|— Sub-provincial city —|
Qingdao May 4th Square 2006
Qingdao in China
Qingdao in Shandong
|City seat||Shinan District|
|- CPC Secretary||Yan Qijun|
|- Mayor||Xia Geng (夏耕)|
|- Sub-provincial city||10,654 km² (4,113. A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city A Chinese character, also known as a Han character ( is a Logogram used in writing Chinese (hanzi Japanese ( Pinyin, more formally Hanyu pinyin, is the most common Standard Mandarin Romanization system in use ( is a coastal province of eastern People's Republic of China. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng ( which is an administrative division ( is a coastal province of eastern People's Republic of China. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 5 sq mi)|
|- Urban||1,102 km² (425. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 5 sq mi)|
|- Sub-provincial city||7,311,200|
|- Density||686. A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 2/km² (1,777. 4/sq mi)|
|- Urban Density||2,344. 8/km² (6,073. 1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Postal code||266000 (Shinan District); 266100-266700 (Other areas)|
|GDP||¥378. China standard time or Beijing time is the Time zone observed in the People's Republic of China ( PRC) UTC+8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Greenwich Mean Time by 8 hours The Postal code for the People's Republic of China uses a numeric six-digit System for the whole country A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks 65 billion (2007)|
|GDP per capita||¥ 50,616 (2007)|
|License Plate Prefix||鲁B & 鲁U|
|Coastline||862. The People's Republic of China issues vehicles Licence plates at its Vehicle Management Offices under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the Ocean. 64 km|
(inclusive of offshore islands)
730. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand 64 km
(exclusive of islands)
|Major Nationalities||Han - 95. The following is a list of ethnic groups in China where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal Han Chinese ( are an Ethnic group native to China and by most modern definitions the largest single Ethnic group in the world. 48%|
simplified Chinese: 青岛; traditional Chinese: 青島; pinyin: Qīngdǎo; Wade-Giles: Ch'ing-tao), well-known to the West by its Postal map spelling Tsingtao, is a sub-provincial city in eastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. See also Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Due to China 's large Population and area the political divisions of China have consisted Pinyin, more formally Hanyu pinyin, is the most common Standard Mandarin Romanization system in use Wade-Giles (ˌweɪdˈʤaɪlz) sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization system (phonetic notation and Transcription) for the Mandarin Chinese Postal Map Romanization ( Traditional Chinese: 郵政式拼音 Simplified Chinese: 邮政式拼音 Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì Pīnyīn refers to the A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city ( is a coastal province of eastern People's Republic of China. A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng ( which is an administrative division Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES It borders Yantai to the northeast, Weifang to the west and Rizhao to the southwest. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Yantai administers 12 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 7 county-level cities Administration The Prefecture-level city of Weifang administers 12 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 6 county-level cities Administration The Prefecture-level city of Rizhao administers four county-level divisions, including two districts and two counties Lying across the Shandong Peninsula while looking out to the Yellow Sea, Qingdao today is a major seaport, naval base, and industrial center. The Shāndōng Peninsula ( also known as the Jiāodōng Peninsula (胶东半岛 膠東半島 is a Peninsula in the Shāndōng Province of The Yellow Sea is the name given to the northern part of the East China Sea, which is a Marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo A naval dockyard is a Dockyard that primarily serves a Navy. See also Military base Royal Navy Dockyards It is also the site of the Tsingtao Brewery. Tsingtao Brewery ( (, is China 's largest Brewery. Founded in 1903 by German settlers it claims about 12% of domestic market share The character 青 (qīng) in Chinese means "green" or "lush," while the character 岛 (dǎo) means "island. " It was recently named China's 9th-most livable city by China Daily. The China Daily ( is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China. (
The sub-provincial city of Qingdao administers 12 county-level divisions, including 7 districts and 5 county-level cities. A sub-provincial city ( Chinese: 副省级城市 (or deputy-provincial city in the People's Republic of China, is a Prefecture-level city See also Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Due to China 's large Population and area the political divisions of China have consisted The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. A county-level city ( is a county-level administrative division of Mainland China.
