Aurora Street and Capibaribe River
|Nickname: Veneza Brasileira (Brazilian Venice) and Mauricéia/Mauritzstad (after the Dutch colonization)|
|Motto: lucea omnibus"|
Latin: "That it may shine on all" (Matthew 5:15)
Location of Recife
|Founded||March 12, 1537|
|Incorporated (as village)||1709|
|Incorporated (as city)||1823|
|- Mayor||João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT)|
|- City||218 km² (84. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. The Gospel of Matthew (Gk Κατά Ματθαίον Ευαγγέλιον is one of the four Canonical gospels in the New Testament and is a Synoptic gospel In the Gospel of St Matthew, the Sermon on the Mount is a compilation of Jesus' sayings epitomizing his moral teaching. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Brazil is currently divided into five Regions (also called Macroregions by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica ( IBGE) The Federative Republic of Brazil is a union of twenty-six estados ("states" singular estado) and formed by the states and one district the Distrito Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country Events 538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to cities, counties, Towns Year 1709 ( MDCCIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Year 1823 ( MDCCCXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The Workers' Party ( Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT is a left-wing Political party in Brazil. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. To help compare different Orders of magnitude and geographical regions we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km² 17 sq mi)|
|- Metro||2,768 km² (1,068. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (33 ft)|
|- City||1. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit 515. 052|
|- Density||6,885. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3/km² (34,833/sq mi)|
|- Metro||3. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central 646. 204|
|- Metro Density||2,601/km² (6,667. 8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|HDI (2000)||0. Areas using UTC−3 Single zone countries without DST Suriname Single zone countries with DST Areas using UTC−3 Single zone countries without DST Suriname Single zone countries with DST The Human Development Index ( HDI) is an index combining normalized measures of Life expectancy, Literacy, Educational attainment, and GDP 797 – medium|
|Website: Recife, Pernambuco|
Recife ([heˈsifi]) is the fifth largest Metropolitan area in Brazil and the capital of Pernambuco. Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country The population was 1,515,052 in 2005, and 3,646,204 in the wider metropolitan Region. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Recife is located where the Beberibe River meets the Capibaribe River to flow into the Atlantic Ocean. It is a major port on the Atlantic Ocean. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo The name means "reef" in Portuguese. In nautical terminology a reef is a rock, sandbar, or other feature lying beneath the surface of the water (six fathoms or less at low water Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal.IPA:
Surrounded by rivers and crossed by bridges, Recife is full of islands and mangroves that magnify its geography. "Riverine" redirects here For the use of that term in Maritime geography, see there A bridge is a Structure built to span a Gorge, Valley, Road, railroad track, River, Body of water An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant Mangroves (generally are Trees and Shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the Tropics and Subtropics. Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία - geografia) is the study of the Earth and its lands features inhabitants and phenomena It is known as the Brazilian Venice, thanks to its fluvial resemblance with the European city, and is considered one of Brazil's cultural capitals. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Fluvial is used in Geography and Earth science to refer to the deposits and landforms created by the action of rivers or streams and the processes associated with Recife is the birthplace of poets and writers Manuel Bandeira, João Cabral de Melo Neto, Gilberto Freyre, Paulo Freire, Nelson Rodrigues, Carlos Pena Filho, Saulo Moreira and Sebastião Uchoa Leite; and of such composers as Chico Science, Lenine, Fred Zero Quatro, Otto, Pochyua Andrade, Don Tronxo, Valença Brothers, Antônio Nóbrega, Naná Vasconcelos, Jorge du Peixe, Paulo Diniz, Fernando Lobo and Antônio Maria. A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" A writer is anyone who creates a written work although the word usually designates those who write creatively or professionally as well as those who have written in many different forms Manuel Bandeira (1886-1968 was a Brazilian Poet. Bandeira wrote over 20 books of poetry and prose João Cabral de Melo Neto (1920-1999 was born