Jharkhand • India
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
• 620 m (2,034 ft)
|Population||846,454 (census 2,001)|
Coordinates: Ranchi (Hindi: राँची) is the capital city of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Jharkhand ( Hindi: झारखंड Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ডdʒʰaːɽkʰəɳɖ is a state in eastern India. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Indian Standard Time ( IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka, with a Time offset of UTC+530. UTC+530 is the Timezone for Indian Standard Time Sri Lanka Time The geography of India is diverse with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts plains rainforests hills and plateaus The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or Post code system used by India Post the Indian Postal For the past decade or so telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A ranch is an area of landscape including various structures given primarily to the practice of ranching the practice of raising grazing livestock such as Cattle Hindi ( Devanāgarī: hi [[wiktहिन्दी हिन्दी]] or hi [[wiktहिंदी हिंदी]] IAST:, IPA:) is India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country India is a union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. Jharkhand ( Hindi: झारखंड Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ডdʒʰaːɽkʰəɳɖ is a state in eastern India. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, Western West Bengal and the present eastern Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand State was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the districts of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas divisions of Bihar. Events 655 - Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Santhal Parganas constitute one of the administrative Divisions of Jharkhand state India.
The name Ranchi comes from "archi" an Oraon/Kurukh word for the farmer's "baton" in use while ploughing. The area was an agricultural locality and Doranda (durang da' a Mundari word) was a better known place for its military base and garrison. The present Purani Ranchi was originally known as the village Archi.
Ranchi is a prominent political, commercial, industrial and educational hub of eastern India.
Ranchi is located at . The total area covered by Ranchi - Municipal Area is about 110 square kilometers and the average elevation of the city is 2,140 feet above sea level. Mean sea level (MSL is the average (mean height of the Sea, with reference to a suitable reference surface.
Geographically, Ranchi is located on southern part of the Chota Nagpur plateau which forms the eastern edge of the Deccan plateau system. The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, The area surrounding Ranchi has been endowed with natural attractions and it is referred to as the “City of Waterfalls”. The most popular waterfalls are Dasham, Hundru, Jonha Falls, Hirni and Panchghat, which are all active perennially. Jonha is a waterfall located some 40 kilometres away from Ranchi in Jharkhand in India.
The Subernarekha river and its tributaries constitute the local river system. Dams inKanke, Rukka and Hatia have been built over these channels to cater to the water requirements of the local population. WikipediaWikiProject Indian cities for details --> Kanke is a Census town in Ranchi district in the Indian state of
Ranchi has a hilly topography and its combination with dense tropical forests ensures that it enjoys a comparatively moderate climate compared to the rest of the state.
Ranchi has a sub-tropical climate. The subtropics are the zones of the Earth immediately north and south of the tropic zone which is bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Temperature ranges from maximum 37 to 20°C during summer, and minimum 22 to 3°C during winter. The annual rainfall is about 1530 mm. From June to September the rainfall level is about 1,100 mm.
|Climate chart for Ranchi|
|temperatures in °C • precipitation totals in mm|
source: MSN weather
As of 2001 India census, Ranchi had a population of 846,454. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ranchi has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59. 5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 68%. In Ranchi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
According to the current estimates, the population of the city is now about 1,300,000. The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration of the new state of Jharkhand in 2000. Jharkhand ( Hindi: झारखंड Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ডdʒʰaːɽkʰəɳɖ is a state in eastern India. Owing to the rising employment opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level offices, banks, and marketing companies, the city witnessed the influx of migrants. Ranchi has always enjoyed a cosmopolitan environment and still entails a good mix of people from different regions of the country. Ranchi is the largest city in Jharkhand.
Ranchi has a number of government and privately run schools and colleges.
Most of the government-run schools in Ranchi are affiliated to Jharkhand Academic Council, while most of the private schools are affiliated to ICSE and/or CBSE boards. A number of Christian Schools are Convents or are run by the Jesuit missionaries of the Roman Catholic, Gossner, Evangelical and Lutheran Churches and the Church of North India. A convent is a community of Priests religious brothers religious sisters or Nuns or the building used by the community particularly in the Roman Catholic Church The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order
Most of the colleges and institutions of higher education of Ranchi are under the jurisdiction of Ranchi University. The Ranchi University is a university in Jharkhand state of India. There are also Agicultural and Veterinary Colleges which are part of the Birsa Agricultural University located at Kanke. Profile Birsa Agricultural University is an agricultural University at Ranchi in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Ranchi has road connectivity with 2 National Highways (NH-23 & 33)crossing it and NH-75 originating here. Ranchi is a City in India, and also the capital of the state Jharkhand. In India most of the colleges and institutions of higher education of Ranchi are under the jurisdiction of Ranchi University. A road is an identifiable route, way or path between two or more places. Recently the state government with the support of NHDC has constituted a plan to expand the road connectivity of different district headquarters to this capital city with 4-lane highways of international standards. Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, sometimes abbreviated to neohesperidin DC or simply NHDC, is an Artificial sweetener derived from Citrus. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Before adding any more images to this * * page please do carefully consider * * whether they would be mere decoration * * or actually improve
One peculiarity of this capital city is that there are no local bus services. For commuting one can hire or share an Auto Rickshaw. Taxis too are available. Cycle rickshaws are a more modest way to travel for short distances.