Qingdao is located at the southern tip of the Shandong Peninsula. Jimo (即墨 is a County-level city in Shandong province, China, located north of Qingdao. The Jiaozhou Bay ( was a German colonial concession which existed from 1898 to 1914 Pingdu (平度 is a County-level city of Qingdao Sub-provincial city, Shandong Province China. The Shāndōng Peninsula ( also known as the Jiāodōng Peninsula (胶东半岛 膠東半島 is a Peninsula in the Shāndōng Province of It borders three prefecture-level cities, namely Yantai to the northeast, Weifang to the west, and Rizhao to the southwest. Administration The Prefecture-level city of Yantai administers 12 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 7 county-level cities Administration The Prefecture-level city of Weifang administers 12 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 6 county-level cities Administration The Prefecture-level city of Rizhao administers four county-level divisions, including two districts and two counties The city's total jurisdiction area occupies 10,654 km². The geography of the city is relatively flat while mountains spur up nearby. The highest elevation in the area is 1133 m above sea level. The city has a 730. 64-kilometre coastline. Five significant rivers that flow for more than 50 km can be found in the region.
Qingdao has a humid, warm temperate climate, with four distinct seasons. Winter is cold, snowy and windy, with temperatures hovering around freezing. Summer is warm to hot, but very hot days are rare. The average high in August is 28C (82F) and temperatures of over 35C (95F) are recorded only once every two years. Due to its proximity to the coast and being on a peninsula, it experiences a late spring compared to most of central China. Conversely, autumn is much milder than inland areas. The water temperature peaks at about 25C (77F) in late August, with swimming possible two months on either side.
The area of which Qingdao is located today was called Jiao'ao (胶澳) when it was administered by the Qing Dynasty. The Jiaozhou Bay ( was a German colonial concession which existed from 1898 to 1914 Not to be confused with Qin Dynasty, the first dynasty of Imperial China In 1891, the Qing Government decided to make the area a primary defence base against naval attacks, and planned the construction of a city. Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Little was done, however, until 1897 when the city was ceded to Germany. Year 1897 ( MDCCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common In International law, a concession is a territory within a Country that is administered by another entity than the State which holds Sovereignty The German Empire is the name commonly used in English to describe Germany from 1871 to 1918 when it was a semi- Constitutional monarchy: beginning with the Unification The Germans soon turned Tsingtao into a strategically important port that was administered by the Department of the Navy (Reichsmarineamt) rather than the Colonial Office (Reichskolonialamt). They based here their Far East Squadron, allowing the fleet to conduct operations throughout the Pacific. The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire. From 1898 the marines of III. Seebatallion were based at Tsingtao. The German Imperial government planned and built the first streets and institutions of the city we see today, including the world-famous Tsingtao Brewery. Tsingtao Brewery ( (, is China 's largest Brewery. Founded in 1903 by German settlers it claims about 12% of domestic market share German influence extended to other areas of Shandong Province, including the establishment of rival breweries.
Soon after the outbreak of World War I, the German forces, under Admiral Graf von Spee, left Tsingtao rather than waiting to be trapped in the harbour by Allied fleets. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Maximilian Graf (Count von Spee ( 22 June 1861 - 8 December 1914) was a German Admiral, born in Copenhagen The SMS Cormoran was one of the German vessels to ship out from Tsingtao. SMS Cormoran was originally built by Germany in 1909 for the Russian Volunteer Fleet and named the Rjasan. After a subsequent minor British naval attack on the German colony in 1914, Japan occupied the city and the surrounding province during the Siege of Tsingtao after Japan's declaration of war on Germany in accordance with the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. The Siege of Tsingtao was the attack on the German-controlled port of Tsingtao (now Qingdao) in China during World War I by Imperial Japan and the Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The first was signed in London at what is now the Lansdowne Club on January 30 1902, by Lord Lansdowne (British foreign secretary) and The failure of the Allied powers to restore Chinese rule to Shandong after the war triggered the May Fourth Movement. The May Fourth Movement ( was an anti- imperialist, cultural and political movement in early modern China.