in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, and is considered one of the greatest Brazilian Poets of all time Gilberto Freyre ( March 15, 1900 – July 18, 1987) was a Brazilian sociologist cultural anthropologist historian journalist and Paulo Freire ( Recife, Brazil September 19, 1921 – São Paulo, Brazil May 2, 1997) was a Brazilian Nelson Falcão Rodrigues ( August 23, 1912 &ndash December 21, 1980) was a Brazilian dramatist, journalist Chico Science (Francisco de Assis França ( March 13, 1966 - February 2, 1997) was a Brazilian Fred 04 is leader of Brazilian band Mundo Livre S/A. He is the co-author along with DJ Renato L of the Mangue Bit manifesto "Caranguejos Com Cerebros" Otto is a Given name of Germanic origin meaning wealthy. Some notable people named Otto include Otho (32-69 Roman emperor Naná Vasconcelos (b Recife Brazil, August 2, 1944) is a Brazilian Latin jazz Percussionist, Vocalist and Antônio Maria (Antônio Maria de Araújo Morais (1921-1964 sports commentator poet composer pop music lyrics writer and chronicler was born in Recife, Pernambuco Canadian ice hockey player Robyn Regehr and footballers Vavá, Rivaldo and Juninho Pernambucano were also born in Recife. Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice. Robyn Regehr (born April 19, 1980, in Recife, Brazil and grew up in Rosthern, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian Vavá, real name Edvaldo Izídio Neto, (born November 12 1934 in Recife, Brazil - January 19 2002 in Rio Rivaldo Vítor Borba Ferreira (born April 19, 1972 in Paulista, Pernambuco) commonly known as Rivaldo, is regarded as one of Antônio Augusto Ribeiro Reis Junior (born January 30, 1975 in Recife) commonly known as Juninho or Juninho Pernambucano, is
Recife promises four days of a lot of excitement on several stages specially built around the city, to attract partygoers of all tastes and tendencies. The Carnival lovers who stay in Recife for the party will get to know all the rhythms of Pernambuco: “mangue beat”, string orchestras, “coco de roda”, “frevo” and “maracatu” – among them the Maracatu Nação Pernambuco, the Estrela Brilhante, and the Maracatu Rural Leão Pernambuco. Carnival is a festival season which occurs immediately before Lent; the main events are usually during February and March Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country Besides the central stage in Downtown Recife, there are other areas of popular concentration all over the Metropolitan Region where anybody can have fun in the most democratic festivity of the world. Recife Antigo ( Old Recife) is the historical section of downtown Recife. Carnival is a festival season which occurs immediately before Lent; the main events are usually during February and March "The world " is a proper noun for the planet Earth envisioned from an Anthropocentric or Human Worldview, as a place
The Guararapes International Airport connects Recife with Brazilian cities and also operates international flights. Guararapes International Airport, also known as Gilberto Freyre International Airport, is an international airport located in the city of Recife, Pernambuco
The city is home to the Federal University of Pernambuco.
|Climate chart for Recife|
|temperatures in °C • precipitation totals in mm|
source: MSN Weather
Recife has a typical tropical climate, with warm to hot temperatures and high relative humidity throughout the year. A tropical climate is a kind of Climate typical in the Tropics. However, these conditions are relieved by a near absence of extreme temperatures and pleasant trade winds blowing from the ocean. An ocean (from Greek, ''Okeanos'' (Oceanus) is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the Hydrosphere. January is the warmest month, with mean temperatures ranging from 32°C (90°F) to 26°C (79°F), with sun; July experiences the coolest temperatures, with mean temperatures ranging from 29°C (84°F) to 23°C (73°F), with rain. The Sun (Sol is the Star at the center of the Solar System. Rain is Liquid precipitation. On Earth it is the condensation of atmospheric Water vapor into drops heavy enough to fall often making it to
Recife has a tropical forest. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF also known as tropical moist forests, are a Tropical and Subtropical Forest Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 2,000 mm (79 in) and 1,700 mm (70 in). The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients. There are several common characteristics of tropical rainforest trees. Rainforests are Forests characterized by high Rainfall with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1750–2000 mm (68-78 inches Tropical rainforest species frequently possess one or more attributes not commonly seen in trees of higher latitudes or trees in drier conditions on the same latitude. The heart of Recife is formed by three small islands (Santo Antônio, Boa Vista en Recife proper). Between the islands are the rivers Beberibe and Capibaribe. An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant The city´s entire coast is surrounded by reefs (recifes), giving even more beauty to its white sand beaches filled with coconut trees. In nautical terminology a reef is a rock, sandbar, or other feature lying beneath the surface of the water (six fathoms or less at low water The Coconut Palm ( Cocos nucifera) is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family
