|Awarded for||Excellence in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition|
|Presented by||Columbia University|
The Pulitzer Prize, pronounced /ˈpʊlɨtsɚ/ PULL-it-sər, is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements and musical composition. Journalism is the profession of writing or communicating formally employed by publications and broadcasters for the benefit of a particular Community of people Musical composition is an original piece of Music the structure of a musical piece the process of creating a new Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Journalism is the profession of writing or communicating formally employed by publications and broadcasters for the benefit of a particular Community of people Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter Musical composition is an original piece of Music the structure of a musical piece the process of creating a new It is administered by Columbia University in New York City. Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. The City of New York Ironically, Pulitzer along with William Hearst was one of the originators of yellow journalism. William Hearst can refer to William Randolph Hearst (1863–1951 American newspaper magnate and subject of the film Citizen Kane William Yellow journalism is Journalism that downplays legitimate news in favor of eye-catching headlines that sell more newspapers
Prizes are awarded yearly in twenty-one categories. In twenty of these, each winner receives a certificate and a US$10,000 cash reward. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been The winner in the public service category of the journalism competition is awarded a gold medal, which always goes to a newspaper, although an individual may be named in the citation. Gold Medal is an Album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004 (see 2004 in music)
The prize was established by Joseph Pulitzer, a Hungarian-American journalist and newspaper publisher, who left money to Columbia University upon his death in 1911. Joseph Pulitzer ( English pronunciation PULL-itser; April 10, 1847 He sought a military career but was turned down by the Hungarian Americans are American citizens of Hungarian descent Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. A portion of his bequest was used to found the university's journalism school in 1912. Academic Programs Columbia’s Journalism School offers three degree programs Master of Science in journalism (full and part-time The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded on June 4, 1917, and they are now announced each April. Events 781 BC - The first historic Solar eclipse is recorded in China. Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Recipients are chosen by an independent board.
Several of the more famous recipients of the Pulitzer Prize include Ernest Hemingway, Eudora Welty, and Toni Morrison for Fiction; Robert Frost for Poetry; Roger Ebert for Criticism; and Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, Rodgers and Hammerstein, and Stephen Sondheim for Drama. Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21 1899 — July 2 1961 was an American novelist short-story writer, and Journalist. Eudora Alice Welty ( April 13 1909 &ndash July 23 2001) was an award-winning American Author and Photographer who wrote Toni Morrison (born Chloe Anthony Wofford on February 18 1931 is a Nobel Prize -winning American author editor and professor The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction has been awarded since 1948 for distinguished fiction by an American author preferably dealing with American life Robert Lee Frost (March 26 1874 &ndash January 29 1963 was an American Poet. The Pulitzer Prize in Poetry has been presented since 1922 for a distinguished volume of original verse by an American author Roger Joseph Ebert (iːbɝt born June 18, 1942) is an American film critic and Screenwriter. The Pulitzer Prize for Criticism has been presented since 1970 to a newspaper writer who has demonstrated 'distinguished criticism' Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26 1911 &ndash February 25 1983 better known as Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright who received many of the top theatrical Arthur Asher Miller (October 17 1915 &ndash February 10 2005 was an American Playwright and Essayist. Richard Rodgers (1902 &ndash 1979 and Oscar Hammerstein II (1895 &ndash 1960 were a well-known American songwriting duo Stephen Joshua Sondheim (born March 22 1930 is an American musical and film composer and lyricist winner of an Academy Award, multiple Tony Awards (seven The Pulitzer Prize for Drama was first awarded in 1918 From 1918 to 2006 the Drama Prize was unlike the majority of the other Pulitzer Prizes during these years the
Notable winners of more than one Pulitzer Prize include David McCullough (twice) for Biography; Eugene O'Neill (four times), Edward Albee (three times), and August Wilson (twice) for Drama; and William Faulkner (twice), John Updike (twice), and Booth Tarkington (twice) for Novel / Fiction. David Gaub McCullough (mə-kŭl'ə (born July 7, 1933 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) Born and raised in Pittsburgh McCullough later attended The Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography or autobiography by an American author Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16 1888–November 27 1953 was a Nobel -prize winning American playwright Edward Franklin Albee III ( "AWL-bee" born March 12 1928 is a three time Pulitzer Prize winning American playwright known for works including August Wilson ( April 27, 1945 – October 2, 2005) was an American Playwright. William Faulkner (born William Cuthbert Falkner) ( September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American Author John Hoyer Updike (born March 18 1932 in Reading, Pennsylvania) is an American Novelist, Poet, Short story Newton Booth Tarkington ( July 29, 1869, Indianapolis – May 19, 1946) was an American Novelist and Dramatist The Pulitzer Prize for the Novel was a prize awarded between 1918 and 1947 (This category's name was changed in 1948 from Novel to Fiction).