The city reverted to Chinese rule in 1922, under control of the Republic of China. Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES The city became a direct-controlled municipality of the ROC Government in 1929. Direct-controlled municipality (直辖市 zhíxiáshì) is the highest level classificiation for Cities used by Chinese governments with status equal to Year 1929 ( MCMXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Japan re-occupied Qingdao in 1938 with its plans of territorial expansion onto China's coast. Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. After World War II the KMT allowed Qingdao to serve as the headquarters of the Western Pacific Fleet of the US Navy. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including On 2nd June, 1949, the CCP-led Red Army entered Qingdao and the city and province have been under PRC control since that time. Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the The People's Liberation Army ( PLA) ( is the unified Military organization of all land sea and air forces of the People's Republic of China. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES
Since the 1984 inauguration of China's open-door policy to foreign trade and investment, Qingdao has developed quickly as a modern port city. Year 1984 ( MCMLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar) It is now the headquarters of the Chinese navy's northern fleet. An early example of the open-door policy occurred on November 5, 1984, when three United States Naval vessels visited Qingdao. Events 1499 - Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier ( Brittany) This was the first U. S. port call in more than 37 years to China. USS Rentz (FFG-46), USS Reeves (DLG-24) and USS Oldendorf (DD-972) and their crews were officially hosted by the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). History USS Rentz (FFG-46 was the 40th ship to be constructed in the ''Oliver Hazard Perry''-class of Guided missile Frigates Reeves Operational History The 1960s Following an extended trial and shakedown period Reeves was homeported at Long Beach where Construction Oldendorf was the tenth Spruance - class destroyer and the first ship in the Navy named after Admiral Jesse B The People's Liberation Army Navy ( PLAN) ( Simplified Chinese: 中国人民解放军海军 Traditional Chinese: 中國人民解放軍海軍 Pinyin
Qingdao is now a manufacturing centre, and home to Haier Corporation a major electronics firm. Haier ( is a producer of Household appliances (" White goods " including air conditioners, Laptops refrigerators, etc The city has recently experienced a rapid growing period, with a new central business district created to the east of the older business district. Outside of the centre of the city there is a large industrial zone, which includes chemical processing, rubber and heavy manufacturing, in addition to a growing high tech area.
By the end of 2002, Qingdao was estimated to be the home of more than 7 million inhabitants, of which around 2. 6 million reside in the Qingdao urban area. Another estimated 2. 3 million live in other cities under Qingdao's jurisdiction. The annual birth rate is calculated around 82,000, with a birth rate of 11. Crude birth rate is the natality or Childbirths per 1000 people per year 26/1000 population, and a death rate of 6. Mortality rate is a measure of the number of Deaths (in general or due to a specific cause in some population scaled to the size of that population per unit time 93/1000 population, both calculated on an annual basis. This results to a 4. 33/1000 population growth rate overall, not counting immigration, which is substantial. Living standards are among highest of leading Chinese cities due to the strong export economy and relatively high family wages.
While Qingdao is home to 38 Chinese ethnic minorities they constitute only 0. Ethnic minorities in China refer to the non- Han Chinese population in Mainland China and Taiwan. 14% of the city's total population. Qingdao boasts a vibrant expatriate community, led by the Korean community which comprised over 80,000 individuals in 2007.