The area around Recife was one of the first in Brazil to be settled by the Portuguese Crown. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of Portuguese
In 1537, John III of Portugal divided Brazil into Hereditary Captaincies (Capitanias Hereditárias, in Portuguese); the Portuguese realized that they had no human or financial resources to invest in such a large and distant colony, and decided to assign this task to private entrepreneurs, called Donatários (this system had already been successful in the settlement of the Portuguese colonies in Africa). John III ( Portuguese: João III ʒuˈɐ̃ũ ( June 7, 1502 &ndash June 11, 1557) nicknamed o Piedoso
Because of several problems (the most obvious being the lack of support from the Portuguese metropolis), most Captaincies failed. One of the few to prosper was the Captaincy of Pernambuco, which was assigned to Duarte Coelho Pereira (the man who founded Olinda and became famous for expressing his enchantment with the beauty of the place, giving the name to the city). Olinda is a historic city in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco, located on the country's northeastern Atlantic
Pernambuco prospered from the sugarcane industry (beet sugar was not industrially produced in Europe until the beginning of the 19th century). Sugarcane ( Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae tribe Andropogoneae The beet or beetroot is a Flowering plant species ( Beta vulgaris) in the family Chenopodiaceae. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar At the time, in Europe, sugarcane plantations could be grown only in Andalusia and the Algarve; in the 1420s, sugarcane was carried to the Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores; the sugar from Brazil was very appreciated in Europe. Andalusia (Andalucía is an autonomous community of Spain. It is the most populous and the second largest in terms of land area The Algarve ( pron aɫ'gaɾv(ɨ is the southernmost region of mainland Portugal. The Canary Islands ( English pronunciation kəˈnæriː ˈaɪləndz Spanish: Islas Canarias, ˈizlas kaˈnarjas are a Spanish History See also History of Madeira Pre-Portuguese times Pliny mentions certain Purple Islands the position of which with reference to the The Azores ( Açores ɐˈsoɾɨʃ or) is a Portuguese Archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, about 1500 km (950  mi) from Duarte Coelho found in Pernambuco plenty of fertile land and an excellent climate for the cultivation of cane; all he needed was labor to work in the crops and to keep the "engenhos" (rustic wooden machinery) moving.
At first, the Portuguese tried to use the indigenous peoples of Brazil, but they soon realized that the indigenous culture was not compatible with the work in the engenhos. The solution was to import black slaves from Africa; from the 16th to the 19th century, Pernambuco received many slaves, making it one of the Brazilian States where black culture has the most visible traces (in dance, music, culinary, etc).
Alone, this mixture of Portuguese, Indians and black slaves would be enough to make Recife one of the most culturally diverse cities in Brazil. The Dutch added to the mix. The Dutch people ( Dutch:) are the dominant Ethnic group of the Netherlands. From 1580 to 1640, the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal were unified under the rule of the former. Spain was engaged in a war against the Netherlands, and determined that the Dutch, who were the main distributors of Brazilian sugar in Europe, would be prohibited from coming to Brazil. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands
The Dutch decided to invade several sugar producing cities in Brazil, including Salvador and Natal. Salvador (historic name São Salvador da Baía de Todos os Santos, in English "Holy Savior of All Saints' Bay" is a City on the northeast coast of Natal ( Portuguese for "Christmas" naˈtaw is the capital city of Rio Grande do Norte, a north eastern state in Brazil. From 1630 to 1654, they took control of Recife and Olinda. During this period, Recife became one of the most cosmopolitan cities of the world. The first Jewish community and the first synagogue in the Americas was founded in the city. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ A synagogue (from Greek: grc συναγωγή transliterated synagogē, "assembly" he בית כנסת beit knesset, "house of The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the Continents of North America and South America 