The city has one State Bus Terminus where buses are available for travelling to Jamshedpur, Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Alipurduar, Siliguri, Kolkata, Rourkela. The State Bus Terminus is located near the Ranchi Railway station.
Khad Garha is a Private Bus Terminus where buses are available for multiple destinations within Jharkhand and Bihar. There are also buses available for Kolkata, Benaras, Rourkela and cities of other eastern states. AC Services are available for Patna, Kolkata and Jamshedpur. Most of the buses are equipped with music systems and video.
Ratu Road is another Private Bus Terminus where buses are available for destinations in Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa and Chattisgarh.
Ranchi has witnessed growth in railway connectivity during the past 3 to 4 years. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. Growing demand and grants in the annual Railway budgets made sure that Ranchi got its deserved share of allocation. Currently Ranchi has frequent connectivity with all major centres in India.
Major Rail Connections From Ranchi : New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata (Howrah), Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin, Allepey, Jaipur, Patna, Bhubaneshwar, Alipurduar etc.
The Railway Stations in the city are: Tatisilwai, Namkum, Ranchi Junction, Argora & Hatia
Ranchi has a domestic airport - "Bhagwan Birsa Munda Airport" (Code: IXR) managed by the Airports Authority of India. Temperature and layers The temperature of the Earth's atmosphere varies with altitude the mathematical relationship between temperature and altitude varies among five It is situated at an elevation of 2120 ft. The airport terminal is situated approximately 7 km South of the city center, in Hinoo. The single runway airport is approximatelty 8000 feet in length and supports navigation/traffic control systems such as HIRL, PAPI, ASPL and Apron Flood lights.
Ranchi is connected by air with most of the major metros of the country. It has 5 daily connections to Delhi and 3 to Kolkatta. It is also connected with cities like Mumbai, Patna, Bhubaneshwar and Chandigarh by daily scheduled services. Airlines include Indian, JetLite, Deccan and MDLR.
New budget airlines have announced plans to connect Ranchi with other destinations.
As an important administrative and military base of the eastern India during the British Raj, Ranchi developed as an important centre of trade and commerce, including a traditional base for sericulture and manufacture of shellac. For usage see British rule in India British Raj ( rāj, lit "reign" in Hindustani) primarily refers to the British Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of Silkworms for the production of raw Silk. Shellac is the commercial resin marketed in the form of amber flakes made from Lac, the secretion of the family of lac-producing insects though most commonly from the Villages around Ranchi has been described as the 'vegetable bowl' of Jharkhand and truckloads of green vegetables are transported from the city to different parts of Jharkhand, Bihar, as also to Kolkata.
After India gained independence, Ranchi continued to grow and a number of industrial facilities were located in and around the city, and it emerged as an important industrial centre. Along with other two industrial townships of Jamshedpur and Bokaro, it completes the industrial structure of Jharkhand. Jamshedpur ( जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkhand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Techno-industrial facilities of Ranchi include Heavy Engineering Corporation, Mecon, SAIL's R&D Facility, High Tension Insulator factory, CCL, CMPDI, IICM, Usha Martin, Usha Beltron Shipping Corporation of India, Jain Construction
Also known as RDCIS, the centre was established in 1974 as the corporate R&D of Steel Authority of India Ltd. Today it is the largest and most reputed Steel Research Centre of the country. The centre boasts of over 350 scientists and a huge array of sophisticated research /test equipment. Besides addressing to the R&D needs of SAIL (Steel Authority of India Ltd), the centre also provides diverse scientific services to other organisations on contract basis.
The city is traditionally the medical centre for the entire region of about 400 km in radius. Many hospitals, both private and public, dot the city.
Hirini Falls are One Of the Famous Falls of Ranchi(Jharkhand)
Ranchi is home to people of many castes, creeds and sects. All festivals are celebrated with pomp, glory and in harmony. People from nearby as well as far off places visit Ranchi during the holidays.
Other than these recognized parks (most of which have entry fee), there are many open playgrounds which are vanishing fast as the government/administration has decided that massive constructions on available government lands (which will create more traffic and pollution in the choking narrow roads) is the way to progress, and the fact that a city requires open playgrounds where youngsters can go to play and have healthy recreational activity is easily overlooked.
The city has a Doordarshnn TV Centre where local programs are produced and broadcasted. There are also some local news channels delivered through the cable TV network.
Besides the state run Vividh Bharti radio station, there are private FM Channels as Big 92. 7 FM Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group, Radio Mantra and Radio Dhamaal.
Cricket is a popular sport in Ranchi. M. S. Dhoni, the captain of Indian One Day Cricket Team, was born and lives in Ranchi. DAV SHYAMLI is a very strong cricket team of the eastern zone in this country.
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