GDP per capita comprised RMB¥42,789 (ca. US$5,503) in 2006. The GDP has grown steadily at an average pace of 14% annually. Qingdao is perhaps most famously known for the Tsingtao Brewery, which German settlers founded in 1903, and which produces Tsingtao beer, now the most famous beer in China and known worldwide. Tsingtao Brewery ( (, is China 's largest Brewery. Founded in 1903 by German settlers it claims about 12% of domestic market share Year 1903 ( MCMIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting Tsingtao Brewery ( (, is China 's largest Brewery. Founded in 1903 by German settlers it claims about 12% of domestic market share It is also home to Haier, the third largest white goods manufacturer in the world, and Hisense, a major electronics company in China. Haier ( is a producer of Household appliances (" White goods " including air conditioners, Laptops refrigerators, etc Refrigerator1svg|left|100px]]A major appliance, or domestic appliance, is usually defined as a large Machine which accomplishes some routine housekeeping task which Hisense (海信 is a Chinese electronics manufacturer The company's origins started in 1969 when Hisense was known as Qingdao No In 2002, guitar manufacturer Epiphone opened a factory at Qingdao. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The Epiphone Company is a Musical instrument manufacturer founded in 1873 by Anastasios Stathopoulos
In 1984 the Chinese government named a district of Qingdao a Special Economic and Technology Development Zone (SETDZ). Year 1984 ( MCMLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar) Special Economic Zones of the People's Republic of China are Special Economic Zones (SEZs located in Mainland China. Along with this district, the entire city had gone through amazing development of secondary and tertiary industries. As an important trading port in the province, Qingdao flourishes with foreign investment and international trade. South Korea and Japan in particular made extensive investment in the city. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. At least 30,000 South Korean nationals reside there. Construction proceeds at a relatively fast pace in Qingdao.
In terms of primary industry, Qingdao has an estimated 50,000 acres (200 km²) of arable land. In Geography, arable land (from Latin arare, to Plough) is an agricultural term meaning land that can be used for Qingdao has a zigzagging pattern coastline, and thus possesses an invaluable stock of fish, shrimp, and other sea resources. True shrimp are swimming decapod Crustaceans classified in the Infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh
Qingdao is also home to a variety of mineral resources. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Up to thirty different kinds have been mined. Qingdao's wind power electricity generation performs at among the best levels in the region. Wind Power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form such as electricity using Wind turbines At the end of 2007 worldwide capacity of wind-powered generators was
The Orient Ferry connects Qingdao with Shimonoseki, Japan. is a city located in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. It is at the southwestern tip of Honshū, facing the Tsushima Strait and also Kitakyushu For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. There are two ferry lines connecting Qingdao with South Korea. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː The New Golden Bridge II operates between Qingdao and Incheon, and the Blue Sea Ferry operates between Qingdao and Gunsan. Incheon is a metropolitan city and a major seaport on the west coast of South Korea, near Seoul. Gunsan is a city in North Jeolla Province South Korea. It is located on the south bank of the Geum River just upstream from its exit into the
The Qingdao Liuting International Airport, 36 kilometres away from city centre, is served by 13 domestic and international airlines, operating 58 routes of which 10 are international and regional. Qingdao Liuting International Airport ( Simplified Chinese: 青岛流亭国际机场 Traditional Chinese: 青島流亭國際機場 Pinyin: Qīngdǎo An airline provides air transport services for Passengers or Freight, generally with a recognized operating certificate or license It is estimated that in 2002 over 2. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. 3 million people, including 450,000 international travellers, were transported through the airport.