The inhabitants fought on their own to expel the Dutch, being helped by the involvement of the Dutch in the First Anglo-Dutch War. The First Anglo–Dutch War (Eerste Engelse Zeeoorlog (1652–54 (called the First Dutch War in England and the First English Sea-War in the Netherlands was This was known as the Insurreição Pernambucana (Pernambucan Insurrection). Most of the Jews fled to Amsterdam; others fled to North America, starting the first Jewish community of New Amsterdam (now known as New York City). Amsterdam (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland in the west New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam was a 17th-century Dutch colonial settlement that later became New York City. The City of New York
During the 18th century, riots spread throughout the city, in which the rich farmers of Olinda and the traders from Recife clashed. The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system Olinda is a historic city in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco, located on the country's northeastern Atlantic Recife had a clear advantage in relation to Olinda: Olinda has no harbour, while Recife's Harbor is one of the largest on the Atlantic. A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences) or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the Weather or are stored Recife's victory asserted the supremacy of its bourgeoisie over the decadent sugar aristocrats of Olinda. This was a decisive factor for Recife's growth. Recife is now a large city whereas Olinda is a small historical town. Olinda is a historic city in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco, located on the country's northeastern Atlantic Recife is a historical city, distinguished by the opulence of its colonial buildings, with its colonization rooted in different nations; Portugal, Holland, France, England. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. A maritime and economic power in the 17th century Holland today consists of the Dutch provinces of This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland
According to the IBGE of 2007, there were 3,655,000 people residing in the Metropolitan Region of Recife. The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics or IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Gehjgygmmliografia e Estatística is the agency responsible for Statistical Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The population density was 6,422 inh. /km². The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 2,072,385 Multiracial people (56. Brazil does not have a category for multiracial people but a Pardo (brown one which may include people of mixed European, African and Amerindian 7%), 1,308,490 White people (35. According to the 2006 census White Brazilians make up 497% of Brazil's population or around 93 million people 8%), 255,000 Black people (7. Afro-Brazilian, or Black Brazilian, is the term used to racially categorize Brazilian citizens who are black or Multiracial 0%), 21,000 Asian or Amerindian people (0. An Asian Brazilian is a Brazilian born person of Asian ancestry The Indigenous peoples in Brazil ( Portuguese: povos indígenas) comprise a large number of distinct Ethnic groups who inhabited the country prior to 6%). 
According to facts of the IPEA of the year of 1996, the GDP was estimated in real 8 billion, being that had not record of activities based in the agriculture and in the livestock farming (0,0%). Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture The industry represented 16,5% and the sector of the commerce and service 83,4%. For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" Commerce is a division of trade or production which deals with the exchange of goods and services from producer to final consumer A service is the non-material equivalent of a good. A service provision is an economic activity that does not result in Ownership, and this is what differentiates
In 2005, in agreement estimates of the IBGE, the GDP to have evolved for real 16 billion. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics or IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Gehjgygmmliografia e Estatística is the agency responsible for Statistical
Recife has a modern information techonoly area (called "Digital Harbour" ("Porto Digital")), inaugurated in 2000, attracting investments. Recife Antigo ( Old Recife) is the historical section of downtown Recife. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Advantage are of R$100,000,000 reais every year. It produces computer Chips and Programs, which are exported to Japan, China and other countries. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National In six years of action, the Porto Digital was consolidated with the investments carried out in the improvement of the trials of development of sotfware and with the coming companies set of ten installation of other regions of the city, of other states and of other countries. Recife Antigo ( Old Recife) is the historical section of downtown Recife. 