Both Eugene O'Neill and Booth Tarkington accomplished the feat of winning the prize two times in a four-year period. Thornton Wilder is notable for winning prizes in more than one category—one in the Novel category and two in the Drama category. Thornton Niven Wilder ( April 17, 1897 &ndash December 7, 1975) was an American Playwright and Novelist.
|The Pulitzer Prizes|
|Joseph Pulitzer • Pulitzers by year|
|Letters and drama:|
Awards are made in categories relating to journalism, arts, and letters. Joseph Pulitzer ( English pronunciation PULL-itser; April 10, 1847 He sought a military career but was turned down by the The Pulitzer Prize for Public Service has been awarded since 1918 for a distinguished example of meritorious public service by a newspaper through the use of its journalistic The Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting is a Pulitzer Prize awarded for a distinguished example of Breaking news, local reporting on news of the moment The Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting has been awarded since 1953 under one name or another for a distinguished example of investigative reporting by an individual The Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting has been presented since 1998, for a distinguished example of explanatory reporting that illuminates a significant and The Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting is awarded to an example of "local reporting that illuminates significant issues or concerns The Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting has been awarded since 1948 for a distinguished example of reporting on national affairs This Pulitzer Prize has been awarded since 1942 for a distinguished example of reporting on international affairs including United Nations correspondence The Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing has been awarded since 1979 for a distinguished example of feature writing giving prime consideration to high literary quality The Pulitzer Prize for Commentary has been awarded since 1970 The Pulitzer Prize for Criticism has been presented since 1970 to a newspaper writer who has demonstrated 'distinguished criticism' The Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing has been awarded since 1917 for distinguished Editorial writing the test of excellence being clearness of style moral purpose The Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning has been awarded since 1922 for a distinguished cartoon or portfolio of cartoons published during the year characterized The Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Photography, has been awarded since 2000. The Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography has been awarded since 1968 for a distinguished example of feature photography in black and white or color which may consist The Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography or autobiography by an American author The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction has been awarded since 1948 for distinguished fiction by an American author preferably dealing with American life The Pulitzer Prize for Drama was first awarded in 1918 From 1918 to 2006 the Drama Prize was unlike the majority of the other Pulitzer Prizes during these years the The Pulitzer Prize for History has been awarded since 1917 for a distinguished book upon the history of the United States The Pulitzer Prize in Poetry has been presented since 1922 for a distinguished volume of original verse by an American author The Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction has been awarded since 1962 for a distinguished book of non-fiction by an American author that is not eligible for consideration The Pulitzer Prize for Music was first awarded in 1943 Joseph Pulitzer did not call for such a prize in his will but had arranged for a music scholarship to be awarded The Pulitzer Prize jury has the option of awarding special citations where they consider necessary Only published reports and photographs by United States-based newspapers or daily news organizations are eligible for the journalism prize. This list of all newspapers in the United States is a list of Newspapers printed and distributed in the United States. News agency (alternative A news agency is an organization of Journalists established to supply News reports to organizations in the News trade Beginning in 2007, "an assortment of online elements will be permitted in all journalism categories except for the competition's two photography categories, which will continue to restrict entries to still images. The Pulitzer Prizes for 2007 were announced on April 16, 2007. "
The current Pulitzer Prize category definitions in the 2008 competition, in the order they are awarded, are:
There are six categories in letters and drama:
There is one prize given for music:
There have also been a number of Special Citations and Awards. The Pulitzer Prize jury has the option of awarding special citations where they consider necessary
In addition to the prizes, Pulitzer travelling fellowships are awarded to four outstanding students of the Graduate School of Journalism as selected by the faculty.
Pulitzer prizes are decided by the Pulitzer board. As of May 1, 2008, the current board members are:
The Pulitzer Prize Board distinguishes between "entrants" and "nominated finalists": An "entrant" is simply someone whose work has been submitted for consideration according to the Board's "Plan of Award"; any individual may submit an entry . Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University or simply Stanford, is a private Research university located in Nicholas Berthelot Lemann is dean and Henry R Luce professor at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism in New York City Academic Programs Columbia’s Journalism School offers three degree programs Master of Science in journalism (full and part-time The Chicago Tribune is a major daily Newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, and owned by the Tribune Company The Denver Post is a daily Newspaper and online website published in Denver Colorado. Richard A Oppel (born c 1943 in Florida) is an American journalist and was editor of the Austin American-Statesman from 1995 to 2008 The Austin American-Statesman is the major daily Newspaper for Austin, the capital city of Texas. Paul C Tash (born circa 1954 is the editor of the St Petersburg Times. The St Petersburg Times is a daily Newspaper based in St Petersburg Florida, that serves the larger Tampa Bay area "Nominated finalists" are those selected by the juries and (since 1980) announced along with the winner for each category.  Only nominated finalists may properly be referred to as Pulitzer Prize "nominees. " 
Over the years, awards have been discontinued either because they have been expanded or renamed.
To find, for example, all the winners for investigative reporting, you have to also look back at the prize for local investigative specialized reporting, which previously was the prize for local reporting, no edition time.
Discontinued or merged categories include: