people to be performed by one individual. Pro Tools is a Digital Audio Workstation platform for Mac OS and Microsoft Windows operating systems developed and manufactured by Digidesign Digital Performer is a full-featured Digital Audio Workstation / Sequencer Software package published by Mark of the Unicorn (MOTU of Logic Studio is a Music production suite by Apple Inc The first version of Logic Studio was unveiled on September 12, 2007. Cubase is a computer program for music production/recording The program offers recording producing and mixing of sounds in order to make music production for distribution on CDs or the Cakewalk SONAR is a computer program made by Cakewalk for recording editing mixing mastering and outputting audio FL Studio, formerly known as Fruity Loops, is a Digital audio workstation, developed by Belgian company Image-Line Software. With the advent of portable recording equipment, live album production has become much more cost-effective than in the past. This has resulted in countless live music recordings.
With the advent of the computer web applications like Facebook, You Tube and MySpace, record producers can now serve in very non-traditional roles, using "social networking. " They can produce music via the internet by having their clients email . mp3 or . wav files to them. In this way the producer can be located in a different geographic location and still accomplish their goal.