The Metropolitan Region of Recife has the 2nd largest medical pool of Brazil, after São Paulo. Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld São Paulo ( is the largest city in Brazil, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world Together they make up 417 hospitals and clinics. A hospital is an institution for Health care providing treatment by specialised staff and equipment and often but not always providing for The medical pool offers a total of 8,2 thousand beds and, according to the Union of the Hospitals of Pernambuco, recorded in 2000 an invoicing of 220 millions of real. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. It is thanks to the pool that Pernambuco has access to more computerized tomography devices than countries like Canada or France. Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.  A large portion of the modern hospitals which are included in the pool are located between the neighbourhoods of Derby and of the Ilha do Leite. A hospital is an institution for Health care providing treatment by specialised staff and equipment and often but not always providing for The Hospital Real Português of Beneficência Portuguesa in Pernambuco, or "Hospital Português" (Portuguese Hospital) for short, is one of the most renowned hospitals in the country. Many people from neighbouring states go to Recife for treatment, as it has the largest and best medical facilities in the North-Northeast of Brazil. This is about the direction for other uses see North (disambiguation. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld  Recife has three universities of medicine, 2 publics, Federal University of Pernambuco and University of Pernambuco; and 1 private, Escola Pernambucana de Medicina FBV/IMIP (Medical School of Pernambuco). Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the The University of Pernambuco (Universidade de Pernambuco UPE, former Fundação de Ensino Superior de Pernambuco FESP is a public state university located in 
The per capita income for the city was R$ 11,102 (2005). Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
Among Recife's main tourist attractions are:
There are many beaches close to Recife, such as:
Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution There are also international schools, such as the American School of Recife
Recife is home to several higher education institutions, notably several public-owned universities:
Recife is one of the most cultural cites in Brazil,Cradle of Brazilian culture, and is the home of several artists, musicians and writers. It is also home to the frevo, a regional dance and music, typical in the carnival, and the Mangue Beat, a type of Brazilian rock with mixture of Maracatu, Ciranda, Rap and other music styles. Frevo describes is a wide range of musical styles originating from Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, all of which are traditionally associated with Brazilian The mangue bit (also called mangue beat) movement was a cultural movement created circa 1991 in the City of Recife in Northeast Brazil in reaction Maracatu is a term common to two distinct performance genres found in Pernambuco state in northeastern Brazil: maracatu nação and maracatu rural Rapping (also known as emceeing, MCing, spitting, or just rhyming) is the Rhythmic spoken delivery of Rhymes wordplay and During carnival, downtown Recife holds one of the most authentic and democratic celebrations: every year more than one million people opens the festivities of the Brazilian Carnival at the Galo da Madrugada.
Multiplex Tacaruna, Multiplex Recife, Multiplex Boa Vista, Cine Rosa e Silva, CineBox Guararapes, Cinema do Parque.
Teatro Apolo, Teatro Hermilo Borba Filho, Teatro do Parque, Teatro Santa Izabel.
Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue
Kahal Zur Israel is the name of a synagogue in Recife. A synagogue (from Greek: grc συναγωγή transliterated synagogē, "assembly" he בית כנסת beit knesset, "house of Which is the oldest in the Americas, dating back to the 17th Century. The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the Continents of North America and South America After being closed for many years it is now re-opened to Jews and their culture.
The Museum of Pernambuco State - Museu do Estado de Pernambuco - Housed in a 19th century mansion in Recife, capital of Pernambuco state, the “Museu do Estado de Pernambuco - MEPE” dates back to 1929. Year 1929 ( MCMXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. From Masters who portrayed the Colonial period, as well as the Dutch invasion (1630) to 20th and 21st century, the Museum is comprised by over 12 thousand art pieces which invites the visitor to a journey into the local history. Periodically the museum hosts the “Salão de Arte Contemporânea de Pernambuco” when emerging artists are selected to represent the new run of local professionals who will help to maintain and shape the new profile of the local art scenery. A museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development open to the public which acquires conserves researches communicates and exhibits the Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country
Northeastern Man Museum The broad collection describes Pernambuco's culture starting from three main themes: the sugar-cane production cycle, the northeastern man’s life style and the folkloric and religious manifestations.
Ricardo Brennand Institute
Set up in a building that reproduces a medieval style, it has a collection of pieces from the Dutch domination period in Recife, as well as daggers and armors. The Dutch Empire was the territories controlled by The Netherlands from the 17th to the 20th century
Francisco Brennand Ceramic Shop Francisco Brennand, one of the most important names in contemporary sculptures in Brazil, displays his ceramic works in enormous open sheds, between monuments and gardens. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld It is set in an old brick factory that belonged to the sculptor’s family.
