A quilombo (from the Kimbundu word kilombo) is a Brazilian hinterland settlement founded by Quilombolas, or Maroons and, in some cases, a minority of marginalised Portuguese, Brazilian aboriginals, Jews and Arabs, and/or other non-black, non-slave Brazilians that faced oppression during colonization. Kimbundu is one of the most widely spoken languages in Angola, especially in the north-west of the country notably in the Luanda province |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld The hinterland is the land or district behind the borders of a coast or river A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan A Quilombola is a resident of a Quilombo in Brazil. They are the descendents of Slaves that escaped from slave Plantations that existed Maroons redirects here and may refer to Queensland state rugby league team. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. The Indigenous peoples in Brazil ( Portuguese: povos indígenas) comprise a large number of distinct Ethnic groups who inhabited the country prior to PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding Quilombos was in fact a group of African fugitive slaves and their descendents.
Some of these settlements were near Portuguese settlements and active both in defending against capitães do mato commissioned to recapture slaves and in facilitating the escape of even more slaves. For this reason, they were targets of the Dutch, then Portuguese colonial authorities and, later, of the Brazilian state and slaveowners. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands See Colony and Colonization for examples of colonialism which do not refer to Western colonialism Some quilombos that were farther from Portuguese settlements and the later Brazilian cities were tolerated and still exist as towns today, with inhabitants speaking distinctly African-Portuguese Creole languages. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan There are an estimated 2000 Languages spoken in Africa. About a hundred of these are widely used for inter-ethnic communication This article is about Portuguese-based Creole languages See Creole peoples for the Portuguese Creole ethnicity In the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America, such a settlement is called a palenque and its inhabitants are palenqueros who speak various Spanish-African-based creole languages. There are an estimated 2000 Languages spoken in Africa. About a hundred of these are widely used for inter-ethnic communication A creole language, or simply a creole, is a stable Language that originates seemingly as a nativized Pidgin.
It is widely believed that the term quilombo establishes a link between Palmares (see later) and the culture of central Angola where the majority of slaves were forcibly brought to Brazil, because, during the time of the slave trafficking, natives in central Angola, called Imbangala, had created an institution called a kilombo that united various tribes of diverse lineage into a community designed for military resistance during that time of upheaval. Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola Pronounced ʁɛˈpublikɐ dɨ ɐ̃ˈgɔlɐ Repubilika ya Ngola is a country in south-central The Imbangala or Mbangala were 17th century groups of Angolan warriors and marauders whom founded the kingdom of Kasanje. However, the documentation on Palmares typically uses the term mocambo to describe the settlements, and quilombo was not used until the 1670s and then primarily in more southerly parts of Brazil.
The most famous of the quilombos was Palmares, an independent, self-sustaining republic near Recife, established in about 1600. Palmares, or Quilombo dos Palmares, was a collaboration of around ten Quilombos (or Mocambos) that grew from 1605 onwards in colonial Recife ( heˈsifi is the fifth largest Metropolitan area in Brazil and the capital of the state of Pernambuco. Part of the reason for the massive size of the quilombo at Palmares was because of its location in Brazil, which was at the median point between the Atlantic Ocean and Guinea, an important area of the African slave trade. At its height, Palmares was massive and consisted of several settlements with a combined population of over 30,000 renegades, mostly blacks. Ganga Zumba and Zumbi are the two most well known warrior-leaders of Palmares which, after a history of conflict with, first, Dutch and then Portuguese colonial authorities, finally fell to a Portuguese artillery assault in 1694. Ganga Zumba was the first of the leaders of '''Quilombo dos Palmares''', or Angola Janga in the present-day state of Alagoas, Brazil. Zumbi also known as Zumbi dos Palmares ( 1655 - November 20, 1695, pronounced 'zoombee' was the last of the leaders of the Quilombo dos The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. See Colony and Colonization for examples of colonialism which do not refer to Western colonialism
In Brazil, both men are honored as heroes and symbols of black pride, freedom and democracy to this day. Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system Zumbi's execution date (as his birthday is unknown), November 20, is acknowledged as the National Day of the Black Conscience and he has appeared in postage stamps, banknotes and coins. Events 284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 - Bögü Khan of the Uyghurs, A postage stamp is an adhesive paper evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money or simply a note) is a kind of Negotiable instrument, a Promissory note made by a main - title Coin keywords numismatics coin review
The Brazilian 1988 constitution granted the remaining quilombos the collective ownership of the lands they have occupied since colonial times, thus recognizing their distinct identity at the same level of the Indians. Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) A constitution is a system for government often Codified as a written document that establishes the rules and principles of an autonomous political entity The Indigenous peoples in Brazil ( Portuguese: povos indígenas) comprise a large number of distinct Ethnic groups who inhabited the country prior to
In the Spanish dialect of the River Plate, the word quilombo has come to mean brothel, and later big mess. Rioplatense Spanish ( Spanish: Español rioplatense, although locally known as castellano rioplatense For the 2008 film of this name see The Brothel. For the television series of this name see Cathouse The Series. In Venezuelan Spanish, it means boondocks. Venezuela (ˌvɛnəˈzweɪlə) officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a country on the The boondocks is a remote usually brushy rural area or a term for a remote city or town that is considered unsophisticated
A 1984 film titled Quilombo depicts the rise and fall of Palmares. Directed by Carlos Diegues, Quilombo is a mystical, yet mostly accurate, historical epic that chronicles the lives of Ganga Zumba and Zumbi. Carlos Diegues, also known as Cacá Diegues, (born May 19, 1940 in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil) is a Brazilian