Qingdao hosts one of China's largest seaports. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo Cooperative relations have been established with 450 ports in 130 countries worldwide. The 1999 annual cargo handling capacity was 72 million tons. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Units of mass There are three similar units of Mass called the ton: Long ton (simply ton in countries such as the United Exported commodities amounted to more than 35 million tons and 1. 5 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) of cargo. Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of Container ships and Container
Qingdao's railway development was picked up during the late 90's. It is at the beginning of the Jiaoji Railway. Jiaoji Railway (胶济铁路 is a west-east railway that connects Qingdao and Jinan of Shandong Province, China. At the present, domestic rail lines connect Qingdao with Beijing, Lanzhou, Chengdu, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Jinan and Jining, and all trains currently depart from Sifang railway station because the larger Qingdao station is going through renovations. Lanzhou ( Postal map spelling: Lanchow is a Prefecture-level city and capital of Gansu province in northwestern China. ( located in southwest People's Republic of China, is the capital of Sichuan province and a Sub-provincial city. UserEl_C --> Xi'an ( Postal map spelling: Sian is the Capital of the Shaanxi province in the Zhengzhou ( formerly called Zhengxian is a Prefecture-level city, and the capital of Henan province, People's Republic of China. Jinan ( in some literatures the pinyin without tones is given as Ji'nan, to disambiguate from a possible misreading as Jin'an is a Sub-provincial city Sifang Railway Station ( is a Railway station in Qingdao, Shandong in the People's Republic of China. There are a total of 1,145km of roads in the Qingdao area, with nearly 500km of expressways. Expressways connect Qingdao with Jinan. Jinan ( in some literatures the pinyin without tones is given as Ji'nan, to disambiguate from a possible misreading as Jin'an is a Sub-provincial city The specially designed high-altitude railcars required for the Qingzang railway (青藏铁路), the highest railway in the world, are also built in Qingdao. The Qingzang railway, Qinghai–Xizang railway, or Qinghai–Tibet railway ( mtsho bod lcags lam མཚོ་བོད་ལྕགས་ལམ། is a high-altitude
Qingdao's public traffic owns about 3,800 large and medium-sized buses and trolleybuses of many types. The volume of road passenger transportation approaches 0. 6 billion per year. The lengths of highways on operation are 2,679 km, including 134 alignments. At the present, the traffic mileage is more than 0. 16 billion km per year. The Public Transport Brand of 'Ri Xi Bus' is also known in China.
The unique combination of German and Chinese architecture in the city centre, combined with German demographic roots and a large Korean expat population, gives Qingdao a distinct atmosphere. Qingdao is the host city for several events of the 2008 Olympics, including the sailing competitions which will take place along the shoreline by the city.
Unlike many large Chinese cities with a long history, Qingdao is a relative newcomer, being nothing but a fishing village in 1897. The majority of residents are immigrants having migrated from other locations to take advantage of the opportunities Qingdao offers. Nonetheless a distinctive local accent known as "Qingdao Hua 青岛话" distinguishes the residents of the city from those of the surrounding province. Qingdao dialect is the local dialect of the city of Qingdao, in China's Shandong Province
The distinctive cuisine is Lu Cai, the Shandong regional style. Shandong cuisine ( more commonly known as Lu cuisine ( is one the Eight Culinary Traditions of China. ( is a coastal province of eastern People's Republic of China.
The area's most famous festival is the Qingdao International Beer Festival, held annually since 1991. The Qingdao International Beer Festival ( is a yearly festival held in Qingdao (simplified Chinese 青岛 wade-guiles Tsingtao in Shandong province China Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar.
Qingdao attracts many tourists due to its seaside setting and temperate weather. Parks, beaches, sculpture and some unique architecture line the shore. For more information head over to the Qingdao Information Centre for International Visitors located on XiangGang Zhong Lu. Qingdao's major attractions include:
Post-secondary educational institutions in Qingdao include:
There are also several international schools in Qingdao. These include:
Qingdao has long been a hub of professional sports in The People's Republic of China. Clubs include:
Along with Beijing's winning bid to host the 2008 Summer Olympics, Qingdao will be the site for sailing events. The Chinese Football Association Super League ( Simplified Chinese: 中国足球协会超级联赛 commonly known as Chinese Super League (中超联赛 or CSL Qingdao Jonoon ( Simplified Chinese: 青岛中能 is a Football (soccer club playing at the Qingdao Tiantai Stadium in Qingdao, China The Chinese Football Association Jia League ( Simplified Chinese: 中国足球协会甲级联赛 is the second tier league of the People's Republic of China. Qingdao Hailifeng Football Club ( Simplified Chinese: 青岛海利丰足球俱乐部 previously named Qingdao JVC Zhengyi, Qingdao Benda, Hefei Chuangyi These events will be held in Fushan Bay, near the city's central business district. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city A hotel and an international broadcasting centre are under construction.
Qingdao is a sister city of the following cities around the world.