Gilberto Freyre Foundation The farm house, from the 18th century, was Gilberto Freyre’s old residence. A farm is an area of land including various structures devoted primarily to the practice of producing and managing food ( Produce, Grains, or Livestock Artworks, arts and crafts, book collections and objects that belonged to the Pernambuco writer and sociologist are displayed there. A Book is a set or collection of written printed illustrated or blank sheets made of Paper, Parchment, or other material usually fastened together Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country Sociology (from Latin: socius "companion" and the suffix -ology "the study of" from Greek λόγος lógos "knowledge"
Recife City Museum Set up in a room in Cinco Pontas Fort, it shows pictures, reproductions of old paintings and objects that describe Recife since the period of Dutch rule. An image (from Latin imago) or picture is an artifact usually two-dimensional that has a similar appearance to some subject &mdashusually Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e For other uses of Object see Object. In Philosophy, an object is a thing an Entity, or a Being. The Dutch Empire was the territories controlled by The Netherlands from the 17th to the 20th century
Festa Junina was introduced to Northeastern Brazil by the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated as Midsummer Day in several European countries), on the 24th of June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. Festa Junina, typically termed São João (Saint John as it is centered on that saint's day is the name of annual |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Midsummer may simply refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice, but more often refers to specific European celebrations that accompany the actual solstice Differently, of course, from what happens on the European Midsummer Day, the festivities in Brazil do not take place during the summer solstice but during the tropical winter solstice. Midsummer may simply refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice, but more often refers to specific European celebrations that accompany the actual solstice Solstices occur twice a year when the tilt of the Earth's axis is most oriented toward or away from the Sun, causing the Sun to reach its northernmost and southernmost extremes The winter solstice occurs at the instant when the Sun 's position in the sky is at its greatest angular distance on the other side of the equatorial plane from the The festivities traditionally begin after the 12th of June, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets. See also Campfire. bonfire is a large controlled outdoor Fire. A firework is classified as a low explosive pyrotechnic device used primarily for aesthetic and entertainment purposes Once exclusively a rural festivity, today, in Brazil, it is largely a city festival during which people joyfully and theatrically mimic peasant stereotypes and clichés in a spirit of joke and good time. Typical refreshments and dishes are served. It should be noted that, like during Carnival, these festivities involve costumes-wearing (in this case, peasant costumes), dancing, heavy drinking, and visual spectacles (fireworks display and folk dancing). Like what happens on Midsummer and St John's Day in Europe, bonfires are a central part of these festivities in Brazil. Midsummer may simply refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice, but more often refers to specific European celebrations that accompany the actual solstice See also Campfire. bonfire is a large controlled outdoor Fire.
The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil. Carnival is a festival season which occurs immediately before Lent; the main events are usually during February and March |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Rich and poor alike forget their cares as they party in the streets. Pernambuco has large Carnival celebrations, including the Frevo, typical Pernambuco music. Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country Frevo describes is a wide range of musical styles originating from Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, all of which are traditionally associated with Brazilian Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country Another famous carnaval music style from Pernambuco is Maracatu. Music is an Art form in which the medium is Sound organized in Time. The cities of Recife and Olinda hold the most authentic and democratic carnaval celebrations in Brazil. Olinda is a historic city in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco, located on the country's northeastern Atlantic Carnival is a festival season which occurs immediately before Lent; the main events are usually during February and March |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld The largest carnaval in all of Brazil is Galo da Madrugada, which takes place in Downtown Recife in the Saturday of carnaval. Recife Antigo ( Old Recife) is the historical section of downtown Recife. Another famous event is the "Noite dos Tambores Silenciosos".
Carnaval Recife’s joyous Carnaval is nationally known and admired, attracting thousands of people every year. The party starts a week before the official date, with electric trios “shaking” the Boa Viagem Neighborhood.
On Friday, people take to the streets to enjoy themselves to the sound of frevo and to dance with maracatu, ciranda, caboclinhos, afoxé, reggae and manguebeat (cultural movement created in Recife during the 90s) groups. Frevo describes is a wide range of musical styles originating from Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, all of which are traditionally associated with Brazilian There are still many other entertainment poles spread out around the city, featuring local and national artists. One of the highlights is Saturday when more than one million people follow the Galo da Madrugada group. The Galo da Madrugada (in Portuguese Rooster/Cock of Early Hours is a carnival parade that happens every carnival saturday to the left of the São José district in downtown Recife From Sunday to Monday, there is the Night of the Silent Drums, on the Pátio do Terço, where Maracatus honor slaves that died in prisons. Maracatu is a term common to two distinct performance genres found in Pernambuco state in northeastern Brazil: maracatu nação and maracatu rural As a social-economic system slavery is a legal institution under which a Person (called "a slave" is compelled to work for another A prison, penitentiary, or correctional facility is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned and usually deprived of a range of
Guararapes International Airport. Guararapes International Airport, also known as Gilberto Freyre International Airport, is an international airport located in the city of Recife, Pernambuco The new Recife/Guararapes – Gilberto Freyre International Airport has been open since July 2004 and has 52 thousand square meters of area. Gilberto Freyre ( March 15, 1900 – July 18, 1987) was a Brazilian sociologist cultural anthropologist historian journalist and The largest airport in the North and Northeast regions, Guararapes had its capacity expanded from 1. 5 million to 5 million passengers a year. There are currently 64 check-in counters, versus the former terminal’s 24. The shopping and leisure area was also totally remodeled, within the “Aeroshopping” concept, which transforms an airport into a center for business, comfort and high-quality products and services. The commercial spaces will be occupied in steps and the final total will be 142 shops. Since 2000, Recife has had the longest runway in the Northeast, at 3,305 meters. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Its extension permits operations with jumbo jets, such as the Boeing 747-400, which can carry 290 passengers and 62 tons of cargo, with endurance to fly nonstop to anywhere in South America and Central America, Africa and parts of Europe, the United States and Canada. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Current domestic destinations include most major cities in Brazil, and there are also international flights to Paris, France, Lisbon, Portugal and Buenos Aires, Argentina. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Lisbon (Lisboa liʒˈboɐ is the Capital and largest city of Portugal. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Buenos Aires is the Capital and largest city of Argentina. It is geographically located on the southern shore of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics.
Suape Port, located in Ipojuca city, inside metropolitan region. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo Suape serves ships 365 days a year without any restrictions in regards to tide schedules. To assist in the docking operation of the ships, the port offers a monitoring system and laser ship docking system that enables effective, secure control and upholds the same technical standards as the most important ports across the globe. A globe is a three- Dimensional scale model of Earth ( terrestrial globe) or other spheroid celestial body such as a planet star or moon The port moves over 5 million tons of cargo a year. The liquid granary (petroleum by-products, chemical products, alcohols, vegetable oils, etc. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit In Chemistry, an alcohol is any Organic compound in which a Hydroxyl group ( - O[[hydrogen H]]) is bound to a Carbon ) constitutes more than 80% of the movement. The port can serve ships of up to 170,000 tpb and operational draft of 14. 50m. With 27km² of backport, the internal and external ports offer the necessary conditions for serving large ships. The access canal has 5,000m of extension, 300m in width and 16. 5m in length.
Since 1998, the Metro expansion is being built. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway When ready, Recife Metro will become the second largest in Brazil, after São Paulo. The Recife Metro is operated by CBTU / Metrorec is currently 20 stations- and 29 |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld São Paulo ( is the largest city in Brazil, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world  It already reaches from Recife central station to Jaboatão, Timbi (Camaragibe) and Mall (Shopping Recife).
This system also integrates with several bus lines connected to the bus/metro integration terminals, such as Barro and Joana Bezerra stations. A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway It is possible to ride the metro and the connected bus line by purchasing one ticket only.
Neighborhoods in Recife include:
Football in Pernambuco began in 1902, when English and Dutch sailors landed in Recife and played a game of football on the beach. Pernambuco (pɛxnɐ̃ˈbuku is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country Year 1902 ( MCMII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The Dutch people ( Dutch:) are the dominant Ethnic group of the Netherlands. The new game aroused the interest of the people of Pernambuco, and they soon started playing.
Recife provides visitors and residents with various sporting activities. There are several soccer clubs based in Recife, such as Sport (37 times state champion and one time national champion), Santa Cruz FC (24 times state champion), and Náutico (21 times state champion). Sport Club do Recife, more popularly known as Sport in Recife or Sport Recife in Northeastern Brazil, is a football team from Santa Cruz Futebol Clube, or simply Santa Cruz is a Brazilian Football (soccer team in Recife, Pernambuco. Clube Náutico Capibaribe, also known as Náutico, is a Brazilian Sports club, including a professional football team in Recife
Recife is one of the 18 remaining candidates to host games of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, for which Brazil is the host nation. The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be the 20th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld
Recife's reputation for safety is not one of the best. Its metropolitan area has a rate of 69. 4 (or 90. 9) murders per 100,000 inhabitants, which is more than in much larger Brazilian cities, such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, and more than twice the national average. Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil São Paulo ( is the largest city in Brazil, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world 
According to Brazil's Constitution of 1988, racism is an unbailable crime and must be met with imprisonment. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) List of racism-related topics|Racism by country Racism, by its simplest definition is the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment This is taken very seriously.
There has been a growing number of foreign tourists who come to Brazil looking for sex, mostly Germans, Italians, and other Europeans. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as The' Italian people' are a Southern European Ethnic group located primarily in Italy, Switzerland, France and by virtue of a wide-ranging  These tourists come to Recife and other cities of Northeast Brazil not for the culture and beaches, but for sex, often with minors. Brazil has a supply of young girls desperate to escape poverty, and the demand from foreign men is rising all the time. Poverty (also called penury) is deprivation of common necessities that determine the quality of life including food clothing shelter and safe Drinking water, and
In Recife, where a growing population of children sleep on park benches or fall drugged or drunk on the curbs outside bars catering to a brisk trade in sex tourism, many girls who live on the streets have begun slashing themselves with razor blades, often on their forearms. Sex tourism is travel to engage in Sexual intercourse or sexual activity with prostitutes, and is typically undertaken internationally by tourists from wealthier countries  Recife's secretary for tourism, Romeo Batista, says the long-term antidote to the sex trade lies in better social policies so that Brazilian girls have less need for foreign men and money.
Several countries worldwide have their own legislation that prosecutes tourists in their homeland if they engage in illicit sexual conduct in a foreign country with children:
Complaints concerning foreigners who are suspected of committing child sex tourism offences should be directed to the nearst consulate or embassy.
In recent years, the number of shark attacks on the beaches of Recife has dramatically increased. A shark attack is an attack on a human by a Shark. Every year a number of people are attacked by sharks although death is quite unusual This was addressed on the National Geographic Channel series Hunter Hunted in the episode "Shark Invasion". National Geographic Channel, also called Nat Geo, is a subscription television network that features Documentaries produced by the National Geographic Society Hunter and Hunted is a documentary on the National Geographic Channel.
Surfing has recently been outlawed on the urban beaches (Pina, Boa Viagem, Piedade, Candeias) because of the risk the sport poses to its practitioners due to shark attacks. Surfing is a surface water sport in which the participant is carried along the face of a breaking wave, most commonly using a Surfboard, although wave-riders Sharks ( Superorder Selachimorpha) are a type of Fish with a full cartilaginous Skeleton and a highly streamlined body
It’s strongly recommended you do not climb over and swim behind the reefs because of strong, unpredictable currents and the possible presence of bull sharks.
Several beaches have messages alerting people of the danger of finding sharks, although this is very rare as in most parts of Brazil. Sharks ( Superorder Selachimorpha) are a type of Fish with a full cartilaginous Skeleton and a highly streamlined body |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld
The human development of Recife varies greatly by locality. There are neighborhoods that had very high human development indexes in 2000 (equal to or greater than the indexes of some Scandinavian countries), but also those in the medium range (in line with, for example, North Africa). The Human Development Index ( HDI) is an index combining normalized measures of Life expectancy, Literacy, Educational attainment, and GDP Terminology and usage As a cultural term "Scandinavia" has no official definition and is subject to usage by those who identify with the culture in question as well The Maghreb (المغرب العربي al-Maġrib al-ʿArabī) also rendered Maghrib (or rarely Moghreb) meaning "place of Sunset 
Neighborhoods and localities champions:
Neighborhoods and localities in last place:
The Nucleus of Infotechnology|The Nucleus of Infotechnology of Federal University of Pernambuco.
UFPE Campus Park|Federal University of Pernambuco Campus Park.
Boa Viagem Beach. Boa Viagem is a neighborhood located in the city of Recife, Pernambuco located in southern zone of the town
Recife in the afternoon.
Recife's sister cities are:
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